LIBERTY ISLAND CHRONOLOGY




Sources:
   The Statue of Liberty, Birth to Rebirth by Sue Burchard, 1985, HBJ Publishers
   New York's Forts (NYF)
   Early History of Bedloe's Island, National Park Service Handbook
   Or as noted

Pre 1600'sMohegan Indians call the island "Minnissais" meaning Lesser Island.
1664English seize Oyster Island from Mohegan Indians
1668Island sold to Issack Bedloo, New Amsterdam businessman and "select burgher", who names it "Love Island"
1673Isaack Bedloo dies
1732Bedloo's daughter Mary sells island to Adolphe Philipse and Henry Lane for 5 shillings. First used as quarantine station by New York City
1746Archibald Kennedy, commander of British naval station, buys island for 100 pounds.
1753Kennedy builds house, light house, promoted name of "Kennedy Island"
1759New York State buys island for 1000 pounds, providing New Jersey with rights to surrounding water.
1760'sNew York builds hospital on island, effective for quarantine. Name Bedloe's Island remains.
1776Bedloe's Island captured by British, buildings burned.
1780'sHospital rebuilt. Island becomes popular "resort" for oyster harvesting.
1793Three year loan to the French fleet for isolation station and hospital
1800February 15. New York cedes Bedloe's Island to US Government for defense purposes.
1806Fort Wood constructed in shape of 11 point star, completed 1811 and manned during War of 1812. (NYF): Named Ft Wood (for Lt.Col. Elenzer Wood, Battle of Lake Erie)
1812Begins 50 years of military occupation, barracks and operations buildings constructed
1830New York and New Jersey enter treaty deeding Bedloe's Island to New York. Adjacent waters remain New Jersey jurisdiction. Today's docks and piers are in New Jersey waters.
1831American Charles Gibbs was the last pirate hanged in the U.S. He went to the gallows on Bedloe's Island, site of the Statue of Liberty in 1831.
1860Albert W. Hicks executed at Bedloe's Island. New York Herald, July 14
1861Used as Infirmary for 100 sick Confederate POWs. (NYF)
1871Frederic Auguste Bartholdi visits America and Bedloe's Island, selects it as his favorite site for Statue of Liberty
1877Congress authorizes New York Harbor for the Statue of Liberty and appoints Gen. W.T.Sherman to select site. He chooses Bedloe's Island.
Statue of Liberty National Park Service Historical Handbook Series No. 11
1884Excavation begins for foundation of Richard Morris Hunt designed pedestal
1885June 18. French navy transport Isere arrives with 214 crates full of Bartholdi's Statue of Liberty
1885November 4. Bartholdi arrives for 3 week visit to coordinate Liberty's construction
1886October 15. Statue of Liberty dedicated on Bedloe's Island

   

Map of New York Harbor




Bedloe's Island from Battery Park
about 1910
(collection of webmaster)

Map of New York Harbor

Trachtenberg The Statue of Liberty




1902 Taken over for maintenance by the War Department. (NYF)
1924October 28. Statue declared National Monument, boundaries set as the outer perimeter of Fort Wood. War Department continues to administer entire island
1933Statue of Liberty National Monument transferred to Interior Department. Remainder of Island remains military base. NPS takes over operations of two acres; Army keeps 10 acres. . (NYF)
1936October 28. President Roosevelt, French ambassador de Labouyale (grandson of Liberty's French promoter) and 3500 others celebrate Liberty's 50th birthday on Bedloe's Island
1937May 4. War Department transfers ownerhsip to Department of Interior. Only radio station remains.
1937May 7. Statue closed to public. Demolition of Military Buidings, renovations to the Statue, enlargement of the island, landscaping underway.
1937September 7. Roosevelt transfers Fort Wood reservation to Statue of Liberty National Monument.
1938December 15. Statue of Liberty opens again to the public.
1944 December. Army Finally closes fort. (NYF)
1948 Garrison post buildings of Fort Wood torn down 1948-1950. (NYF)
1960June 30. Bedloe's Island officially renamed Liberty Island.
1965November 9. Liberty's lights remain lit during New York's famous "brown-out" thanks to underwater electric service from New Jersey
1986July 3,4,5. Statue's centennial celebrated.
1986October 28. Statue is rededicated by President Reagan
2001September 11. Liberty Island is closed to the public in response to terrorist attack on World Trade Center
2001December 20. Liberty Island re-opens to the public. Statue remains closed indefinitely due to continuing security concerns.






Bedloe's Island 1778
(New York Public Library)


Bedloe's Island 1776
(New York Public Library)


Bedloe's Island dated 1905
(collection of webmaster)


Bedloe's Island dated 1912
(New York Public Library)


Bedloe's Island dated 1905
(collection of webmaster)


Bedloe's Island about 1920
(collection of webmaster)


Bedloe's Island about 1920
(collection of webmaster)


Bedloe's Island about 1920
Postmarked 1927


Bedloe's Island about 1921
(New York Public Library)


Bedloe's Island 1922
Library of Congress





Bedloe's Island 1924
Library of Congress



Bedloe's Island 1933
New York Military Museum



Bedloe's Island dated 1934
(New York Public Library)



Bedloe's Island dated 1934
(New York Public Library)



Bedloe's Island about 1935
(collection of webmaster)



Bedloe's Island about 1935
(collection of webmaster)



Bedloe's Island about 1935
(
(New York Public Library))



Bedloe's Island about 1935
(collection of webmaster)


Bedloe's Island about 1935
(collection of webmaster)


Bedloe's Island about 1937
Keystone View Company


Bedloe's Island about 1940
(collection of webmaster)


Bedloe's Island about 1940
(collection of webmaster)


Liberty Island postmark 1957
(collection of webmaster)


Liberty Island dated July 16,1958
(collection of webmaster)


Liberty Island about 1958
(collection of webmaster)


Liberty Island about 1975
(collection of webmaster)

Space Imaging - Liberty Island
30 June 2000



Space Imaging - Liberty Island
30 June 2000





WEB LINKS to LIBERTY ISLAND

Early History of Bedloe's Island, National Park Service Handbook



Statue of Liberty Homepage
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Statue of Liberty in Print
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This page maintained by Gary Feuerstein
gary@endex.com









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