Basic, literalistic translations based on the earliest editions (1555; September 1557; 1568, printings ‘A’ and ‘X’), with thanks to Gary Somai and others for their archival research

Copyright © Peter Lemesurier, 2008

(may be freely quoted for non-commercial purposes with acknowledgement)


Preliminary notes

1. Format - The original French Prophecies are written in vers commun – i.e. rhymed decasyllables, with a caesura (or hiatus) after the fourth syllable of each line. Ideally, any English translation should reflect this. In the present case, however, a more literalistic approach is followed for the benefit of those who prefer to get as close as possible to the original wording. It needs to be remembered, though, that French words do not mean English words, and that the meaning of a text (especially a poetic one) goes well beyond its mere surface lexicon.

2. Spellings - Nostradamus’s handwriting was notoriously difficult to read. Consequently the assistant who dictated the text to the compositor (as was normal practice at the time) often misidentified his words. Since there was no established system of spelling at the time, the compositor then spelt them in the best way that he could, even in the case of proper names with which he was totally unfamiliar. He also committed all the usual typesetting errors of the time, such as substituting f for ‘ſ’ (long ‘s’), ‘n’ for ‘u’ and vice versa. As a result, the printed spellings are unreliable, and the sounds of the words are often more revealing than their actual letters. A good example is provided by the first line of quatrain VI.17 (see below), where the dictating assistant has read livres (‘books’) as limes (‘files, rasps’), and the compositor has set assignés (‘indicted’) as asiniers (‘ass-drivers’).

3. Punctuation - The evidence of the Orus Apollo manuscript suggests that Nostradamus, not unusually for the time, didn’t punctuate his verses. The punctuation must therefore be regarded as the printer’s copyright, not Nostradamus’s. Since it is evident from the spellings (see above) that the compositor had little idea of the meaning of much of what he was setting, his punctuation should therefore be regarded as purely formal, rather than as having much to do with the sense of the text.

4. Grammar - Nostradamus routinely uses the simple infinitive as a future tense. He also frequently omits both pronouns and prepositions, on the supposed model of the Latin of the Roman poet Virgil, who was regarded at the time as the ‘Prince of Poets’. Meanwhile his verbal and adjectival agreements are often based on proximity, rather than on sense as modern practice insists.

5. ‘False Friends’ In the approved manner of the day, Nostradamus usually prefers to use his French words in their original Latin senses. In addition, many French words and phrases have changed their meanings since Nostradamus’s day. Thus, in the original, the word siècle corresponds to ‘cycle’ or ‘age’, not ‘century’; plusieurs to ‘many’, not ‘several’; insulte to ‘attack’, not ‘insult’; seur to ‘sure’; combien que to ‘although’; ciel (like its Latin original) sometimes to ‘region’ instead of ‘sky’; pour and par are virtually interchangeable; devant can stand for avant; ains corresponds to ‘but’ after a negative; un grand (in the absence of a following noun) is ‘a noble’ or ‘a lord’; and the sign ‘&’ seems to represent a squiggle in Nostradamus’s manuscript that can stand both for ‘and’ and for ‘or’ (and possibly for other small particles as well, such as ‘but’ and ‘of’).

6. Editions - Successive editions of the Prophecies are known to have become markedly more corrupt as time went on. The following translations are therefore based on the original ones (facsimiles of which can now be seen online at, rather than on the later ones on which most popular translations are based.

7. This translation - In the following translations, the verse-numbering reflects that of the original 1555 edition, as reproduced in the relevant online facsimiles. Thus, the Century-numbers (i.e. Book-numbers) are indicated by Roman numerals, the quatrain-numbers by Arabic figures. However, for ease of reference, each Century (or Book) is headed in modern style. In addition, given that it has been increasingly recognized ever since the 18th century that most of Nostradamus’s Prophecies are based on historical antecedents – on the basis of the contemporary conviction that ‘what goes around comes around’ – a note of each quatrain’s likely origin is inserted where known (adjusted in the light of the latest research), since this can help to establish the true context (and thus the intended meaning) of the words. Prime among such sources are the anonymous Mirabilis Liber of 1522/3, the 1549/50 Livre de l’estat et mutation des temps by Richard Roussat, the fourth-century Julius Obsequens’s On Omens, the writings of the classical historians Suetonius and Livy (to say nothing of Plutarch) and, in matters of style and imagery, the Roman poet Virgil and the almost contemporary German Poet Laureate Ulrich von Hutten (see woodcut).


Throughout, square brackets indicate alternative readings and/or editorial comments.

8. Sequence - Despite continual efforts by enthusiasts to sequence the Prophecies, their order appears to be entirely random. Certainly they are largely undated. However, Nostradamus does seem to have been influenced by whatever published work he happened to be studying at the time, and this results in a certain amount of thematic ‘clumping’. This is insufficient, though, to justify any effort at sequencing here.

9. Source frequency analysis Analysis of the presentation below suggests that Nostradamus may have used his various sources (whether or not via intermediaries such as Crinitus) with the following frequencies:

Mirabilis Liber    139
Julius Obsequens’s On Omens   38
Livy’s History of Rome 18
Plutarch’s Parallel Lives  14
Froissart’s Chroniques   17
Roussat’s Livre de l’estat et mutation des temps   13
Von Hutten’s Epigrams   13
Suetonius’s The Twelve Caesars and Divus Claudius  11
Virgil’s Aeneid and Georgics   5
Others   387
Unidentified 287






The Prophecies


Century 1


[evocation of the Delphic Oracle, after Iamblichus’s De Mysteriis Aegyptiorum]

Being seated by night in secret study,
alone resting on the bronze stool,
a slight flame emerging from solitude
makes utter what it is not vain to believe.


[evocation of the Branchidic Oracle, after Iamblichus’s De Mysteriis Aegyptiorum]

Wand placed in hand in the central place [shrine] of Branchis,
with the water he wets both hem and foot.
Vapour, and voices thrill through his sleeves.
Divine splendour. The divine[r] sits down nearby.


[after Julius Obsequens’s On Omens for 152 BC, or possibly Augustin de Zarate]

When the litter is overturned by the whirlwind,
and faces shall be covered by their cloaks,
the state shall be upset by new people.
Then whites and reds [the judges] shall judge contrarily.


[after the Mirabilis Liber of 1522/3]

Throughout the world one Monarch shall be appointed
who shall not long be at peace or [even] alive.
Then the Bark of the Fisherman [the Church] shall be lost.
It shall be ruled to its greatest detriment.


[after the 9th-century Annals of Aniane and Chronicle of Moissac, recording the 8th-century Saracen invasions of southwestern France]

They shall be driven away without putting up a long fight.
They shall be harried more strongly through the countryside.
Town and city shall put up stronger resistance:
Carcassonne and Narbonne shall have their courage put to the test.


[source unidentified]

The eye [ruler] of Ravenna shall be removed from office,
when wings shall fail his [speeding] feet:
the two [leaders] from Bresse shall have established
Turin and Vercelli, which the Gauls shall trample.


[after the De Orbo Novo of 1533 by Peter Martyr]

Arrived late, the execution done,
the wind contrary [against the odds], letters seized en route.
The conspirators, fourteen of one sect:
news of the project bruited via the Redhead [reed].


[source unidentified]

How many times captured, solar city [Rome?],
you shall change the Barbarian laws and vain:
Your doom approaches: you shall pay even more tribute.
Great Adria [Venice] shall re-open your veins.


[after the Mirabilis Liber of 1522/3]

From the Orient shall come Punic hearts
to vex Adria [Venice] and the heirs of Romulus,
accompanied by the Libyan fleet.
Malta shall quake; and the nearby isles [shall be] deserted.


[after the Journal d’un bourgeois de Paris and Philippe de Commynes]

Serpents [Sergeants] introduced into the iron cage
where the seven children of the King are taken:
the old and fathers shall emerge from the depths of hell,
only to see the death and screams of their offspring.


[source unidentified]

The movement of minds, hearts, feet and hands
shall be in accord. In Naples, Leon, Sicily
swords, explosions, waters, then the Roman nobles
submerged, killed, dead through brainless idiocy.


[after the history of the 13th-century Veronan tyrant Ezzelino da Romano]

Shortly, it shall be said, a false, frail brute
shall be quickly elevated from low to high,
then in an instant disloyal and vacillating,
who shall have the government of Verona.


[source unidentified]

The exiles through anger and inner hatred
shall mount a great conspiracy against the King:
secretly they shall send in enemies through saps [tunnels],
and stir up sedition against his old retainers.


[after the contemporary rise of Protestantism]

From the enslaved people songs, chants and supplications,
taken captive by princes and lords in the prisons.
In the future by headless idiots
they shall be accepted as divine prayers.


[after the Mirabilis Liber of 1522/3]

Mars threatens us with his warlike force.
Seventy times shall he cause blood to be spilt:
the clergy shall rise and fall,
and even more so those who shall want to hear nothing from them.


[after Richard Roussat’s Livre de l’estat et mutation des temps of 1549/50]

Scythe [Saturn] conjoined with Tin [Jupiter] near Sagittarius
at the highest point of its exaltation,
Plague, famine, death by military might:
the age approaches its renewal.


[after Richard Roussat’s Livre de l’estat et mutation des temps of 1549/50, citing the Venerable Bede]

For forty years the rainbow shall not appear:
[then] for forty years it shall be seen each day.
The parched earth shall become even drier,
and [then there shall be] great floods when it appears.


[after events accompanying François I’s surprise alliance with the Ottomans of 1543]

Through Gallic discord and negligence
passage shall be opened to Mahomet:
the land and sea of Siena soaked in blood,
the Phocaean port [Marseille] covered with sails and ships.


[after Julius Obsequens’s On Omens for 105 BC and Plutarch’s Parallel Lives on the Roman Consul Marius]

When serpents shall circle the altar,
the Trojan [French royal] blood shall be harassed by the Spaniards:
by them a great number shall be lost,
the chief, fleeing, hidden in ponds and swamps.


[possibly after the Mirabilis Liber of 1522/3]

Tours, Orleans, Blois, Angers, Reims and Nantes,
cities vexed by sudden change [disaster]:
by foreign tongues tents shall be pitched,
rivers, darts at Rennes [sandy rivers], land and sea shall quake.


[after contemporary excavations of the nearby Gallo-Roman oppidum of Constantine]

Deep white clay nourishes the rock,
which from an abyss shall come forth milky.
Needlessly troubled, they shall not dare touch it,
unaware that deep down is clayey soil.


[source unidentified, but probably a contemporary ‘omen’]

That which shall live without having any sense,
shall fatally injure its artifice[r]:
to Autun, Chalon, Langres and the two Sens,
hail and ice shall cause great damage .


[after Gasparus Peucerus’s Teratoscopia of 1553, describing the omens of 1534]

In the third month, the Sun rising,
the Boar and Leopard on the field of Mars to fight.
The Leopard, worn out, raises its eye to the heavens.
It sees an Eagle frolicking about the Sun.


[after Livy’s History of Rome and the omens surrounding the advent of King Tarquin]

At the new city, thinking of condemnation,
the bird of prey comes to offer itself in the sky.
After victory he shall pardon the captives.
Cremona and Mantua shall have suffered great evils.


[after the 9th-century discovery by a shepherd of the alleged tomb of St James at Compostela]

Lost, found, hidden for so long an age,
the shepherd shall be honoured as a demigod:
but before the Moon finishes its full period
he shall be dishonoured by other desires.


[after Julius Obsequens’s On Omens for 130 BC]

The great one falls to lightning during daylight hours.
Evil is predicted by the gods’ messenger of protestations:
according to the prediction he falls in the night-time.
Conflict at Reims, London; Tuscany plagued.


[after the account by Strabo et al. of the theft in 106 BC of the fabled gold of Toulouse]

Under the mistled oak [of Guienne] struck from the sky,
not far from there is the treasure hidden
which for long ages had been stolen.
Once found, he shall perish, his eye put out by a spring.


[after contemporary raids on the Mediterranean coast]

The Tour de Bouc the Barbarian galley shall gain
once, then, long after, the Hesperian [Spanish] bark:
cattle, people, chattels, both shall suffer great devastation.
Under Taurus and Libra what a deadly attack!


[after an unidentified contemporary omen]

When the fish terrestrial and aquatic
shall be washed up on the beach by a strong wave,
its form strange, smooth and horrible,
by sea the enemies [shall be] very soon at the walls.


[after Columbus’s log entry for 26th May 1494, reported in Grynaeus and Huttich’s Novus Orbis Regionum ac Insularum Veteribus Incognitarum of 1532]

The foreign ship through stormy seas
shall approach the unknown port,
notwithstanding palm-branch signs.
Afterwards death, pillage: good sense [shall] come late.


[after the contemporary activities of the Holy Roman Emperor Charles V as King of Spain and the Latin Epigrams of the Emperor's Poet Laureate Ulrich von Hutten (1488-1523)]

So many years the wars in Gaul shall last,
beyond the ambit of the Castilian monarch:
uncertain victory shall crown three lords.
Eagle, Cock, Moon, Lion, Sun [shall all be] in evidence.


[after the transfer of papal power from Rome to Avignon between 1378 and 1417]

The great empire shall soon be transferred
to a little place that shall very soon grow:
a very lowly place in a tiny county
in the middle of which he shall plant his sceptre.


[source unidentified]

Near a great bridge on a spacious plain,
the great lion with Imperial might
shall mount an assault outside a determined city.
Because of fear the gates shall be opened to him.


[after the standard Roman doctrine of omens]

The bird of prey flying to the left
before the conflict: the event appears to the French.
One shall take it for good, another for ambiguous or sinister.
The weak party shall take it as a good omen.


[after Marcus Frytschius’s Chronicle of Omens and Portents, reporting a cloud-omen seen over Switzerland in 1547 (see woodcut below), and possibly also Villehardouin’s account in his 13th-century Conquest of Constantinople of the deposing of the Emperor Isaac II Angelus]

The young lion shall overcome the old
on a battlefield in a single duel.
In a cage of gold he shall put out his eyes:
Two armies joined, then he shall die a cruel death.



[source unidentified]

Too late the monarch shall repent him
of not having put his adversary to death:
but he shall consent to something much greater,
namely having all his relations put to death.


[after Suetonius’s The Twelve Caesars, II.17, concerning the battle of Actium of 31 BC]

Shortly before the sun sets,
battle given, a great people in doubt.
Destroyed, the marine port makes no reply.
Bridge [funeral] and burial in two foreign places.


[source unidentified]

The Sun and the Eagle shall appear to the victor:
the vanquished is reassured with a vain reply.
With a hue and cry the armed men shall not cease their
revenge, if a timely peace is achieved through death.


[after Suetonius’s The Twelve Caesars, I.81, concerning the assassination of Julius Caesar, reapplied to the over-the long reign of the Holy Roman Emperor Charles V]

By night in bed the supreme [leader] strangled
for having tarried too long, the blond one [once] elected.
The Empire, claimed by three, worn out,
he shall be put to death, the paper and packet unread.


[after Louis IX’s 1263 reform of the currency after returning from captivity in Egypt]

The false trumpet [of Discord] concealing madness
shall bring about a change of regime in Byzantium:
from Egypt there shall emerge one who wishes
edicts debasing monetary alloys to be undone.


[source unidentified]

City besieged, and assaulted by night,
few escapees: conflict not far from the sea:
a woman fainting with joy on the return of a son,
poison and letters hidden in the envelope.


[after Psellus’s De daemonibus, reprinted in Petrus Crinitus’s De honesta disciplina, of 1504, reprinted in turn by Gryphius of Lyon in 1552]

The tenth of the Calends of April by Gothic reckoning [the Gnostic practice]
revived again by wicked folk:
the light put out, a diabolical assembly
seeking out the filth of [described by] Adamantius [Origen] and Psellus.


[after Socrates Scholasticus’s (or Eusebius’s) account of Constantine’s victory at the battle of Saxa Rubra (‘red rock’) at the Milvian Bridge in AD 312, and its subsequent memorialisation]

Before the change of Empire arrives,
there shall occur a most marvellous event:
the [battle]field disturbed, the pillar of porphyry
placed, transferred onto the rust-coloured rock.


[after the Mirabilis Liber of 1522/3, assimilated to contemporary religious wars]

In short, the [classical pagan] sacrifices shall return,
transgressors shall be put to martyrdom.
No longer shall there be monks, abbots or novices:
honey shall be much dearer than wax.


[after the contemporary Journal d’un bourgeois de Paris, describing the events of 1530, plus the ennoblement by King Henri II of the poet Étienne Jodelle in 1553, and the sacrifice of a goat, following a performance of his ground-breaking classical verse-tragedy Cléopâtre captive]

The sect-finder shall greatly reward the accuser.
Beast in the theatre, the play set up on stage.
For the ancient act the inventor ennobled.
The world confused and schismatic because of sects.


[after Julius Obsequens’s On Omens for 147 BC, transferred to the French context]

Very near Auch, Lectoure and Mirande
great fire for three nights shall fall from the sky.
A very stupendous and marvellous thing shall occur.
Not long afterwards the earth shall quake.


[after the contemporary activities of Jean Calvin]

Of Lake Geneva the sermons shall annoy.
Days shall turn into weeks,
then months, then years, then all shall faint.
The Magistrates shall condemn their empty laws.


[after Richard Roussat’s Livre de l’estat et mutation des temps of 1549/50]

Twenty years of the reign of the Moon [have] passed,
[after] seven thousand years another shall hold its monarchy.
When the Sun shall take its exhausted days [up again]
then shall my prophecy be accomplished and finished.


[after the Mirabilis Liber of 1522/3]

Long, long before such events,
those of the East by virtue of the Moon
in the year 1700 shall cause nobles to be carried off,
subjugating almost [the whole of] the northern sector.


[after Richard Roussat’s Livre de l’estat et mutation des temps of 1549/50]

From the aquatic triplicity [Cancer, Scorpio and Pisces] there shall be born
one who shall make Thursday his feast-day:
his fame, praise, rule and power shall grow,
by land and sea storming the East.


[after Richard Roussat’s Livre de l’estat et mutation des temps of 1549/50]

Jupiter and Saturn at the Point of Aries.
Eternal God, what upheavals!
Then for a long age his evil Time returns.
In Gaul and Italy, what stirrings!


[after Richard Roussat’s Livre de l’estat et mutation des temps of 1549/50]

The two evil ones [Mars and Saturn] conjoined in Scorpio,
the great Lord murdered in his hall.
Plague visited on the Church by the new King
in southern and northern Europe.


[after the Mirabilis Liber and Spain’s recent access to treasure from the New World]

Alas! We shall see a great people tormented
and Holy Law in utter ruin.
To other laws all Christendom [shall succumb],
once a new source of gold and silver is found.


[after Richard Roussat’s Livre de l’estat et mutation des temps of 1549/50]

Two revolutions made by the evil scythe-bearer [Saturn],
bring about a change of reign and age:
the movable sign intervenes in its place,
to the two equal in inclination.


[after the Mirabilis Liber of 1522/3]

In the region/latitude next to the Babylonian
great shall be the Bloodshed.
For land and sea, air and sky it shall be deleterious.
For sects, famine; for realms, plagues, confusion.


[after Richard Roussat’s Livre de l’estat et mutation des temps of 1549/50]

You shall see great change happen sooner or later,
extreme horrors and vengeances.
For, as the Moon is conducted by its angel,
heaven is nearing [the end of] its Trepidation [cycle].


[after Petrus Crinitus’s De honesta disciplina 1504, citing Petronius’s Satiricon]

In great discord the trumpet shall blare,
concord broken, lifting its head to heaven:
the bloody mouth shall swim in the blood,
on the ground the face anointed with milk and honey.


[after an omen reported for 1544, later to be collected by Lycosthenes (1557)]

The belly sliced, it shall be born with two heads
and four arms: for some [whole] years it shall live intact.
On the day when Aquileia shall celebrate its festival,
Fossano, Turin, shall follow the leader of Ferrara.


[after Victor Vitensis’s Historia Persecutionis Provinciae Africanae (5th century) and/or Procopius’s De bello Vandalico (6th century)]

The exiles transported to the isles
upon the change to a crueller monarch
shall be murdered and burnt in the flames,
who had not been sparing with their speech.


[after an unidentified account of the life of the 13th-century Holy Roman Emperor Frederick II von Hohenstaufen, who was born in Sicily]

An Emperor shall be born near Italy,
who shall cost the Empire very dear:
they shall mock the people with whom he allies himself
and find him less a prince than a butcher.


[after the formal enactment by the city council of Geneva of Jean Calvin’s Ecclesiastical Ordinances in 1541]

The miserable unhappy republic
shall be devastated by the new magistrate:
their great multitude, returned from wicked exile,
shall make the Suevi [Swabians] tear up their great contract.


[after the Mirabilis Liber of 1522/3]

What a great loss shall letters suffer, alas,
before the cycle of Latona [the Moon] is finished!
Fire, a great deluge, more through ignorant rulers,
than shall be seen again for a long age.


[after the Mirabilis Liber of 1522/3]

The woes once past, the world [population] grows smaller.
For a long time peace, the lands [re]populated.
They’ll walk through the region safely by land, sea and water,
then the wars [shall be] stirred up anew.


[after Julius Obsequens’s On Omens for 166 BC and 104 BC]

At night they shall think they have seen the Sun
when they shall see the half-human pig:
alarums, songs, battles, fighting seen in the sky,
and brute beasts shall be heard to speak.


[after contemporary omen reports, and notably one reported for 1548 in Marcus Frytschius’s De meteoris of 1555]

Child without hands: never was so great a thunderbolt seen:
the royal child wounded while playing tennis.
Broken at the well; lightning-strikes while going there to mill:
three trussed up with chains around their waists.


[source known]

He who then shall bear the news,
shall shortly afterwards regain his breath.
Viviers, Tournon, Montferrand and Pradelles,
hail and storms shall make them sigh.


[after the Mirabilis Liber of 1522/3]

The great famine that I feel approaching,
shall often return, then become universal,
so great and long that they shall tear up
roots from the woods, and babes from the breast.


[source unidentified]

Oh, what a horrible and miserable torment,
three innocents who shall be delivered up!
Poison suspected, lack of care, betrayal:
delivered to horror by drunken executioners.


[after the famous prophetic dream of Nebuchadnezzar described in the book of Daniel, with the measurement apparently taken from Josephus’s description of King Herod’s fortress of Masada]

The great mountain seven stadia around,
after peace, war, famine, flood,
shall roll far, ruining great countries,
even ancient ones, and of mighty foundation.


[source unidentified]

Rain, famine, ceaseless war in Persia;
over-confidence shall betray the monarch.
[What is] finished there, [shall have been] begun in Gaul:
A secret omen for someone to be moderate.


[after the three captures of Marseille and the Tour St-Jean that guards its harbour by the Saracens in 735, by Charles d’Anjou in 1252, and by Alphonso V of Aragon in 1423]

The maritime tower three times taken and retaken
by Spaniards, Barbarians, Ligurians:
Marseille and Aix, Arles by those of Pisa
Laid waste by fire, sword; Avignon pillaged by [those from] Turin.


[possibly after the Mirabilis Liber of 1522/3]

Marseille completely changed [for the worse],
flight and pursuit of its inhabitants as far as the area of Lyon.
Narbonne, Toulouse violated by Bordeaux:
Killed and captured nearly a million.


[partly after the Mirabilis Liber of 1522/3]

France assailed on five sides through negligence,
Tunis, Algiers stirred up by Persians.
Leon, Seville, Barcelona, bankrupt,
shall not have the fleet through the Venetians.


[after the Emperor Friedrich Barbarossa’s siege of Antioch in 1097 during the first Crusade]

After tarrying they shall sail to Epirus:
The great relief shall approach Antioch.
Black Frizzy Beard shall tend strongly towards the Empire:
Barbarossa shall roast him on a spit.


[after Livy’s History of Rome (xxviii, 46), describing the Carthaginian invasion of northern Italy in 205 BC]

The tyrant of Siena shall occupy Savona:
The fort won, he shall hold the fleet:
The two armies [shall pass] through the March of Ancona.
Out of fright the chief examines his conscience about it.


[after the thirteenth-century Guillaume Le Breton’s Philippiad, a poem in praise of the French King Philip Augustus, which incorporates the story of King Richard Coeur de Lion of England]

By a fierce name he shall be described
whose name the three sisters [the Fates] shall have predicted:
then he shall lead a great throng by word and deed.
More than any other shall he have fame and renown.


[after the celebrated 11th-12th century Chanson de Roland]

Between two seas he shall mount a great attack
who shall then die by the bite of a horse.
His admiral shall furl the black sail
near Gibraltar, and the army near Rocheval [Roncevaux].


[after Suetonius’s Twelve Caesars and Divus Claudius]

Weak-headed, he shall be born of an old chief,
degenerate in knowledge and in arms.
The lord of France feared by its sister [Britain]:
fields divided, granted to the troops.


[after Étienne Dolet’s 1528 accusation of idolatry directed at Toulouse]

Bazas, Lectoure, Condom, Auch and Agen
stirred up by laws, plot[s] and monopoly[ies]:
He shall ruin Carcassonne, Bordeaux, Toulouse, Bayonne,
wishing to renew their bull-sacrifice.


[after contemporary reports of ‘monster’ omens]

From the sixth bright celestial splendour [Jupiter]
it shall thunder so fiercely in Burgundy.
Then a monster shall be born from a most hideous beast.
March, April, May, June, great schisms and disputes.


[after the celebrated Templar trials of 1310]

Of the human flock nine shall be set apart,
from judgement and counsel removed:
Their fate shall be determined on departure.
Kappa, Thita, Lambda [by gematria 9 + 20 + 30 = 59], dead, banished, scattered.


[after the Ottomans’ invasions of Europe, and their siege of Vienna in 1526]

When the columns of wood [masts] with a great trembling,
[shall be] driven by the south wind, covered with red ochre,
it [they] shall pour out such a great throng.
Vienna and the land of Austria shall quake.


[after Plutarch’s Parallel Lives (‘Pyrrhus’), describing the original ‘Pyrrhic victory’ of 279 BC]

The foreign nation shall divide [up the] spoils:
Saturn on Mars [turns] his furious gaze.
Horrible slaughter of the Tuscans and Latins
[by] Greeks, who shall be [all too] anxious to strike.


[in part after the Epigrams (119.13) of the influential German poet laureate Ulrich von Hutten (1488-1523) describing a lunar eclipse in the course of a 1516 prophecy for Pope Leo X]

The Moon hidden in deep shadows,
her brother passes [pale] with rusty colour.
The lord concealed for a long time in his hiding place,
the sword shall cool [he shall hold] in the bloody wound.


[probably after the rejection in 1549 by Lady Mary Tudor (later Queen Mary of England) of Edward VI’s attempts to force her to abjure Roman Catholicism]

By the lady’s reply, the King troubled:
ambassadors shall set their lives at nought.
The lord shall doubly swindle his brothers:
they shall both die through anger, hatred and envy.


[after Livy, History of Rome, II.13; Valerius Maximus, Memorable deeds and Sayings, III,2,2; Plutarch, Life of Poplicola, 19, and On the Virtue of Women, chapter 52; and Françoys de Billon, Le fort inexpugnable de l’honneur du sexe feminin, Paris, 1555]

The mighty Queen, when she shall see herself defeated,
shall show an excess of masculine courage:
on horseback, she shall cross the river completely naked,
pursued by the sword: it shall be an outrage to her given word.


[after the Annales Cassini’s description of the first known lava eruption in 1036 of Mount Vesuvius overlooking Naples (Greek Neapolis = ‘New City’), when the Lombards of Capua and the Byzantine dukes of Naples were at war over the city]

Earth-shaking fire from the centre of the earth
shall cause earthquakes around the New City.
Two lords shall long wage a fruitless war,
Then Arethusa [the nymph of springs] shall redden a new river [of lava].


[possibly after the life and death of Julius Caesar]

The divine sickness [apoplexy] shall surprise the great prince
a little before he shall have married a woman.
His support and credit shall suddenly become thin.
The Consul shall perish through the shaven head [priest?].


[after the contemporary wars between France, England and the Spanish Netherlands]

All those from Lerida shall be by the Moselle,
putting to death all those from the Loire and Seine:
seaborne aid shall approach under full sail
when the Spaniards shall open every vein.


[after the salt-tax revolt of 1548, and the ominous birth of a deformed child at Sénas in 1554]

Bordeaux, Poitiers, at the sound of the tocsin
with a great force shall go as far as Langon.
Their north wind shall be against the Gauls
when a hideous monster shall be born near Orgon.


[after Julius Obsequens’s On Omens for 44 BC]

The gods shall make it clear to humans
that they [the gods?] shall be the authors of great conflict:
before the sky is seen to be calm, sword and lance [shall be wielded],
so that there shall be greater affliction to the left [north].


[after the Mirabilis Liber of 1522/3]

Under one [Great Monarch], peace shall be everywhere proclaimed
but, not long [after], pillage and rebellion
started by town, land and sea through [his] rejection:
[of] dead and captives the third of a million.


[source unidentified, but with the imagery presumably based on the Latin Epigrams of Ulrich von Hutten (1488-1523]

The Italian land shall tremble near the mountains,
Lion and Cock not too much in league:
in place of fear they shall help each other,
only Spain and the Celts moderate.


[after Diodorus Siculus’s Bibliotheca historica (III, xiii, 17) – tr. Poggio 1515 – describing the Carthaginian invasion of Selinus in Sicily in 409 BC]

At Port Selinus the tyrant put to death,
liberty nevertheless not recovered:
[by] the new Mars, through vengeance and remorse,
the Lady honoured by the power of fear.


[possibly after the story of Calvin’s successor in Geneva, Théodore de Bèze]

Before the monastery a twin child found
of ancient and heroic blood by a monk:
his fame, renown and power through sect and tongue shall sound
such that people shall account the surviving premature twin well raised.


[after the activities of a contemporary ‘sect-finder’]

He who shall have charge of destroying
temples and sects [shall be] changed through fantasy:
he shall do more harm to rocks than to the living,
his ears seized by flowery speech.


[after current political and military activities, particularly those of Michel de l’Hospital]

What fire and sword did not manage to accomplish,
the smooth tongue in council shall achieve:
through rest and dreams he shall cause the King to imagine
the enemy still under fire and more soldiers’ blood shed.


[source unidentified]

The chief who shall have led a numberless throng
far from their own region, of foreign customs and tongue:
five thousand finished [shall have finished up] in Crete and Thessaly.
The chief, fleeing, saved in a naval warehouse.


[source unidentified]

The great monarch who shall make company
with two kings [shall be] united by friendship:
oh, what a sigh shall the great company make,
children around Narbonne, what pity!


[after Suetonius’s The Twelve Caesars (I.81), describing the omens surrounding Julius Caesar’s death]

For a long time shall be seen in the sky a grey bird
near Dole and the land of Tuscany,
holding in its beak a green branch:
soon a great one shall die and the war shall end.


Century 2


[after Froissart’s Chroniques, describing John of Gaunt’s rampage across France during 1373]

Towards Aquitaine by British attacks
on their own account great incursions.
Rains, frosts shall make the land hostile.
Through the salt-sea port [La Rochelle] he [they] shall carry out mighty invasions.


[after the Mirabilis Liber of 1522/3, referring to dissensions within Islam]

The blue head shall inflict upon the white head
as much evil as France has done them good:
dead on the sail-yard, the lord hanged from the branch,
when the King shall say how many should be seized by his own people.


