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Iowa Quick Facts

Population

  • Population (2006 estimate)1: 2,982,085
    • Rank among states: 30
  • Population (2000 census)1 :   2,926,324 
    • Rank among states: 30
  • Population (2030 projection)1 : 2,955,172

Land Area and Urbanization

  • Land area and population density (2000)1
    • Land area: 55,869.3 square miles
    • Population density: 52.4 people per square mile
  • Urban and rural population (2000)1
    • Urban: 61.1%
    • Rural (total): 38.9%
    • Rural (farm): 5.9
  • Metropolitan and non-metropolitan population (2006)1,2
    • Metropolitan: 55.2%
    • Non-metropolitan: 44.8%
    • Metropolitan areas: 9 areas comprised of 20 Iowa counties
    • Micropolitan areas: 15 areas comprised of 17 Iowa counties
    • Combined statistical areas: 4 areas comprised of 13 Iowa counties

Business and Industry

  • Gross Domestic Product  (2005)3
    • Total (in millions): $113,552
    • By Industry (2005)
      • Manufacturing: $24,710
      • Services: $20,293
      • Finance and insurance: $11,234
      • Government: $13,503
      • Retail trade: $7,156
      • Transportation and warehousing: $4,187
      • Wholesale trade: $6,599
      • Construction: $4,783
      • Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting: $3,707
      • Mining: $207
      • Real estate, rental and leasing: $10,385
      • Utilities: $2,082
      • Information: $3,495
      •  Arts, entertainment, and related activities: $1,211
  • Exports (2005)1
    • Top commodity exports (in millions):
      • Tractors - $642
      • Meat of Swine, Frozen or Fresh - $212 
      • Corn Except Seed Corn - $212
    • Top destinations of exports (in millions):
      • Canada - $2,556
      • Mexico -    $1,027
      • Japan -      $671
  • Businesses1
    • Business establishments with employees (2004): 81,565
    • Non-employer business establishments (2004):  188,954
  • Farms4
    • Number of farms (2005): 89,000
    • Acres in farmland (2005): 31,600,000
  • Residential building permits issued (2005)1: 16,111

Employment

  • Unemployment rate (May, 2006)5: 3.4%
  • Employment status (2005)1
    • In labor force: 69.9%
    • Females 16 years and over in labor force: 64.6%
    • Families with own children under 6 years
      • All parents in labor force: 69.9%
  • Employees in nonfarm establishments (2005)
    • Total: 1,481,100
      • Wholesale and retail trade: 248,000
      • Manufacturing: 229,600
      • Government: 245,500
      • Financial activities: 98,400
      • Transportation and public utilities: 58,800
      • Construction: 71,200
      • Information: 33,300
      • Professional and business services: 112,700
      • Educational and health services: 195,400
  • Farm operators (2002)4
    • Operators by principal occupation
      • Farming: 80,739
      • Other: 44,140
    • Operators by days worked off farm
      • Any: 69,581
      • 200 days or more: 46,898
  • Commuting to work (2005)1
    • Mean travel time to work (minutes): 18.4

Vital Statistics

  • Births (2005)6
    • Total:  39,275
    • Rate per 1,000 population: 13.2
  • Deaths (2005)6
    • Total: 27,770
    • Rate per 1,000 population:  9.4
  • Marriages (2005)6
    • Total: 20,419
    • Rate per 1,000 population:  6.9
  • Dissolutions (2005)6
    • Total: 8,148
    • Rate per 1,000 population:  2.7

Households and Families

  • Households (2005)1
    •  Number of households: 1,200,833
    •  Average household size (people):  2.38
  • Families (2005)1
    • Number of families: 790,132
    • Average family size (people):   2.92
    • Married couple family with own children under 18 years:  32.9%
    • Single householder with own children under 18 years:  12.6%

