unique diamonds are legends because of their size, color, beauty
of the largest diamonds ever found was in South Africa and
named for the owner of the mining company. The Cullinan diamond
was 3106 carats. It was cut into 105 beautiful diamonds. The
largest is the Star of Africa, a 530 carat diamond.
In 1907 this diamond was given to King Edward VII of England
and set into the Royal Scepter. It is kept, along with the
other British Crown Jewels, in the Tower of London.
A 44 carat blue diamond set as a pendant with 16 white diamonds
surrounding it and a chain of 45 white diamonds. This diamond
has an infamous reputation and fluoresces with a unique reddish
color when exposed to ultraviolet light. Donated
to the Smithsonian.
large diamond weighing 995 carats was found in 1893 by an African
mine worker. The name Excelsior, meaning higher, came from the
stone's original shape - flat on one side and rising to a peak
on the other. It was cut into 21 diamonds, the largest being
69 carats. The diamonds were sold to undisclosed parties. The
Excelsior 1 was purchased in 1996 by Robert Mouawad.
Found on the Kistna River, India in 1701, this 410 carat stone
originally known at the Pitt. The diamond was sold to Thomas
Pitt who sent it to England to have it cut and polished. The
result was a brilliant cushion shaped diamond of 140 carats.
In 1717 it was sold to the the Duke of Orleans, regent of
France, from which it gets the name Regent. The royals used
the stone in many ways including being set in the Crown of
Louis XV, as a hair ornament of Queen Marie and as an adornment
in the hat of Marie Antoinette. After the French Revolution
the stone was set in the hilt of Napoleon Bonaparte's sword.
Napoleon's wife, Marie Louisa, carried the Regent back to
Austria upon his death. Later her father returned it to the
French Crown Jewels. Today, it remains in the French Royal
Treasury at Louvre.
Sancy is a 55 carat diamond believed to have come from India.
The pale yellow stone that fluoresces yellow and pink has
become one of the most famous diamonds in history. In 1477
the diamond was lost on a field of battle by it's first know
owner Charles, Duke of Burgundy. Not until the 16th century
was the Stancy Diamond named - for Seigneur de Sancy, a French
Ambassador to Turkey.
Sancy Diamond has been loaned to the French Kings Henry III
and Henry IV, sold to the English King James I and traveled
to Paris by way of James II. It has been used to raise money
for war, lost for an unpaid loan, bought by a Cardinal, willed
to the French Crown and stolen in a great heist of the French
Crown jewels. Later it was a part of the Napoleon court, purchased
by a Bombay merchant, shown at the 1867 Paris Exhibition,
finally making it's way in 1906 to America's Lady Astor as
a wedding tiara. In 1978, the Astor family sold the Sancy
Diamond, returning it to France again. It is now housed in
This 69 carat diamond was originally known as the Cartier
diamond after Cartier Inc. paid the record price of $1,050,000
for the gem at auction. The next day Richard Burton bought
the stone for Elizabeth Taylor. It was then renamed the Taylor-Burton
diamond. She first wore the pear shaped diamond publicly at
a party for Princess Grace's 40th birthday in Monaco. In 1978,
she sold the diamond to build a hospital in Botswana. It was
subsequently purchased by Robert Mouawad.
Legendary diamonds and
Trendy Diamonds - faces
Diamonds in literature
poems and quotes.
Shapes and Styles
How to choose a diamond.
Diamond shapes, colors and styles.