[after Julius Obsequens’s On Omens for 44 BC]

Because of the sun’s heat upon the sea
of the Black Sea the fishes [shall be] half cooked:
the inhabitants shall cut them up [for food]
when Rhodes and Genoa shall run out of provisions.


[after the Mirabilis Liber of 1522/3]

All the way from Monaco to near Sicily
the whole coast shall remain desolated:
there shall be no suburb, city or town
that has not been pillaged and robbed by the Barbarians.


[after the release from prison in 1552 of the Baron de la Garde, Admiral of the Eastern Sea]

He who was shut up in fish [prison] by sword and letter
shall come forth, who shall then make war.
He shall have his well-rowed fleet at sea,
appearing near the Italian shore.


[after the biblical story of Sodom and Gomorrah (Gen. 18:16 to 19:29)]

Near the gates and within two cities
there shall be two scourges the like of which [was] never seen;
famine within, plague, people driven out at sword-point,
crying for help on great God immortal.


[after Livy’s History of Rome (xli.21)]

Among many transported to the isles,
one shall be born with two teeth in his mouth:
they shall die of famine, the trees stripped bare.
For them a new King devises a new edict.


[after contemporary efforts at Catholic reform]

[Of] temples consecrated in the original Roman manner
they shall reject the crude bases,
accepting their original human laws,
[and] expelling, though not entirely, the cults of the saints.


[after the activities of John Calvin, seen as the Antichrist and assimilated to the predictions of the Mirabilis Liber of 1522/3]

Nine years the sterile one shall hold the realm in peace,
then he shall fall into such bloodthirstiness:
through him a great people without faith and law shall die;
killed by one far more good-natured.


[after contemporary omens assimilated to the predictions of the Mirabilis Liber of 1522/3]

Before long everything shall be set in order.
We can look forward to a very sinister century.
The state of whores and monks exchanged:
they shall find few prepared to retain their proper rank.


[possibly after Suetonius’s The Twelve Caesars, ii.3, casting doubt on the origins of the Emperor Augustus]

The numbskull’s son and heir shall attain,
promoted so much, to the realm of the mighty:
his harsh glory everyone shall fear,
but his children [shall be] thrown out of the kingdom.


[after the Mirabilis Liber of 1522/3]

Eyes closed, opened [only] to antique fantasy,
the habit of the monks shall be put at naught:
the great monarch shall chastise their frenzy,
sacking the treasure of the temples before them [their eyes] .


[after the Mirabilis Liber of 1522/3]

The soulless corpse shall no longer be tortured:
[On the] day of death it shall be born [again]:
The divine spirit shall make the soul blissful,
seeing the Word in its eternity.


[after the arrival of Pope Clement VII and Catarina de’ Medici at Marseille in 1533]

At the Fort St-Jean, the guard shall keep its eyes skinned:
they shall make out from afar her serene Highness.
She and her retinue shall enter the port.
War banished, power sovereign.


[after the death by drowning of the young King Louis II of Hungary and Bohemia in 1526 following the battle of Mohacs]

Shortly before the monarch is killed,
[Fleeing to] Castor and Pollux [the twin cities of Buda and Pest] by ship, a comet:
State funds exhausted by land and sea.
Pisa, Asti, Ferrara, Turin [shall be] forbidden territory.


[after the Annales Cassini for 1194, recording the conquest of formerly Muslim Sicily by the Holy Roman Emperor Henry VI]

Naples, Palermo, Sicily, Syracuse,
new tyrants [rulers], celestial lightning-fires [fireworks in the sky].
Many from London [a seaborne force] [from] Ghent, Brussels and Susa
shall put on great slaughter [games], a triumph, festivities.


[in part after Plutarch’s Parallel Lives, describing the flight of the Consul Marius]

To the field of the temple of the vestal virgin
not far from Elne and the Pyrenees mountains
the great one [having been] taken, he is hidden in the sack.
By the north wind rivers and cultivated vines frozen.


[after Julius Obsequens’s On Omens for 186 BC]

New, sudden, violent rain
shall suddenly halt two armies:
stones from the sky, fires, shall make the sea stony.
The sudden death of seven by land and sea.


[after the Mirabilis Liber of 1522/3]

Newcomers, a place built without defence,
shall occupy lands until then uninhabitable:
meadows, houses, fields, towns they shall take at will.
Famine, plague, war, [then] extensive land to plough.


[after a procession of condemned heretics on their way to the stake on 21 January 1535, watched by François I and his sons]

‘Brothers’ and ‘sisters’ captured in various places
shall find themselves passing before the Monarch:
watching them shall be his attentive sons,
unhappy to see the marks on chin, forehead and nose.


[after contemporary reports of Mediterranean piracy]

The ambassador sent by biremes,
[shall be] repelled halfway by unknown ones:
to support him four triremes shall come.
[They shall be] bound in Euboea with ropes and chains.


[after an unidentified episode from ancient Greek history]

The Boeotian force shall leave Sparta,
assembling near the submerged isle:
the fleet shall furl its sails,
having called in aid the supreme voice of the world’s navel [the Delphic Oracle].


[after Suetonius’s The Twelve Caesars (I.25, 81, 82), describing the omens attending the assassination of Julius Caesar]

[The] palace birds chased out by one bird
very soon afterwards the prince shall be warned:
although the enemy is repelled beyond the river,
outside [he shall be] seized, the arrow borne by a bird.


[after Poggius’s De Varietate Fortunae of around 1430, contrasting the fates of King Sigismund of Hungary and his opponent, the Sultan Bayezid I (also known as Bajazet), after the battle of Nicopolis on the banks of the Danube in 1396]

[Like] wild beasts famished [they] shall cross the rivers:
The major battle shall be by the Hister [Danube].
He shall cause the great one to be dragged in an iron cage,
while the German shall be surveying the infant Rhine.


[source unidentified]

The foreign guard [girl] shall betray the fortress,
[in the] hope and dream of a higher marriage:
The guard having been deceived, the fort is captured in the fray.
[On] Loire, Saône, Rhône, Garonne, deadly outrage.


[source unidentified]

Because of the favour that the city shall show
to the lord who shall soon lose the battle,
having fled the ranks, by Po and Ticino he shall shed
blood: explosions, deaths, drowned, hacked apart.


[after a contemporary event affecting a religious procession]

The Holy Monstrance shall be struck [by lightning] from the sky,
such that it cannot proceed any further:
The secret of the revealer hushed up,
so that they may march over it and forwards.


[possibly after chapter 33 of part two of Lichtenbeger’s Pronosticatio in the Mirabilis Liber of 1522/3]

The last-but-one of those called Prophet
shall take Diana [Monday] for his day of rest:
He shall wander far with his frenzied mind,
and deliver a great people from tribute.


[after the campaigns of Attila the Hun, probably as described in Jordanis’s De Reb. Geticis (or De Origine Actibusque Getarum), published in Latin by Herwagen of Basel in 1531]

The Easterner shall come forth from his seat,
to cross the Apennine mountains and see Gaul:
he shall press on through the region’s waters and snow[s]
and shall strike everyone with his rod.


[after the Mirabilis Liber of 1522/3]

One who the infernal gods of Hannibal
shall cause to be reborn, [shall become] the terror of mankind:
never more horrors nor worse reports
than ever occurred shall come to the Romans through Babel.


[possibly after the Mirabilis Liber of 1522/3, together with contemporary phenomena]

In Campania and Capua things shall be such
that only fields covered by waters shall be seen.
Before and after it shall rain for a long time:
there shall be nothing green to be seen except the trees.


[after various contemporary omen-reports, later described and illustrated by Lycosthenes (1557) – see woodcut below]

Milk, blood, frogs shall flatten the corn in Dalmatia.
Battle once given, plague near Trebula Balliensis [Treglia]:
great shall be the cry throughout Slavonia.
Then a monster shall be born near or within Ravenna.









[source unidentified]

Beside the torrent that descends from Verona
where it winds its way into the Po,
a great watery disaster, and no less on the Garonne,
when those of Genoa shall march against their country.


[possibly after the murder by Cesare Borgia of the Duke of Gandia in 1497]

The senseless anger of the furious combat
shall cause brothers’ swords to flash at table.
They shall be parted, one dead, one wounded – and troubled:
the proud duel shall do harm in France.


[after the accidental burning alive of traders staying at the Hôtel de la Tête d’Argent at Lyon during the November fair of 1500]

In two lodgings by night fire shall take hold,
many within suffocated and roasted:
next to two rivers it shall happen for sure.
Sun in Sagittarius and Capricorn: all shall be done to death.


[after the downfall of the tyrant Ludovico Sforza, duke of Milan, in 1500, after he had intercepted a letter to Charles VIII of France from the religious firebrand Savonarola]

The letters of the great Prophet shall be seized:
they shall come into the hands of the tyrant:
his enterprises shall be to deceive his king,
but his graft shall very soon trouble him.


[source unidentified]

Of that great number who shall be sent
to relieve those besieged in the fort,
plague and famine shall devour them all,
apart from seventy who shall be felled.


[after the brief reconciliation between King François I and the Holy Roman Emperor Charles V during 1538-9]

Of condemned there shall be a great number made
when the monarchs shall be reconciled,
But for one of them it shall be so inconvenient
that they shall hardly be allied [for long].


[after the collapse of the Florentine Republic in 1494]

One year before the Italian conflict,
Germans, Gauls, Spaniards [shall be in it] for fortune [gain]:
The schoolhouse [whorehouse] that’s the state shall fall,
where, apart from a few, they shall be choked to death.


[after the largely naval war of 1499 to 1503 between Venice and the Ottoman Turks]

Shortly afterwards, not [after] a very long interval at all,
by sea and land a great tumult shall be raised.
Much greater shall the naval battle be:
violent explosions that shall intensify the attack.


[after Julius Obsequens’s On Omens for the death of Julius Caesar in 44 BC]

The great star shall burn for seven days:
cloud shall make two [extra] suns appear.
The great mastiff all night shall howl
when the great Pontifex shall change country.


[after Francesco Matarazzo’s Chronicles of the City of Perugia 1492 - 1503, describing the fierce power struggle in 1495 between the Oddi and the reigning Baglioni]

Cock, dogs and cats shall be satiated with blood
once they have found the tyrant dead from the wound –
and in the bed of another legs and arms broken –
who was not afraid to die a cruel death.


[after Julius Obsequens’s account of the omens accompanying the assassination of Julius Caesar and the assumption of power by Octavian, Mark Antony and Lepidus]

During the appearance of the bearded star [comet]
the three great princes shall be made enemies:
[lightning-]strikes from the sky, earthly peace on edge,
Po, Tiber flooding, serpent washed up on the shore.


[source unidentified]

The Eagle, driven back around the tents,
shall be chased away by other birds from the locality
when the noise of cymbals, trumpets and bells
shall restore the senses of the senseless lady.


[after contemporary reports of androgynous births, not unlike those recorded by Julius Obsequens]

Too much the sky weeps [it rains]. The Androgyne [once] begotten,
near that area human blood [shall be] shed.
By [its] overdue death a great people re-created:
sooner or later comes the awaited relief.


[in part after Virgil’s Eclogues, iv.4-7]

After great human trouble, a greater prepares itself:
the Great Mover renews the ages.
Rain, blood, milk, famine, sword and plague:
in the sky fire seen, a long shooting star.


[source unidentified]

The enemy lord, long in mourning, dies of poison,
the sovereigns subjugated by infinite [tiny] numbers.
It shall rain stones, people hidden under the fleece:
at the point of death they shall be falsely accused.


[after the anti-Protestant crusade across the Lubéron of 1545]

What a great force shall pass the mountains!
Saturn in Sagittarius, Mars retrograde in Pisces,
their venomous creed under cover of salmon [Psalms],
their leader hanged with parcel-cord.


[after the flight of the Knights of St John to Malta in 1530]

The councillors of the first league –
the conquerors having been diverted to Malta,
abandoning Rhodes, Byzantium as their territory –
shall lack a homeland as they flee from their pursuers.


[source unidentified]

When those of Hainaut, of Ghent and of Brussels
shall see the siege laid before Langres,
behind their flanks there shall be cruel wars.
The ancient wound [plague] shall be worse than [for the] enemies.


[after the celebrated ‘Affair of the Templars’ of 1307-14 in which 138 (i.e. six times 23) French Templars were accused and in some cases tortured and burnt alive]

No blood of the just shall be spilt in London,
[but] six times twenty-three shall be singed by anathemas.
The ancient lady shall fall from a high place:
of the same sect shall many be killed.


[after the Mirabilis Liber of 1522/3 and possibly reports of the great Constantinople earthquake of 1509]

During several nights the earth shall tremble:
in the spring two shocks shall follow.
Corinth, Ephesus shall be overwhelmed by two seas:
war [shall be] stirred up by two [leaders] valiant in combat.


[after the plague epidemic that ravaged Marseille and the rest of Provence in 1545]

The great plague of the maritime city
shall not cease until the death shall be avenged
of the just blood, condemned for their pains without committing a crime,
[and until] the great lady [shall be] outraged by the pretence.


[possibly after the Mirabilis Liber of 1522/3, plus Julius Obsequens’s On Omens for 163 BC]

Through alien folk, and far from the Romans,
their great city by the water [Rome] deeply troubled:
a girl without hands: his authority too much opposed,
the leader captured, the lock having not been properly adjusted.


[source unidentified]

In the conflict the lord who was worth little
at his end shall do a wonderful thing:
while Adria [Venice] shall see what is lacking in him,
during the banquet the proud one stabbed.


[source unidentified]

What neither plague nor sword managed to put a stop to,
dead in the well, thunderstruck from aloft the sky.
The abbot shall die when he shall see ruined
the shipwrecked ones trying to anchor on the reef.


[after the sack of Rome by the forces of Charles V in 1527, following the collapse of the wall between the Vatican and the Castel Sant’ Angelo]

Before the conflict the great wall shall fall,
the lord [done] to death, death too sudden and lamented:
[one shall be] born imperfect, the greater part shall be inundated.
By the river the land stained with blood.


[source unidentified]

With neither foot nor hand, but with sharp and strong tooth,
with a boss on the fort [forehead], born of the pig and woolly sheep [in Milan],
near the gate treacherously he proceeds.
The moon shines, the little lord [is] abducted.


[after the contemporary exploits of the Baron de la Garde, Admiral of the Eastern Mediterranean and one of Nostradamus’s cronies]

[The] Gallic fleet with the support of the great Garde:
by the great Admiral and his trident soldiers
Provence laid waste to sustain his great horde.
More war at Narbonne, involving javelins and darts.


[after the breaking of the Ottomans’ agreement with France in 1554, and the apparently half-caste Baron de la Garde’s consequent impatience, assimilated to a prophecy by the Sibylline Oracle]

The African pact [bad faith] in the East broken,
Ganges, Jordan, and Rhone, Loire, and Tagus shall change:
once the mulatto shall have had enough,
fleet scattered, blood and floating bodies.


[source unidentified]

Bravo! you of the Thames [you English] in Gironde and La Rochelle:
O Trojan [Royal] blood! War at Port de la Flèche.
Behind the river the ladder put to the fort:
[by] arquebuses great slaughter over the breach.


[after the daylight comet of 1532, the death of the Flemish painter Mabuse and the repulsing of the Ottoman invaders in Hungary by the forces of Charles V]

Mabus[e] then shall soon die, [and] then there shall come
of people and animals a horrible destruction.
Then suddenly vengeance shall be seen:
hundred, hand [human blood], thirst, hunger, when the comet shall pass.


[possibly after the War of Parma of 1551]

The Gauls [French] shall subjugate Ausonia [Italy] very little:
Po, Marne and Seine [the Italians and French] shall engage in slaughter at Parma.
He who shall prepare the great defence against them,
through the least on the wall, that lord shall lose his life.


[Nostradamus’s expectation of the collapse of contemporary ‘heresies’ in Switzerland and southern France]

The people of Geneva shall wilt with hunger, with thirst:
any hope of immediate help shall collapse.
On the point [of balance] shall tremble the law of the Cévennes:
no fleet can put in at the great port.


[after the Imperial campaign under Charles de Bourbon that culminated in the sack of Rome in 1527]

The park inclined [The Crouching Leopard] shall create great calamity
throughout Italy and in the area of Milan:
the ship [Church] aflame, plague and captivity.
Mercury in Sagittarius, Saturn shall reap.


[source unidentified]

Despite great dangers the captive having escaped,
in a short time the lord’s fortune [shall be] changed [for the worse].
In the palace the populace is trapped.
By [way of a] good omen the city is besieged.


[possibly after an account of political exile by Livy]

The blond one shall come to blows with the one with a furrowed nose
by duel, and shall chase him out:
he shall have the exiles brought back,
[while] committing the strongest to places overseas.


[possibly anticipating the restoration of the Stuarts in Scotland]

Of the North the efforts shall be great:
on the Ocean the gate shall be opened.
The kingdom on the isle shall be restored:
London shall quake when the sail is noticed.


[after the struggles of François I and his son Henri II with the Holy Roman Empire]

The Gallic King through the Celtic right,
seeing the discord of the great Monarchy,
over the three parts [of Gaul] shall make his sceptre flourish,
against the cope of the great [Roman] Hierarchy.


[after the Mirabilis Liber of 1522/3 and Julius Obsequens’s On Omens]

The dart [The comet] shall sprawl across the sky.
Deaths while speaking: great execution.
The stone in [Lightning strikes] the tree, the proud nation surrendered,
brutal human monster, purification and expiation.


[source unidentified]

The exiles shall come to Sicily
to deliver from hunger the foreign nation.
At daybreak the Celts shall fail it.
Life remains: the King sees reason.


[after the disastrous Battle of Pavia of 1525, compared with Julius Caesar’s crossing of the Rubicon]

The Celtic army harassed in Italy,
on all sides conflict and great loss:
Romans fled, O Gaul repulsed!
By the Ticino, the battle of the Rubicon uncertain.


[after the struggles of Henri II with the Holy Roman Empire, plus Julius Obsequens’s On Omens for 95 BC]

The shore of Lake Garda shall be prisoner to Lake Fucino
from the Lake of Geneva to the port of L’Orguion:
[a child] born with three arms presages the image of a war
[waged by] three crowns on the great Endymion [moon-lover (Henri II)].


[after the Mirabilis Liber of 1522/3]

From Sens, from Autun they shall come as far as the Rhone
to pass beyond towards the Pyrenees mountains.
The people shall emerge from the March of Ancona:
by land and sea they shall follow him in long files.


[after Julius Obsequens’s On Omens for 135 and 133 BC]

The voice heard of the unaccustomed bird [the newly-invented office of sénéchal]
on the stern law-book and the winding stair [of the royal château at Blois]:
so high shall the [price of a] bushel of wheat rise,
that men shall become cannibals.


[after an unknown contemporary omen]

Lightning in Burgundy shall be a portentous event,
that could never have been brought about artificially:
the sacristan of their senate, made lame,
shall make the affair known to the enemies.


[after the 13th-century Historia Albigensis by Pierre des Vaux-de-Cernay, describing the siege of Termes by Count Simon de Montfort in 1210]

Repulsed by bows, flames, pitch and by explosions:
screams, yells heard at midnight.
Within they are stationed on the broken ramparts,
the traitors having fled via underground tunnels.


[after the late arrival in 1554 of the Baron de la Garde, the allegedly half-caste Admiral of the Eastern Mediterranean, to support Strozzi against the Holy Roman Empire, and the resulting devastation of Corsica and Sardinia by Andrea Doria]

The great Admiral from the depths of the sea
of North African race and Gallic blood mixed,
The Isles bleeding because of the tardy rowing.
It shall harm him more than the badly hidden secret.


[after the Emperor Charles V’s triumphant attack on Muslim Tunis in 1535, reapplied as a prophecy to the French Henri II]

[He of] The black and frizzy beard skilfully
shall subjugate the cruel and haughty race:
The great CHYREN [Henry] shall remove from the dungeon
all those captured by the lunar banner [of the Muslims].


[source unidentified]

After the fight, through the eloquence of the loser,
for a short time a slight respite is contrived,
[but] the lords are not allowed any deliverance:
the enemies are sent back to work.


[after Julius Obsequens’s On Omens, reapplied to the disaster at Milan of 1521]

Through fire from the sky the city all but incinerated:
Aquarius threatens a new Deucalion [flood].
Sardinia [shall be] harassed by the North African galley,
after her Phaethon [the Sun] shall leave Libra.


[after an unidentified contemporary omen]

Through hunger the prey shall take the wolf prisoner,
the assailant then in extreme distress.
The newborn child having its behind in front,
the lord does not escape in the heart of the throng.


[source unidentified]

The great commerce of mighty Lyon changed [for the worse],
the greater part returns to primitive ruin[s],
prey to the troops, the vines plundered.
Through the Jura mountains and Swabia, drizzle.


[possibly after the Mirabilis Liber of 1522/3]

Between Campania, Siena, Florence, Tuscany,
For six months and nine days it shall rain not a drop:
The foreign tongue in the land of Dalmatia,
it shall overrun, laying waste the whole land.


[in part after Julius Obsequens’s On Omens, plus Virgil’s Aeneid, viii.524-9]

The old full beard under the severe edict
at Lyon beats the Celtic Eagle.
The minor lord perseveres too far:
the sound of arms in the sky: the Ligurian sea red.


[source unidentified]

A fleet shipwrecked near [in] the Adriatic Sea:
The land quaking, it is cast ashore.
Egypt trembles at the rise of Islam.
The Herald is commissioned to cry surrender.


[possibly after the accession of the Burgundian Charles V to the throne of the Holy Roman Empire in 1520]

Afterwards shall come from the furthermost lands
a German Prince upon the gilded throne:
Servitude and waters [slavery] encountered.
The lady a vassal, her time no longer adored.


[source unidentified]

The lord’s progress having become ruinous,
the seventh name shall be that of the fifth.
Greater by a third, the warlike foreigner
shall spare neither Paris nor Aix with his battering ram.


[source unidentified]

From the yoke shall be released the two grand masters:
their great power shall see itself increased.
The new[ly re-leased] land shall be in his high hall
accounted for to the bloody one.


[after the celebrated Battle of Mohács of 1526, when the twin cities of Buda and Pest were captured by the Ottomans]

Through life and death the kingdom of Hungary changed [for the worse]:
the [new] dispensation shall be harsher than servitude.
Their great city full of yells and screams,
Castor and Pollux [the twins] foes in the lists.


[after Julius Obsequens’s On Omens for 91 BC]

As the sun rises a great fire shall be seen,
the noise and light extending towards the north:
within the circle deathly screams shall be heard,
by sword, fire, famine, death awaiting them.


[after Julius Obsequens’s On Omens for 91 BC]

Fire the colour of gold seen [falling] from the sky to earth:
the firstborn struck from on high, a miraculous thing done.
Great human murder: the nephew of the lord captured:
deaths in the course of [public] spectacles, the haughty one escaped.


[after the sack of Rome in 1527]

Very close to the Tiber presses [the goddess of] death
Shortly before a great flood.
The captain of the ship [of St Peter] captured, placed in the bilge:
Castle, palace in conflagration.


[after the Mirabilis Liber of 1522/3, with the imagery presumably based on the Latin Epigrams of Ulrich von Hutten (1488-1523)]

Great Po shall receive great evil through the Gauls,
vain terror for the maritime Lion [Venice]:
a people numberless shall cross the sea,
a quarter of a million not escaping.


[after the Mirabilis Liber of 1522/3]

The inhabited places shall be uninhabitable:
there shall be great disputes over fields,
kingdoms given over to cautious bunglers.
Then for brother-nobles death and dissension.


[after Julius Obsequens’s On Omens for 167, 137, 106, 100, 94, 92, 44 and/or 17 BC]

A burning torch shall be seen in the evening sky
near the end and source of the Rhône.
Famine, sword: late the relief provided.
Persia returns to invade Macedonia.


[after the coronation of Pope Clement V at Lyon in 1305]

Roman Pontiff, beware of approaching
the city that waters two rivers!
Your blood you shall cough up near there,
you and yours, when the rose shall bloom.


[after Livy’s History of Rome (xxi.63) for 217 BC]

The one whose face is splattered with the blood
of the next victim sacrificed –
Jupiter in Leo, an omen by way of a Presage –
shall be sent to be put to death then for the betrothed.


[in part after Livy’s History of Rome (i.18), describing the inauguration of the semi-legendary King Numa in around 710 BC]

The Roman territory that the omen interpreted
shall be vexed by the Gallic people all too much:
but the Celtic nation shall fear the hour
[when] the fleet shall have been pushed too far by the north wind.


[after the Mirabilis Liber of 1522/3]

Within the isles so horrible a tumult!
Nothing shall be heard but a clash of war.
So mighty shall be the attack of the predators
that everyone shall join in the [a] great league.


Century 3


[after the successful passage of the Strait of Gibraltar by Nostradamus’s friend the Baron de la Garde, Admiral of the Eastern Mediterranean, with 25 galleys in 1545, in the face of Imperial forces bearing red crosses on their chests]

After combat and naval battle,
the great admiral at the height of his power it asleep:
red adversary shall become pale with fright,
putting the great ocean in dread.


[after the Christian doctrine of transubstantiation, under Protestant attack in 1534]

The divine Word shall give to substance,
including heaven, earth, gold hidden in the mystic fact:
body, soul, spirit having all power
as much under its feet as in the Holy See.


[after the Mirabilis Liber of 1522/3, Julius Obsequens’s On Omens and Livy’s History of Rome]

Mars and Mercury and the moon in conjunction,
towards the south extreme drought:
in the depths of Asia it shall be said that the earth quakes,
Corinth, Ephesus then in perplexity.

II [abilis Liber of 1522/3]

When the failure of the heavenly lights shall be close,
from one another not greatly distant,
cold, drought, danger towards the frontiers,
even where the oracle had its beginning.


[possibly after the Mirabilis Liber of 1522/3]

Nearer or closer to the failure of the two great luminaries
which shall happen between April and March,
oh, what prices! but two great good-natured ones
by land and sea shall succour all parts.


[after Julius Obsequens’s On Omens for 102 and/or 91 BC]

Within the closed temple the lighting shall enter,
the citizens within their fortifications overcome,
Horses, cattle, men. Water shall reach the wall.
Worn out by famine, drought: thirst among the weakest.


[possibly after Julius Obsequens’s On Omens for 98 BC]

[Among] The fugitives, fire from the sky on the spear-points:
then, shortly, conflict of crows fighting.
From earth goes up the cry for aid and heavenly succour,
when near the walls shall be the combatants.


[after Plutarch’s Parallel Lives, plus Julius Obsequens’s On Omens for 104 BC]

The Cimbri joined with their neighbours
shall depopulate the bulk of Spain:
people gathered in Guienne and Limousin
shall be in league, and shall keep them company.


[source unidentified]

Bordeaux, Rouen and La Rochelle joined together
shall hold firm around the great Ocean sea:
English, Bretons and Flemings in alliance
shall chase them as far as near Roanne.


[after the Mirabilis Liber of 1522/3]

Of blood and famine a seven-times-greater calamity
is in preparation along the seashore
[and at] Monaco of hunger: place taken, captivity.
The Lord led by a hook in an iron cage.


[after a reported 1554 Swiss vision of armies fighting in the sky, also described by Fincelius in his De miraculis sui temporis of 1556]

The arms shall fight in the sky for a long season,
the tree at the heart of the city fallen:
vermin gnawing, sword, a brand in the face,
then the monarch of Adria [Venice] worsted.


[presumably after the Mirabilis Liber of 1522/3]

By the swollen Ebro, Po, Tagus, Tiber and Rhone
and by the lake of Geneva and Arezzo,
the two great chiefs and cities of the Garonne
captured, dead, drowned. Human booty divided.


[after Julius Obsequens’s On Omens for 106 BC, as also Cardano’s On Subtlety of 1547]

Through lightning, in the chest gold and silver melted:
of the two captives [beasts] one shall eat the other:
The city’s highest lord killed
when the fleet shall float underwater [sink beneath the waves].


[source unidentified]

Through the humble relative of the valiant personage
of France, because of the wretched father,
honours, riches: suffering in his old age
for having believed the advice of an ignorant man.


[after contemporary worries about the French succession]

In courage, vigour and glory the kingdom shall change [for the worse],
on every side being opposed by its adversary:
then youth shall subjugate France [to others] through death [of the King].
The great regent shall then be more contrary.


[possibly after the deeds of Henry VIII of England and the contemporary problem of duelling]

The English prince [with] Mars in his mid-heaven
Shall want to pursue his prosperous fortune.
Of the two duels [duellers] one shall pierce his [the other’s] spleen:
Hated by him, adored by his mother.


[possibly after the Great Fire of Rome of AD 64, assimilated to the solar eclipse of January 1544]

The Aventine hill shall be seen burning at night:
The sky very suddenly dark in Flanders.
When the monarch shall chase his nephew/grandson away,
their Church officials shall commit scandals.


[after Julius Obsequens’s On Omens for 163, 130, 125, 124, 117, 111, 108, 106, 104, 95, and/or 92 BC]

After the fairly long rain of milk,
in several places the area of Reims affected.
Alas, what a bloody murder is in preparation near them!
Fathers and sons, [even] kings shall not dare to approach.


[after Julius Obsequens’s On Omens, as per previous verse]

In Lucca it shall rain blood and milk
a little before a change of senior magistrate:
great plague and war, famine and drought shall be seen
far from where their prince and directing chief shall die.


[after the Mirabilis Liber of 1522/3]

Throughout the lands of the great river Guadalquivir
far from the north of Spain, in the Kingdom of Grenada,
Crosses [Christians] beaten back by the Muslims.
One from Cordoba shall betray the land.


[possibly after Peucerus’s Teratoscopia of 1553]

At Crustumerium by the Adriatic Sea
there shall appear a horrible fish
with human face and aquatic tail
that shall be caught without a hook.


[possibly after the Gesta francorum et aliorum Hierosolymytanorum of around 1101, describing the siege of Jerusalem during the First Crusade of 1099]

Six days the assault mounted against the city:
battle shall be given, strong and bitter.
Three shall surrender it, and it shall be forgiven them:
the rest to the flames and to bloody slicing and dismemberment.


[after past French military disasters in Italy under Louis XII, François I and Henri II]

If, France, you pass beyond the Ligurian Sea,
you shall see yourself hemmed in on the islands and by sea,
the Muslims being against you: more so in the Adriatic Sea.
You shall gnaw the bones of horses and donkeys.


[sources as per the previous verse]

Great the confusion of the enterprise,
loss of people, countless treasure[s]:
you must not extend your efforts further there.
France, pay attention to what I say.


[after contemporary dynastic politics between 1516 and 1531]

He who shall attain to the Kingdom of Navarre
when they shall be joined by Sicily and Naples
shall hold Bigorre and the Landes through Foix and Oloron
from one who shall be all too closely allied with Spain.


[after the well-known divinatory practices of the classical world]

Of kings and princes they shall raise images,
the augurs believed, the diviners promoted:
the victim’s horn gilded, and with azure and pearl.
The entrails shall be interpreted.


[after King François I’s creation of a chair of Arabic at the Collège de France in the 1540s]

A Libyan prince powerful in the West
shall so impassion the French for Arabic
that he shall persuade literary scholars
to translate the Arabic language into French.


[after the remarkable reign of the Byzantine empress Theodora (AD 527-548)]

Of land meagre and pedigree poor,
little by little and discreetly she shall advance in the realm.
Long shall a [the] young woman reign:
never did anyone so bad ever attain power.


