Chido Museum/Matsugaoka reclaimed land HOME

 In 1950 Chido Museum was founded by the former Lord Sakai, the feudal lord of the Shonai district, who wished to improve and develop local culture.
He donated his properties and established the Chidokan, the shonai Clan’s Samurai school.
 Numerous examples of classical calligraphy, woodcraft and ceremonial sake barrels are preserved in Goinden,the old retirement residence of Lord Sakai.
 The two white wooden buildings in western style were transferred and rebuilt here.
One is the former Tsuruoka Police Station and the other is  the former  Nishitagawa  District  Office.
The  old  three-story  farmhouse  was  brought  from  a  snowy  mountain  village,  Tamugimata,  
and  has  attracted attention  for  its  gracefully  curved thatched  roof.
The new storage and the folkcraft houses contain exhibits of traditional folk materials of the Shonai district.

 Sakai Tadatsugu served TokugawaIeyasu, the  first  Tokugawa  Shogun.
As a reward  Lord  Sakai was  given the title  of  Tokugawa  Shitenno, which means one of the Big Four.
In 1622 Sakai Tadakatsu, the third of the Sakai family, became the feudal lord of the Shonai district,
an area which couldproduce as much as 140,000 koku of rice each year.
Successive feudal lords put a greatdeal of effort into agricultural administration.
Inparticular, the ninth Sakai, Tadaari, re-shaped financial affairs, supported education, and founded Chidokan,
a school created to train Samurai.




Professor  Reischauer’s  inscription

Edwin O. Reischauer (1910〜1990), American ambassador to Japan(1961〜1966), and Scholar of Ennin(円仁)
and his works, has written that Ennin, who was the first priest in Japan to be given the posthumous
title of Daishi(大師), was one of Japan’s greatest historians.
He wrote the essay “Yamagata ------The Other Side of the Mountain” in 1988at the Nan’in, from where the whole of Yamagata,
which cradles the spirit of Ennin, canbe seen.  

Yamagata-----The Other Side of the Mountain
  Whenever my foreign friends ask me about what they should see in Japan,
 I  urge
 them to get off the beaten track.
Naturally they should see the great cities like Tokyo
 and Osaka, since they epitomize
much of modern Japan, and they should not miss places like Kyoto and Nara which embody so much of Japan’s past.
But I  emphasize that they should not overlook the other Japan of which Yamagata is such a good example.
That is the Japan which still maintains a healthy balance between man and
nature and which, I hope, will become increasingly typical  of the country as a whole.
                                                    
Edwin. O. Reischauer

                         (By   Professor Reischauer’s monument,Yamagata.    [Yamadera(山寺)] )


?@Former Nishitagawa District Office
              -National Important Treasure-
               Built 1881;relocated to present site 1972.

Prefectural governor Mishima Michitune endorsed a policy of constructing European style buildings around the district. The former Nishitagawa District Office is one of his undertakings.
   Exhibits
      ・ The Shonai Region from primitive times to the Middle Ages
      ・ The History of the Shonai Region dating back to the Stone Age
      ・ The Meiji Restoration and Shonai at the end of the Boshin Battle; the Shonai Clan


?AGoinden, Retirement Residence of the Sakai Lords
                        Built 1863.

Th  entrance, the back room and even the hallways give some idea of the magnificence of a Daimyo’s  (feudal lord) mansion.
   Exhibits
      ・ Chidokan
      ・ Shonai-zao (fishing rods)
Now Exhibition   2011.3.1〜2011.4.3
            
            「Tsuruoka Hina dolls Story」 Exhibition


  Yusoku  hina(Chigo hina) ーEdo era


?BExhibition

The exhibits presented here include manykinds of arts and crafts and change periodically

Now Exhibition  2011.2.23〜2011.3.30

 「The Sakais of The Shonai Clan  Arts and Materials Exhibition


Byakui Kannon ー  Edo  era

?CFolkcraft House (Mingu no Kura)


 Initially used to store the Lord’s  arms and effects, this has been used to store traditional folk materials from various districts in Shonai since the establishment of the museum in 1950.
  Antique advertising materials and Sea of Japan shipping implements are displayed on the first floor; traditional Local handicrafts such as Shonai dolls can be founded on the second floor.


?DNational Important Folklore Cultural Assets Strage


 In 1981 a new building wasestablished with seven kinds of items on display;
  Bandori, a kind of backpack made of straw(116);
  Shuki, lacquered wooded sakecasks(77);
  Kurimono, hollowed wooden vessels(250);
  Daihoji Yaki; pottery backed at Daihoji(234);
  beautifully quilted working clothes(126);
  Sea of Japan fishing tackle(1937);
  Mogami River fishing tackle(810)


?EFormer Shibuya Familiy Home

         -National Important Treasure
          Built 1822;relocated to present site 1965.


 The Tasou-minka is a large three-story farmhouse. Its roof thatched and shaped like a samurai helmet. The house was originally built inTamugimata in Asahi Village.
It was designated an Important National Cultural Asset in 1969.


?FSakai’s Old-style Japanese Garden

        -National Scenic Location

Shoin is a specific type of Japanese garden.
In 1971 this garden was restored to its original condition.
It was designated a National Scenic Location in 1976.