NSDC/Natural Satellites Data Center 
 GUIDE FOR THE SATELLITES OF JUPITER 
The planet Jupiter has rings and three families of satellites, orbiting around it: The tables below provide the main characteristics of these satellites. In order to get more information on these satellites, click on their names.

The rings

Rings and inner satellites:  Distance to the center of Jupiter Size of the ring Thickness Albedo
Halo 92 000 km 30 500 km 20 000 km 0.05
main ring 122 500 km 52 060 km less than 30 km 0.05
satellite Metis (J-16) 128 000 km - - -
Gossamer inside 128 940 km 52 060 km  ?  0.05
satellite Adrasthea (J-15) 129 000 km - - -
Gossamer outside 181 000 km 40 000 km  ?  0.05
satellite Amalthea (J-5) 181 000 km - - -
 
The inner satellites
 
Metis - J 16
Adrasteia - J 15
Amalthea - J 5
Thebe - J 14
semi-major axis in km
127 979
128 980
181 200
221 895
period of revolution
7h 4.5m
7h 9.5m
11h 57.4m
16h 11.3m
eccentricity
<0.005
<0.005
0.003
0.015
inclination on the jovian equator
<0.1 °
<0.3 °
0.4 °
0.8°
size in km
40
26 x 20 x 16
262 x 146 x 134
55 x 55 x 45
highest magnitude at the opposition
17.5
18.9
14.1
15.7
maximum apparent geocentric distance to Jupiter at opposition
41.8 arcsec
42.3 arcsec
59.4 arcsec
72.8 arcsec
 
The galilean satellites
 
Io - J 1
Europa - J 2
Ganymedes - J 3
Callisto - J 4
semi-major axis in km
422 000
671 000
1 070 000
1 883 000
period of revolution
1.769 138 d
3.551 181 d
7.154 553 d
16.689 018 d
eccentricity
0.004
0.009
0.002
0.007
inclination on the jovian equator
0.02 to 0.04 °
0.42 to 0.51 °
0.06 to 0.30 °
0.15 to 0.74°
size in km
3637
3130
5268
4806
highest magnitude at the opposition
5.02
5.29
4.61
5.65
maximum apparent geocentric distance to Jupiter at opposition
2 min 27 arcsec
3 min 54 arcsec
6 min 13 arcsec
10 min 56 arcsec
 
The outer satellites
The outer satellites present also several families of satellites since some have retrograde orbits:
  •  the direct satellites (known as "Himalia" family)
  • the retrograde satellites (known as "Pasiphae" family)

  •  
    The "Himalia" family: direct revolution
    satellites:
    a in km
    P in days
    eccentricity
    inclination
    d in km
    mv
    ap
    S/2000 J1 - Themisto - J 18
    7 450 000
    130
    0.20
    46°
    8
    21
    0.72°
    S/2003 J6
    10 943 414
    234
    0.7593650
    22.41299°
    3
    22.5
    1.04°
    S/2003 J1
    10 999 886
    236
    0.7915189
    35°.16912
    3
    22.5
    1.05°
    Leda - J 13
    11 150 000
    240.5
    0.116 to 0.210
    1.5 to 50.6°
    10
    20
    1.08°
    Himalia - J 6
    11 443 000
    250.1
    0.112 to 0.207
    4.5 to 51.9°
    170
    14.8
    1.11°
    Lysithea - J 10
    11 700 000
    258.5
    0.081 to 0.155
    23.2 to 51.4°
    24
    18.4
    1.13°
    Elara - J 7
    11 716 000
    259.1
    0.155 to 0.272
    1.4 to 46.7°
    80
    16.8
    1.13°
    S/2000 J11
    12 623 008
    288.5
    0.2152076
    28.55170°
    4
    22.4
    1.22°
    S/2003 J20
    17 056 041
    455.07
    0.2949233
    55.14678°
    3.4
    22.7
    1.60°
     