[source unidentified]

The two nephews/grandson brought up in separate places,
[in] a naval battle, [both] land and fathers fallen:
They shall reach so high in war
as to avenge the injury. Enemies defeated.


[after the assassination either of the Duke of Parma in 1527 or of the Byzantine Emperor Nicephorus Phocas in AD 969]

He who in a swordfight in the midst of war
shall have carried off the prize from one greater than he,
by night in bed shall six attack him:
naked and unarmoured, he shall suddenly be surprised.


[after the three famous battles between the Romans and Parthians of 53 BC, 36 BC and 116 AD, taken as omens of the anticipated defeat of Suleiman the Magnificent]

On the fields of Media, of Arabia and Armenia
two great armies shall three times assemble:
near the banks of the Araxes, the household
of the great Suleiman shall fall to the ground [bite the dust].


[after the Italian campaigns of Constable Anne de Montmorency, the notorious queller of the salt-tax revolt in southwestern France, between 1536 and 1538]

The great burier of the people of Aquitaine
shall make his way to the area of Tuscany,
when war shall reign near the area of Germany
and in the land of the Mantuan people.


[after Julius Obsequens’s On Omens for 104, 96, 93 and/or 53 BC]

In the city where the wolf shall enter,
quite near there the enemies shall be:
an alien army shall lay waste a great country.
Allies shall cross the high walls of the Alps.


[after classical reports of solar eclipses and deformed births, such as Julius Obsequens’s On Omens for 104 BC]

When the eclipse of the Sun shall then be,
in full daylight the monster shall be seen:
quite otherwise [mistakenly] it shall be interpreted.
Inflation not guarded against: no-one shall have foreseen it.


[possibly after the doings of the English astrologer and magician ‘Dr’ John Dee]

In the very depths of the West of Europe
of poor folk a young child shall be born
who by his tongue shall seduce a great throng.
His fame shall grow and grow in the eastern kingdom.


[after the legendary circumstances surrounding the death of the Franciscan theologian John Duns Scot in 1308]

Buried apoplectic, not dead,
he shall be found to have his hands eaten away
when the city shall condemn the heretic
who (it seemed to them) had changed [debased] their laws [b eliefs].


[after the campaigns of the Holy Roman emperor Charles V in Italy]

Before the attack a speech delivered,
Milan taken by the [Imperial] Eagle after being deceived by ambushes:
the ancient rampart demolished by cannons,
amidst fire and blood few granted mercy.


[source unidentified]

[Of] The Gallic race and a foreign nation
Beyond the mountains, [ many shall be] dead, captured and laid low:
in the opposite month [six months later] and near the time of the grape-harvest
by the lords an agreement [shall be] drawn up.


[source unidentified]

The seven in three months [shall be] in agreement
to subjugate the Apennine Alps:
but the tempest and the cowardly Ligurian
lays them low in sudden ruins.


[after contemporary efforts to revive the ancient classical games in old, crumbling theatres]

The mighty theatre shall arise once again,
the dais raised and the nets already stretched out.
Too much the first[-mentioned] shall weaken at the sound of the fanfare,
laid low by arches long since split apart.


[after the contemporary elevation to power of the Protestant Louis de Bourbon, first Prince of Condé]

The hunchback shall be elected by the council:
a more hideous monster on earth not [never] seen.
The flying blow shall put out the bishop’s eye:
the traitor to the King accepted as loyal.


[after Julius Obsequens’s On Omens, Livy’s History of Rome and an omen of 1544]

The child shall be born with two teeth in its craw,
[hail]stones instead of rain shall fall in Tuscany:
a few years later there shall be neither wheat nor barley
to fill those who shall faint from hunger.


[after France’s huge losses in the contemporary Italian wars]

People from around the Tarn, Lot and Garonne
beware of crossing the Apennine mountains:
your tomb [shall be] near Rome and Ancona!
The black frizzy beard [Charles V] shall cause a monument to be erected.


[possibly after Julius Obsequens’s tales of talking oxen in his On Omens, assimilated to the occasion in 1545 when lightning struck a gunpowder store at Mechlin]

When the animal to man domestic
after great efforts and jumps shall [manage to] speak,
the lightning to a virgin [nun] shall be so inimical
[that she shall be] snatched up from the ground and hung in the air.


[after the arrival in Toulouse of five reforming monks in 1531]

The five strangers once entered into the temple,
their blood shall soil the ground:
to the Toulousans it shall be a very hard example
of one who comes to abolish their laws.


[after the Lyon meteor of 1528, taken as an omen of an imminent change of era]

The chart (of Plancus’ city ) presages to us
through clear signs and by fixed stars
that the age of its change is fast approaching,
neither for its good, nor for its ill.


[after the deposition of the Byzantine Emperor John V Palaeologus and his son and Co-Emperor Manuel II in 1376, and their reinstatement three years later with the help of the Turks]

The old monarch chased out of his kingdom
shall go to the East to seek its help.
For fear of the crosses [Christians] he shall lower his flag:
to Mitylene he shall go by way of a port and land [pied-à-terre].


[source unidentified]

Seven hundred captives roughly staked out,
lots drawn for half to be murdered:
the nearby hope shall come so promptly,
but not soon enough [to prevent] the death of fifteen.


[after the Mirabilis Liber of 1522/3]

Gallic kingdom, you shall be much changed:
to a foreign place is power transferred.
Other customs and laws shall be drawn up for you:
Rouen and Chartres shall do you much harm.


[after Savonarola’s Compendium Revelationum and King Charles VIII of France’s attempted capture of Florence during his Italian campaign of 1494]

The government of the great city
shall not wish to consent to the great austerity:
[by] the King summoned forth by a herald,
the ladder at the wall, the city shall repent.


[possibly after the suspected poisoning in 1550 of Claude de Guise, Duke of Lorraine]

Paris conspires a great murder to commit:
Blois shall cause it to be put into full effect.
Those of Orleans shall wish to replace their leader:
Angers, Troyes, Langres shall do them a great injury.


[after the Mirabilis Liber of 1522/3, possibly augmented by Livy’s History of Rome for BC, and with the imagery presumably based on the Latin Epigrams of Ulrich von Hutten (see woodcut)]

In Campania there shall be such prolonged rain,
and in Apulia such great drought.
The Cock shall see the Eagle, its wing deformed:
by the Lion it shall be placed in extremity.


[the election at Frankfurt of Charles V as Holy Roman Emperor in 1519, in preference to France’s François I]

When the greater one shall carry off the prize
of Nuremberg, of Augsburg, and those of Basle,
by Cologne’s leader Frankfurt [shall be] taken.
They shall cross through Flanders as far as into Gaul.


[after Froissart’s account in his Chroniques of the European campaigns of Edward the Black Prince]

One of the greatest ones shall rush to Spain,
which he shall thereafter come to bleed with a long wound,
pushing armies over the high mountains [the Pyrenees],
devastating all, and then he shall reign in peace.


[partly after the rise to power of François de Lorraine, Second Duke of Guise – the quatrain claimed by Nostradamus himself to have foretold the death of Henri II]

In the year that One Eye shall reign in France,
the court shall be in a most vexatious ferment.
The lord of Blois shall kill his friend,
the realm placed in harm and double doubt.


[after the various ‘falling’ omens that allegedly accompanied the death of King François I in 1547]

[At] Montauban, Nîmes, Avignon and Béziers
plague, thunder and hail [shall fall] at the end of March:
in Paris the bridge, [at] Lyon the wall, Montpellier.
From ’607, twenty-three parts [sects?].


[possibly after the violent deaths of seven prominent British leaders between 1265 and 1555]

Seven times shall you see the British nation change [its leader],
stained with blood for two hundred and ninety years –
but not France, through German support.
Aries [France] has worries about its Czech and Slovak flank [the Ottomans].


[source unidentified]

Near the Rhine and the Norician Alps
shall be born a lord of people come too late,
who shall keep at bay the Sarmatians and Pannonians
such that nobody shall know what has become of him.


[possibly possibly after Plutarch’s Parallel Lives (‘Artaxerxes’), describing the bloody struggles of succession that occurred towards the end of the reign of Artaxerxes II (c. 359 BC)]

[The] Barbarian empire once usurped by the third,
the greater part of his relations he shall put to death:
through senile death the fourth struck by him,
for fear that the relations by the relations might be killed.


[apparently after a further, unidentified incident from the history of the Ottomans]

Throughout all Asia great proscription,
even in Mysia, Lycia and Pamphilia:
he shall shed blood by way of absolution
for a young Moor filled with felony.


[possibly after William of Tyre’s Historia rerum in partibus transmarinis gestarum, describing the foundation of the four Middle Eastern Crusader States (Edessa, Tripoli, Jerusalem and Antioch) after the success of the First Crusade and capture of Jerusalem in July 1099]

The great band and sect of crusaders
shall draw itself up against Mesopotamia:
of the nearby river a light company
shall such a dispensation regard as hostile.


[apparently after the campaign of Hannibal, as described in Livy’s History of Rome]

Near the Duero, with the Tyrrhenian sea closed [to him],
He shall penetrate the lofty Pyrenees mountains:
having little time, and his advance cunningly explained,
he shall lead his forces to Carcassonne.


[partly after the Mirabilis Liber of 1522/3]

The Roman power shall be totally overthrown:
its great neighbour [the Holy Roman Empire] shall follow in its wake.
Hidden civil hatreds and quarrels
shall put off the buffoons’ follies.


[apparently after the Mirabilis Liber of 1522/3]

The leader from Persia shall load great cargo hulks
(a trireme fleet against the Muslim folk)
with Parthians and Medians, and shall plunder the Cyclades.
he shall long rest in the great Ionian port.


[after Bandini’s Dell’obelisco de Cesare Augusto of 1549, describing the claimed discovery of the tomb of Augustus Caesar in 1521, the year when Pope Leo X, having allegedly been poisoned, died after being bled into the very chalice in which votes were collected at papal conclaves]

When the tomb of the great Roman is found,
the next day a Pope shall be elected:
scarcely shall he be approved by the Senate
[than he shall be] poisoned, his blood in the sacred chalice.


[source unidentified, but line 3 borrowed from Virgil’s Aeneid (iv.696)]

The great Bailiff of Orleans put to death
shall be, by one of [one dedicated to] blood-vengeance:
neither from death deserved shall he die, nor by fate,
[but] evil shall have taken him hand and foot.


[after the Anabaptists of southern Germany, known as the ‘Moravian Brethren’, who took refuge in Moravia during the 1530s]

A new sect of Philosophers,
scorning death, gold, honours and riches,
shall not be confined to the German mountains:
to follow them there shall be support and crowds.


[source unidentified]

Leaderless folk from Spain and Italy
dead, laid low within the Peninsula.
Their conduct betrayed by crass folly,
swimming in blood [shall be] every crossroads.


[source unidentified, apart from line 3, which is based on Andrea Alciato’s Emblamata of 1531]

The mighty army led by a young man,
shall surrender into the hands of the enemies:
but the old man born in the half-pig [Milan],
shall cause Chalon and Macon to be friends.


[source unidentified]

Great Britain including England
shall be flooded with such deep waters:
the new League of Ausonia [Italy] shall make war,
such that that they shall ally against each other.


[possibly after the Mirabilis Liber of 1522/3]

Those in the isles long since besieged
shall summon up strength and force against their enemies:
those outside, dead, prostrated by hunger,
shall be put in greater hunger than ever.


[source unidentified]

The good old man buried quite alive
near the great river, through false suspicion:
the new old man ennobled by riches.
Taken [seized] on the road [shall be] all the gold of the ransom.


[after Plutarch’s Parallel Lives (‘Agesilaus’)]

When into power the cripple shall come,
for his competitor he shall have a closely-related bastard:
he and the kingdom shall become so very rotten
that, unless it recovers, it shall be too late.


[source unidentified]

Naples, Florence, Faenza and Imola
shall be on the point of such embarrassment
because, in order to delight the wretches of Nola,
[they shall have] complained of [their] having mocked its leader.


[after the Mirabilis Liber of 1522/3]

Pavia, Verona, Vicenza, Saragossa,
through swords from far away [their] lands bloodsoaked.
Such severe disease shall affect the fat [bean-]pods:
help at hand, but very far the remedies.


[after contemporary sects of German Protestant Reformers]

In Germany shall arise various sects
very reminiscent of blissful paganism:
their heart captive and returns small,
they shall return to paying the true tithe.


[source unidentified]

[In the] The third climate [latitude] subject to Aries,
the year 1727, in October,
the King of Persia [shall be] captured by those of Egypt.
Conflict, death, loss: to the Cross a great disgrace.


[source unidentified]

The leader from Scotland, with six from Germany,
captured by eastern sailors:
they shall cross Gibraltar and Spain,
as a present, fearful, to the new King in Persia.


[after the capture of Marseille by Alphonso of Aragon in 1425, incorporating a phrase from the Attic Nights of Aulus Gellius (vii.2.1-3)]

The chain of fate, everlastingly ordained,
shall return in consecutive order.
The chain of Marseille shall be broken,
the city taken [by] the enemy at the same time.


[after the account by Foissart in his Chroniques of the seizure of the throne of Castile by Henry the Bastard from his half brother Don Pedro the Cruel, and his defeat by Edward the Black Prince at the battle of Navarette in 1367]

The unworthy one chased out by the English realm,
the councillor through anger burned alive:
his supporters shall stoop so low
that the Bastard shall be half accepted.


[possibly after the celebrated third Roman slave-revolt of 73-71 BC under Spartacus]

The great loudmouth, shameless, audacious,
shall be chosen governor of the army:
[through] the boldness of his aggression
the bridge [shall be] broken, the City [Rome?] faint with fear.


[after the Mirabilis Liber of 1522/3]

Frejus, Antibes, towns around Nice
shall be devastated at sword-point by sea and by land:
locusts by land and sea, the wind [being] favourable.
Captives dead, bound: plunder outside the rules of war.


[after the ancient invasions of the Vandals and Visigoths]

The long-haired ones of Celtic Gaul
accompanied by foreign peoples
shall take prisoner the people of Aquitaine
in order to subject them to massacres.


[after the sack of Rome by Imperial forces in 1527]

The mighty City shall be completely desolated:
of its inhabitants not one shall remain.
Wall, sects, temple and virgin [nun] violated,
by sword, fire, plague, cannon the people shall die.


[source unidentified]

The city [Narbonne] captured through ruse and fraud,
trapped by means of a handsome youth:
assault mounted by the Robine near the Aude,
he and all dead because of a complete deception.


[after the life of St Louis of Toulouse, sometime heir to the thrones of Naples and Sicily]

A leader from Ausonia [Italy] shall go to Spain
by sea: he shall come to rest at Marseille.
Before his death he shall languish for a long time:
after his death a great miracle shall be seen.


[after the French expedition to Corsica of 1553, which was blockaded and starved out by the Italian Admiral Andrea Doria]

Gallic fleet, do not approach Corsica,
still less Sardinia, [or] you shall regret it:
every one of you shall die. Frustrated of succour, your snouts
shall swim in blood as captives. [But]You shall not believe me!


[after the invasion of Provence of 1524 by the renegade Constable Charles de Bourbon on behalf of the Emperor Charles V]

From Barcelona by sea [shall come] such a great army:
all Marseille shall quake with fear.
The Isles seized, help shut off by sea,
your betrayer shall sail overland [by canal and/or river].


[possibly after the Mirabilis Liber 1522/3]

At that time Cyprus shall be frustrated
of its relief by those of the Aegean Sea.
Old people killed: but by males depraved
their King seduced, [the] Queen more outraged.


[after the wild animals sent as gifts to François I via the Ottoman pirate Barbarossa in 1533 by Suleiman the Magnificent, then campaigning in Carmania (Persia), prior to the Ottoman fleet’s agreed occupation of Marseille against the Holy Roman Empire]

The great Satyr [Ape] and Tiger from Hyrcania,
as a gift [shall be] presented to those of the Ocean:
a naval chief shall set out from Carmania
who shall take [the] land from the ruler of Marseille.


[after Suetonius’s The Twelve Caesars (Augustus: 92)]

The tree that, dead for a long time, had withered
in one night shall become green again.
The King long ill, the prince’s foot is freed:
feared by foes, he shall make his sail resound.


[partly after Richard Roussat’s Livre de l’estat et mutations des temps of 1549/50]

The world close to the [its] final period,
Saturn shall be back again late:
power [having been] transferred to the Alpine nation,
the eye [shall be] plucked out at Narbonne by the Goshawk.


[after the Mirabilis Liber of 1522/3]

In Avignon all the lords of the Empire
shall come to rest because of Paris being desolated.
Tricastin shall resist the Hannibalic ire:
Lyon shall be poorly consoled by the change.


[probably an original Nostradamian prediction]

After five hundred years, more account shall be taken of him
who was the adornment of his time:
then suddenly great light shall he give
which at that time shall make them most satisfied.


[after the Mirabilis Liber of 1522/3]

The Moorish dispensation shall be seen to fail
in favour of another much more seductive.
Dnieper shall be the first to fail:
through gifts and speech another [shall seem] more attractive.


[after an unidentified incident dating astrologically from 1536]

The Chief of Fossano shall have his throat cut
by the master of [his] bloodhound[s] and greyhound[s],
the deed instigated by those of the Tarpeian Rock [the justices],
Saturn in Leo, February 13.


[after the Mirabilis Liber of 1522/3 and Richard Roussat’s Livre de l’estat et mutations des temps of 1549/50]

A new dispensation shall occupy a new land
towards Syria, Judea and Palestine:
the great barbarian [Arab] empire shall decay,
before Phoebe [the moon] completes her age [in 1887].


[source unidentified]

Two royal brothers shall wage war so fiercely
that between them the war shall be so mortal
that each of them shall occupy strongholds:
over kingdom and life their great dispute shall be.


[after the Mirabilis Liber of 1522/3]

In the grassy fields of Alleins and Vernègues
[and] of the Luberon by the Durance,
on the battlefield the conflict shall be so bitter on both sides
[that] Mesopotamia [Babylon] shall collapse in France.


[after Julius Caesar’s De bello Gallico (Book VII), relating the victory of Vercingetorix at Gergovia in 52 BC]

Amongst the Gauls the last to be honoured
over the man [who is his] enemy shall be victorious,
[dispositions of] forces and terrain assessed in a flash,
when from an arrow-shot the envious one shall die.


Century 4


[after the war of 1499 to 1503 between Venice and the Ottoman Turks]

This besides: for the remainder of blood unshed
Venice demands that aid be given.
After waiting for a very long time,
the city yielded at the first trumpet blast.


[possibly Froissart’s Chroniques, describing Edward the Black Prince’s 1367 expedition into Spain]

Through [the] death, from France he shall undertake a journey.
Via a fleet at sea, he shall march over the Pyrenees Mountains.
Spain in turmoil, the troops shall march:
some of the greatest ladies abducted to France.


[possibly after Froissart, as per the previous verse]

From Arras and Bourges [there shall be] great hordes of Allobroges:
a greater number of Gascons shall fight on foot.
Those along the Rhône shall bleed Spain
near the mountain where Sagunto sits.


[after the frustration of the Emperor Charles V when, in 1536, the French and Turks allied to attack him in Italy and Savoy]

The impotent Prince angry, [there shall be] complaints and disputes
at rapes and pillage by Cocks [French] and Africans [Turks?]:
a great is [host] by land, by sea innumerable sails.
Italy [once] secure, the Celts [French] shall be in pursuit.


[after the Mirabilis Liber of 1522/3]

Christians [at] peace, under One [Monarch] the divine word fulfilled,
Spain and Gaul shall be united together.
Great disaster at hand, and combat very bitter:
no heart there shall be that is so bold as not to quake.


[source unidentified]

By those newly clad after the discovery is made,
a malicious plot and machination:
the first to die shall be the one who uncovers it,
tainted with Venetian guile.


[after Froissart’s Chroniques and other documents describing the life and times of John of Gaunt (1340-99) and his family]

The lesser son of the great and hated Prince
of leprosy shall have a great attack at the age of twenty:
from grief his mother shall die very sad and emaciated,
and he shall die [be buried?] where the cowardly leader falls [where Thom. Becket was hacked to death].


[source unidentified]

The great city by prompt and sudden assault
[shall be] surprised at night, the guards intercepted:
during the vigil and on the eve of Saint-Quentin
the guards slaughtered and the gates demolished.


[source unidentified]

The leader of the army in the middle of the battle
by an arrow-shot shall be wounded in the thighs,
when Geneva, in tears and distress,
shall be betrayed by Lausanne and the German Swiss.


[possibly after the attempted coup against Henry V of England just before his departure for Harfleur in 1415]

The young Prince falsely accused
shall throw the army into ferment and disputes:
the murder of the leader for his support
shall pacify the Sceptre [King]: then he shall cure scrofula.


[the appointment in 1493 by Pope Alexander VI of his own possibly illegitimate son Cesare Borgia as a leading administrator]

He who shall have the government of the Great Cope [the Papacy]
shall be prevailed upon to commit some crime.
The twelve Red Ones [Cardinals] shall sully their cloth:
murder upon murder shall be perpetrated.


[after the Mirabilis Liber of 1522/3]

The greater army put shall flight in disorder,
Scarcely further shall it be pursued:
the army reassembled and the legion reduced,
it shall then be chased out completely by the Gauls.


[source unidentified]

Of greater losses the news reported:
the report once made, the army shall be astonished.
The troops [once] united against [him] in revolt,
the double phalanx shall abandon the lord.


[source unidentified]

The sudden death of the first personage
shall have brought about a change and put another in power,
sooner or later arriving so high at so young an age,
that by land and sea he shall be one to be feared.


[after an unidentified siege and ruthless siege-breaker]

From where they shall think to make famine come,
from there shall come replenishment.
The eye [King?/City?] of the sea through [sheer] canine greed
to one or the other shall give oil and wheat.


[after the then-recent history of La Rochelle]

The Free City, become a servant of liberty,
offers asylum to the downtrodden and dreamers [of better times].
The King, [his mind] changed, shall not be so hostile to them:
from a hundred they shall have become more than a thousand.


[after an unidentified local omen]

He shall change [route] via Beaune, Nuits, Châlon and Dijon.
The duke, wishing to chastise the Barrois,
walking by the river, of a fish in a diver’s bleak
shall see the tail: the gate shall be shut.


[after an unidentified persecution of astrologers]

Some of those most learned in celestial facts
shall be reproved by ignorant princes,
punished by Edict, hounded like criminals,
and put to death wherever they shall be found.


[possibly after the Mirabilis Liber of 1522/3]

Before Rouen the siege laid by the Insubrians [troops from Milan],
by land and sea the passages closed off:
of Hainaut and Flanders, of Ghent and those of Liége
through the gifts of Bacchus [i.e. through drink] they shall ravage the Borders.


[after the ancient necropolis at nearby Arles known as les Alyscamps, and punning on its name]

Peace and plenty the place shall long host:
throughout its empty realm lilies [shall grow].
Bodies of the dead by water and land shall be brought there,
vainly hoping for the chance to be buried there.


[possibly after the Mirabilis Liber of 1522/3]

The change shall be most difficult,
[yet] city, province shall gain by the change.
Of high courage and wise, the bungler banished,
[by] sea and land people shall change their state.


[after the defeat of King François I at the battle of Pavia in 1525]

The great host that shall be sent away
all at once shall be needed by the King.
The word given shall be broken from afar:
he shall find himself exposed, in piteous disarray.


[source unidentified]

The legion in the fleet
shall burn lime, magnesium, sulphur and pitch:
[then] a long rest in the secure place.
Genoa [?] and Port’Ecole, fire shall consume them.


[after an unidentified aural apparition in local mine-or quarry-workings]

Heard underground the faint voice of the Holy Virgin –
‘The human flame shall be seen to shine as the divine’:
it shall cause the ground [of the monasteries] to be stained with monks’ blood,
and the holy temples to be destroyed by the impure.


[after contemporary alchemical experiments]

Sublimated substances endlessly visible to the eye
shall hide from view, for these reasons,
bodies, forehead included, headless and invisible,
diminishing the sacred prayers.


[quatrain in Provençal after Julius Obsequens’s On Omens for 48 BC and/or Livy’s History of Rome (xxi.46) for 218 BC]

The great swarm of bees shall arise,
such that nobody shall know whence they came.
By night an ambush. The watch [asleep] beneath the vines [through drink],
city betrayed by five hidden babblers.


[after the so-called Antiques just south of Nostradamus’s birthplace of Saint-Rémy, and Charlemagne’s nearby defeat of the Saracens]

Salon, [St-Paul de] Mausole, Tarascon, the arch of SEX.,
where the Pyramide still stands:
they shall deliver the Prince of Denmark –
a shameful ransom – at the temple of Artemis.


[the first of three quatrains with an unidentified alchemical theme, possibly connected with some domestic incident]

When Venus [copper] shall be covered by the sun [gold],
beneath the brightness shall be a hidden form.
Mercury shall have exposed them in the fire:
by the noise of war [through Mars = iron] it shall be put to the attack.


[another alchemical quatrain]

The sun [gold] hidden, eclipsed by Mercury,
shall be placed only second in the firmament:
by Vulcan Hermes [Mercury] shall be foddered.
The sun [gold] shall be seen pure, glowing red and yellow.


[another alchemical quatrain, possibly connected to contemporary fluctuations in the value of gold and silver]

Eleven more times he shall not wish the moon [silver] and sun [gold]
to be significantly raised or lowered in value,
and so little valued that little gold shall be spun.
After famine, plague, the secret shall be discovered.


[after Lucian’s famous The Death of Peregrinus, probably as translated from the Greek into Latin as De Morte Peregrini by Erasmus in 1502]

The moon in the depths of night on the high mountain
the latter-day sage has single-mindedly seen:
by his disciples urged to be[come] immortal,
eyes southward, hands in lap, body aflame.


[after Froissart’s report in his Chroniques of the incendiary speech of John Ball during the failed English Peasants’ Revolt of 1381]

Someplace, sometime meat shall give way to fish:
Common Law shall be turned on its head.
The old one shall hold firm, then [the new one be] removed from the midst,
‘everything shared among friends’ be abandoned.


[a final alchemical quatrain]

Jupiter [tin] conjoined more with Venus [copper] than with the moon [silver],
appearing in white fullness:
Venus [copper] hidden under the whiteness of Neptune [water]
struck by the weighted branch of Mars [iron].


[after book VII of Commynes’ Mémoires, describing the transfer in 1495 by Pope Alexander Borgia VI to Charles VIII of France (here assimilated to the contemporary Henry II) of Prince Zimzim, brother of the Turkish Sultan Bajazet]

The great one from the foreign land [shall be] led captive,
chained in gold, presented to King CHYREN [Henri],
who in Ausonia [Italy] and Milan shall lose the war,
and all his host put to fire and sword.


[in part after Livy’s History of Rome (xxii.1) and Julius Obsequens’s On Omens for 98 BC]

The fire extinguished, the virgins [nuns] shall betray
the greater part of the new band.
Lightning to [strikes] sword, lance: the monks shall guard the King.
[In] Etruria and Corsica, by night throat[s] cut.


[source unidentified]

The Games once again set up again in Gaul
after victory around Milan and in Campania:
[in the] mountains of Hesperia [Italy], the lords tied, trussed up.
The Papal States and Spain shall tremble with fear.


[possibly after the Mirabilis Liber of 1522/3]

The Gaul shall by leaps penetrate the mountains:
he shall occupy the great city of Milan.
He shall make his host enter the [very] heart of it.
Genoa and Monaco shall repulse the red [bloody] Fleet.


[source unidentified]

While the duke shall distract the King and Queen
the Byzantine chief [shall be held] captive in Samothrace.
Before the assault one shall eat the other [they shall be like cannibals].
Cantankerous, intractable, he shall follow the trail of blood.


[after the Mirabilis Liber of 1522/3]

The Rhodians shall request help,
through the neglect of its inheritors [having been] abandoned [left to rack and ruin].
The Arab empire shall retrace its steps,
things [shall be] put right again by Hesperia [the West].


[source unidentified]

The fortresses of the besieged [shall be] locked up,
by gunpowder reduced to ruins.
The traitors shall be sawn apart alive:
never did such a piteous schism [split] happen to the priesthood!


[after Plutarch’s Parallel Lives (Romulus, 29: Camilla, 33)]

[Of] female sex, held hostage,
she shall manage by night to deceive the guards.
The camp commandant, deceived by her language,
shall give in to her charms: it [the result] shall be piteous to see.


[source unidentified]

Geneva and Langres by those of Chartres and Dôle
and by Grenoble [shall be taken] captive at Montélimar:
Seyssel, Lausanne, through fraudulent deceit,
shall betray them for sixty marks in gold.


[after Julius Obsequens’s On Omens, or an unknown contemporary omen-report]

Arms shall be heard clashing in the sky:
that very same year the religious foes
shall endeavour unjustly to dispute the holy laws.
By dint of anathemas and war true believers [shall be] put to death.


[a further quatrain in Provençal, after contemporary religious conflicts in southwestern France]

The lords of Mende, of Rodez and Milhau
[shall inflict on] Cahors, Limoges, Castres a bad week:
the [there shall be a] night-raid by an apostate from Bordeaux
through Périgord as the tocsin sounds.


[after the battle of Pavia in 1525]

Through conflict a King shall abandon the kingdom:
the greatest leader shall let him down in time of need.
Dead, ruined – few shall escape it,
all cut apart. There shall be one witness to it.


[probably after a manuscript copy of Froissart’s celebrated Chroniques, detailing events during the Hundred Years’ War (I, 158-167), and in particular those surrounding the Battle of Poitiers of 1356]

Strong defences being your strongest point,
beware, Tours, of your imminent ruin:
London and Nantes shall stake their claim to Reims.
Do not go any further while the mist persists.


[once again after Froissart’s Chroniques, and the Black Prince’s bloody campaign of burning and looting across western France leading to the Battle of Poitiers of 1356]

The savage Black One, when he shall have tried
his bloody hand at fire, sword and drawn bows:
all the people shall be so terrified,
seeing their greatest lords hanged by neck and foot.


[after Julius Obsequens’s On Omens for 125 BC]

The fertile, spacious Ausonian [Italian] plain
shall produce so many gadflies and locusts,
[that] the solar brightness shall become clouded over.
They shall eat everything, [and] great pestilence shall come from them.


[after the De pactiana coniuratione commentarium by Angelo Poliziano of 1553, describing the murder of the papally-connected Giuliano de’ Medici on April 26 1478 during Easter Mass]

Before the people blood shall be shed
which shall not be distant from highest heaven:
but for a long time this shall not be understood.
The mind of one only [Poliziano] shall bear witness to it.


[after Manilius’s Astronomica (iv.773-5), in praise of the Emperor Augustus]

Libra shall see the West in power:
over heaven and earth it shall hold the monarchy.
No one shall see the forces of Asia Minor [Turkey] defeated
until seven in turn hold [have held] the hierarchy.


[source unidentified]

The duke, eager to pursue his enemy,
shall interfere and get in the way of his army:
they shall pursue those fleeing on foot so closely
that that day [there shall be] a conflict near Ganges [near Montpellier].


[source unidentified]

[In] the besieged city men and women [shall be] on the walls,
[with the] enemies outside, the chief ready to surrender.
The wind shall be [turn] strongly against the [enemy] troops:
they shall be driven away with quicklime, dust and ashes.


