blond (adj.) Look up blond at
1481, from O.Fr. blont, from M.L. adj. blundus "yellow," perhaps from Frank. *blund. If it is a Gmc. word, possibly related to O.E. blonden-feax "gray-haired," from blondan, blandan "to mix" (see blend). According to Littré, the original sense of the Fr. word was "a colour midway between golden and light chestnut," which might account for the notion of "mixed." O.E. beblonden meant "dyed," so it is also possible that the root meaning of blonde, if it is Gmc., may be "dyed," as the ancient Teutonic warriors were noted for dying their hair. Du Cange, however, writes that blundus was a vulgar pronunciation of L. flavus "yellow." The word was reintroduced into Eng. 17c. from Fr., and was until recently still felt as Fr., hence blonde for females. As a noun, used c.1755 of a type of lace, 1822 of people.
peroxide Look up peroxide at
1804, formed in Eng. from per- "large amount" + oxide (q.v.). Peroxide blonde is attested from 1918.
telegenic Look up telegenic at
1939, from television + ending from photogenic.
"Judith Barrett, pretty and blonde actress, is the first Telegenic Girl to go on record. In other words, she is the perfect type of beauty for television. ... She is slated for the first television motion picture." [Baltimore "Sun," Oct. 16, 1939]
strawberry Look up strawberry at
O.E. streawberige, from streaw "straw" + berige "berry." There is no corresponding compound in any other Gmc. language; the reason for the name is uncertain, but perhaps it is in reference to the tiny chaff-like external seeds which cover the fruit. A cognate O.E. name was eorđberge "earth-berry" (cf. Mod.Ger. erdbeere). Strawberry blonde is attested from 1884.
bomb (n.) Look up bomb at
1588, from Fr. bombe, from It. bomba, probably from L. bombus "a buzzing or booming sound," from Gk. bombos "deep and hollow sound," echoic. Originally of mortar shells, etc.; modern sense of "explosive device placed by hand or dropped from airplane" is 1909. Meaning "old car" is from 1953. Meaning "success" is from 1954 (though late 1990s slang in the bomb "the best" is probably a fresh formation); opposite sense of "a failure" is from 1963. The bomb "atomic bomb" is from 1945. Bombshell in the fig. sense of "shattering or devastating thing or event" is from 1860; in ref. to a pretty woman (esp. a blonde) it is attested from 1942. Bomber as a type of military aircraft is from 1917. Bombed "drunk" is from 1959.
suicide Look up suicide at
"deliberate killing of oneself," 1651, from Mod.L. suicidium "suicide," from L. sui "of oneself" (gen. of se "self"), from PIE *s(u)w-o- "one's own," from base *s(w)e- (see idiom) + -cidium "a killing." Probably an Eng. coinage; much maligned by Latin purists because it "may as well seem to participate of sus, a sow, as of the pronoun sui" [Phillips]. The meaning "person who kills himself deliberately" is from 1728. In Anglo-L., the term for "one who commits suicide" was felo-de-se, lit. "one guilty concerning himself."
"November, the suicide season." [Samuel Foote, "The Bankrupt," 1773]
In England, suicides were legally criminal if sane, but not if judged to have been mentally deranged. The criminal ones were given degrading burial in roadways until 1823. Suicidal is from 1777. Suicide blonde first attested 1942. Baseball suicide squeeze is attested from 1955.
--> 'use strict';