     
    The "Pasiphae" family: retrograde revolution
    satellites:
    a in km
    P in days
    eccentricity
    inclination
    d in km
    mv
    ap
    S/2003 J3
    18 290 718
    505
    0.2414308
    143.72940°
    1
    23.6
    1.74°
    S/2003 J12
    18 951 537
    533.0
    0.3759365
    145.75566
    1.3
    23.8
    1.82°
    S/2001 J10
    19 509 118
    555.2
    0.1013045
    146.36697°
    2.5
    23.0
    1.89°
    S/2000 J10 - Chaldene - J 21
    20 299 459
    591.7
    0.1553197
    165.62039°
    3.8
    22.3
    1.96°
    S/2003 J16
    20 434 426
    596.76
    0.2686663
    148.62255°
    1.5
    23.0
    1.98°
    S/2003 J21
    20 500 279
    599.65
    0.2079635
    147.95000°
    2.5
    23.1
    1.99°
    S/2000 J3 - Iocaste - J 24
    20 642 860
    606.3
    0.2686209
    149.90562°
    5.2
    21.8
    2.00°
    S/2003 J18
    20 682 998
    607.68
    0.1382573
    146.46769°
    2.0
    23.0
    2.00°
    S/2001 J2
    20 769 899
    610.0
    0.2832751
    148.28637°
    3
    22.1
    2.01°
    S/2001 J9
    20 849 889
    613.6
    0.2862675
    140.90225°
    2
    23.1
    2.02°
    S/2000 J5 - Harpalyke - J 22
    20 917 717
    617.3
    0.2002700
    149.28845°
    4.3
    22.2
    2.02°
    S/2001 J7
    20 983 136
    620.9
    0.1427372
    146.02964°
    2.5
    23.3
    2.03°
    S/2000 J7 - Praxidike - J 27
    21 098 102
    624.6
    0.1458198
    146.35342°
    6.8
    21.2
    2.04°
    Ananke - J 12
    21 048 000
    624.1
    0.083 to 0.452
    122.2 to 172.9°
    20
    18.9
    2.04°
    S/2001 J3
    21 047 986
    624.6
    0.2479097
    149.78466°
    4
    21.8
    2.04°
    S/2000 J9 - Taygete - J 20
    21 671 854
    650.1
    0.2460425
    163.54516°
    5
    21.9
    2.10°
     S/2000 J4 - Erinome - J 25
    21 867 753
    661.1
    0.3464728
    160.90878°
    3.2
    22.4
    2.12°
    S/2003 J15
    22 011 816
    667.17
    0.1126740
    140.84784°
    1.4
    23.3
    2.13°
    S/2001 J11
    22 274 405
    679.3
    0.3112272
    164.34322°
    3
    23.2
    2.15°
    S/2001 J8
    22 300 644
    679.4
    0.3250225
    164.79435°
    2
    22.5
    2.16°
    S/2003 J11
    22 335 351
    681.94
    0.2233774
    163.86678
    1
    23.4
    2.16°
    S/2003 J9
    22 381 517
    684.0
    0.2687371
    164.45956
    1.3
    23.6
    2.16°
    S/2003 J17
    22 510 605
    689.98
    0.1868664
    163.73957°
    2.0
    23.0
    2.17°
    S/2001 J5
    22 548 244
    690.3
    0.5188893
    155.21973°
    2
    23.0
    2.18°
    S/2003 J19
    22 745 922
    700.83
    0.3336170
    162.90141°
    1.5
    23.5
    2.20°
    S/2000 J6 - Isonoe - J 26
    22 804 699
    704.9
    0.2809114
    165.03895°
    3.8
    22.5
    2.21°
    S/2003 J8
    23 006 327
    715
    0.2494340
    152.32987°
    3
    22.5
    2.23°
    S/2003 J4
    23 195 569
    722
    0.2044198
    144.86276°
    2
    22.7
    2.24°
    Carme - J 11
    23 280 000
    726.3
    0.132 to 0.414
    140.6 to 172.4°
    30
    18.0
    2.25°
    S/2000 J8 - Megaclite - J 19
    23 439 084
    734.1
    0.5277172
    151.69961°
    5.4
    21.5
    2.27°
    S/2003 J13
    23 544 835
    737.80
    0.4118488
    141.00635°
    2.5
    23.0
    2.28°
    Pasiphae - J 8
    23 658 000
    744.2
    0.184 to 0.668
    119.1 to 174.2°
    36
    17.0
    2.29°
    S/2003 J7
    23 743 830
    747
    0.4050509
    159.40791°
    ?
    22.4
    2.29°
    S/2002 J1
    23 765 118
    748.7
    0.2236835
    163.25372°
    3.5
    23.0
    2.30°
    S/2001 J6
    23 780 137
    748.76
    0.2795065
    165.56765
    1.8
    23.2
    2.30°
    S/2001 J4
    23 830 940
    752.4
    0.3255418
    150.42990°
    2.5
    22.6
    2.31°
    Sinope - J 9
    23 848 000
    753.2
    0.108 to 0.425
    132.3 to 179.4°
    28
    18.3
    2.31°
    S/2003 J5
    24 019 614
    761
    0.2095471
    165.00518°
    3.5
    22.0
    2.32°
    S/2000 J2 - Kalyke - J 23
    24 135 612
    767
    0.3177403
    165.79188°
    5
    21.5
    2.33°
    S/2003 J10
    24 184 590
    768.4
    0.2137608
    164.09424
    1.8
    23.6
    2.33°
    S/2001 J1
    24 413 086
    778.0
    0.4586342
    152.05566°
    4
    22.0
    2.36°
    S/1999 J1 - Callirhoe - J 17
    24 596 240
    736
    0.206
    143°
    8
    20.5
    2.38°
    S/2003 J14
    24 974 033
    807.20
    0.2217381
    140.88606°
    1.7
    23.3
    2.40°
    S/2003 J2
    28 493 817
    983
    0.3797206
    151.82729°
    2
    23.2
    2.71°
     

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