[source unidentified]

The fugitives and exiles recalled,
noble fathers and sons shall fortify the high places,
the cruel father and his men choked,
his son, even worse, thrown down the well.


[after the life of King François I]

Of a name that no Gallic [French] King ever had,
never was there so fearful a thunderbolt,
Italy, Spain and the English quaking,
most attentive to foreign women.


[apparently after Suetonius’s The Twelve Caesars, describing the omens accompanying the death of the Emperor Domitian (xii.15, 23)]

When the crow attached to [sitting on] the tower of brick
for seven hours shall do nothing but caw,
death foretold, the statue stained with blood,
the tyrant murdered. The people shall pray to the gods.


[source unidentified]

After the victory of the Rabid Tongue,
the spirit [shall be] tempted by tranquillity and repose:
the bloody victor throughout the conflict gives speeches
[enough] to roast the tongue and the flesh and the bones.


[after Suetonius’s Twelve Caesars on the Emperor Domitian (xii.1, 10)]

Ignorant envy [being] encouraged by the great King,
he shall propose to ban the writings:
his wife (not his wife) tempted by another.
More than twice two [shall utter] neither sound nor screams.


[after the landing on the Italian coast of the Turkish pirate Barbarossa in 1543 in search of water, when he married the daughter of the governor of Gaeta]

The burning sun shall stick in the throat,
the Etruscan land sprinkled with human blood:
the chief [with a] pail of water shall lead his son away,
the captive lady taken to Turkish territory.


[after the attack on Nice by the Turkish pirate Barbarossa (then 80) in 1544]

Two [towns], besieged in burning heat,
by thirst extinguished for a couple of cupfuls [of water]:
the fort stripped down by an old dreamer
shall show the Genevans the way to Nice.


[source unidentified]

The seven children [having been] left behind as hostage,
the third shall slaughter his child:
two by his son shall be stabbed with a dagger.
Genoa, Florence he shall then transfix.


[possibly after the deposition from power of High Constable Anne de Montmorency in 1541 in favour of the Guises of Lorraine]

The old one [shall be] mocked and deprived of his place
by the foreigner who shall suborn him:
his son’s hands eaten before his face,
the brother at Chartres shall betray Orléans, Rouen.


[after the baronial ambitions of Gaspard de Coligny, appointed first Colonel General of the French Infantry in the late 1540s and later a prominent Protestant]

A colonel with an ambitious plot
shall seize control of the greater army:
against his Prince [he shall create] a false invention,
and he [himself] shall be discovered beneath the whole tangle.


[after an unidentified military campaign]

The Celtic army [shall move] against the mountain folk
who shall be spotted and captured in the middle of a meal:
fresh people from the area shall soon repulse the grape-treaders,
all cut down by the edge of the sword.


[source unidentified]

The deserter in the garb of a citizen
shall try the King for his offence:
[of] fifteen soldiers, for the most part outlaws,
a final life as head of his estate.


[source unidentified]

Against the deserter of the great fortress,
after he shall have abandoned his post,
his adversary shall show such great prowess.
[By] the Emperor he shall soon be condemned to death.


[source unidentified]

Under the feigned colour [the disguise] of seven shaven heads [monks]
various spies shall be scattered [sent forth],
wells and fountains sprinkled with poison.
At the fort[ress] of Genoa, devourers of men [cannibalism].


[after the various natural phenomena of 1556 and François de Guise’s attack on Naples of May 1557]

[In] The year when Saturn and Mars are equally close to the sun,
the air very dry, a long-tailed meteor:
through secret fires a large area [shall be] burnt up by the heat.
Little rain, hot wind, wars, raids.


[after the Mirabilis Liber of 1522/3]

One year quite soon, not far from Venus [Venice],
the two supreme lords of Asia Minor [Turkey] and of [North] Africa,
from the Rhine and Lower Danube [i.e.. the borders of the Empire] shall be said to have come [i.e. like the former ‘Barbarians at the gates’].
Screams, tears at Malta and on the Ligurian coast.


[source unidentified]

The exiles shall hold the great city,
the citizens dead, murdered or expelled:
those of Aquileia shall promise Parma
to show them the way in via unmarked paths.


[possibly after Froissart’s account in his Chroniques of Edward the Black Prince’s Spanish expedition of 1357]

Quite adjacent to the great Pyrenees mountains,
one [man] shall raise a great army against the Eagle:
veins opened, forces wiped out,
such that as far as Pau he shall pursue the leader.


[source unidentified]

Instead of the wife the daughters [shall be] slaughtered,
[yet] the foul murder she shall not survive:
in the well the virgins drowned,
the wife extinguished by a potion of aconite.


[source unidentified]

The Narbonnais through Agen and Lectoure
at Saint-Félix shall hold their parliament:
those of Bazas shall promptly seize the worst moment
to seize Condom and Marsan.


[possibly after Suetonius’s Twelve Caesars (Augustus, 45)]

The noble nephew by force shall put to the proof
the pact made with a grudging heart:
Ferrara and Asti the leader shall try,
one evening when the pantomime is on.


[after contemporary religious conflicts between northern Protestants and southern Catholics]

Those of lake Geneva and of Eure and Sarthe
[shall be] all united against those of Aquitaine:
many Germans, even more Swiss.
They shall be defeated, along with those of Maine.


[after the defeat of King’s François I at the battle of Pavia in 1525]

Ready to fight, there shall be a desertion:
the chief adversary shall gain the victory.
The rearguard shall put up a defence,
the injured [and] dead [left] in no-man’s-land.


[after contemporary religious conflicts in southwestern France]

The people of Agen by those of Périgord
shall be harried all the way to the Rhône:
a henchmen of the Gascons and Bigorre
shall betray the church, [even while] the priest is giving his sermon.


[after the Mirabilis Liber of 1522/3, applied to King Henri II]

Lunar the monarch, Italy at peace,
kingdoms united by the Christian King of the world:
dying, he shall want to lie in the soil of Blois,
after chasing the pirates from the sea.


[after the contemporary wars in Italy]

The great army in the civil war
[shall be] found abroad around Parma by night:
seventy-nine murdered within the town,
the foreigners all put to the sword.


[after contemporary conflicts in southwestern France]

Blood Royal, flee Monheurt, Mas, Aiguillon!
The Landes shall be filled with Bordelais.
[In] Navarre, Bigorre, sword-points and spurs:
The deeply famished shall devour cork oak acorns.


[after contemporary battles in southern France around Nîmes and the famous Pont du Gard aqueduct]

Near the great river by a great conduit watering the land,
into fifteen parts shall the water be divided:
the city captured, fire, blood, screams, a conflict inflicted,
and most of them gathered together in the coliseum [amphitheatre].


[after the contemporary wars between France and the Holy Roman Empire, notably around the river Scheldt]

A bridge shall at once be built of pontoons
to carry across the army of the great Prince of Belgium:
in they shall fall, and not far from Brussels.
Of those who shall cross, seven shall be cut up with halberds.


[after the Mirabilis Liber of 1522/3]

A horde approaches, coming from Slavonia:
the Old Destroyer the City shall ruin.
He shall see his Romania [Rome and its possessions] quite desolated,
then he shall not know how to put out the great flame.


[source unidentified]

[In] combat by night the valiant captain,
vanquished, shall flee: few people slaughtered.
His people stirred up, [there shall be] a serious sedition:
his own son shall hold him besieged.


[after the miserable death of Pierre II de Courtenay, Count of Auxerre, while on his way to claim the throne of Constantinople in 1217]

A noble of Auxerre shall die most wretchedly,
driven out by those who had been under him,
bound in chains, and then [tethered] by a crude cable,
in the year when Mars, Venus and Sun are together in summer.


[after the events of 1546-7 involving the pestilence of Naples, the banning of Protestant heretics, the withdrawal of the Dauphin Henri from court and the bequest to him by his father of a camel, a lion and a panther acquired from Africa in 1533]

The white Plague shall be followed by the black one,
one made prisoner shall be dragged in an execution-cart,
a Moorish camel on hobbled Feet.
Then the younger son shall hood the hawk.


[after the coronation of Charles VIII of France in 1483]

The year when Saturn shall be in conjunction in Aquarius
with the Sun, the most puissant King
shall be received and anointed at Reims and Aix.
After [his] conquests, he shall murder the innocent.


[source unidentified]

A King’s son, learned in so many languages,
shall quarrel with his senior in the kingdom:
his father-in-law, commandeered by the elder son,
shall cause his main henchman to perish.


[after the demise, and death from phtyriasis (lice) and gangrene in 1535, of Chancellor Antoine Duprat, Cardinal Archbishop of Sens and papal legate, suspected in 1530 of having debased and misappropriated gold from the huge ransom collected for the release of François I from Spain]

Great Anthony, by that filthy thing called
phtyriasis [lice] eaten up to his end,
one who would be covetous [even] of lead,
passing the port [Losing his post], shall be deposed from his appointed position.


[apparently after the 11th-century Gesta Cnutonis Regis, describing the accession to the English throne of King Canute of Denmark in 1016 following the death of Edmund Ironside]

Thirty from London shall secretly conspire
against their king, the enterprise [being] on the deck [by sea]:
he and his supporters shall taste death.
A blond king appointed, a native of Frisia.


[after accounts of an unidentified contemporary siege in northern Italy]

The two armies shall be unable to get to grips with each other on the walls,
[because] in that instant Milan and Pavia shall quake.
Hunger, thirst, doubt shall penetrate them so strongly,
[since] they shall have not a single scrap of meat, bread or provisions.


[source unidentified]

Of the Gallic [French] duke compelled to fight a duel
the ship from Melilla shall not approach Monaco:
falsely accused, perpetual prison.
His son shall attempt to reign before his death.


[source unidentified]

The head cut off of the valiant captain
shall be thrown at the feet of his adversary,
his body hanged from the yard-arm of the fleet.
Confused, it shall flee under oars against the wind.


[after Plutarch’s account in his Parallel Lives (Alexander, 2) of an omen preceding the birth of Alexander the Great]

A serpent seen near the royal bed
shall be by the lady at night: the dogs shall not bark.
Then shall be born in France a prince so royal
that all princes shall regard him as heaven-sent.


[source unidentified, but with a reference in the last line to the arrival in France of the Plague in 1347/8]

Two brother-nobles shall be chased out of Spain,
the elder defeated under the Pyrenees mountains.
The sea shall redden, the Rhône, Lake Geneva bloody from Germany:
Narbonne, Béziers contaminated via Agde.


[an injudicious prophecy based on the Holy Roman Emperor Charles V’s division of his empire between his son Philip and his brother Ferdinand in 1555/6]

The kingdom left to two, they shall hold it [only] very briefly:
after three years and seven months they shall be at war [with each other].
The two Vestals [The vassal leaders] shall rebel against them:
the elder shall be the victor in the land of Brittany.


[another injudicious prophecy based on confused data, this time after contemporary English dynastic politics, apparently referring to Queen Mary, Philip II of Spain and Mary’s half-brother Edward]

The elder sister of the British Isle
fifteen years before her brother shall take her birth.
Through her fiancé, pending verification,
she shall succeed to the Kingdom of Libra [Spain].


[presumably a prophecy for the contemporary John III of Portugal, born in 1502, who would in fact die in 1557 at the age of 55]

[In] the year when Mercury, Mars, Venus [shall be] retrograde,
the line of the great Monarch shall not die out:
chosen by the Portuguese people near Cadiz,
he shall grow very old in peace and power.


[after unidentified contemporary Italian regional squabbles]

Those of Alba shall make their way into Rome,
in view of Langres flags flying at half-mast:
Marquis and Duke shall pardon no man.
Fire, blood, smallpox, no water, crops shall fail.


[after Froissart’s account in his Chroniques of the victories of Edward the Black Prince, grandson of Edward I of England and eldest son of the effeminate Edward II]

The valiant elder son of the King’s ‘daughter’
shall push back the Celts so far
that he shall send thunderbolts, so many and in such array,
near and far, then deep into Spain.


[after Julius Obsequens’s On Omens for 163 BC, combined with Richard Roussat’s hint in his Livre de l’estat et mutations des temps that the ‘Age of Mars’ allegedly just ended (in 1533) might be repeated again in the future]

Fire [shall fall from] from the sky on the Royal edifice
when the light of Mars shall fade:
seen months’ great war, the people dead through malignant acts.
Rouen, Evreux shall not fail the King.


Century 5


[source unidentified]

Before the advent of the Celts’ ruin,
within the church two [leaders] shall parley:
the one mounted on the charger [shall be] stabbed in the heart with a dagger.
They shall bury the noble without making a clamour.


[source unidentified]

Seven conspirators at the banquet shall cause to flash
the sword against the three outside the ship [whilst they are ashore]:
they shall place the noble in charge of one of the two fleets,
when for mere pence he shall be shot in the forehead.


[after the contemporary Burgundian and French successions, in the form of the Emperor Charles V and Queen Catherine de Médicis, with a sideways glance at the powerful pirate Barbarossa]

The successor to the duchy shall come,
very far beyond [plus ultra – Charles V’s motto] the Tuscan sea.
The Gallic branch Florence shall hold
within its lap. The nautical frog [the Admiral] shall agree.


[after the expulsion from Rimini of Pandolfo Malatesta, the tyrant who was known as the ‘Great Hound’, by Pope Clement VII in 1528]

The great mastiff expelled from the city
shall be angered by the foreign alliance.
After having hunted the stag in the fields
the Wolf and the Bear shall defy each other.


[after an unidentified episode from contemporary politics, probably in Italy]

Under the shadowy pretence of lifting servitude
he himself shall usurp people and city.
Worse he shall do because of the deceit of a young whore,
[and be] run out of town for false publicity.


[after Livy’s account in his History of Rome (i.18) of the coronation of the semi-legendary King Numa in around 710 BC]

The augur shall place his hand on the King’s head:
he shall pray for the peace of Italy.
To his left hand he shall [then] change the sceptre.
From King he shall become a peaceful Emperor.


[after contemporary excavations of the ancient Gallo-Roman oppidum of Constantine, just south of Salon, as per a recorded consultation with Nicolas Fabri de Peiresc]

Of the Triumvir shall the bones be found
while searching for a deep, mysterious treasure:
those from thereabouts shall not feel easy
about excavating [the] marble and metallic lead.


[source unidentified]

The lately living shall be left, the dead hidden
in heaps horrible and dreadful,
by night reduced to dust (the army blamed).
The city in flames shall support the enemy.


[source unidentified, involving an omen]

The mighty prison [having been] razed to the ground,
by the captive leader his friend [shall be] anticipated.
[A child] shall be born of a lady with hairy forehead and face:
then by a trick the Duke [shall be] caught by death.


[source unidentified]

A Celtic leader wounded in the conflict,
near a vault seeing death strike down his men,
[shall be hard-]pressed by blood and wounds and enemies,
and rescued by four unknown ones.


[after the contemporary world religious situation]

The sea shall not be crossed safely by those of the Sun [Sunday, and thus Christians]:
those of Venus [Friday, and thus the Muslims] shall hold all [North] Africa.
Saturn [Saturday, and thus the Jews] shall no longer occupy their realm,
and the Asiatic [Turkish] quarter shall change [for the worse].


[source unidentified]

Beside the Lake of Geneva she shall be led
by a foreign maiden wishing to betray the city:
before her murder, to Augsburg the great flight,
and those of the Rhine shall invade it.


[after the recent military campaigns of the Holy Roman Emperor Charles V (who was born at Gent in East Flanders) designed to repulse the invading Ottomans, assimilated to the predictions of the Mirabilis Liber of 1522/3]

With great fury the Roman King from Belgium
shall want to harry the barbarian with his army:
gnashing [his teeth] with fury, he shall chase away the African race [Muslim invaders]
from the Pannonias to the pillars of Hercules.


[after the temporary imprisonment in Spain in 1535 of Don Pedro de Heredia, Governor of Santa Marta in Colombia, for alleged embezzlement of native property, followed by a second deposition in 1543 and his final disappearance at sea off the African coast]

Saturn and Mars in Leo, captive in Spain,
by an African chief [pirate?] caught in a battle,
near Maltha [Martha] Heredia taken alive:
and the [Holy] Roman sceptre shall be struck by the Cock [France].


[presumably after the sack of Rome by Imperial forces in May 1527, with Pope Clement VII fleeing the Vatican, assimilated to the predictions of the Mirabilis Liber of 1522/3]

Whilst at sea [in the ‘Bark of the Fisherman’?], the great Pontiff taken prisoner:
great preparations shall fail, the clergy in upheaval.
The second elected, absent, squanders his wealth:
his bastard favourite shall be done to death.


[after the Turkish attacks on Rhodes from 1522]

[With] the ‘Sabaean tear’ [frankincense] at [even] more than its high price
fort turning human flesh into ashes at death [i.e. embalming],
[those] on the isle of Pharos [Paros] perturbed by the Crusaders,
while at Rhodes shall appear a grisly sight.


[source unidentified]

By night the King passing near a narrow path,
the one from Cyprus shall spy on the princely one:
the King fallen, the army flees along the Rhône.
The conspirators shall go and put him to death.


[source unidentified]

The wretch, laid low, shall die of grief:
his victress shall celebrate his funeral rites.
A brand-new dispensation drawn up by public edict,
the wall and Prince fall on the seventh day.


[after the Mirabilis Liber of 1522/3, combined with current worries about debasement of the currency]

The great Golden Royal augmented [adulterated] with bronze,
the truce broken, war [shall be] opened by a young man:
the people afflicted by a lamented chief.
With Barbarian [Arab] blood the land shall be covered.


[after the expulsion of the Medici from Florence in 1512 by the French under Gaston de Foix, Duke of Nemours, shortly before the discovery of the famous Ravenna monster of 1513]

A mighty army shall pass beyond the Alps
shortly before a greedy monster is born:
miraculously and suddenly he shall return,
the great Tuscan, to his birthplace.


[probably after the death of an unidentified Roman Emperor]

On the death of the Latin monarch,
[among] those whom he shall have succoured through his reign
fire shall gleam, the booty be divided,
public death for the brave incorruptibles.


[source unidentified]

Before at Rome the great one [the Pope] has given up the ghost,
great terror for the foreign army:
by squadrons an ambush near Parma,
then the two red ones [cardinals] shall celebrate together.


[after the brief alliance between François I and the Emperor Charles V in 1538, marked by a conjunction of Mars, Jupiter, Venus and Mercury in Cancer during July 1539, and discontinued at around the time of the projected Spanish naval expedition against Algiers of 1541]

The two rivals shall be united together
when most of them [the planets] shall be in conjunction with Mars:
the lord from Africa quakes in terror.
The duumvirate [shall be] separated by the fleet [by a naval attack].


[source unidentified]

Under the power and dispensation raised under Venus [Friday, and thus Islam],
Saturn [Saturday, and thus Judaism] shall have dominion over Jupiter [Christianity]:
[under] the dispensation and power raised by the Sun [Sunday, and thus Christianity],
for those of Saturn [Saturday, and thus the Jews] it shall [they shall] suffer the worst.


[after the defeat by the Ottoman Selim I of the Persian Safavid Shah Ismael at Çaldiran in 1514 and his subsequent attacks on Christian Rhodes, Crete and Cyprus, as well as Mameluke Egypt, using the astrology for 1513 as an omen]

To the Arab Prince (Mars, Sun, Venus in Leo)
the power of the Church shall succumb by sea:
towards Persia almost a million men.
The coiled serpent shall invade Byzantium and Egypt.


[after Marinus Barletius’s Historia de vita et gestis Scanderbegi Epirotarum Principis (1508-1510), describing the military successes of the Albanians led by the former slave George Castriot Swinamed against the invading Ottomans in 1443, as well as their subsequent interventions in Italy]

The slavish people through the fortunes of war
shall become raised up to such a high degree.
They shall change their prince: one born a provincial
shall cross the sea with an army raised in the mountains.


[after the Mirabilis Liber of 1522/3]

Through fire and arms not far from the Black Sea,
he shall occupy Trebizond in Persia:
Pharos, Mytilene shall tremble, the Sun [Christians] joyful,
the Adriatic sea covered with Arab blood.


[source unidentified]

Hanged by the arms, and their legs bound,
faces pale, in their bosoms daggers hidden,
[by] three who shall be sworn [to act] by the throng
against the lord of Genoa shall the sword be unleashed.


[after the contemporary advance of the Ottomans into Balkans and Hungary, with a possible reference to the Emperor Trajan’s incursion into Dacia of AD 101]

Freedom shall not be recovered,
[all the while] the proud, black, villainous, wicked one is in possession.
When the question is opened of the bridge
over the Danube, the republic of Venice shall be angry.


[after the Mirabilis Liber of 1522/3]

All around the great city
troops shall be billeted in fields and towns:
to make an assault on Paris, Rome [shall be] incited.
Then upon the bridge [the sea] great pillage shall be perpetrated.


[after the medieval poem Archit(h)renius, as quoted in 1517 by Geoffroy Tory (1480-1533), assimilated to Plato's citing of the Egyptian priest Solon in his Timaeus (22, 23)]

All through that Attic land, the chief [fountain] of wisdom,
which is to this day the world’s compass-rose,
[shall be] ruined by the sea, and its great pre-eminence
[shall be] submerged and shipwrecked by the waves.


[a warning of economic disaster in the run-up to the expected End of the World]

Where all credit [is] [and] all wealth in Sun [gold] and Moon [silver]
is abundant, its ruin approaches:
from the sky it [the planet Saturn] approaches that shall change [exhaust] your fortune
to the same nature as the seventh [alchemical] stone [lead].


[source unidentified]

Of the principal ones of the rebellious city
who shall strive hard to recover their freedom
the males cut up [by the] wretched mob.
[The] screams [and] yells at Nantes [shall be] pitiful to see.


[possibly after an unidentified incident from the Hundred Years’ War]

From the very depths of the English West,
where the leader of the British isle is,
a fleet shall enter the Gironde on behalf of Blois.
Instead of wine and salt, explosives hidden in the casks.


[after an incident from Froissart’s Chroniques, in which the Earl of Pembroke’s returning fleet was defeated on 23 June 1372 by a Spanish fleet summoned by the King of France as it approached the ‘free city’ of La Rochelle]

For the Free City of the great salty sea
that still bears the [word] ‘rock’ [roche] at its heart
the English fleet shall come in under [the cover of] drizzle
to seize the palm. War launched by the lord.


[source unidentified]

The sister’s brother through hatred and deception
shall mix laurel rose in mineral:
when given on a cake to a lingering old crone,
she dies. The [official] taster shall be a simple yokel.


[source unidentified]

Three hundred shall with one will and accord
bring to a head their rising.
Twenty months later, as all [shall] recall,
their king betrayed, simulating feigned hatred.


[after an unidentified historical application of France’s Salic law]

He who shall succeed that great monarch at death
shall lead a lawless and impure life:
through nonchalance he shall concede to all [around him]
that in the end the Salic law is necessary.


[after King Henri II and his marriage to Catherine de Médicis of Florence]

The issue of the true branch of the fleur-de-lys
set in place as heir of Tuscany,
his ancient blood woven on an age-long loom,
shall cause Florence to flourish in his coat of arms.


[after the huge French defeat at Pavia in 1525, the capture of King François I and his imprisonment in Madrid until March 1526]

The blood royal shall be so involved in the mêlée,
[that] the Gauls [French] shall be forced out of Italy:
people shall wait until his term has expired,
and until the memory of his voice has perished.


[after the Mirabilis Liber of 1522/3]

Born in the shadows and nocturnal day,
he shall be sovereign in power and goodness:
he shall cause his bloodline to be reborn from the ancient urn [source],
renewing the age of gold for that of bronze.


[after the Mirabilis Liber of 1522/3]

Mars raised to its highest apogee
shall make the Savoyards retreat from France:
the Lombard people shall cause such great terror
to those of the Eagle [the Empire] included under Libra.


[after the Mirabilis Liber of 1522/3]

The great ruin of the priesthood is not far off
[in] Provence, Naples, Sicily, Sées and Pons:
in Germany, on the Rhine and at Cologne,
[they shall be] harried to death by all those from Mainz.


[source unidentified]

By sea the red one [the Cardinal] shall be captured by pirates:
the truce because of him shall be disturbed.
Anger and greed he shall commit through a pretended act:
the army doubled for the great Pontiff.


[an apparent prediction for the contemporary Holy Roman Empire]

The great Empire shall soon be desolated
and transferred to near the forest of the Ardennes,
the two bastards beheaded by the elder one,
and hawk-nosed Ahenobarbus [Henri II?] shall reign.


[after the Great Western Church Schism of 1378]

By the red hats [cardinals] disputes and new schisms [shall be raised]
when they shall have elected the Sabine one:
they shall direct great theses against him,
and Rome shall be harmed by those from Alba.


[after the predictions by the Mirabilis Liber of 1522/3 of a great Arab invasion of Europe, assimilated to the contemporary invasions by the Ottomans]

The Arab lord shall march well forward,
[but] he shall be betrayed by the Byzantines:
ancient Rhodes shall stand in his way,
and greater harm through the stern Hungarians.


[after the Mirabilis Liber of 1522/3]

After the great affliction of the sceptre,
two enemies by them shall be defeated:
a fleet [an army] from North Africa shall materialise before the Hungarians.
By land and sea there shall be horrible deeds.


[after the Avignon papacy during the Great Western Church Schism of 1378-1417]

Not from Spain but from ancient France
he shall be elected by the trembling bark [the troubled Church]:
in the enemy shall trust be placed
who shall prove such a pest during his reign.


[after the Imperial sack of Rome in 1527]

In the year when the brothers of the lily [France] shall come of age,
one of them shall hold the [Holy] Roman Empire:
the mountains shall quake, the way to Rome opened,
[having drawn up a] pact to march against the strong one of Armenia.


[source unidentified]

The people of Dacia, England and Poland
and of Bohemia shall form a new league
to pass beyond the pillars of Hercules.
The Barcelonans and Tuscans shall prepare a cruel plot.


[after the Mirabilis Liber of 1522/3 and its predictions of a future Grand Monarque]

A King there shall be who shall turn everything upside down,
the exiles raised to power in the kingdom:
the priestly caste shall swim in blood,
and [but] they shall long flourish under such a device [regime] .


[Nostradamus’s view of likely religious developments in the future]

The dispensation of the Sun [Sunday, and thus Christianity] and of Venus [Friday, and thus Islam] shall be in dispute
concerning the spirit of prophecy:
neither the one nor the other shall agree.
To the Sun [Christianity] the dispensation of the great Messiah shall adhere.


[after the invasion of Gaul by Attila the Hun in AD 451, probably as reported by Jornandes’ (or Jordanis’) in his De Reb. Geticis (or De Origine Actibusque Getarum)]

From the Black Sea and great[er] Tartary
there shall be a king who shall come to see Gaul:
he shall run Alania and Armenia through
and [move] into Byzantium [the Eastern Roman Empire]. He shall leave Gaul bloody.


[after the Mirabilis Liber of 1522/3]

In the country of Araby the Blest
there shall be born a powerful one of the Muhammadan religion:
he shall harry Spain, conquer Grenada,
and more so [wage even more war] by sea against the Ligurian people.


[after the death of Pope Paul III in 1549 at the age of 81, to be succeeded by Julius III, then aged 63]

On the death of the very old Pontiff
a Roman of a good age shall be elected
of whom it shall be said that he weakens the [Holy] See,
so long shall he hold it and to such fierce effect.


[after the waylaying, during the Imperial invasion of Provence of in 1536, of Charles V’s scouts just south of St-Rémy (Nostradamus’s birthplace), thanks to a lookout posted high on the Mont Gaussier, where two natural holes through the rock-crest afford the unseen observer magnificent views over the ancient city of Glanum and the country to the north]

There shall go forth one who, from the Mont Gaussier (and Aventin!),
shall through the hole warn the army:
between two rocks shall the prey be captured.
From Sextus’s mausoleum [at St-Paul-de-Mausole] the [his] fame shall fade.


[after a known historical clash between rival gangs-leaders on the huge Roman Pont du Gard aqueduct near Nîmes]

On the aqueduct from Uzès over the [river] Gard,
through forest and mountain inaccessible,
in the middle of the bridge he shall be marked with a fist,
that chief of Nîmes who shall be so terrible.


[source unidentified]

Too long a stay for the English leader at Nîmes,
on his way to Spain to aid Ahenobarbus [Redbeard]:
many shall die through war opened that day,
when in Artois a bearded star [comet] shall fall.


[probably after the contemporary Pope Paul IV (1476-1559), a former monk who, on becoming Pope in 1555 at the age of 79, enriched his nephews and strengthened the Inquisition]

For a shaven head [priest] it [the conclave] shall choose very badly:
no greater burden than he shall [ever] pass the door.
He shall have statements issued of such great fury and rage
that by fire and blood he shall cut down the entire sex [all the sects].


[source unidentified]

The child of the lord who is not present at his birth
shall subjugate the high Apennine mountains:
he shall cause all those [the countries] of Libra to tremble,
all the way from the Pyrenees to Mont Cenis.


[source unidentified]

On the rocks blood shall be seen to rain,
Sun in the east, Saturn in the west:
near Orgon war, at Rome great evil to be seen,
ships sunk to the bottom, and the Tridental captured.


[source unidentified]

Undue complaints about the honour of the vain enterprise;
the French astray; among the Latins cold, hunger, waves;
not far from the Tiber the land stained with blood;
and various plagues shall be upon mankind.


[source unidentified]

Those assembled for a rest [shall see] the majority
by land and sea [having their] advice countermanded:
near Italy, Genoa, Nice [shall act] secretly:
throughout fields and towns the leader conspired against.


[source unidentified]

On his sudden arrival the terror shall be great,
some of the leaders of the affair [being] hidden:
the more the flaming lady [Venus?] shall no longer be in sight,
the more, little by little, the Lords shall be[come] angry.


[after the severe floods of 1403, in whose wake various ritual objects of gold and silver were discovered in and around the Sacred Lake at Nîmes, having been dumped there during the earlier desecration of the temple of Diana (originally of Vesta)]

Under the ancient vestal buildings,
not far from the ruined aqueduct,
the gleaming metals are of Sun [gold] and Moon [silver],
the burning lamp of Trajan engraved in gold.


[source unidentified]

When the chief of Perugia shall not dare of his tunic
unless covertly to strip himself quite naked,
seven shall be captured by lordly act,
father and son killed by spiked collar.


[after the Mirabilis Liber of 1522/3]

From the Danube and the Rhine [i.e. the far borders of Europe] shall come to drink
the great Camel [the Arab invader], nor shall he show remorse for it:
those of the Rhône shall quake, and yet more so of the Loire,
and [but] near the Alps the Cock [France] shall ruin him.


[after the Emperor Charles V’s triumphant naval raid of 1535 on the forces of Barbarossa at Tunis, assimilated to the predictions of the Mirabilis Liber of 1522/3]

No longer shall the lord be half asleep:
worried thoughts shall be calmed.
He shall raise a phalanx of gold, azure and vermilion
to subjugate North Africa and gnaw it to the bone,


[after the Mirabilis Liber of 1522/3]

Of the regions subject to Libra
they shall cause the mountains to be disturbed by great war:
captive shall be every godly sex [sect] and all Byzantium,
such that at dawn they shall wail from land to land.


[source unidentified]

With the rage of one who is in need of water,
with such great rage the whole army [shall be] stirred:
seventeen boats loaded with nobles [coins],
the messenger come tardily along the Rhône.