General Demographic Characteristics

  • Sex and age (2005)1
    • Male: 49.2%         
    • Female: 50.8%
    • Population under 5 years:  6.4%
    • Population 18 years and over:  76.7%
    • Population 65 years and over:  14.0%
    • Population 85 years and over:   1.7%
    • Median age (years):  38.6
  • Race and Hispanic or Latino (2005)1
    • White alone:   94.5%
    • Black or African American alone:   2.7%
    • American Indian and Alaska Native alone:   0.6%
    • Asian alone:   1.6%
    • Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone:    0.04%
    • Two or more races:   1.1%
    • Hispanic or Latino (of any race):   3.7%
    • White alone, not Hispanic or Latino:   91.6%

Social Characteristics

  • Educational attainment (2005)1
    • High school graduate or higher:  89.6%
    • Bachelor's degree or higher:      23.8%
  • Veteran status (2005)1
    • Civilian veterans:   11.4%
  • Disability status (2005)1
    • Population 5 years and over with a disability:  14.3%
  • Nativity and citizenship (2005)1
    • Native:  96.4%
    • Foreign-born:  3.6%   
      • Naturalized citizen: 1.2%
      • Not a citizen: 2.4%
  • Language spoken at home (2005)1
    • English only: 93.8%
    • Spanish: 3.4%
    • Asian:  0.9%
    • Other:  0.2%
  • Ancestry (single or multiple) (2005)1
    • German:  40.9%
    • Irish:  16.0%
    • Other:  43.2%

Economic Characteristics

  • Income (2005) 1
    • Median household income: $43,609
    • Median family income: $54,971
    • Per capita income: $23,340
  • Median earnings (2005)1
    • Male full-time, year-round workers:    $39,275
    • Female full-time, year-round workers: $29,384
  • Individual poverty status (2005)1
    • Individuals below poverty level:  10.9%
    • Related children under 18 years below poverty level:  13.6%
    • Individuals 65 years and over below poverty level:  7.9%
  • Family poverty status (2005)1
    • Families below poverty level: 7.5%
    • Families with related children under 18 years below poverty level: 12.2%
    • Families with female householder, no husband present, with related children under 18 years below poverty level: 35.4%

Housing Characteristics

  • Housing occupancy and tenure (2005)1
    • Total housing units:  1,306,943
    • Owner-occupied:  73.1%
  • Year structure built (2005)1
    • 1990 and later: 17.1%
    • Before 1950: 37.2%
    • Median year built (2003): 1960
  • Rooms (2005)1
    • Median rooms: 5.7
  • Value and owner costs (2005)1
    • Median value of owner-occupied units: $106,600
    • Median selected monthly owner costs as a percentage of household income: 18.3%
  • Gross rent (2005)1
    • Median gross rent of renter-occupied units: $559
    • Median gross rent as a percentage of household income: 27.0%

Governmental Units: Counties, Cities, and Townships

  • Counties (2005)1
    • Number of counties: 99
    • Population - Largest: 401,006 - Polk County
    • Population - Smallest: 4,264 - Adams County
    • Land area (2000) - Largest: 973 square miles - Kossuth County
    • Land area (2000) - Smallest: 381.1 square miles - Dickinson County
  • Incorporated places (2005) 1
    • Number of places: 948
    • Population - Largest: 194,163 - Des Moines in Polk County
    • Population - Smallest: 9 - Le Roy in Decatur County
    • Number of census designated places (2000): 5
  • Townships 1
    • Number of townships (2000): 1,660

Statistical Units: Census Geography

  • Census Geography 1
    • Census tracts (2000): 793
    • Census block groups (2000): 2,634
    • Census blocks (2000): 168,075

Links to More Data About Iowa

Data Sources

1 U.S. Census Bureau
 2 U.S. Office of Management and Budget
 3 U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis
 4 USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service
 5 U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics
 6 Iowa Department of Public Health
 7 Woods & Poole Economic, Inc.

by State Data Center last modified April 25, 2007 09:50 AM
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