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HIGHER EDUCATION
Higher Education in the Republic of Serbia
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System of Higher Education in the Republic of Serbia
Types of institutions and their status

The activity of higher education in the Republic of Serbia is performed by the following higher education institutions:

1. University - University is an independent institution of higher education the performance of which unites educational, scientific, research and professional/artistic work, as components of a unique higher education process. University can perform all types and levels of studies. The institution of higher education has the status of university if it performs academic study programs at all levels of studies, within at least three fields (natural sciences and mathematics, social and humanistic studies, medical science, technical and technological science and arts) and three areas ( which are defined, within the three fields, by the National Council). As an exception, a university can be established in the area of art, if it contains all three levels of studies from at least three fields of art.

2. Faculty / Art academy, as a component of the university- Faculty/art academy is an institution of higher education i.e. a unit of the system of higher education which is a part of university and performs academic study programs and develops scientific, research and professional/artistic activities within one or more areas. Faculty/art academy can also perform specialized study programs. In legal traffic, faculty/art academy is presented by the name of the university to which it belongs, under its own name and in accordance with the university statute.

3. The Academy of professional studies- The academy of professional studies is an independent institution of higher education the performance of which unites educational, research, professional and artistic work, as components of the unique process of high education. The academy of professional studies can perform basic professional studies and specialist professional studies. An institution of higher education has the status of the academy of professional studies is it accomplishes at least five accredited study programs from at least three fields.

4. Higher education school- higher education school is an independent institution of higher education which performs basic, specialist and graduate academic studies from one or more areas.

5. Higher education school of professional studies- Higher education school of professional studies is an independent institution of higher education which performs basic professional and specialist professional studies from one more areas. The stated institutions are treated as legal subjects. The stated institutions are independent institutions of higher education, except faculties and art academies.

Types and levels of studies

The activity of higher education is performed through academic and professional studies based on granted/accredited study programs for the achievement of high education. At the academic studies, the academic study program is carried out. This program enables students for the development and practical use of scientific, professional and artistic achievements.

At the professional studies, the professional study program is carried out. This program enables students to apply knowledge and skills necessary for participating in the working process.

First level studies are:

1. Basic academic studies

2. Basic professional studies


Second level studies are:

1. Graduate academic studies-master

2. Specialist professional studies

3. Specialist academic studies

Third degree studies are doctor academic studies.


Accreditation

Accreditation is used to establish if an institution of higher education and study programs fulfill the standards established by the National Council. It is also used to establish if an institution of higher education has the right to issue public documents, all in accordance with the Law of higher education.

In the process of accrediting an institution of higher education, it is established if the institution fulfills certain conditions which are, according to the Law of higher education, specified for the given institutions which perform the higher education activity. In the process of accrediting a study program, it is established if conditions of introducing such a program are being fulfilled, in accordance with the law. The process of accrediting is conducted at the demand of the Ministry, founder i.e. the institution of higher education itself.

At the process of accrediting, the Accreditation and Quality Control Commission does the following:

1. Issues a certificate of accreditation to an institution of higher education or study program 2. Issues an act of warning to an institution of higher education. This act points out the weaknesses concerning conditions, quality of work of an institution of high education or a study program, and gives a deadline for removing the weaknesses. When the deadline is over, it decides about the request.

3. Issues a decision which denies the accreditation demand. In the process of deciding about the accreditation, the Commission takes into account the results of the quality assessment and self-assessment defined by the Law of higher education. If the board reaches a decision to deny the accreditation, the founder/ institution of high education can file a complaint to the National Council within 30 days from the day the decision was received.

There could not be a legal process against the decision of the National Council. Founder/institution of higher education has the right to repeat the request for accreditation after the period of one year after the decision to deny the accreditation request was received. The institution of higher education can start working and performing its activities after it receives the working license.

Working license is issued by the Ministry, at the demand of the institution of higher education. At the territory of A.C. Vojvodina, the license is issued by the organs authorized for the delegated affairs.

Organization of studies

Bachelor

Basic studies are organizes by all the institutions of higher education defined by the law of higher education.

Basic academic studies last three to four years.

Basic professional studies last for three years.

Study program of basic and specialist studies can include the final work. A person who finishes the basic academic studies acquires the professional title that includes the name of the profession of the first degree academic studies in the corresponding area- bachelor. A person who finishes the basic professional studies acquires the professional title that includes the name of the profession of the first degree of the professional studies in the corresponding area - bachelor apply.

Master

Graduate academic studies can be organized by the university, faculty or the higher education school.

Graduate academic studies last one or two years depending on the duration period of the basic academic studies.

Study program of graduate academic studies contains the obligation to create the final work. The person who finishes the graduate academic studies acquires the academic title-graduated, with the name of profession of the second degree of graduate academic studies in a corresponding area-master.

Integrated studies (one cycle program)

Academic study programs from medical sciences can be organized and integrated within basic and graduate academic studies, with total of maximum 360 ECTS points.

PhD studies

PhD studies can be organized by universities and faculties. PhD studies last for at least three years with previous basic and graduate academic studies that lasted for at least five years.

PhD dissertation is the final part of the study program of PhD studies, with the exception of the PhD in Art which is an artistic project.

Exceptionally, a person can achieve the PhD title by graduating from medical studies and finished specialization, on the grounds of the dissertation defense based on the works published in leading world magazines.

Marking system

A student’s achievement in a specific subject is continuously assessed during lectures and it is expressed in points.

By fulfilling the exam preceding duties and by passing exams, a student can achieve the maximum of 100 points.

Study program establishes the proportion of points achieved during the exam-preceding duties and in the exam. The exam- preceding duties bring minimum 30 and maximum 70 points.

Student’s success is assessed by marks from 5 (failed) to 10(excellent) An institution of higher education can establish a different, non-numeric method of marking, by establishing the relation between these marks and those of 5 to 10. A general act of an institution of higher education defines more closely the way of taking exams and marking.

Formal conditions necessary to proceed with the higher education

To enroll the first level studies, a candidate takes the entrance exam or ability-check exam, in accordance with the general act of an independent institution of higher education. The list (order) of candidates to enroll the first level of studies is established on the basis of the general success achieved during high-school education and results achieved at the entrance/ ability-check exam. A candidate who passed the final, general knowledge high school exam, does not take entrance exam. In this case, the candidate’s results of the final high school exam are being assessed, instead of the entrance exam, in accordance with the general act of an independent institution of higher education. An independent institution of higher education can direct the candidate, who passed the professional/artistic final high school exam instead of the entrance exam, to take tests in certain subjects of the general, final high school exam.

On the basis of the competition criteria, an independent institution of higher education makes the rank order list of applied candidates.

The right to enroll the first level of studies has the student who is ranked on the list, within the number of students determined in accordance with the Law of higher education. The student of the first level studies of another independent institution of higher education, a person who acquired the higher education at the first level studies and a person who no longer has the status of a student, in accordance with this law, can enroll the first level studies, under conditions and within forms established by the general act of an independent institution of higher education, at the personal demand.

A candidate enrolls the second and third level of studies under certain conditions,
according to the manner and procedures established by the general act and open
competition of an independent institution of higher education


National source of information

Ministry of Education and Sports
Nemanjina 22-26, 11000 Belgrade,
Republic of Serbia
Telephone: 381/11/363 13 68
Fax: 381/11/361 65 14
web: www.mps.sr.gov.yu

HE system in Serbia

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