[after the Edict of Coucy of 1535, which (much to Nostradamus’s disgust) granted an amnesty to Protestants and pardoned returning religious exiles who recanted]

For the pleasure of an indulgent edict
poison shall be mixed into the faith:
Venus [Friday, and thus Islam] shall be on a course so powerful
that it shall obfuscate all varieties of the Sun [Sunday, and thus Christianity].


[after the Mirabilis Liber of 1522/3]

Persecuted shall be the Church of God
and the holy churches shall be plundered:
the mother shall strip the child to its shirt.
The Arabs shall be united against the Poles [Eastern Europe].


[after the predictions of the Mirabilis Liber of 1522/3 concerning a future Grand Monarque]

Of the Trojan [royal French] bloodline shall be born a Germanic heart
that shall come to such mighty power:
he shall drive out the foreign Arab race,
returning the Church to its original pre-eminence.


[after Livy’s History of Rome, describing the coronation of the semi-legendary King Numa of Rome in around 710 BC, assimilated to the ceremonial re-coronation of the somewhat taciturn Emperor Charles V in Rome in 1536]

He shall mount high over his possessions more to [gazing towards] the right.
He shall remain seated on the square stone,
[now] facing southward to his left,
the crooked staff in his hand, his mouth clamped shut.


[after the marauding expedition of the Emperor Charles V and his forces into Provence during 1536]

In open country he shall pitch his tent,
and shall not wish to settle in any city:
Aix, Carpentras, Vaucluse, the hill of [St-Jacques at] Cavaillon,
throughout all these places he shall wipe out all trace [of his passing].


[after the contemporary tendency towards religious militancy]

All degrees of honour [higher ranks] within the Church
shall be changed to those of Jupiter Quirinal,
the [simple] priests to Mars Quirinal.
Then a King of France shall make it Vulcanal [i.e. shall burn them to a cinder].


[after the thirteen-year alliance (1534-47) between the Emperor Charles V and Pope Paul III against the Ottomans’ client pirate-admiral Barbarossa]

The two shall not remain united for very long,
and in thirteen years on the Barbarian Satrap
on both sides [of the Mediterranean?] they shall inflict such loss
that the Bark and its cope [the church and Pope] shall be blessed.


[after the predictions of the Mirabilis Liber of 1522/3 concerning a future Grand Monarque]

[All] sacred pomp shall lower its wings
at the advent of the Great Legislator.
He shall raise the humble, harass the rebels:
earth shall not see his like [again].


[after the predictions of the Mirabilis Liber of 1522/3 concerning a future Grand Monarque]

Ogmios shall approach great Byzantium:
The Barbaric [Arab] League shall be driven out:
of the two dispensations, the heathen one shall cede,
the Barbarian and Frankish [being] in perpetual strife.


[after the sack of Rome by Imperial forces after seven days of siege on 6 May 1527, linked to the omens surrounding the assassination of Julius Caesar in 44 BC as reported by Suetonius]

The royal bird over the city of the Sun [i.e. Sunday, and thus Christianity (Rome)]
seven months beforehand shall deliver a nocturnal omen:
the Eastern wall shall fall [amid] thunder, lightning.
[In] seven days to the hour, the enemies [shall be] at the gates.


[source unidentified]

A truce having been concluded outside the fortress,
he who is cast into despair shall not leave
when those of Arbois [and] of Langres shall against Bresse
have ambushed the enemies in the hills near Dôle.


[presumably after an unidentified incident during the French Wars of Religion]

Those who shall have undertaken to subvert
an incomparable kingdom, powerful and invincible
shall take steps through deceit to alert three villains
while the greatest one [of them?] is reading the Bible [thus, a Protestant] at table.


[after the Mirabilis Liber of 1522/3]

He shall be born of the gulf and measureless city,
born of obscure and shady parents,
who the revered power of the great King
shall wish to destroy through Rouen and Evreux.


[after the contemporary conflict between Catholicism and Calvin’s Protestants in Geneva]

Among the Swabians and in nearby places,
they shall be at war over [religious] novelties:
by a swarm of marine locusts and mosquitoes
the errors of Geneva shall be laid quite bare.


[after the Mirabilis Liber of 1522/3]

Divided by two capes and three arms [of the sea],
the great city shall be harassed by water [by sea],
some lords among them wandering in exile.
Byzantium [shall be] hard-pressed by the Persian head [the blue turban].


[after the Mirabilis Liber’s predictions of major floods and a future Grand Monarque]

[In] The year that Saturn is out of servitude,
in the Frankish territory [everywhere] shall be flooded with water:
of Trojan [French royal] blood shall his marriage be,
and he shall be securely surrounded by Spaniards.


[after an unidentified contemporary omen]

Upon the sand after a hideous flood
a sea-monster from other seas [shall be] found:
near that place shall be made a refuge
that shall hold Savona in slavery to Turin.


[after unidentified political schemings apparently involving the Bourbons]

Within Hungary through Bohemia, Navarre,
and under that banner [there shall be] fake seditions
by the land that bears the fleur-de-lys crossed by a bar.
Against Orléans it shall create upheavals.


[source unidentified]

In the Cyclades, in Corinth and Larissa,
in Sparta and the whole Peloponnese,
such great famine, plague, inflicted by betrayers.
Nine months it shall last throughout the entire peninsula.


[source unidentified, despite a clear reference to Hippocrates and Galen]

At the market that they call that of the liars [the ‘swindlers’ market’],
at the end of the Torrent and field of Athens
they shall be surprised by the light horse
[and] by those of Alba. Mars in Leo, Saturn in Aquarius.


[after the Avignon papacy of the late 14th century]

After he has held the see for seventeen years,
five shall change within such a period of time:
then one shall be elected at the same time
who shall not be too conformable to the Romans [the Roman papacy].


[possibly after William the Lion of Scotland, who raided England in the 1170s, only to be taken prisoner and forced to do homage to England’s King Henry II in 1174]

Beneath the realm of the round lunar globe,
when Mercury shall be ruling,
the isle of Scotland shall produce a luminary
who shall place the English in discomfiture.


[after the imperial activities of the Holy Roman Emperor Charles V, as also of the Turkish Suleiman the Magnificent, who besieged Vienna in 1529]

He shall transfer into great[er] Germany
Brabant and Flanders, Ghent, Bruges and Boulogne:
feigning a truce, the great duke [lord?] of Armenia
shall assail Vienna and Cologne.


[after the sea-battle between Octavian and Mark Antony at Actium in 31 BC (reported by Suetonius at Augustus, 17), or the much more recent battle of Preveza of 1538 in the same area]

The ocean fish [Admiral] shall summon up the shade
of the great Empire. Then he shall stir up
the Aegean Sea with pieces of driftwood
impeding passage of the Tyrrhenian Sea.


[after the Mirabilis Liber of 1522/3]

The rose [shall reign] at the centre of the great world,
for new projects public blood shed:
to speak the truth, people shall keep their mouths shut.
Then at a time when he is most needed the awaited one shall at last come.


[source unidentified]

The one born deformed [shall be] smothered out of horror,
in the city inhabited by the great King:
the harsh edict on captives [shall be] revoked.
Hail and prodigious thunder at Condom.


[after the Mirabilis Liber of 1522/3]

On the forty-eighth degree of latitude,
at the end of Cancer [there shall be] such a great drought:
fish in seas, rivers, lakes vigorously boiled,
Béarn, Bigorre in distress through fire from the sky [lightning].


[after the events of the pontificate of the English Pope Adrian IV between 1154 and 1159, with the imagery presumably based on the Latin Epigrams of Ulrich von Hutten (1488-1523)]

Milan, Ferrara, Turin and Aquileia,
Capua, Brindisi [shall be] harassed by the Celtic nation [France],
by the Lion and by the [Imperial] Eagle’s forces,
when the old British head shall have [rule in] Rome.


[source unidentified]

The firebrand [shall be] caught by his own fire:
fire from the sky [lightning] at Carcassonne and Comminges.
[Via] Foix, Auch, Mazères, the haughty old man escaped [shall escape]
through those of Hesse and some Saxons from Thuringia.


Century 6


[after Plutarch’s account in his Parallel Lives of the flight of the old Roman general Gaius Marius from the pursuing forces of Sulla]

Around the Pyrenees mountains a great throng
of foreigners shall aid the new King:
by the Garonne near the great temple of Le Mas [d’Agenais],
a Roman chief shall trap him in the water.


[after Richard Roussat’s Livre de l’estat et mutations des temps of 1549/50]

In the year five hundred and eighty, more or less,
we should expect a very strange age:
in the year seven hundred, heaven be my witness,
many kingdoms (from one to five) shall change.


[after the religious problems that beset the Holy Roman Emperor Charles V from his coronation in 1520]

The river [the Rhine] that tests the new Celtic heir
shall be [placed] in great discord by the Empire:
the young prince through the ecclesiastical folk
shall remove the regal sceptre of concord.


[after the invasion of France across the Rhine by the Emperor Charles V in July 1536]

The Celtic river [the Rhine] shall exchange its shore:
no longer shall it include the city of Agrippina [Cologne].
All [shall be] transformed except the old language.
Saturn, Leo, Mars, shall plunder Cancer.


[after the new situation of Amiens (the Gallic Samarobriva) after the Imperial invasion mentioned in the previous verse, standing in no-man’s-land between the Holy Roman Empire to the east and France to the west, instead of some 91 French leagues as the crow flies from the former border with the Empire on the Rhine]

Such great famine [there shall be] through a pestiferous wave
through long rains along the arctic pole [the northern hemisphere]:
Samarobriva, a hundred leagues from the [Eastern] hemisphere,
shall live without law [any particular government], exempt from politics.


[possibly after reports of the comet of 1530]

There shall appear towards the north,
not far from Cancer, the bearded star [comet]:
[then over] Susa, Siena, Boeotia, Eretria.
The lord of Rome shall die the night it disappears.


[after Tacitus’s Annals of Imperial Rome concerning the forced withdrawal of the Emperor Claudius’s brother Germanicus Caesar from the German forests]

Norway and Dacia and the British Isle
shall be harried by the united brothers:
the Roman leader [who has] sprung from Gallic blood
and his forces [shall be] driven back in the forests.


[after the relative undervaluing of scholars and scholarship under the new Henry II]

Those whose knowledge once counted in the kingdom
shall become impoverished on the change of King:
some, exiled without support, shall have no gold [money].
The lettered and letters shall not be greatly prized.


[after the Mirabilis Liber of 1522/3 and the grisly fate of the money-laundering Chancellor Antoine Duprat, as per IV.88 above]

In the sacred temples [churches] scandals shall be perpetrated:
they shall be counted as honours and commendations.
Of one, of whom they [shall] engrave medals of silver and gold,
the end shall be in truly strange torments.


[after the Journal of Louise de Savoie]

For a short time the temples [churches shall be] with colours
of both white and black intermingled:
reds and yellows shall steal away their people from them.
Blood on the land: plague, famine, fire: sent mad by water.


[evidently after the contemporary French royal family]

Of seven offspring shall be reduced to three
the eldest ones: [they] shall be overtaken by death.
The two [The leaders] shall be seduced by fratricide:
the plotters while sleeping shall be [found] dead.


[after unidentified political and military events involving King Henry II of France]

He shall raise forces to rise against the Empire:
against the Vatican the blood royal shall hold fast.
Flemings, English, Spain shall with him strive:
against Italy [and] France [they] shall contend.


[after the Great Western Church Schism involving the mentally ill Pope Urban VI, elected in 1378, but then reneged on by the formerly supportive cardinals in favour of Pope Clement VII]

A dubious one shall come not far from power:
the greater part shall be willing to uphold him.
A Capitol shall not want him to reign at all:
his great burden he shall be unable to bear.


[after the capture and imprisonment of King Richard I of England in Vienna in 1192]

Far from his land a King shall lose the battle:
having quickly escaped, pursued, then captured.
Not realising [that a prince is] beneath the golden mail,
under false clothing, [and] the enemy [shall be] surprised.


[possibly after the exile of Martin Luther in Wartburg castle after the Diet of Worms of 1521]

Under the tombstone shall be found the prince
who shall have gained the prize over Nuremberg:
the Spanish king, just within Capricorn,
[Shall be] Deceived and betrayed by the Lord of Wittenberg.


[after the expulsion of the Emperor Frederick Barbarossa from northern Italy by the Norman rulers of Sicily in 1176, leaving only his Benedictine entourage behind]

That which shall be snatched from the young Hawk
by the Normans from France and Picardy
the Black Ones of the Church [Benedictines] of the Black Forest area
shall make an inn and hearth of Lombardy.


[after the history of Nostradamus’s own Jewish forebears]

After the files [books], the ass-drivers [indicted] [shall be] burned [as well]:
they shall be forced to change into a range of clothing.
The Saturnians [Jews] burned by the millers [monks],
apart from most of those who shall not have converted.


[after the story of a contemporary Jewish doctor at the Court in Paris, if not of Nostradamus himself]

By the physicians the great King given up,
by fate, not the Jew’s art, he stays alive:
he and his ilk raised high in the kingdom,
pardon granted to the race that denies Christ.


[after events involving an unidentified omen]

The real flame shall consume the lady
who shall want to put the innocents in the fire:
before the assault the army is inflamed
when in Seville a monstrous bull shall be seen.


[after the Holy League of 1537, drawn up between Pope Paul III, the Emperor Charles V and the republic of Venice to oppose the Ottoman Emperor Suleiman the Magnificent]

The Holy League shall be of short duration:
of those who have changed most shall change their minds.
In the vessels men shall be a long time:
then shall Rome have a new Leopard [Pope].


[after the Mirabilis Liber of 1522/3 and its predictions of a future ‘Angelic Pastor’]

When those of the arctic pole [the northern hemisphere] are allied together,
in the East [there shall be] great terror and fear:
[with] the newly elected [Pope] supporting the mighty Church,
Rhodes, Byzantium [shall be] stained with Barbarian blood.


[after an unidentified incident in England, taken as an omen for the rise of Protestantism]

Within the land [diocese?] of the great holy church
a nephew/grandson [shall be] murdered at London during a sham truce.
The Bark [of the Fisherman, i.e. the Church] shall then become schismatic:
fake liberty shall be proclaimed everywhere.


[after the alleged money-laundering activities of the rascally Chancellor, Papal Legate, quintuple bishop and Cardinal Archbishop of Sens, Antoine Duprat, and the contemporary decay of the Church]

By one power-obsessed the coinage [shall be] depreciated,
and people shall be stirred up against their King:
[by] high office [and religious] novelties holy laws debased.
Never was Rapis [Paris] in so dire a plight.


[after the Mirabilis Liber’s predictions of the advent of a future Grand Monarque, timed astrologically to follow a summer war as per the Roman civil war of 50 BC]

Mars and the Sceptre [Jupiter] shall find themselves in conjunction:
under Cancer [in the summer] calamitous war.
Shortly afterwards a new King shall be anointed
who for a long time shall pacify the land.


[source unidentified]

Through a hostile war shall the monarchy
of the great Fisherman be in ruinous trouble:
a new, black red [dark Cardinal] shall take control.
The traitors shall act on a day of drizzle.


[apparently after Popes Julius III and Gregory VIII]

For four years the see shall hold together fairly well,
[but then] one libidinous in lifestyle shall succeed to it:
Ravenna, Pisa and Verona shall support
the Pope’s desire to take up the Cross [to mount a Crusade].


[after Plutarch’s account, in his Parallel Lives, of Alexander the Great’s conquest of the Punjab (which literally means ‘five rivers’)]

[From] within the isles where five rivers join in one [the Punjab],
for the Crescent of [against?] the great lunar Chyren [Henri]
in the drizzles/mists of the air the fury of one:
six escaped, hidden [in] bundles of flax.


[possibly after the Italian campaign of Duke François de Guise in May 1557]

The great Celt shall enter Rome,
leading a throng of exiles and banished:
the mighty Pastor shall put to death [shelter?] every man
who joined up in the Alps for the Cock.


[after an unidentified case of a mother saving her sons from the Inquisition]

The holy widow, hearing the news
of her offspring placed in perplexity and trouble,
who shall be induced to calm the disputes,
through her legal action shall triumph over the monks.


[source unidentified]

Through the appearance of fake holiness,
the see shall be betrayed to the enemies:
in the night when they thought to sleep safely,
near Brabant those of Liège shall be on the march.


[source unidentified]

The King shall find what he desired so much
when the Prelate shall be mistakenly recaptured:
his reply to the Duke shall make him displeased
who in Milan shall put many to death.


[source unidentified, but possibly connected with the troubles of Charles V in the Low Countries]

For treason people [having been] beaten to death with sticks,
captured and overtaken he shall be by his own [the resulting] disorder:
frivolous counsel [shall be] offered to the captive lord
when Begich [Belgium?] shall quarrel furiously with itself.


[after Tacitus’s account, in his Annals of Imperial Rome (VI.41-4), of the deposing of the Roman puppet Tiridates III by the Scythian Artabanus III in Mesopotamia, the ‘land between two rivers’, in AD 37, after he had occupied Halus and Artemita]

His remaining force bloody as a result of Alus [Halus],
he shall be unable to guarantee his safety by sea:
between two rivers a military force shall encircle him.
The black and angry one shall make him sorry.


[after an unidentified use of a military catapult]

Of flying fire the machine
shall trouble the great besieged leader:
within, there shall be such sedition
that the defeated shall be in despair.


[after unidentified drought and fires of spring and early summer]

Near Orion and close to the white wool [Aries],
the Sun [in] Aries, Taurus, Cancer, Leo, Virgo,
Mars, Jupiter, [there] shall burn great plains,
forests and cities. Letters sealed with a candle [candlewax].


[after Plutarch’s account in his Parallel Lives of the flight of the aged consul Marius from the pursuing troops of Sulla in around 80 BC]

Neither good nor evil through the land-battle
shall reach the confines of Perugia:
Pisa shall rebel, Florence shall see much woe.
The King wounded by night on a mule, covered with black mud.


[source unidentified]

The ancient work shall be fulfilled:
from the roof shall evil ruin drop upon the lord.
An innocent they shall accuse of the mortal act,
the guilty one hidden in a copse under [the cover of] drizzle/mist.


[after the Mirabilis Liber of 1522/3]

To the beaten ones of peace [on behalf of] the enemies
after conquering Italy,
the bloodthirsty black one [Moor] and red shall be determined
fire, blood to shed: water stained with blood.


[source unidentified]

The Royal prince, on the capture of his father,
shall be exposed to deliver [ransom] him:
near the azure Lake of Perugia captured,
the troop [of abductors] taken hostage through having become much too drunk.


[source unidentified]

For slaking his great thirst, the Lord of Mainz
shall be deprived of his great dignity:
those of Cologne shall complain so loudly about it
that the whole crew shall be thrown into the Rhine.


[after the 11th-century Gesta Cnutonis Regis, part of the Annales Bertiani, or Annals of St Bertin, describing the pilgrimage of the lavishly generous King Canute (Knut II of Denmark) to Rome in 1027 for the coronation of the Holy Roman Emperor Conrad II]

The second head of the kingdom of Denmark
for those of Frisia and of the British Isle
shall spend more than a hundred thousand marks
[in his] vain [efforts] to fulfil a journey to Italy.


[after the Mirabilis Liber’s predictions of the advent of a future Grand Monarque]

To Ogmios [the Gallic Hercules (Henri II)] shall be left the realm
of the great Lunar One [Muslim], who shall also be defeated.
Throughout Italy he shall extend his banner:
he shall be governed by prudent guile.


[after the Hundred Years’ War between France and England between 1337 and 1453]

For a long time it shall be without inhabitants
around where the Seine and the Marne water,
assailed by the Thames and its warriors [the English].
The guards [shall] deceive themselves in thinking to repulse them.


[after an unidentified rash of contemporary omens]

By night the rainbow shall appear near Nantes:
naval technologies shall stir up rain.
In the Gulf of Arabia a great fleet shall sink:
in Saxony a monster shall be born of a bear and a sow.


[source unidentified]

The most learned governor of the kingdom,
not wishing to consent to the royal edict,
the fleet at Melilla through contrary wind
shall reduce him to his most disloyal.


[source unidentified, but with some of the imagery presumably based on the Latin Epigrams of Ulrich von Hutten (1488-1523)]

A just one shall be sent into exile
through [at a time of] pestilence to the confines of the Market of the Sigils [at Rome].
His reply to the Red one shall cause him to be banished,
the King retreating before the Frog [Sea-Fish] and the Eagle.


[after an unidentified incident in the contemporary wars in the Netherlands]

Between two mountains the two lords assembled
shall abandon their secret quarrel:
Brussels and Dôle, overcome by Langres,
shall inflict their plague at Malines.


[after an unidentified incident in the contemporary Italian wars]

The too false and seductive sanctity
[shall be] accompanied by a ready tongue:
the old city, and Parma too hasty,
shall lay waste Florence and Siena.


[after the Mirabilis Liber of 1522/3]

On behalf of Mars [war], the great Pontiff
shall subjugate the confines of the Danube:
he shall put Christians to the sword by hook or crook.
Captives, gold rings, more than a hundred thousand rubies.


[after the recovery from the Tiber of the body of the Duke of Gandia, murdered on the orders of Cesare Borgia in 1497, plus the activities of the latter’s sister Lucretia and his own translation from Cardinal to soldier]

Within the pit shall be found the bones:
incest shall be committed by the stepmother.
Her/his state changed [for the worst], they shall demand fame and praise,
and he shall have Mars rising as his star.


[after the coronation of Pope Clement V at Lyon on 14 November 1305, attended by various kings and nobles, during which a collapsing wall killed many spectators]

The people assembled to see a new spectacle,
princes and kings [being] among many present,
pillars, walls shall fall, but as by a miracle
the King [shall be] saved and thirty of the bystanders.


[possibly after one of Queen Catherine de Médicis’s miscarriages]

In place of the lord who shall be condemned,
out from prison [shall come] his friend in his place:
the Trojan [Royal] hope after six months on end [shall be] stillborn.
Sun in Aquarius: rivers shall be gripped by ice.


[source unidentified]

The great Celtic prelate suspected by the King
in the course of the night shall quit the kingdom
through a duke useful to his great British King.
Byzantium by Cyprus and Tunis [shall be] unsuspected.


[apparently after the assassination of King Mohammed al-Mahdi by the Pasha of Algiers in 1557, following raids by the Turks on Fez and Bougie]

At daybreak at the second cockcrow
[by] those of Tunis, of Fez and of Bougie
through the Arabs the King of Morocco [shall be] captured:
the year sixteen hundred and seven of the Liturgy.


[after the Mirabilis Liber of 1522/3]

In the noonday heat the duke, while diving for sponges,
shall see an Arab sail [fleet], suddenly noticed:
Tripolis, Chios [overrun by] those from Trebizond,
the duke captured by the Black Sea, the city deserted.


[after the Rozier historial de France of 1522 or d’Auton’s Chroniques de Louis XII, describing the 1503 confrontation between Louis XII of France and the Spaniards in which the Spanish King blinded his own troops with money]

The dread army of the Narbonnese enemy
shall frighten the Hesperians [Spaniards] so much
[that] Perpignan [shall be] evacuated by the ‘Blind Mole’.
Then Barcelona by sea shall take up the quarrel.


[after the enthronement in 1503 of Pope Julius II, known as Uomo terribile]

He who was high up in the kingdom,
having a Red Hat [being a cardinal], close to the hierarchy,
harsh and cruel, [and he] shall make himself so feared.
He shall succeed to the sacred monarchy.


[after the solar eclipse of the summer of 1551, marking the beginning of a new conflict between King Henri II and the Emperor Charles V, the French-inspired rebellion of Siena of 1552 and the liberation of Corsica from the Genoans]

Between the two estranged monarchs,
when the sun’s light is obscured by the moon,
great enmity between the two affronted ones,
so that liberty is restored to the Isles and Siena.


[after the discovery en flagrant délit of Henri II with his lover Lady Fleming by his mistress Diane de Poitiers and the subsequent Edict of Châteaubriant, which prescribed burning at the stake as the punishment for heresy]

The Lady in fury through [her] rage at the adultery
shall beseech her Prince to deny it:
but shortly afterwards the slanging match shall become known,
such that seventeen shall be put to martyrdom.


[after the recriminations between Charles V and Philip of Hesse in 1547 that resulted from a bad translation of a communiqué, plus an apparent incident during the Aquitaine salt-tax revolt of 1548]

The Prince beyond his Celtic territory
shall be betrayed, deceived by an interpreter:
Rouen, La Rochelle through those of Brittany
at the port of Blaye [shall be] deceived by monk and priest.


[after the abandonment by the Emperor Charles V of the siege of Metz in 1552, leaving his tent and its incompletely-displayed tapestry behind]

The great tapestry, folded, shall show
only by halves most of the story:
chased out of the kingdom, he shall seem fierce from afar
so that everyone shall believe in his bellicose achievements.


[after the Mirabilis Liber of 1522/3]

Both being too late, the Flowers [Florence and Firenzuela?] shall be lost:
against the law [of the Church?] the Snake shall be unwilling to act.
The forces of the Leaguers [shall be] confounded by the French.
[In] Savona, Albenga through Monaco [there shall be] great martyrdom.


[apparently a particularly fortunate prophecy for the contemporary Queen Catherine de Médicis, following the death of her husband Henri II in 1559]

The lady left alone in power,
the first one in the bed of honour having been extinguished,
for seven years shall be racked with grief,
then long life in power with great good fortune.


[source unidentified]

They shall not observe any truce agreed upon:
all shall act with deceit who subscribe to
pacts and truces declared by land and sea.
By Barcelona a fleet [shall be] seized by guile.


[after an unidentified religious quarrel between Franciscans, possibly settled by Dominican Inquisitors]

Grey and brown, at half-declared war,
by night shall be assailed and pillaged:
the captured brown shall be cast into prison,
his church thrown open to two plaster saints.


[after the discovery of the half-buried obelisk of Augustus Caesar in 1502, when Pietro Bernadino was burned alive for founding a new sect of primitive Christians called the unti]

Upon the foundation of the new sect
the bones of the Roman lord shall be found:
a sepulchre covered by marble shall appear,
[when] earth shall quake in April, poorly buried.


[probably after the Mirabilis Liber’s prophecies of the Antichrist]

To great power shall quite another one attain,
further from goodness than from happiness:
ruled by one [who has] sprung not far from the brothel,
he shall corrupt kingdoms to mighty misery.


[source unidentified]

When soldiers with seditious fury
shall cause steel [blades] to flash by night against their chief,
the enemy from Alba acts with its furious army
then to vex Rome and seduce the princely ones.


[possibly after the desertion of Marshal Brissac by his troops in 1556 in favour of the more generous Duke of Guise]

The piteousness shall be great before long:
those who gave shall be obliged to take.
Naked, starving, they shall band together for cold and thirst,
and cross the mountains committing great scandals.


[after the Emperor Charles V’s triumphant raid on the pirate Barbarossa’s headquarters at Tunis in June 1535 – even quoting part of his Latin motto PLUS ULTRA]

At the head of the world shall the great Chyren [Henri] be,
Plus ultra [further beyond] thereafter loved, feared, dreaded:
his fame and praise shall exceed the heavens [themselves],
and with the sole title of Victor he shall be well pleased.


[after the abdication of the ailing Emperor Charles V in 1555]

When they shall solemnly celebrate the death of the great King
even before he has given up the ghost at all,
[by] him who shall grieve over him the least
for the Christian Lions and Eagles the crown [shall be] sold.


[source unidentified]

Through feigned frenzy of divine inspiration
the woman shall be severely violated by the lord:
by judges wishing to condemn such a doctrine
the victim shall be sacrificed to the ignorant people.


[source unidentified]

In a great city a monk and artisan,
[shall be] lodged near the gate and in the walls
against Modena in secret, saying ‘Beware!’,
[but shall be] betrayed for acting under the guise of a betrothal.


[source unidentified]

The banished woman shall return to power,
her enemies found to be conspirators:
more than ever she shall triumph over her time,
three-and-seventy [condemned] to only too certain death.


[after the promotion of Gaspard de Coligny to the post of Admiral of France in 1552, before defecting to the Protestant cause]

‘Lord Pillar’ [‘column’ = Coligny ] shall be commissioned by the King
to leave the army for a higher position:
seven years later he shall be in rebellion.
A Barbarian army shall encircle Venice.


[probably after the removal of an unidentified Venetian tyrant of Padua]

The ancient city founded by Antenor [Padua]
being no longer able to tolerate the tyrant,
by a sham one-armed one he shall have his throat cut in church.
The people shall put his henchmen to death.


[source unidentified]

Through the fraudulent victory of the deceived,
two armies joined, the German revolt:
one chief and his son murdered in their tent.
Florence and Imola [shall be] pursued into Romagna.


[after the triumphant return of the Emperor Charles V in 1536 first to Rome, then to northern Italy, after his victory over the pirate Barbarossa at Tunis the previous year, when he was acclaimed as the hero of all Europe]

To vaunt the victory over the great Crescent Moon [Islam]
by the Romans shall the Eagle be acclaimed:
Pavia, Milan and Genoa shall not consent to it,
[but] then even by them the King shall be acclaimed as lord.


[after the contemporary wars between France and the Empire in northern Italy]

Near the Ticino the inhabitants of the Loire,
Garonne and Saône, the Seine, Tain and Gironde
shall gain a bridgehead beyond the mountains:
battle joined, the Po swollen, flooded with water.


[after the Mirabilis Liber’s constant predictions of Muslim invasion]

From Fez power shall spread to those of Europe,
fire to their cities, and the sword shall cleave:
the lord from Asia Minor [Turkey] by land and sea with a mighty horde,
blue-green, shall hound Christians to death.


[possibly after the Mirabilis Liber’s constant predictions of Muslim invasion]

Tears, screams and laments, howls [of] terror,
heart[s] inhuman, cruel, black and cold as ice:
by Lake Geneva, the greater Isles of Genoa,
they shall spill blood. Cold, famine, to none mercy.


[after an unidentified Pope]

Across the deserts of open, wild place[s]
shall wander the nephew of the great Pontiff:
[he shall be] felled by seven with heavy clubs
by those who shall afterwards seize the Chalice [the Vatican] .


[after the actions of Philip II in the Spanish Netherlands after his accession in 1556]

He who shall have so many honours and tendernesses
on his entry into Belgian Gaul
shortly thereafter shall commit so many gross acts
and shall be so warlike against the fleur-de-lys.


[apparently after the story of Oedipus of Thebes]

He who, being lame, cannot reign in Sparta
shall do so much by seductive means
that the long and short of it is that he shall be arraigned
for targeting the King.


[after the Mirabilis Liber of 1522/3]

The great city of Tarsus by the Gauls
shall be destroyed, all those in Turbans captives:
help [shall arrive] by sea from the Portuguese lord,
on the first day of summer, the feast-day of Saint Urban.


[source unidentified]

The great Prelate, one day after his dream
interpreted as meaning the opposite,
from Gascony a monk shall happen to come,
who have the great prelate of Sens elected.


[after the election in 1531 of Ferdinand of Hapsburg as successor to his brother Charles V, with his Imperial coronation planned for 1558 in Frankfurt, but expected to be opposed by Philip II]

The election made in Frankfurt
shall not take place, [since the lord of] Milan [Philip II] shall be against it:
his nearest kin shall seem so very strong
that he shall drive him out into the marshes beyond the Rhine.


[probably after Froissart’s account in his Chroniques of the rescue and reinstatement of Don Pedro the Cruel of Castile to his throne by the Black Prince at the battle of Navarrette in 1367]

A great kingdom shall remain desolated:
by the Ebro troops shall be gathered.
The Pyrenees mountains shall give him consolation
when in May the lands shall be shaken.


[mostly after Plutarch’s Life of Artaxerxes, II]

Bound hand and foot between two boats,
his face smeared with honey, and sustained with milk:
wasps and flies, [with] paternal love severely tried,
shall corrupt the Cup-bearer tempted by the Chalice.


[source unidentified]

The stinking abominable disgrace
after the fact shall be congratulated,
the lord excused for not being favourable,
with the result that [the] Neptune [the Admiral] shall not be moved to make peace.


[source unidentified]

By the one leading the naval war –
a frantic Red One [Cardinal?] – a severe, horrible dispute:
a captive [shall have] escaped from the elder one in the bale,
when a son shall be born to Lord Agrippa.


[source unidentified]

The prince of such gracious beauty,
brought to the chief for the second time, [shall be] betrayed:
the city [having been put] to the sword, his face shall be burnt by powder.
Through too much killing the chief [shall be] hated by the King.


[source unidentified]

The greedy prelate deceived by ambition,
nothing shall happen but he shall think too much of it.
He and his messengers shall be truly caught out:
a woodcutter would see it quite otherwise.


[after the covert efforts of King François I to suppress Protestants while persecution of them was officially banned]

A King shall be angered by the See-breakers
when arms and armour shall be forbidden:
sugared poison [having been sprinkled] on the strawberries,
[they shall be] drowned and killed while saying ‘More land! More land!’


[source unidentified]

[There shall be] Calumny against the younger son by a detractor
when dreadful warlike events shall occur,
the lesser party [being] doubtful to the elder one:
and soon in the kingdom there shall be partisan deeds.


[after the sack of Rome by Charles V’s troops in 1527]

The Great City abandoned to the soldiers,
never was mortal tumult so nigh.
Oh, what a hideous calamity draws near!
But for one offence, nothing shall be pardoned it.


[after the Annales Cassini for 1000 to 1212, with the last line of the verse referring (despite a slightly confused latitude) to the Norman capture of Naples (Greek Neapolis = ‘New City’) in 1139, when the Annals also record an explosive eruption of nearby Vesuvius for 1-8 June]

At five-and-forty degrees [fifty minutes and forty degrees?] the sky shall burn:
fire shall approach the great New City.
Violently a great scattered flame shall burst forth
when they shall attempt to try conclusions with the Normans.


[after Strabo’s account of the sacking of Toulouse, sacred city of the Volcae, by the Roman consul Quintus Servilius Caepio in 106 BC, and his looting of the sacred treasures as per I.27]

Ruin for the Volcae, terrified with such fear:
their great city stained [with blood], a pestilential deed:
they shall plunder Sun [gold] and Moon [silver] and violate their temples
and the two rivers shall redden with flowing blood.


[possibly after Livy’s account in his History of Rome (books XXI-XXX) of the invasion of Italy by Hannibal between 218 and 203 BC]

The skilled enemy shall turn about, confused,
his great army sick, and defeated by ambushes:
the Pyrenees and Pennine Alps shall be denied him,
while near the river discovering ancient amphorae.


[plagiarised virtually word for word from Petrus Crinitus’s Latin warning to lawyers in his De honesta disciplina of 1504, as reprinted by Gryphius of Lyon in 1543]

Let those who read these verses consider them maturely!
Let the profane and ignorant mob keep away!
Away with you, all Astrologers, Idiots and Barbarians!
May he who does otherwise be subject to the sacred rite [i.e. go to hell].


Century 7


[after the local legend that the treasure of the Golden Fleece was hidden behind the western panel (showing the death of Achilles) of the Roman mausoleum at St-Paul-de-Mausole, with its supposed discovery taken as an omen of contemporary persecutions of Protestants]

[Of] The treasure chest concealed by Achilles
the panel shall be known to the descendants.
By royal decree the edict shall be known:
the corpse seen hanging in full view of the people.


[source unidentified]

War once opened, Arles shall offer no resistance:
by night the soldiers shall be surprised.
Black and white, like Indians hidden underground,
under false disguise, you shall see the traitors unearthed.


[source unidentified]

After the naval victory of France
over those of Barcelona and the Franks by those of Marseille,
instead of gold, the [an] anvil [shall be] wrapped in the bale:
the people of Toulon shall consent to the fraud.


[source unidentified]

The Duke of Langres [shall be] besieged in Dôle
accompanied by men from Autun and Lyon.
Geneva, Augsburg, together with those of Mirandola,
shall cross the mountains against those of [coming from] Ancona.


[source unidentified]

Some of the wine on the table shall be spilled:
the third shall not have the woman that he claimed.
Doubly descended from the Black One [Moor?] of Parma,
Perouse shall do to Pisa whatever he likes.


[after the Mirabilis Liber 1522/3, assimilated to the Saracen invasion and occupation of Sicily and southern Italy from the sixth century onwards]

Naples, Palerma and all of Sicily
shall be occupied by Barbarian forces:
in Corsica, Salerno and the isle of Sardinia,
hunger, plague, no end of limitless ills.


[source unidentified]

Upon the combat between the light horses of the lords,
it shall be announced that the Great Crescent [Islam? Or Henry II?] is confounded.
By night men in shepherd’s clothing shall storm the mountains,
the Reds [Cardinals? Imperial troops?] dashed into the deep ditch.


[source unidentified]

Florence, flee, flee the nearest Roman!
At Fiesole shall battle be joined.
Blood shed, the greatest lords captured by armed force,
neither church nor sex [sect] shall be spared.


[possibly after an illicit affair between Diane de Poitiers, mistress of Henri II, and the Duke de Guise, a native of Bar]

The lady in the absence of her great captain
shall be begged for love by the Viceroy.
A feigned promise and an unfortunate gift
[shall fall] into the hands of the great prince from Bar.


[after the successful passage of the Strait of Gibraltar by Nostradamus’s friend the Baron de la Garde, Admiral of the Eastern Mediterranean, with 25 galleys in 1545, in the face of Spanish and Imperial opposition: see III.1]

By the great prince from near le Mans,
a brave and valiant leader of the great army,
by land and sea, with French and Normans,
shall Gibraltar be passed, having plundered Barcelona’s island [the Balearics?].


[possibly after the relationship between Queen Catherine de Médicis and one of her sons]

The royal child shall despise his mother:
halt of foot, with bad eyes, rude, disobedient
a piece of news strange and very bitter to the lady.
Over five hundred of his folk shall be killed.


[source unidentified]

The junior lord shall make an end of the war,
once the pardoned have been paraded before the gods;
Cahors and Moissac shall flee far from prison,
Lectoure shall be repulsed, the people of Agen cut down.


[after the takeover in the name of France of the government of Genoa between 1508 and 1522 by the cleric Thomas de Grailly de Foix-Lautrec]

Of the marine tributary city
the shaven head [monk/bishop] shall seize the satrapy;
he shall expel the villain who shall then oppose him.
For fourteen years he shall hold the tyranny [rulership].


[after discoveries of ancient artefacts, taken as an omen for the emergence of the latest heretical ideas]

A scythe shall expose the topography,
the urns of the tombs shall be opened.
Sects and false philosophies shall multiply,
for white black, and for old new.


[possibly after the domination of Lombardy by François I between 1515 and 1522, when the military defeat of La Bicoque lost him most of the Milanais]

Before the city of the Insubrian country [Milan]
for seven years the siege shall be laid.
A very great king shall enter it:
the city shall then be free, clear of its enemies.


[after the fortification of Calais under England’s Queen Mary, whose banner bore three lions passant guardant, and its anticipated capture by the French under the Duke of Guise]

The deep-set gate made by the great Queen
shall make the place powerful and inaccessible;
the army of the three lions shall be defeated
causing within a hideous and terrible event.


[presumably after the reign of the former King François I, with his love and promotion of learning, rudely interrupted by his defeat and capture at the Battle of Pavia in 1525]

The prince of rare pity and mercy
shall ere his death [thanks to the Moors] change much knowledge.
The peaceful kingdom shall be much exercised
when the lord shall receive an early drubbing.


[source unidentified]

The besieged shall disguise their truce[s]:
seven days later they shall make a savage sortie.
Pushed back inside [amid] explosions and blood, seven [shall be] put to the axe,
the lady [taken] captive who had woven the truce.


[probably after the fall of Nice to a combined ‘guest-force’ of French and Turks in 1543]

The fort at Nice shall not be fought over:
it shall be overcome by gleaming metal [gold].
That event shall be argued over for a long time,
strange and fearful [as it shall be] for the citizens.


[after a reported diplomatic intervention by Théodore de Bèze, Professor of Greek at Lausanne from 1549 to 1558, to expose Imperial plans to attack France from the south-east]

Ambassadors of the Tuscan tongue
in April and May shall cross the Alps and sea.
The man of Calf [Vaud (Lausanne)] shall reveal the talks,
not coming to [wishing to] wipe out the French way of life.


[source unidentified]

Through the pestilential enmity of the Languedoc,
[albeit] hidden, it shall drive the tyrant out.
The bargain shall be made at Bridge of Sorgues
to put to death both him and his henchman.


[after the Mirabilis Liber of 1522/3, assimilated to the Great Western Church Schism of 1378-1417]

The citizens of Mesopotamia [Iraq]
[shall be] angered at the friends of Tarragona:
[with] games, rites, banquets, everybody asleep,
the Vicar [Pope] on the Rhône, the city [shall be] taken and those of Ausonia [Italy].


[after the Great Western Church Schism of 1378 when, under pressure from the local Roman mob who sacked the Vatican, the chosen Pope (the mentally ill Pope Urban VI) was discarded by the cardinals in favour of Pope Clement VII]

The Royal sceptre he shall be forced to take
as his predecessors had pledged.
Then disagreement shall arise about the Papal ring
when the Palace is sacked.


[after an identified incident involving the House of Lorraine]

The buried one shall emerge from the tomb:
he shall cause the mighty Du Pont to be bound with chains,
with the roe of a barbel
the Lord of Lorraine [having been poisoned] by the Marquis du Pont.


[after an unidentified issuing of substitute money, marked by an archaeological discovery taken as an omen]

Through long war the whole army [shall be] exhausted,
so that they cannot find money for [to pay] the troops:
instead of gold or silver, they shall coin leather [parchment?].
Gallic bronze [discovered], and [bearing] the sign of the crescent Moon.


[after an attack by French privateers from Dieppe on a group of Spanish galleons in the English Channel during November 1555, involving the capture of the Spanish admiral and four other nobles]

[By] Large and small galleys around seven ships
a mortal attack shall be delivered:
the captain from Madrid shall be dealt a disembowelling blow,
two escaped and five brought to land.


[after an unidentified Italian campaign by the Marquis of Vasto]

In Vasto’s entourage, the mighty cavalry
shall be impeded by the baggage-train near Ferrara.
At Turin they shall promptly undertake such robbery
that from the fort they shall snatch away their hostage.


[source unidentified]

The captain shall lead his many prisoners
over the mountain closest to the enemy.
Surrounded, with firearms he shall clear such a path
[that] all [shall] escape except for thirty put on the spit [roasted alive].


[source unidentified]

The great Duke of Alba shall rebel:
his forefathers he shall betray.
The Lord of Guise shall defeat him:
[he shall be] led captive and a monument [tombstone] erected.


[source unidentified]

The sack approaches, great fire and bloodshed,
[of] Po the great river[s], undertaken against the drovers;
after a long wait for Genoa and Nice,
[for] Fossano, Turin, capture at Savigliano.


[source unidentified]

From Languedoc and Guienne more than ten
thousand shall be determined to cross the Alps again.
The great Savoyards shall march against Brindisi:
Aquino and Bresse shall drive them back.


[after an unidentified member of the Medici banking family of Florence]

From a house in Montereale shall be born one
who shall rule the roost over vault and bank account.
He shall raise an army in the marches of Milan
to drain Faenza and Florence of gold and men.


[source unidentified]

By fraud the kingdom stripped of its forces,
the fleet blockaded, passages spied out,
two false friends shall ally themselves
to awaken hatred [that had been] for a long time dormant.


[after the Mirabilis Liber of 1522/3]

In great grief shall be the folk of France,
vanity and lightheartedness shall be thought foolhardy.
No bread, salt, nor wine or water, drugs or barley-beer,
the noblest captured: hunger, cold and want.


[after the Great Western Church Schism of 1378 when, under pressure from the local Roman mob who sacked the Vatican, the chosen Pope (the mentally ill Pope Urban VI) was reneged on by the formerly supportive cardinals in favour of Pope Clement VII]

The great Fish [they] shall complain and weep
at having elected: they shall be deceived about his age.
He shall hardly want to remain with them [himself]:
he shall be disappointed by those of his own tongue.


[after the Mirabilis Liber of 1522/3]

Good heavens! The whole Divine Word afloat,
borne by seven red-shaven heads [priests/monks] to Byzantium:
against the anointed, three hundred from Trebizond
shall pass two laws, first horror then belief.


[source unidentified]

Ten sent to put the captain of the ship to death
shall be warned by one that there is open conflict in the fleet.
Confusion shall reign, men shall stab and savage each other
at Lerins and the Isles of Hyères, as he heads inland towards La Nerthe.


[after the accidental death of Henry II of Navarre in May 1555]

The Royal eldest son on a prancing steed
shall spur so fiercely that it shall bolt,
its mouth swollen: his foot trapped in the stirrup,
dragged, pulled, he shall die horribly.


[possibly after the Mirabilis Liber of 1522/3]

[With] The leader of the French army,
thinking to lose the main phalanx
through the mountain transport of oats and [because of] arduous conditions,
the alien nation shall be overthrown through Genoa.


[after an unidentified ‘Trojan Horse’ incident]

Within casks smeared outside with oil and grease
twenty-one shall be enclosed off the harbour.
At second watch through death they shall distinguish themselves with valour:
they shall gain the gates and be killed by the watch.


[after a letter from Pliny to his friend Sura, telling the story of a haunted house]

The bones having been shut in [walled up] hand and foot,
because of the noise [rumour] the house having been uninhabited for a long time,
as a result of dreams they shall be unearthed by excavation.
The house, [once] cleansed, [shall be] inhabited without noise.


[source unidentified]

Two new arrivals [shall be] seized of the idea
to pour poison into the cooking of the great Prince.
By the scullion both shall be caught in the act:
taken [shall be] he who thought to kill the elder son.

[at his point the seventh Century comes to an abrupt end]


Century 8


[source unidentified]

[At] Pau, Nay, Loron [Oloron] there shall be more fire than blood:
swimming the Aude, the lord shall flee to the nearby streams.
He shall refuse entry to the magpies:
the overlord of the Durance shall hold them in prison.


[after Julius Obsequens’s On Omens, assimilated to current events (see IX.37)]

[At] Condom and Auch and around Mirande,
I see fire from the sky [lightning] surrounding them.
Sun and Mars in conjunction in Leo: then at Marmande
lightning, great hail, a wall falls into the Garonne.


[source unidentified]

Within the strong castle of Vigiliano and Riviera
the younger son of Nancy shall be imprisoned.
In Turin the first shall be burned
when Lyon shall be stricken with grief.


[after the contemporary conflicts between France and the Holy Roman Empire, with the imagery based on the Latin Epigrams of Ulrich von Hutten (1488-1523)]

The Cock shall be received within Monaco.
The Cardinal of France shall appear:
he shall be deceived by the Roman legation.
The weaker the Eagle, the stronger the Cock shall become.


[after the funeral cortege of King François I in 1547, which processed all over the country, stopping each night for a service in a different, brilliantly lit Catholic church]

There shall appear, in an ornate, brilliantly lit church,
the lamp and the candle at Borne and Breteuil:
for [the abbey of] La Lucerne [in Normandy?] the [whole] canton [shall] turn its steps
when the great Cock shall be seen in his coffin.


[after the Mirabilis Liber of 1522/3]

Blazing light shall appear at Lyon
shining: Malta, captured, suddenly shall be wiped out.
In Sardinia, the Moor shall negotiate deceitfully:
Geneva [Genoa] at London [at sea?], feigning treason towards the Cock.


[after the Battle of Pavia of 25 February 1525, and the capture and subsequent abduction to Spain of King François I]

Vercelli, Milan shall announce the news
[that] the wound shall have been dealt at Pavia.
Water, blood shall flow through Siena, fire through Florence:
the One And Only shall fall from high to low, calling ‘Help me!’


[after a ‘wooden horse’ operation attempted by Imperial troops at Turin in 1543]

Near Cisterna, shut up in casks,
Chivasso shall engage in a plot for the Eagle.
The elected one removed, he and his men [shall be] shut up:
within Turin, his wife seized and abducted.


[after the Mirabilis Liber of 1522/3, with the imagery presumably based on the Latin Epigrams of Ulrich von Hutten (1488-1523)]

While the Eagle shall be engaged with the Cock at Savona,
on the Eastern Sea [Mediterranean] and in Hungary,
the army at [there shall be fighting at] Naples, Palermo, [and in] the marches of Ancona.
In Rome and Venice the horrible yells/calls of the Barbarians [Arabs].


[presumably after the Mirabilis Liber of 1522/3]

A mighty stench shall come out of Lausanne
such that nobody shall know its origin.
They shall expel all the aliens:
fire seen in the sky, the foreign race defeated.


[after the accidental burning of the Palazzo della Raggione at Vicenza in 1496 and the defeat of Cesare Borgia, Duke of Valentinois, at nearby Urbino in 1502]

A multitude of folk shall appear at Vicenza:
without force, fire shall burn down the Basilica.
Near Lunigiana the Lord of Valenza defeated
when Venice shall be facing the attacks of the Moor.


[after the looting of the convoy carrying their own wages by Swiss mercenaries engaged by Odet de Grailly de Foix-Lautrec on behalf of François I before the battle of Marignano in 1515]

There shall appear near Buffalora
the High and Mighty who shall enter Milan:
the Abbé of Foix with those of Saint-Maur
shall play the rogue dressed as serfs.


[seemingly after Machiavelli’s account, in his Istorie Fiorentine of the 1520s, of an episode from 6th century Lombard history, with a mythological back-reference to the ancient story of King Proetus and his wife’s guest Bellerophon]

The monk-crusader sent mad by love
shall cause Bellerophon to die through Proetus.
[With] Troops at Milan, the woman shall be maddened:
the potion drunk, both of them shall then die.


[after the demise of Chancellor Antoine Duprat, Cardinal Archbishop of Sens and papal legate, suspected in 1530 of having debased and sold gold from the ransom collected for handing over to the Empire for the release of François I in 1526 (see IV.88)]

The great credit of gold, the abundance of silver
shall cause honour to be blinded by greed;
the offence of adulteration shall become known,
which shall redound to his great dishonour.


[after the report by Agrippa d’Aubigné of the chronic insecurity on the borders of Christendom caused by the summoning in aid of Suleiman the Magnificent and his Turkish forces against her own Chancellor by Isabella of Pannonia in 1539]

Towards the North great exertions by a mannish woman
shall vex Europe and almost all the world.
The two eclipses [failed leaders] she shall put into such a rout,
and shall force life or death on the Hungarians.


[after Plato’s Timaeus and the Mirabilis Liber of 1522/3]

At the place where Jason had his ship built
there shall be such a great and sudden flood
that people shall have neither place not land to grab onto.
The waters shall climb Olympic Fesulan [broad-based Olympus].


[possibly after the disintegration of the Carolingian empire following its division by the treaty of Verdun of AD 843 between the three sons of Charlemagne’s heir Louis I (namely Louis the German, Charles the Bald and Lothair I), which led to attacks on Western Europe by three other ‘brothers’ – the Vikings from the north, the Magyars from the east and the Saracens from the south, who sacked both Naples and Genoa]

The well-heeled shall suddenly be cast down:
by three brothers the world [shall be] disturbed.
Enemies shall seize the marine city [Naples? Genoa?]:
hunger, fire, blood, plague, all ills redoubled.


[possibly after the apocryphal administration of poisons by Catherine de Médicis]

That which came forth from Florence shall be the cause of his death
which some time before had been drunk by young and old;
through the Three Lilies, that shall give him such pause,
through her fruit [efforts] as safe as ripe, raw meat.


[after an unidentified dispute over the Papal succession]

To support the great troubled Cope [Pope]
the reds [Cardinals] shall march in order to enlighten him:
by death his family shall be almost overwhelmed.
The reddest red ones [The most militant Catholic Cardinals] shall kill the red one.


[after a further unidentified dispute over the Papal succession]

The false message about the rigged election
shall run through the city, the broken pact having been cancelled:
votes bought, the [Sistine] chapel stained with blood,
power contracted to another.


[after the arrival of the Plague in Europe in 1347/8 aboard three Genoan vessels, assimilated to the Muslim invasion scenario of the Mirabilis Liber of 1522/3]

Into the port of Agde three galleys shall enter
carrying the infection, not the faith, and pestilence.
From overseas they shall carry off a million,
and break out of their bridgehead at the third try.


[after the brutal putting down by Montmorency of the salt-tax revolt of 1548/9]

Coursan, Narbonne regarding salt shall warn
fat Tuchan: Perpignan shall be betrayed.
The red [Catholic?] town shall not be prepared to consent to it.
A high-flying, grey flag: life extinguished.


[after an unidentified piece of contemporary court scandal]

Letters shall be found in the Queen’s coffers,
no signature and no name of author:
by the government the offers shall be concealed,
so that nobody knows who the lover is.


[source unidentified]

The lieutenant at the entrance door
shall fell the Lord of Perpignan.
In thinking to flee to Montpertuis
the bastard of Lusignan shall be deceived.


[source unidentified]

The lover’s heart, awakened by secret love
in the stream shall cause the lady to be ravished.
Lustful [herself], she shall pretend to be only semi-wronged.
The father shall deprive the body of both [parties] of its soul.


[after the discovery of archaeological remains connected with C. Porcius Cato, grandson of the famous Censor, taken as an omen for political moves within the Hapsburg empire]

The bones [timbers?] of Cato [shall be] found in Barcelona,
found where they were placed, rotting in the dirt.
The Lord of Nettingen [?] shall desire Pamplona:
drizzle/mist at the abbey of Montserrat.


[after an unidentified archaeological discovery near the aqueduct at Le Muy]

[On] The way of waters [aqueduct], one arch upon the other,
[over] Le Muy’s desert (apart from tare and broom)
the inscription [shall be found] of the Phoenix Emperor,
seen in it what is seen by no other.


[after the discovery, following the disastrous floods of 9 September 1557, of numerous pagan ritual objects from the now-ruined temple of Diana that had been thrown into the Sacred Lake at Nîmes with the coming of Christianity]

The puffed up images of gold and silver,
which after the sack were thrown into the lake,
when found, shall astonish and disturb everybody.
The inscription[s] on the marble shall be interpreted as laws.


[after the rumoured rediscovery of the Sacred Gold of Toulouse, looted and misappropriated by Quintus Servilius Caepio in 106 BC]

At the fourth pillar long Sacred to Saturn [of Saint-Sernin],
[when] split apart by earthquake and flood,
under the Saturnine building an urn shall be found –
the gold carried off by Caepio – and then restored.


[after yet another archaeological rediscovery]

In Toulouse, not far from the Belvedere,
[while] digging a long trench for a palais de spectacles,
treasure [shall be] found that shall puzzle everyone
in two places and near the Basacle.


[after contemporary squabbles between France and the Holy Roman Empire involving the Marquis of Pescara]

At first, great fruit the prince of Pescara [shall bear],
[but] then he shall become truly cruel and wicked.
In Venice he shall lose his proud glory,
and shall be put down by the younger lunar one [Henri II?].


[after the death in 1492 of Charles VIII and the accession and secret courtship of his cousin (not nephew) Louis XII]

Beware, French king, of your nephew
who shall act as if your only son:
he shall be murdered while paying his vows to Venus [love],
in nightly company only three and six [months?].


[source unidentified]

The lord shall be born of Verona and Vincenza
who shall bear a most unworthy nickname:
he who at Venice shall desire to take vengeance,
[shall] himself [be] captured through the sign of a watchman.


[source unidentified]

After the victory of the Lion at Lyon,
there shall be great slaughter on the Jura Mountains:
removed by Allobroges [shall be] a seventh of a million.
The Lion scourged, at [St Paul de] Mausole [his] death and tomb.


[apparently after a military campaign involving bad weather in southwestern France]

Where into the Garonne the Baise flows,
and [in] the forest not far from Damazan,
the marshes [shall be] frozen, then hail and north wind.
The Dordonnais shall be frozen through getting the month wrong.


[after the 15th-century project by Louis de Chalon-Arlay to link the Franche-Comté with the Duchy of Burgundy, using the remains of existing Roman roads and watchtowers]

He shall be committed to join the Comté with the Duchy
from Lons-le-Saulnier, Saint Aubin and Bellevesvre.
paving [the route] with marble long plundered from [Roman watch-]towers,
The name of Bletteram shall survive the masterpiece!


[after the imprisonment in the Tower of London of Henri VI of England following the seizure of the throne in 1461 by Edward of York]

The fortress by the Thames
shall fall when the king is locked up inside.
Near the bridge he shall be seen in shirtsleeves,
one facing death, then behind bars inside the fortress.


[source unidentified, apparently associated with the predictions of the Mirabilis Liber]

The King of Blois shall reign in Avignon,
once more the people’s unique ruler.
Into the waters of the Rhône he shall cast over the walls
up to five, the last one near Christmas [?].


[source unidentified]

He who shall have been for [in favour of] the Byzantine [Turkish] prince
shall be carried off [tolerated?] by the prince of Toulouse.
The trust of [the Lord of] Foix in the Toulousan leader
shall fail him, [yet he] shall not refuse the bride.


[after an unknown incident involving the Jews of Toulouse]

The blood of the Just by Taur [the church of St-Saturnin-de-la-Tour] and La Daurade [the church of Ste-Marie-de-la-Dorade]
in order to avenge themselves against the Saturnines.
into the new lake the mob shall cast,
then they shall march against [the Duke of] Alba.


[presumably after the election of Pope Julius III (1550-5)]

The fox shall be elected without saying a word,
playing the saint in public, living on barley bread.
Afterwards he shall all at once become a tyrant
putting his foot on the throats of the greatest lords.


[source unidentified]

Through avarice, through force and violence
the chief of Orléans shall upset his followers.
Near St. Mémert, assault and resistance.
Dead in his tent, they shall say he is asleep inside.


[after the two miscarriages of Anne de Bretagne, which permitted Louis of Orléans to succeed his uncle Charles VIII as king]

Through the death of two bastard creatures
the nephew of the Blood shall occupy the throne.
Within Lectoure there shall be spear-strikes.
The nephew out of fear shall fold up his banner.


[source unidentified]

The natural offspring of Ogmion [Henri II?]
(from seven to nine) shall divert a long way from its route
the [military] array. The friend of the half man
must in Navarre flatten the fort at Pau.


[after the capture of Calais from the English by the Duke of Guise in January 1558]

His hand in a sling and his leg bandaged
the younger son of Calais long bear.
At a word from the watch, the death shall be delayed.
Then in church at Easter he shall bleed.


[after current military conflicts between France and the Holy Roman Empire, with the imagery presumably based on the Latin Epigrams of Ulrich von Hutten (1488-1523)]

At St-Paul-de Mausole he shall die, three leagues from the Rhône,
the two having fled [to] near the Strait of Tarascon.
For Mars shall take up the most horrible rulership
over Cock and Eagle, France and the three [Coligny] brothers.


[after Francesco Matarazzo’s Chronicles of the City of Perugia 1492 - 1503, recounting how, after the murder of a German student in 1487, violent clan wars broke out in Perugia between the Baglioni and the Oddi (see II.42)]

Lake Trasimene shall bear witness
to the conspirators trapped inside Perugia.
A despot shall play the sage,
killing a German, destroying and cutting him to pieces.


[after Froissart’s account in his Chroniques of the military campaign of Edward the Black Prince to restore Don Pedro the Cruel of Castile to his throne in 1367]

Saturn in Cancer, Jupiter with Mars,
in early February, at Salvatierra,
the passes of Castile [shall be] stormed on three sides.
Near Briviesca, conflict and deadly war.


[after unidentified events of 1499]

[With] Saturn in Taurus, Jupiter in Aquarius, Mars in Sagittarius,
the sixth of February shall bring death.
Those of Catalonia [shall make] so great a breach at Bruges
that the Barbarian chief shall die at Ponterosso [or: on the Red Sea?].


[after the plague epidemic that struck Spain in 1557, with a back reference to the famine that struck Sagunto when besieged by the Carthaginians in 219 BC]

The plague around Capellades
[like] another famine of Sagunto is at hand:
the knightly bastard of the good old man
shall cause the head of the Lord of Tunis to be cut off .


[source unidentified]

The Byzantine [Turk], making an oblation
after taking [back] Cordoba for himself,
after his long journey, peacefully to tend his vines,
while crossing the sea [shall be] taken prisoner by the Column [of Hercules].


[source unidentified]

The king of Blois in Avignon shall reign:
from Amboise a swarm shall come along the Indre.
A claw at Poitiers shall ruin his holy wings:
before Bonny... [incomplete line: should rhyme with Indre, as craindre or éteindre]


[after an unidentified senior Cardinal]

Within Boulogne he shall wish to wash away his faults,
[since] he shall be unable to at the temple [church] of the Sun [Christianity, and thus probably the Vatican].
He shall aspire so high, doing such haughty things:
in the hierarchy there was never anybody like him.


[after the September truce following the French defeat at St-Quentin of August 1557, as finalised in the Treaty of Cateau-Cambrésis of 1559]

Under the cover of the marriage treaty,
a magnanimous act [shall be performed] by lunar Chyren [Henri II]:
St-Quentin and Arras [shall be] recovered in the process,
the Spaniards having committed a second piece of butchery.


[source unidentified]

Between two rivers he shall find himself shut in:
casks and barrels [shall be] joined [to form a pontoon bridge] to cross beyond.
Eight bridges broken, the chief being run through,
noble children’s throats [shall be] cut with a knife.


[after an unidentified battle, possibly in the course of Edward the Black Prince’s Spanish campaign of 1367]

The weak band shall occupy the hill:
those at the top shall let out horrible yells.
This shall unsettle the large troop on the right flank:
on a tomb near the Ebro inscriptions shall be discovered.


[after the rise to power of Gaspard de Coligny from simple soldier first to Colonel General of the infantry and then, in 1552, to ‘Admiral of France’, subsequently becoming a Huguenot and in 1557 leader of the French Protestants]

From simple soldier he shall attain to power:
from the short robe he shall attain to the long.
Valiant in arms, at his worst towards the Church,
he shall vex [drain] the priests as a sponge does water.


[after the 13th century Récits d’un ménestrel de Reims, telling how the French minstrel Blondel de Nesle allegedly discovered and brought about the release of his friend King Richard I of England from his cell in one of a string of European castles by singing aloud the first verse of a French ballad that the two of them had composed together]

A kingdom divided between two disputing brothers
shall take the arms [shield] and the name of Britain:
he who is called English shall be recognized [only] tardily,
surprised by night, led by the French tune.


[after the Mirabilis Liber of 1522/3]

Twice raised up, twice cast down,
the East shall also weaken the West.
Its adversary, after many battles
pursued by sea, shall of necessity collapse.


[after the brilliant counter-attack by François Duke of Guise, just back from campaigning in Italy, against the forces of Charles V, following the military disaster of St-Quentin of 1557]

The first in France, the first in the Holy Roman Empire,
by land and sea against the English and their partners.
Marvellous things [shall be achieved] by that great troop.
The violent monster [Emmanuel Philibert, Duke of Savoy?] shall lose Lorraine.


[source unidentified, but with the imagery presumably based on the Latin Epigrams of Ulrich von Hutten (1488-1523)]

Never by light of day
shall he attain to the insignia of the sceptre bearer
until all his sees are occupied,
bringing to the Cock the gift of the armed legion.


[after the Great Western Church Schism of 1378 to 1417, when, under pressure from the local Roman mob who sacked the Vatican, the chosen Pope (the mentally ill Pope Urban VI) was discarded by the cardinals in favour of Pope Clement VII, who moved to Avignon]

When the holy Church shall be seen plundered,
the greatest [Pope] by the Rhône, their sacred rites profaned,
through them such a widespread pestilence [religious infection?] shall occur:
the fleeing king [Pope?] shall not condemn the unjust one.


[source unidentified]

When the adulterer, wounded without a blow, shall have
murdered his wife and son out of spite,
his wife once killed, he shall strangle the child:
eight captives, once taken, shall smother each other mercilessly.


[source unidentified]

Into the islands the children [shall be] transported:
two of the seven shall be in despair:
those of [native to] the country shall be supported by it.
Montpellier [once] captured, any hope of the Leagues shall disappear.


[after the story of the Dutch Pope Adrian VI, a former Grand Inquisitor, who reigned from 9 January 1522 (when he was 63) until 14 September 1523]

The old man, frustrated of his princely hopes,
shall [nevertheless] attain to supremacy over his empire.
For twenty months he shall hold power with great force,
a cruel tyrant, forsaking [his role as] a worse one.


[after an unidentified peace of contemporary archaeology, possibly at Arles or Glanum]

When the inscription D.M. [shall be] found
and the ancient vault revealed by a lamp,
law [then] King and Ulpian Prince it shall prove to be,
the Queen and Duke under the cover of a flag.


[after the contrast between contemporary religious conditions in France and the Holy Roman Empire]

[In] Paris, Carcassone, France, ruinous great discord:
neither one [sect] nor the other shall gain approval.
[Yet] France [itself] shall have the people’s love and good will,
Ferara, Colonna great protection.


[after the quarrel between Cardinal Jean du Bellay and Cardinal François de Tournon over the latter’s appointment as French chargé d’affaires in Italy in 1554, with a reference to Craponne’s canal in Provence]

The old Cardinal [shall be] deceived by the young one:
out of his post, he shall find himself disarmed
unless two miracles should appear at Arles –
both the aqueduct and the perfumed Prince.


[after Villehardouin’s account in his Conquest of Constantinople (14) of the deposition and death of the Emperor Isaac II Angelus of Constantinople (actually referred to by name) and the savage murder of one of his sons (Alexius IV) in 1204 (see I.35)]

Beside the young one the old Angelus shall decline,
but shall rise above him in the end:
in ten straight years he shall bring down the old one again.
Out of three twos [leaders], the one shall bring down the eighth.


[after the Mirabilis Liber’s prophecies of the future Antichrist]

He shall come in, villainous, mischievous, infamous,
lording it over Mesopotamia [Iraq].
All [shall be] made friends with the adulterous lady [the Whore of Babylon],
a monster terrible and black of face.


[after an unidentified and almost certainly unhistorical ban on astrologers]

The number of astronomers shall grow so great,
[that they shall be] driven out, banned and their books censored
in the year 1607 by sacred councils,
so that none shall be welcome at the sacred rites.


[after the battle of Ravenna on Easter Day 1512, and the death of Gaston de Foix, commander of the victorious French army, partly based on the Latin poem of Ulrich von Hutten (1488-1523) on the same subject]

O what an enormous defeat on the Perugian battlefield
and the conflict quite close to Ravenna
in the course of the ritual when the feast-day is being celebrated!
The victor having been vanquished, [it is] his horse [that] shall eat the barley.


[source unidentified]

A Barbarian [Arab] soldier shall strike the King
unjustly: [he shall be] not far from death.
An ambitious mother shall be the cause of the deed,
the conspirator and kingdom in great remorse.


[apparently after the actions of Philip II of Spain in the Netherlands]

A king having penetrated well into the [his] new territory
while his subjects are bidding him welcome,
his treachery shall have reached such heights
that to the citizens it shall be thought worthy of celebrating and remembering.


[source unidentified]

The father and son shall be murdered together,
the Count being within his tent.
The mother at Tours [who] shall have her belly swollen with a son
shall be hidden under green leaves and pieces of paper.


[after the story of King John of England]

More a butcher than a king in England,
born in an obscure place, he shall gain power through force.
A coward, he shall bleed the land without faith, without law;
his time is so nigh that I sigh.


[possibly after the Mirabilis Liber, assimilated to the contemporary Wars of Religion presided over by John Calvin]

The antichrist, (the) three having very soon been annihilated,
twenty-seven years his war shall last.
The heretics [shall be] dead, captive, exiled:
blood [from] human bodies, reddened water shall splatter the earth.


[after the alleged role of Chancellor Michel de l’Hospital in encouraging the Wars of Religion by being too soft with the Protestants]

A glib-talker with a twisted tongue
shall [destroy] the sanctuary of the gods.
To the heretics he shall fling wide the door
so stirring up the Church to war.


[source unidentified]

He who shall lose his father by the sword, born in a Nunnery,
sure of the Gorgon, there shall the blood be conceived anew:
in a foreign land he shall do everything to be silent,
who shall burn both himself and his child.


[possibly after the Mirabilis Liber of 1522/3]

The blood of innocents, widow[s] and virgin[s],
so many evils [shall be] committed through the Red Lord,
the sacred images plunged in burning candle-wax.
Through terror and fear, none shall be seen to move [abroad].


[a prophecy for Philip II of Spain and his uncle, the Holy Roman Emperor Ferdinand]

The new empire, desolated,
shall be changed [for the worse] by the northern hemisphere.
From Sicily an upheaval shall
upset the enterprise tributary to Philip.


[source unidentified]

Emaciated, tall and dry, playing the good servant,
in the end he shall have nothing but his dismissal:
sharp poison and letters about his neck,
he shall be captured escaping while in danger.


[after Villehardouin’s account of the Fourth Crusade in his Conquest of Constantinople of 1209-13]

The biggest sailing fleet [that ever set] out from the port of Zara,
near Byzantium shall conduct its enterprise
of inflicting losses on the enemy, but a friend shall not be:
the third shall inflict on both great pillage and capture.


[after the Mirabilis Liber of 1522/3]

Paterno shall hear the clamour from Sicily:
all the preparations in the Gulf of Trieste
[which] shall be heard as far as Sicily.
Of so many sails flee, flee, the horrible pestilence!


[after Froissart’s account in his Chronicles of the murder of Don Pedro the Cruel by Henry the Bastard of Castille on a couch at the castle of Montiel, after Pedro had called him ‘the son of a whore’]

Between Bayonne and St-Jean-de-Luz
the advance of Mars [war] shall be made.
From the Northern allies [the ailing Edward the Black Prince] the ‘whore’ shall remove the light,
then [he shall be] suffocated in bed far from assistance.


[source unidentified]

Via Ernani, Tolosa and Villafranca
a numberless band [shall move] across the Sierra San Adrian,
[stage an] opposed crossing of the river by a wooden bridge,
and enter Bayonne, all crying ‘Bigorre’!


[after the capture, trial and death of the head of the Templars elected in 1295, who was forced in 1307 to sail from Cyprus to France to justify himself before the Pope]

The plotted death shall come into full effect,
the charge laid and the voyage of death.
Elected, created, accepted by his followers, defeated:
the blood of innocence [shall be] remorseful before the Faith.


[after the invasion of Sardinia by the King of Aragon between 1323 and 1326]

Into Sardinia a noble king shall come
who for only three years shall hold the kingdom:
many factions shall join with him
after his matrimonial slumber.


[source unidentified]

Lest he fall into the hands of his uncle,
who slaughtered his children in order to reign,
praying to the people, putting his foot on Pelion [aping the Giants’ fall?],
he shall die and be dragged between armoured horses.


[after the Mirabilis Liber’s prophecy of the Blessed Vincent]

When one of the Crusaders is found with his mind disturbed,
in the holy sanctuary seeing a horned bull,
[and] for the virgin a pig taking over her place,
[then] order shall no longer be maintained by the king.


[apparently after the Seventh Crusade of 1248, for which King Louis IX built the fortified port of Aigues-Mortes on the Rhône delta]

When they have arrived among the fields of the Rhône-dwellers
where the Crusaders shall be nearly assembled,
the two burning planets [Mars and the Sun] shall be in conjunction in Pisces
and a great number [shall be] scourged by a flood.


[apparently after the same Crusade as in the previous verse]

Far distant from the kingdom, sent on a dangerous journey,
he shall lead a great host and commit them to the Faith:
the king shall hold his captive followers hostage.
On his return he shall plunder the whole country.


[source unidentified]

Seven months, no more, he shall hold the prelature:
through his decease a great schism shall arise.
[In] Seven months another shall hold the priesthood,
[and] near Venice peace and concord shall be reborn.


[source unidentified]

Before the lake into which his dearest one was thrown
of seven months, and his army routed,
the Spaniards shall be laid waste by Alba’s men,
losing through putting off giving battle.


[source unidentified]

The seducer shall be thrown in the pit
and staked out for some time.
The cleric shall join the lord with his crozier:
by effectively laying about him he shall attract supporters.


[after the contemporary emigration of persecuted Jews from Spain and Italy to the more tolerant Ottoman dispensation in Turkey, assimilated to the Mirabilis Liber of 1522/3]

The sterile synagogue without any fruit
shall be accepted among the infidels,
[until] the daughter of Babylon, with her
wretched and sad persecution, shall clip its wings.


[source unidentified]

On the borders of the Var the supreme ruler shall change:
near the shore shall the three beautiful children be born.
Ruin to the people when they are of age!
The country’s government shall change, then be seen to grow further.


[after the Mirabilis Liber of 1522/3]

Of churchmen the blood shall be shed
as abundantly as water,
and for a long time it shall not be staunched.
Woe, woe, to the clergy! Ruin and grief.


[after the shift of the papacy to Avignon during the Great Western Church Schism of 1378-1417]

By the power of the three kings temporal
to another place shall the Holy See be moved,
where the substance of the incarnated spirit
shall be restored, and accepted as the true See.


[after the developing Wars of Religion]

Through the great number of tears shed [arms spread],
from top to bottom and from bottom to the topmost,
because of too much faith in God, life shall be lost.
They shall die of thirst through their many failings.


Century 9


[after the manuscript writings of Étienne de la Boétie of Bordeaux covertly criticising the Constable of France, Anne de Montmorency]

In the house of the translator of Bourg,
the letter shall be found on the table.
One-eyed, red-haired, white-headed, he shall make [people] aware
of what shall change with the new Constable.


[in part after Livy’s account of the semi-legendary King Numa’s founding of the state oracle on the Aventine Hill in Rome in around 710 BC]

From the top of the Aventine Hill a voice [shall be] heard:
‘Away! Away on both sides!’
With blood the anger of the Red Ones [Cardinals] shall be appeased:
from Rimini and Prato the Colonnas [shall be] expelled.


[after two omens reported by Conrad Lycosthenes in his Prodigiorum ac ostentorum chronicon of 1557 – the Ravenna monster of 1511 (see II.32 above), and the calf with a bearded human face born at Kleisdorf in 1556 – while (confusingly) a second monster mentioned in the same paragraph was indeed taken to be brought before the Pope]

The great cow, very disturbing to Ravenna,
[shall be] taken, shut in, by fifteen to [Pope] Farnese:
at Rome shall be born two double-headed monsters.
Blood, fire, flood, the greatest nobles hanged.


[after the Great Western Church Schism of 1378, when two popes – Urban VI and Clement VII – were elected at the same time after a huge thunderstorm that left the Vatican awash, until the former was preferred under pressure from the mob, who invaded and sacked the Vatican. The latter then fled to Avignon.]

The following year, revealed by flood,
two leaders [shall be] elected, [but] the first shall not last:
fleeing eclipse, one of them shall seek refuge,
the house plundered which shall maintain the first.


[possibly after the contemporary Duke of Tuscany]

He shall seem as the third toe to the first
to a new monarch of reduced height
who shall occupy Pisa and Lucca as Tyrant [Ruler].
He shall correct the failings of his predecessor.


[source unidentified]

Innumerable English in Guienne
shall occupy under the name of ‘Anglaquitaine’
Lapalme, Bordelais in Languedoc,
which they shall name after Barboxitaine [the Western Bearded One].


[source unidentified]

He who shall open the tomb once found
and shall not close it promptly,
evil shall befall him, and it shall be impossible to prove
whether it would be better for him to be a Breton or a Norman King.


[source unidentified]

The younger son, once made King, shall put his father to death
after the conflict over a dishonourable death:
a document having been found, suspicion shall cause remorse,
when a hunted wolf is laid on the couch.


[after the floods that struck much of Western Europe in September 1557, devastating Toulouse and uncovering various remains and artefacts (including, allegedly, an ‘ever-burning lamp’) in and around the ruins of the ancient Temple of Diana at Nîmes]

When the lamp burning with inextinguishable fire
shall be found in the temple of the Vestals
(a child having found the flame while passing water through a sieve),
Nîmes shall perish by water: at Toulouse the covered market shall collapse.


[source unidentified]

The child of a monk and nun exposed to die
shall be killed by a she-bear and be carried off by a boar.
By Foix and Pamiers battle shall be set:
against Toulouse Carcassonne shall send out scouts.


[source unidentified]

The just one wrongly shall they put to death
publicly and remove from the midst:
so great a pestilence in that place shall arise,
that the judges shall be constrained to flee.


[after the discovery (following the disastrous floods of 9 September 1557) of numerous pagan ritual objects from the now-ruined temple of Diana that had been thrown into the Sacred Lake at Nîmes with the coming of Christianity]

So many silver images of Diana and Mercury
shall be found in the lake
[by] a potter searching for fresh clay
[that] he and his family shall be steeped in gold.


[source unidentified]

The exiles around Sologne,
[shall be] led by night to Auxois on foot.
Two [The leaders?] of Modena by the fierce [Duke of] Bologna,
shall be discovered [flushed out] by Byzantine [Greek] fire.


[source unidentified]

In dyers’ cauldrons [that have been] placed on the flat,
[full of] wine, honey and oil, and built over furnaces,
the blameless so-called malefactors shall be plunged.
Seven shall be wiped out amidst the murderers’ cannon-smoke.


[source unidentified]

Near Perpignan the Red Ones [Cardinals] [shall be] detained,
those in the centre struck down and led away,
three cut in pieces and five half-starved,
for the Lord and Prelate of Burgundy.


[source unidentified]

Out of Castelfranco the throng shall emerge:
the disagreeable ambassador shall split away.
Those from the coast shall be in the thick of it,
and they shall deny entry to the great gulf.


[source unidentified]

The third First [Lord] [shall do] worse than Nero did:
it shall be seen by the brave how much human blood shall flow.
He shall cause the furnace[s] to be rebuilt:
the Golden Age dead, a new, shameful King.


[after current fears for the Lord Constable Anne de Montmorency, who had been captured by the Spaniards at the disastrous battle of St-Quentin of 1557]

The Lily of the Dauphiné shall bear into Nancy,
as far as Flanders the Elector of the Empire:
new imprisonment for Lord Montmorency,
far from known paths delivered to punishment by fire.


[source unidentified]

In the middle of the forest of Mayenne,
with the Sun in Leo, lightning shall strike:
the great bastard issued from the Lord of Maine
on that day a bloody point shall enter at Fougères.


[after the contemporary Wars of Religion and pages 137-40 of Charles Estienne’s travellers’ guide-book of 1552 entitled Le Guide des Chemins de France]

By night shall come through the forest of Rennes
the Duke via Vautorte, Ernée and Pierre Blanche.
The black [Benedictine] monk turned to grey [soldier’s uniform] in Varennes,
chosen as captain, causes tempest, fire, bloody wounds.


[source unidentified]

At [Near?] the lofty church of Saint-Sologne at Blois,
at night on the bridge over the Loire, the Prelate killing the King outright,
a messenger shall bring news of victory in the marshes of Olonne,
whence the abhorrent Prelacy of the Whites [Protestants?].


[source unidentified]

The King and his court [being] in the place of the old covered market,
at the church facing the palace
in the garden [shall be] the Dukes of Mantua and Alba.
Alba from Mantua [shall receive] a dagger in the tongue and palate.


[after the death of the Comte d’Enghien, on whom a coffer fell from the roof while playing in the snow with the Dauphin François in February 1546, and François I’s consequent expiatory Easter pilgrimage to the abbey of Ferrières in Sologne, just south of Blois]

The younger son playing outdoors, down [shall fall] the barrel
from the top of the roof squarely on his head.
His father the King at the church of Saint-Sologne
shall sanctify by sacrifice the festival incense.


[source unidentified]

Through the windows of the palace on a rock,
the two little royal ones shall be snatched:
they shall pass Orléans, Paris, the abbey of Saint-Denis
with a nun, swallowing green-husked chestnuts.


[source unidentified]

Crossing the bridges [seas], he shall approach Les Rosiers,
arriving late, sooner than he thought.
The new Spaniards shall arrive at Béziers,
whose latter pursuit shall shatter the enterprise.


[possibly after the Imperial expedition of 1527 to sack Rome, co-commanded by Georg von Frundsberg]

To the one who has left Nice known by a harsh-writ name,
the great Cope [Pope] shall unknowingly present a gift:
near Voltri with its walls of green capers
after Piombino the wind [shall blow] in earnest.


[after the arrival of Pope Clement VII in Marseille in 1533 to celebrate the wedding of the Dauphin Henri (later Henri II) to the then Catherine de’ Medici in a specially constructed wooden palace connected to the royal one by a covered bridge, departing again via Nice, which was then part of the Duchy of Savoy]

The bridge shall be enclosed by a wooden wind-guard:
the haughty guest shall strike the Dauphin.
The old fudger shall continue his journey in the company of wooden vessels,
passing far beyond the legal borders of the Duke.


[probably after the Mirabilis Liber 1522/3]

An allied fleet from the port of Marseille
[shall enter] Venice in order to march on Hungary:
it shall leave from the gulf and bay of Illyria [Dalmatia].
Devastation in Sicily: for the Ligurians [northern Italians], cannon shot.


[after the recapture of Calais from the Empire in January 1558 by François Duke of Guise, and the truce of September 1557 eventually leading to the restoration of St-Quentin to France]

When the man who shall yield to none
shall wish to abandon the place taken, yet not taken,
[with the aid of] fireships through the swamps, pitch at Charleroi,
St-Quentin and Calais shall be recaptured.


[after the invasion mounted on behalf of the Normans of Apulia against the Byzantine Empire by Robert Guiscard in 1081-2, and the subsequent appeal for aid sent by the Byzantine Emperor Alexius I Comnenus to Venice (not Spain)]

At the port of Pula and of San Nicolas
Normans shall perish in the Gulf of Kvarner:
captured by Byzantium, they shall cry woe in the streets.
Help [shall come] from Cadiz and the great Philip.


[after the Italian and Sicilian earthquakes of 1542 and the consequent collapse of the campanile of the church of St George at Caltagirone, near Catania]

Through the earthquake at Mortara
St George at Caltagirone [shall be] in a state of semi-collapse.
Peace once asleep, war shall awaken:
at Easter in the Church schisms [shall be] opened.


[after the discovery of the obelisk of Augustus Caesar in 1502 during the closing years of the reign of Pope Alexander VI, who engaged in vigorous hostilities against the Ottomans]

[When] a column of fine porphyry [shall be] found deeply buried
with Imperial inscriptions under the base,
against the curved-beards the Roman power [shall be] tried.
The fleet shall be busy at the harbour of Mitylene.


[after the Mirabilis Liber’s prediction of a future Grand Monarque]

[The Gallic] Hercules [shall become] King of Rome and of Denmark,
nicknamed Leader of Tripartite Gaul:
Italy and the waters of St. Mark [Venice] shall quake.
He shall be renowned as the monarch who is first above all.


[after D’Auton’s account, in his Chroniques de Louis XII, of the revenge-campaign launched against Spain by Louis XII in 1503 in support of Cardinal Georges d’Amboise]

The share having been cancelled, the Mitred One shall be dismayed:
the counter-conflict shall sweep over the country of tiled roofs.
For betraying five hundred one shall be blamed
through the accounts for oil-provisions at Narbonne and Salces.


[an inaccurate forecast for the relationship between the Holy Roman Emperor Ferdinand I and his nephew Philip II of Spain]

And Ferdinand shall be escorted by a blond-haired woman:
he shall abandon Florence and follow the Macedonian [i.e. Philip II]:
if absolutely necessary he shall abandon his course,
and shall march against the Myrmidon [his faithful servant].


[source unidentified]

A great King [shall be] captured and in the hands of a young man:
not far from Easter, [amid] confusion, a stab with a knife,
captive[s] for life when lightning strikes the mast,
and when three brothers shall wound and murder each other.


[after the Annales de Toulouse for 1536, recording severe floods in December of that year]

Bridge and mills [shall be] overthrown in December:
the Garonne shall rise to such a high level
[that] walls, edifices at Toulouse [shall be] thrown down,
so that none shall recognise his locality. The Marne as well.


[source unidentified]

An invasion at Blaye near La Rochelle [shall be made] by the English,
bypassing the great Macedonian [Philip II].
Not far from Agen shall wait the Gaul:
deceived by talks, [he shall go to] help Narbonne.


[source unidentified]

In Arbisola to Verona and Carcara
[he shall be] led by night to seize Savona:
the lively Gascon at La Turbie and L’Escarène
behind the old wall a new palace shall seize.


[source unidentified]

Near Saint-Quentin, in Bourlon Wood,
in the abbey the Flemings shall be cut to pieces:
the two younger sons half-stunned by blows,
their followers hard-pressed and the guard all hacked to shreds.


[after the temporary seizure of Avignon from the Papacy by Henri II’s father, François I, in 1536, followed by protests from Pope Paul III – i.e. Alessandro Farnese]

The great Chyren [Henri (!)] shall seize Avignon:
from Rome [shall come] honeyed hundred letters full of bitterness.
A diplomatic letter shall be issued by Canino [Farnese],
Carpentras captured by a black [Moorish?] duke with a red feather.


[after the triumphant expedition against the Ottoman commander Barbarossa in Tunis mounted by the Emperor Charles V in June 1535]

From Barcelona, from Genoa and Venice
from Sicily and near Monaco assembled,
they shall take aim against the Barbarian fleet.
The Barbarian [shall be] driven right back to Tunis.


[probably after the triumphant expedition against the Ottoman commander Barbarossa in Tunis mounted by the Emperor Charles V in June 1535]

On the point of landing, the Crusader army
shall be watched by the Ishmaelites [Arabs]:
assaulted on all sides by marauding ships,
[these shall be] quickly attacked by ten chosen galleys.


[a failed prophecy of an attack by the Emperor Charles V on the Protestant enclave at Geneva]

Flee, flee Geneva, each and every one!
Saturn shall change himself from gold to iron –
the opposite! Zopira [Charles V] shall exterminate you all.
Before he arrives the sky shall show signs [of it].


[probably after the Mirabilis Liber of 1522/3]

He shall never tire of demanding more:
the great False One shall attain his dominion.
Far from his Court, he shall cause to be countermanded
Piedmont, Picardy, Paris – the worst of tyrants.


[source unidentified]

Begone, flee the Red Ones [Judges of the Inquisition] of Toulouse:
make your sacrificial expiation!
The Lord of Evil under the shade of the gourds
shall strangle [you] to death by ‘carnal prognostication’ [entrail-reading].


[source unidentified]

The signers of a disgraceful deliverance,
especially having the mob otherwise minded,
shall think that the change of monarch will put them in peril:
locked in a cage they shall see each other face to face.


[after unidentified bad weather, presumably at Bordeaux]

The great city of the Ocean Sea
[shall be] surrounded by icy marshes:
at the winter solstice and in the spring
it shall be afflicted by frightful gales.


[after Froissart’s account in his Chroniques of the deposition of the frivolous King Edward II of England in 1326 by a specially summoned parliament of nobles, followed by his secret murder, connived at from Flanders by his runaway Queen Isabella]

Ghent and Brussels shall march against Antwerp:
London’s Senate Shall put to death their King.
Wine shall with him usurp [too much] the role of wit
for them: the kingdom shall be in disarray.


[source unidentified]

Mendosus [the False One] shall soon attain the height of his power,
putting behind him part of Lorraine:
the Red One [the Cardinal?], the male of the interregnum,
shall blame The Young One. [There shall be] fear and terror of the Arabs.


[after the contemporary Wars of Religion, and the Protestant leader John Calvin in particular]

Against the Red Ones [Cardinals] the sects shall conspire:
peace shall be undermined by fire, water, sword and rope.
At the point of death [shall be] those who shall plot,
except for one who above all shall ruin the entire world.


[after the contemporary Wars of Religion]

Peace approaches from one side, and war [from the other]:
never was persecution so great.
Men, women shall mourn: innocent blood dashed to the ground.
And this shall be for the whole of France.


[after the legendary cruelties of the Emperor Nero, possibly assimilated to the story of Nebuchadnezzar and his Fiery Furnace]

The young Nero in the three fireplaces
shall have pages thrown to be burnt alive:
happy those who shall be far from such schemings!
Three of his relations shall place him in fear of his life.


[source unidentified]

He shall arrive at Porto Corsini,
near Ravenna, who shall plunder the lady:
in the depths of the sea [shall be] the legate from Lisbon.
Hidden under a rock they shall carry off seventy souls.


[after the Mirabilis Liber of 1522/3]

[After] The horrible war that is being prepared in the West,
the following year shall come the pestilence,
so very horrible that neither young, old, nor beast [is spared].
Blood, fire. Mercury, Mars, Jupiter in France [Aries?].


[possibly after the Mirabilis Liber 1522/3]

The army near Houdan shall pass Goussainville
and to the Scythians shall surrender its standard:
in an instant more than a thousand shall convert,
seeking to chain their leaders to pillar and post.


[possibly after the death of the Roman general and Praetor Drusus]

In the place of Drusus a King shall rest,
and seek a law to change the Anathema [on his head?]:
when – the sky shall thunder so very loudly –
it is reimposed, the King shall kill himself.


[apparently after the French Wars of Religion]

On the left bank at the place named Vitry,
the three Red Ones [Cardinals] of France shall be awaited:
All [Two] shall be killed: the black [Dominican?] Cardinal not murdered,
[but] by the Bretons restored to safety.


[probably after the contemporary activities of Nicholas de Lorraine, whose daughter Louise, born in 1553, would eventually marry King Henri III]

At La Ferté the Vidame shall seize
Nicholas in red raiment who had sired [the new] life –
big Louise shall be born, who shall scream [the house down]
[for] giving Burgundy to the Bretons on a whim.


[after the Mirabilis Liber’s predictions of a vast Muslim invasion of Europe]

At war shall be the Barbarians in black headdress:
at the bloodshed Dalmatia shall quake.
Great Ishmael [The Arabs] shall mount an advance.
The admirals shall tremble: help from Lusitania [Portugal].


[in part after contemporary Muslim pirate raids along the Mediterranean coast]

Pillage [shall be] committed along the sea-coast.
To Cittanova [Naples?] and similar towns [shall be] brought
many Maltese by decree of Messina.
Closely confined, they shall be poorly rewarded.


[after an unidentified episode from the Crusades]

For the Lord of Ceramon-agora [Usak],
the Crusaders shall all be staked out in rows:
for long-lasting opium and mandrake,
[being] October’s ransom, a third shall be released.


[after the contemporary Was of Religion]

Wailing and tears, screams and great howls
near Narbonne, in Bayonne and in Foix.
Oh, what horrible calamities and changes
before Mars has completed a few revolutions!


[after current hostilities between France and Spain]

The Macedonian [Philip II] shall cross the Pyrenees mountains
in March [on the warpath?]: Narbonne shall offer no resistance.
By sea and land he shall carry on such great manoeuvres,
the chief having no safe territory to stay.


[source unidentified]

He shall enter the patch of moonlight,
where he shall be captured and taken to foreign territory.
The unripe fruits shall be a great scandal:
great blame to one, [to the other] great praise.


[possibly after the Mirabilis Liber of 1522/3]

Peace and unity there shall be, and changes
of state and office: the low [shall be raised] on high and the high brought very low.
To prepare roads shall be the first fruit [result] of the torment.
War shall cease: [there shall be] civil lawsuits and quarrels.


[apparently after the Mirabilis Liber of 1522/3]

Up on the mountains around the Isère
near the rock of Valence shall be assembled
from Châteauneuf, Pierrelatte, and Donzère,
against the Crescent [the Muslims] the Romans, gathered [to defend] the Faith.


[source unidentified]

The Lord of Montelimar shall be extinguished:
the evil shall come at the junction of Saône and Rhône [Lyon]
[through] soldiers hidden in the woods on Lucy’s day.
Never was there so horrible a throne [king?].


[possibly after the omens mentioned by Conrad Lycosthenes in his Prodigiorum ac ostentorum chronicon of 1557]

One the mountain of Bully and L’Arbresle
the proud ones of Grenoble shall be hidden
beyond Lyon: there shall come upon them such heavy hail.
Of the locusts in the land not a third shall remain.


[after the contemporary Wars of Religion]

Sharp weapons [shall be] hidden within the torches
in Lyon on the day of the [Holy] Sacrament:
those of Vienne shall all be hacked to pieces,
fortifications [put up] throughout the Latin cantons.


[in part after the Mirabilis Liber’s Prophecy of St Vincent]

In holy places hairy animals [shall be] seen,
with him who shall not dare [to show himself by] day:
at Carcassonne to shame him suitably
he shall be set for a more ample stay.


[after the contemporary struggle between the Protestants of Toulouse and the established Catholic religion]

Once more shall the holy churches be polluted
and plundered by the Senate of Toulouse:
[once] Saturn has completed two or three cycles,
in April, May, people [shall arrive] of a new leaven [cast].


[after the Mirabilis Liber’s predictions of Arab invasion]

The blue-turbaned King shall enter Foix
and shall reign less than a revolution of Saturn [29 years],
the white-turbaned King bending to Byzantium[’s will]:
sun, Mars and Mercury near [in] Aquarius.


[after Nostradamus’s paganistic expectations for Protestant Toulouse]

In the murderous city of fertile soil,
lest again and again many ploughing oxen be sacrificed,
[they shall] return again to the honours of Artemis
and bury [the] dead bodies dedicated to Vulcan.


[possibly after the Mirabilis Liber of 1522/3]

To those of Ambracia [Arta] and the country of Thrace
the Gallic people shall bring chests of aid by sea
[who] in Provence [left their] perpetual mark,
with remains of their custom[s] and laws.


[possibly after the burning alive in 1553 of the ‘heretic’ Michael Servetus at Geneva]

With the rapacious and bloodthirsty Black [Suleiman the Magnificent?],
issued from the bed of the inhuman Nero,
between two rivers [in Iraq], on the host’s left flank,
he shall be murdered by the Young Baldy [John Calvin?].


[apparently after the marital adventures of King Henry VIII of England]

Once having taken over the kingdom, the King shall plot
the imprisonment of the lady, [who shall be] condemned to death by lot:
they shall deny life to the Queen’s son,
and [lodge] the mistress in the consort’s castle.


[after the story of Helen of Epirus, who married a Hohenstaufen, was widowed, captured on her way back to Greece and died in 1272]

The Greek lady with the beauty of Lais,
[shall be] made happy by countless suitors:
displaced to the Spanish kingdom,
[she shall be] taken captive and shall die a miserable death.


[source unknown]

The chief of the fleet through deceit and trickery
shall make the timid ones emerge from their galleys:
once out, [they shall be] murdered by the chrism[Christ]-denying [Muslim?] chief.
Then through ambush they shall pay him his just deserts.


[in part apparently after the Arab pirate raids of the day, possibly assimilated to the predictions of the Mirabilis Liber of 1522/3]

The Duke shall want to exterminate his men:
he shall send the strongest to foreign places.
Through tyranny he shall ruin Pisa and Lucca,
then the Barbarians [Arabs] shall gather grapes without [making] wine.


[source unidentified]

The crafty King shall intend by ambushes
to attack his enemies on three sides:
[through] a remarkable number of monkish arms
the enterprise of his agent shall fail.


[possibly after the secession by England of Boulogne to France in June 1546]

Amid flood and mighty pestilence,
the great city shall long be besieged:
the sentry and mortmain dead,
[it shall be] suddenly captured, but in no way looted.


[after the Mirabilis Liber’s end-of-the-world prophecies]

[With the] Sun in twenty degrees of Taurus, the earth shall quake so strongly:
the great crowded theatre it shall ruin.
Air, sky and land shall darken and be troubled:
then [even] the faithless shall call upon God and the saints.


[in part after recent archaeological discoveries resulting from floods]

The King shall have the sacrificial burial uncovered
after discovering its origin:
a torrent shall open the tomb of marble and lead
of a great Roman with Medusan device.


[after the campaigns of Bertrand du Guesclin, later Constable of France, in southern France during the Hundred Years’ War]

They shall pass Guienne, Languedoc and the Rhône,
from Agen holding [course] for Marmande and La Réole:
through opening the rampart [throwing open its gates] Marseille shall hold its throne.
Conflict near Saint-Paul-de-Mausole.


[after unidentified contemporary military manoeuvres]]

From Bourg-la-Reine they shall come straight to Chartres,
and near Pont St-Antony they shall pause:
seven crafty as polecats for peace
shall provide an entry for the army into a closed Paris.


[after unidentified lesson by a noble to a lazy cleric]

In an out-of-the-way spot by the forest of Torfou,
by the hermitage shall be placed the church:
the Duke of Étampes through the ruse he invented
shall make an example of the prelate of Montlhéry.


[after military activities apparently related to the Imperial siege of Thérouanne in 1553]

Calais, Arras [shall send] help to Thérouanne:
a pact and the like the spy shall simulate.
Savoyard troops shall come down through Roanne,
[but be] diverted by people digging up the road.


[after the ‘fortunate years’ of Philip II of Spain from 1554]

For seven years fortune shall favour Philip:
he shall beat back down the efforts of the Arabs.
Then in the south a perplexing reverse –
young Ogmion [Henri II?] shall destroy his stronghold.


[presumably after the campaigns against the Ottomans of the Emperor Charles V]

A captain of great Germany
shall make his way by way of pretended help
to the King of Kings in support of [and leader of?] Pannonia [Hungary],
whose revolt shall cause a great flow of blood.


[source unidentified]

The horrible plague Perinthus and Nicopolis
the Peninsula [Peloponnese] and Macedonia shall hold:
it shall lay waste Thessaly and Amfipolis,
an unknown woe, and [St] Anthony’s refusal [collapse of social life?].


[after unidentified military activities around Naples]

The King shall desire to enter the New City:
to drive out the enemy, they shall
arrange for a freed prisoner to spread false information.
the King shall be outside: he shall stay far from the enemy.


[after an unidentified episode in the wars between Henri II and Philip II of Spain]

With the enemies very far from the fort,
by wagons the bastion [building-stones] [shall be] brought
onto the crumbling walls of Bourges
when Hercules [Ogmion, and thus Henri II] the Macedonian [Philip II] shall beat.


[after the contemporary wars between the Holy Roman Empire and the Ottomans]

Weak groups shall be joined together,
false enemies the strongest in attack.
The weak ones having been assailed, Bratislava trembles:
Lübeck and Meissen shall take the Barbarian [Turkish] side.


[after unidentified military activities in northern Italy]

The newly appointed one shall lead the army,
almost cut off, as far as the shore,
retaining the aid of the Milanais elite.
The Duke [shall be] deprived of his eyes at Milan in an iron cage.


[after other unidentified military incident]

The army having been denied entry to the city,
the Duke shall enter through persuasion.
To the weak gates the army [shall be] silently led:
they shall set fire to them. Death and bloodshed.


[after the Imperial invasion of Provence in 1524, with special reference to the vast necropolis known as the Les Alyscamps at Arles]

The forces from the sea [having been] divided into three parts,
the second shall run out of supplies:
desperately seeking the Elysian Fields [Les Alyscamps],
the first to enter the breach shall gain the victory.


[source unidentified]

Those afflicted through the fault of a single one shall be stained,
turning them over to the opposing party:
he shall send word to those of Lyon to force them
to hand over the great chief of Malta.


[source unidentified]

The north wind shall cause the siege to be raised:
over the walls they shall throw ashes, lime and dust.
Through rain afterwards, which shall be much worse for them,
their last help [shall lie] over against their frontier.


[possibly after the Mirabilis Liber of 1522/3, assimilated to the battle of Actium of 31 BC]

The naval battle by night shall be overcome:
[through] fire in the ships, for the West ruin.
With fresh red ochre the great ship having been painted,
anger to the vanquished, and victory in the drizzle/mist.


Century 10


[source unidentified]

The word promised by foe to foe
shall not be kept, the prisoners retained:
one [shall be] captured near death, and the rest in their shirtsleeves,
the remainder damned for being retainers.


[source unidentified]

The galley’s sail shall hide the ship’s sail:
the greater fleet shall flush out the lesser.
Ten nearby ships near shall turn it and drive it back:
the greater one having been beaten, the alliance shall take it over.


[possibly after the Mirabilis Liber of 1522/3: otherwise unidentified]

After five years, he shall not lead out any of the flock:
a fugitive for his pains shall be released.
Traitors shall murmur, then help shall come:
then the chief shall abandon the siege [See].


[source unidentified]

Upon the midnight the leader of the army
shall flee, suddenly vanishing:
seven years later, his reputation unblemished,
on his return they shall claim never to have heard of it.


[after unidentified politicking, with a reference to Alexander the Great’s general and official historian]

Albi and Castres shall form a new league
with a new Portuguese Arrianus:
Carcassonne and Toulouse shall scotch their intrigue
when the new chief [shall see the] monster from the Lauraguais [Pyrenees].


[after the floods of September 1557 that uncovered ancient remains and artefacts (including, allegedly, an ‘ever-burning lamp’) around the ruins of the ancient Temple of Diana (Vesta) by the Sacred Lake at Nîmes. The Roman amphitheatre (or ‘Coliseum’), nowadays known as the Arènes, was traditionally used as a place of refuge.]

The Gardon shall flood Nîmes so deep
that they shall think Deucalion [the Greek Noah] reborn:
into the colosseum [amphitheatre] the greater part shall flee.
In the Vestal sepulchre fire shall seem to be extinguished.


[after the Imperial invasion of northeastern France in August 1557]

[In] The great conflict that is being prepared at Nancy
the Macedonian [Philip II] shall say, ‘I subjugate all’:
the British Isle [shall be] worried about wine and salt.
Amidst defiance Metz shall not hold for long.


[after events affecting the Della Rovere rulers of Senigallia in Italy]

With forefinger and thumb shall moisten the forehead
of his own son the Count of Senigallia:
by many of his faithful followers straight away
three [shall] in seven days [be] fatally wounded.


[possibly after the cruel and debauched Duke Allessandro de’ Medici, murdered in 1537]

Of a Castilian carter on a misty day
to an infamous woman a sovereign prince shall be born:
he shall be posthumously called ‘Pantsdown’.
Never was a King so bad in his realm.


[after the Mirabilis Liber’s prophecies of the Antichrist]

Stained with murder and enormous corruption,
[he shall be] the great enemy of the whole human race
who shall be worse than his grandfathers, uncles or fathers [forefathers],
by sword, fire, water, bloody and inhuman.


[after an unidentified Spanish invasion of southwestern France]

Through the dangerous pass below Junquera
the posthumous [son] shall cause his force to pass:
he shall cross the Pyrenees mountains without his baggage[-train].
From Perpignan the duke shall hasten to Tende [/to await him].


[after an unidentified papal election and death]

Elected Pope, as elected he shall be mocked
straightway, suddenly distressed and timid:
much too good and gentle, provoked to die:
[but] the extinguishing of his fear shall guide the night of his death.


[after an ancient account of an attack by the classical Segobrigenses]

Beneath the food of ruminating animals
led by them to the heart of the grass-girt city
troops [shall be] hidden, bringing the sound of battle,
[and] nearly bringing down the city of Antibes.


[after the story of the disintegration of Cesare Borgia after the poisoning of his father, Pope Alexander VI]

Humiliated, vacillating, not knowing his own mind,
bold [and] timid [by turns], by fear seized and overcome,
accompanied by many pale [painted] whores,
he shall be convicted at the Carthusian convent of Barcelona.


[after the story of the scandalous maltreatment by the Duke of Guelders of his own father in the 1470s, as reported by Commynes in Book IV of his Mémoires]

To his father the Duke, old in years and burdened with thirst,
on his last day his don denying him a ewer,
into the well he shall plunge him to living death
that old man on a rope: a long, mean death.


[after the outbreak of fire in the papal palace of the French Pope Benedict XII at Avignon during the visit there of King Pedro IV of Aragon in 1340]

Happy in the realm of France, happy in life,
knowing nothing of blood, death, fury or plunder,
by non-flatterers he shall [nevertheless] be annoyed.
The King [shall be] rescued: too much faith [fire] in the kitchen.


[after the marriage-plans of Anne de Bretagne, Queen of France, for her daughter Claude]

The scheming queen, seeing her daughter lame [‘Claude’]
because of a sorrow locked up in her breast,
[shall hear] lamentable cries [that] shall then come out of Angoulême,
and on the German marriage shall foreclose.


[source unknown]

The clan of Lorraine shall make way for Vendôme,
the high brought low and the low raised high:
the son of Jupiter [a bishop/lawyer/noble] shall be elected in Rome,
and the two lords shall be put at a loss.


[after an unidentified incident at court]

The day that she shall be hailed as Queen,
the following day [shall come] the benediction [and] the prayer:
after the matter has been concluded, weighed and evaluated,
previously humble, never was anyone so proud.


[after the sack of Rome in 1527 by Imperial troops under Georg von Frundsberg]

All the friends who held their own
by him of the harsh-lettered [name] shall be put to death and plundered,
great, perfect public works destroyed.
Never were the Roman people so outraged.


[source unidentified]

Through the spite of the King supporting the lesser one,
he shall be murdered while presenting the jewels to him:
the father wishing to show his son his nobility
does [shall do] as the Magi did of yore in Persia.


[source unidentified]

For not wishing to consent to the divorce,
which then afterwards shall be recognised as unworthy,
the King of the Isles shall be driven out by force,
replaced by one who shall bear no sign of kingship.


[source unidentified]

The ungrateful people having been remonstrated with,
thereupon the army shall seize Antibes:
in Monaco’s citadel they shall lay complaints,
and at Fréjus they shall take the shore from each other.


[source unidentified]

The captive prince, conquered in Italy,
shall pass Genoa by sea as far as Marseille:
through great efforts [he would have been] overcome by the foreigners
but for an explosion in a honey-barrel.


[source unidentified]

Via the Ebro they shall take passage for Brittany:
in the far distance shall the Tagus lighthouse show.
In Périgueux shall the outrage be committed
on the great lady seated on the stage.


[possibly after the accession of Louis XII in 1498]

The successor shall avenge his brother-in-law:
he shall occupy the kingdom in the name of vengeance.
The hostage having been killed, he shall blame his kin for the death.
For a long time Brittany shall stay loyal to France.


[after the sack of Rome by Charles Duike of Bourbon and Georg von Frundsberg in 1527 on behalf of the Emperor Charles V, when, with the imperial eagle and the keys of St Peter in contention, the current Pope, Clement VII (named Julius, after Julius Ascanius, son of Virgil’s Aeneas) did indeed retreat – to the Castel Sant’ Angelo in Rome]

Through the fifth one [Charles V] and a great Hercules [soldier]
they shall open the church by military might:
one Clement, Julius and Ascanius [shall be] in retreat.
[By] the sword the Key and the Eagle never experienced such aggression.


[source unidentified]

[The] Second and third who make the best music
by the King shall be raised in honour:
through thick and thin – almost emaciated –
false talk of Venus [love] shall make him depressed.


[possibly after the story of Eustache Marron, a Waldensian leader who was captured by troops from Béarn on their way back from Piedmont]

In the goat-cave at Saint-Paul-de-Mausole
[he shall be] hidden, [then] seized, pulled out by his beard:
led captive like some lowly hound
by the Bigorrans, [he shall be] brought to near Tarbes.


[after the notoriously nepotistic Pope Paul IV, who reigned from 1555 to 1559]

Of the kith and kin of the new-come holy man
he shall use his title to maintain arches and roof:
they shall be expelled, put to death, driven out without a stitch on.
Into red and black shall they convert their green [young skin].


[apparently after the Mirabilis Liber of 1522/3]

The Holy Empire shall come into [retreat to?] Germany,
[but] the Ishmaelites [Arabs] shall find the land open:
the asses shall also want Carmania,
[but] their supporters all [shall all be] covered by earth [go to their graves].


[apparently after the Mirabilis Liber’s prophecy of future events until the coming of the Antichrist]

Great power, everyone would partake of it:
one shall obtain it over the others.
But little time shall his kingdom and state last:
for two years [only] shall he be able to maintain himself by ship [sea].


[source unidentified]

The cruel faction in the long robe
shall hide beneath them sharp daggers.
The Duke shall seize Florence and the diphthong place [Fiesole?]:
its/his discovery [shall be] by youths and sycophants.


[source unidentified]

The Frenchman who shall hold power through war
shall be betrayed by his younger brother-in-law.
He shall be dragged by an untrained, prancing horse:
for the deed the brother shall long be hated.


[source unidentified]

The younger son of the king [shall be] flagrant in burning lust
to enjoy his first cousin:
[dressed in] woman’s clothing, to the Temple of Artemis
going, [he shall be] murdered by an unknown woman from Maine.


[possibly after the Mirabilis Liber of 1522/3]

After the [Arab] King of the souk’s speaking of wars,
the hermetic [?] isle shall hold him in contempt:
a good few years of raiding and pillaging
through tyranny shall change the island’s views.


[after unidentified military operations in Savoy]

The mighty force near the Lake of Bourget
shall meet up near Montmélian:
marching further, they shall thoughtfully draw up a plan of
battle at Chambéry, Saint-Jean-de-Maurienne, Saint-Julien.


[after unidentified events involving war with Algerian Muslims]

Not far from Amoura in Algeria
the garrisons shall be for the Arab Saint [Prophet]:
the Orsini and Venice shall pledge for the Gauls [French],
for fear delivered by the army to the Grisons [Swiss].


[possibly after prophecies by contemporary astrologers concerning the prospects for the young François II, who was 14 years old at the time of writing (1557-8)]

[The] First son, the widower of an unfortunate marriage,
without any children, [the] two Isles in discord,
before eighteen, not yet of age:
for the next one the betrothal shall take place while younger.


[after Froissart’s account, in his Chroniques, of the death of Edward I of England and the controversial reign of his unpopular and effeminate son Edward II]

The young heir to the British kingdom,
whom his dying father shall have recommended,
the latter dead, London shall dispute [with him],
and of the son the kingdom [shall be] demanded.


[possibly after personal memories of a religious ceremony near Agen]

On the border of Caussade and Caylus,
not very far from the bottom of the valley,
[there shall be] music from Villefranche and the sound of lutes,
accompanied by cymbals, with the noble bishop [present].


[possibly after the current reign of Queen Mary of England]

The humane realm of English ancestry
shall keep its realm in peace and unity:
with war half-captive in its enclosure,
[s]he shall long make them maintain peace.


[source unidentified]

Too good a time, too much royal largesse
[shall be] granted, ungranted, quickly, suddenly, carelessly:
lightly shall he believe falsehoods of his loyal wife,
and be put to death for his benevolence.


[source unidentified]

When a King shall be against his people
a native of Blois shall subjugate the Ligurians [northern Italians],
Mohamet [?], Cordoba and the Dalmatians:
of seven captured, one [shall be] presented as the image and ghost of the King.


[apparently after an event in the career of Antoine, the contemporary King of Navarre, and the collapse of the Treaty of Cambrai of 1529, broken by the French in 1556]

The untrue shade of the kingdom of Navarre
shall bring to life a destiny unlawful:
the uncertain vow [shall be] made in Cambrai.
The King at Orléans shall provide a lawful wall [bulwark].


[probably after the Elector Maurice of Saxony]

In life, fate and death a villainous, unworthy, gold-obsessed [filthy] man,
he shall not be the new Elector of Saxony:
of Brunswick he shall demand a sign of love
to make himself falsely popular to the people.


[after criminal activities on the pilgrim-route between St-Jean-de-Luz and Compostella in Spain described by Charles Estienne in his Les voyages de plusieurs endroits de France & encores de la Terre Saincte; d’Espaigne, & autres pays]

From Burgos to Our Lady of the Flowers
they shall come down heavily on the betrayal [crime] committed:
by the noble Prelate between Leon and Formanda
false pilgrims and thieves shall be undone.


[after the Mirabilis Liber of 1522/3]

From furthest Spain banners [shall be seen]
emerging from the ends and borders of Europe
and disturbances across the narrow-necked sea.
Its great horde shall be routed by [guerrilla] bands.


[after the assassination of heretics by the Inquisition]

At the Garden of the World [Eden = ‘Delight’ = Plaisance] near New City [Villeneuve],
on the way to the hollow mountains [the cave-country of the Dordogne]
he shall be seized and plunged into a barrel,
forced to drink waters poisoned with sulphur.


[after the Lorraine floods of February 1523, the year when the Constable of France, Charles de Bourbon, defected to the Empire in a fit of pique over his wife’s inheritance]

The Meuse by day in the land of Luxemburg
shall find Saturn and three [other planets] in Aquarius:
[through] mountain and plain, town, city and borough,
floods in Lorraine. Betrayal this year by the lord.


[source unidentified]

Some of the lowest places of the country of Lorraine
shall be united with Lower Germany
by besiegers – Picards, Normans, those of Maine –
and they shall be joined to the cantons.


[source unidentified]

At the place where the Leie and the Scheldt meet
the nuptials shall long be celebrated:
at the place in Antwerp where they carry the chaff,
too young, too old, the female consort [shall remain] undefiled.


[evidently after the extramarital affairs of King Henri II]

The three mistresses shall fight each other from afar:
the greatest shall stay on watch against the least.
The great Lunar One [Henri II] shall no longer be her patron:
she shall call him ‘Former broken white-skin’.


[source unidentified]

Born into this world of a secret concubine,
at two raised high by the sad news:
she shall be taken prisoner by her enemies,
and brought to Malines and Brussels.


[apparently after the marriage of the 14-year-old François II and the plight of his queen, Mary Queen of Scots, who on his early death in 1560 was sent back to Scotland – a detail possibly supplied posthumously by Nostradamus’s secretary Chavigny]

They shall celebrate the wretched nuptials
with great joy, but the end [shall be] unhappy:
husband and mother shall scorn the daughter-in-law,
her Apollo dead and the daughter-in-law more pitiful [still].


[after an incident at the English court, presumably under Queen Mary]

The royal prelate bowing too low,
a great flow of blood shall come out of his mouth:
the English realm [shall be] revived by the Queen.
For long he shall be in Tunis alive and dead as a log.


[source unidentified]

The parvenu shall not recognise his sceptre:
he shall disgrace the young children of the greatest Lords.
Never was there a more filthy and cruel being:
for their wives he shall abandon them to the Black Death.


[after current rivalries between King Henri II of France, whose device included a crescent moon, and Philip II of Spain, whose Spanish troops, following the French military disaster of St-Quentin in 1557, were currently menacing Rome itself ]

At time of mourning the lunar monarch [Henri II]
shall make war upon the young Macedonian [Philip II]:
France he shall shake, endanger the Bark [the Vatican],
harass Marseille. Talks with the West.


[source unidentified]

Within Lyon twenty-five of one mind –
five citizens, Germans, Bresseans, Latins –
under a noble shall form a long procession,
and be discovered by the barking of mastiffs.


[after the Mirabilis Liber’s scenario of Arab invasion]

I weep for Nice, Monaco, Pisa, Genoa,
Savona, Siena, Capua, Modena, Malta:
upon you [shall be] blood and sword for a New Year’s gift,
fire, earthquake, water, wretchedly unwanted.


[after the current Ottoman invasions]

Buda, Vienna, Komarno, Sopron,
shall be keen to deliver Pannonia [Hungary] to the Barbarians [Turks].
Through pikes and firearms enormous violence,
the conspirators discovered by an old crone.


[after the current Ottoman invasions]

Near Sopron to assail Hungary
the enjoy from Buda shall warn them:
the Byzantine [Turkish] leader, sallying forth from Slavonia,
shall convert them to the law of the Arabs [Islam].


[after events connected with the current Ottoman invasions]

Khania, Dubrovnik, the city of St. Jerome
healing help shall make green again:
the King’s son dead because of the death of two heroes,
Araby and Hungary shall take a single course.


[source unidentified, but apparently connected with papal politics]

Weep Milan, weep Lucca and Florence,
the fact that your great Duke climbs into the chariot:
to change [ruin] the See he advances near Venice,
when at Rome the Colonnas shall change.


[after the Imperial sack of Rome of 1527 under the partial command of Georg von Frundsberg, whose Gothic signature Nostradamus seems to pick up on elsewhere]

O mighty Rome, your ruin is nigh,
not of your walls, [but] of your blood and substance:
the one harsh in letters shall inflict such a terrible wound,
a swordpoint thrust into all up to the hilt.


[after the military campaigns against Scotland mounted by King Edward I of England]

The chief of London through the realm of America [or: through the lady’s realm disputed]
the isle of Scotland shall rack in freezing weather:
a rebel King they shall have, an Antichrist so false,
who shall draw all of them into the fray .


[after Jean Perrat’s description in his Chronique d’un notaire d’Orange of the violent earthquake of 4 May 1549 around Montélimar]

Such a great quake [shall happen] in the month of May,
Saturn in Capricorn, Jupiter and Mercury in Taurus,
Venus also, in Cancer Mars, at Annonay:
hail shall fall larger than an egg.


[after continual Muslim pirate raids on the Mediterranean coast, especially between 1526 and 1531, in 1534, and in 1536]

The army from the sea shall remain before the city,
then it shall leave [again] without making a long stay:
it shall seize many civilian victims on land.
The fleet shall return: it shall resume much looting.


[source unidentified]

The shining deed[s] of the newly-elevated old man
shall be so great from south to north:
raised by his own sister on great wings,
fleeing, [he shall be] murdered in the thicket of Ambel.


[apparently after the story of an eye-problem that Nostradamus suffered in 1554]

Through [being struck by] an object the eye shall swell so much,
and shall burn so much while the snow is falling:
once rain falls on the fields [in spring] it shall start to shrink
when the Primate succumbs at Reggio.


[apparently after the alleged celebration by some Protestants of the Sabbath on a Thursday]

The earth and air shall freeze: [there shall be] so much water
when they shall meet together to venerate Thursday.
What shall take place was never so fair!
From the four [all] directions they shall come to celebrate it.


[after the ‘miraculous’ restoration to health of the dying King François I, Duke of Angoulême, following a visit by his captor the Emperor Charles V in Madrid in 1525, projected astrologically into the future]

[In] The year 1999, seven months,
shall come a great defraying King of the region
to resuscitate the great King from Angoumois
before, after March, he shall reign [again] with good fortune.


[after the Mirabilis Liber’s prophecies of a future ‘Angelic Pastor’]

The present time together with the past
shall be judged by the great Jovialist [Prelate]:
the world [people] shall eventually tire of him,
and the legal-minded clergy [shall be] disloyal.


[after the resurrection of the dead at the Last Judgement, as described by the Mirabilis Liber]

The great seventh number [7000 years] once completed,
it shall appear at the time of the Hecatombic Games [the Olympics]
not far from the great millennial age,
that the buried shall come out from their tombs.


[after the Mirabilis liber’s prophecies of the expected future Antichrist]

So long awaited, he shall never return
in Europe: he shall appear in Asia Minor [Turkey],
one of the [robber] gang issued from the great Hermes,
and he shall become greater than all the Kings of the East.


[ source unidentified]

The great senate shall award the triumph
to one who afterwards shall be vanquished, driven out:
his followers shall at the sound of the trumpet,
their possessions having been put up for sale, be expelled as [public] enemies.


[source unidentified]

Thirty adherents of the order of Quirites
[shall be] banished, their possessions given to his adversaries:
all their good deeds shall be regarded as misdeeds.
The fleet [shall be] scattered, delivered to the pirates.


[after the liberation and then pillage undergone by Rome at the hands of the French troops of the Duke of Guise and the Spaniards of the Duke of Alba during 1557]

Sudden joy [turning] to sudden sadness
shall be at Rome Of The Embracing Graces [the statue of the Three Graces]:
grief, screams, tears, blood, excessive rejoicing,
opposing gangs surprised and trussed up.


[after the Mirabilis Liber’s predictions of the re-establishment of classical civilisation in Europe under a future Grand Monarque]

The old roads shall all be embellished:
they shall pass as it were to Memphis,
the great, mercurial Hercules [of the] fleur-de-lys
making lands, sea and country tremble.


[after the expected liberation of Rome from Muslim occupation by the future Grand Monarque]

In the great realm of the lord reigning over the kingdom,
by force of arms the great gates of bronze [of St Peter’s in Rome]
the King shall cause to be opened, joining the Duke.
The port [shall be] demolished, ship [sent] to the bottom, a day serene.


[source unidentified]

A treasure placed in a church by Hesperian [Spanish] citizens
shall be withdrawn inside it to a secret place.
[Their] kin shall open the church,
retake it, seize it: horrible victimhood in the holy-of-holies [sanctuary].


[possibly after King Harold’s last stand at the Battle of Hastings]

Screams, weeping, tears shall come with knives:
seeming to flee, they shall mount a final attack.
With death all about, they shall plant discs [their shields?] deep in the ground,
[then be] pushed back alive and murdered instantly.


[source unidentified]

The signal to give battle shall not be given:
they shall be obliged to leave the enclosure.
All around Ghent the banner shall be recognised
of him who shall have all his followers put to death.


[source unidentified]

The illegitimate girl [shall be] as high as, not lower than, her rank:
the late return shall make the aggrieved content.
The reconciliation shall not be without dispute
in filling and losing all his time.


[after Cicero’s Oratio pro Milone]

The old tribune, on the point of trembling,
shall be pressed not to deliver the captive:
the old man who is not an old man, speaking fearfully and with pain,
shall restore him to his friends lawfully.


[after the Third Crusade of 1189-92, led in part by King Richard the Lionheart bearing his gryphon-decorated shield]

Like a gryphon shall come the King of Europe,
accompanied by those from the North:
of red-and-white ones [Crusaders bearing red crosses on white coveralls] he shall lead a great troop,
and they shall go against the King of Babylon [official title of Saladin].


[a forecast of successful future operations by Henri II against the Holy Roman Empire in the east and Arab pirates in the Mediterranean]

The Great King shall make port near Nice
to stab the great Empire to death.
In Antibes shall he lay down his broom:
by sea shall all plunder vanish.


[after the frequent raids by Arab pirates on France’s Mediterranean coast]

Foot and horse at the second watch
shall force their way in, devastating everything by sea:
within the port of Marseille he shall enter.
Tears, screams and blood: never any time so bitter.


[after the claim by the Emperor Augustus, at the end of his 57 years in power, that he had ‘found in Rome of brick and left it of marble’]

From brick to marble the walls shall be converted
[during] seven-and-fifty years of peace:
Joy to humans, the aqueduct[s] renovated,
health, great fecundity, joy and honeyed times.


[after the reign of the Emperor Claudius, following that of Caligula]

A hundred times shall the inhuman tyrant die,
replace by one learned and gentle:
all the Senate shall be in his hand.
He shall be troubled by a rash scoundrel.


[a failed 50-year projection into the future of the coronation of Pope Pius IV in 1559]

Roman clergy, in the year 1609
at the beginning of the year you shall carry out the election
of a grey-and-black one who shall come from Campania
than whom there was never any so wicked.


[possibly an omen-connected prophecy of the Protestant leader John Calvin]

Before his father the child shall be killed,
the father afterwards [tied] between rush-ropes:
the people of Geneva shall be drained of strength,
the chief lying amidst them like a log.


[after the Great Western Church Schism of 1378 to 1417]

The new Bark [Vatican] shall undertake travel:
there and thereabouts they shall transfer the Empire.
Beaucaire, Arles shall retain the hostages
near where two columns of porphyry [shall be] found.


[source unidentified]

From Nîmes, from Arles and Vienne they shall issue condemnations
of those who do not obey the Hesperian [Spanish] edict:
the tortured for the noble they shall condemn,
six escapers in seraphic [Franciscan] habit.


[after the final expulsion of the Muslims from Spain in 1492]

In Spain shall come the most puissant King
by land and sea subjugating the southern filth:
such damage he shall do to bring down the Crescent [Islam],
and shall clip the wings of those of Friday [Muslims].


[a prophecy of the eventual victory of the Jews over the Muslims]

The religion by the name of the seas [Marranos] shall be victorious
against the sect of the son [heirs] of the Caliph Abdalah [the last Arab Caliph]:
the stubborn, deplorable sect [the Protestants?] shall be afraid,
wounded alike by Aleph [the Jews] and Alif [the Muslims].


[source unidentified]

Triremes full of captives of every age,
the weather good for evil, fair for bitterness,
being prey to the Barbarians, shall hurry too quickly,
anxious to see the feather wail in the wind [which way the wind will blow].


[on the disintegration of the times, by contrast with those of Joan of Arc]

The bright splendour of the joyous Maid
shall shine no longer: long shall no sense abide,
with merchants, ruffians, odious wolves,
everything upside down, [and] omens everywhere.


[worries about a possible scuppering of the eventual Golden Age by current religious quarrels]

In the end the wolf, lion, ox and ass,
and timid deer shall be amidst the dogs.
No longer shall the gentle manna fall upon them.
More vigilance and watch over the hounds!


[in part after Richard Roussat’s Livre de l’estat et mutations des temps of 1549/50, under whose terms the world had just entered (in 1533) the 354-year ‘Age of the Moon’]

The great Empire [power] shall be for England
the all-powerful for more than three hundred years:
great armies shall pass over sea and land.
The Portuguese [Lusignans] shall not be happy about it.

For rather more comprehensible literary verse-translations, plus fuller source-analyses, please go to

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