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 War Diary for Tuesday, 16 January 1945

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January 1945 
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Arctic Ocean
Soviet destroyer Dejatelnyj (ex RN Churchill) sunk by uncertain cause, possibly by U-956
   Naval operations in Arctic waters
   The U-Boat war, 1939-1945

Russian Front
Soviet 1st Byelorussian Front encircles Warsaw, captures Radom, and pushes toward Lodz
   Soviet advance to the Oder, January - April 1945

Soviet 1st Ukrainian Front attacks around Kielce and reaches Czestochowa
   Soviet advance to the Oder, January - April 1945

Soviet 2nd Ukrainian Front remains heavily engaged in Pest
   Siege of Budapest, December 1944 - February 1945
   Southern flank of the Russian Front, 1944-1945

Baltic Sea
German vessel Steinburg sunk, probably by Soviet submarine SC-307
   Naval operations in the Baltic Sea

Norway
Kriegsmarine patrol boat V-6408 sunk by Norwegian submarine Utsira off Trondheim
   Naval operations in Northwest European waters, 1944-1945

Germany
Hitler arrives Berlin where he will spend the remainder of his life in the Reich Chancellery and its underground bunker
   Berlin during the war years
   Adolf Hitler
   Hitler's headquarters
   Hitler's bunker

Hitler insists 6th Panzer Army must be redeployed from the west to Hungary
   Southern flank of the Russian Front, 1944-1945
   Adolf Hitler

Hitler relieves Harpe and appoints Schorner to take command of Army Group A
   Soviet advance to the Oder, January - April 1945
   Adolf Hitler

Hitler appoints Rendulic to take command of Army Group North
   Soviet advance to the Oder, January - April 1945
   Adolf Hitler

Hitler relieves Luttwitz of command of 9th Army
   Soviet advance to the Oder, January - April 1945
   Adolf Hitler

US 8th Air Force attacks Magdeburg with 122 bombers
   Strategic bombing of Germany and occupied Europe
   Air operations in Northwest Europe, 1944-1945
   Eighth Air Force: Operations and missions

US 8th Air Force attacks Ruhland with 67 bombers
   Strategic bombing of Germany and occupied Europe
   Air operations in Northwest Europe, 1944-1945
   Eighth Air Force: Operations and missions

US 8th Air Force attacks Dresden with 138 bombers
   Strategic bombing of Germany and occupied Europe
   Air operations in Northwest Europe, 1944-1945
   Eighth Air Force: Operations and missions
   Strategic bombing of Dresden

US 8th Air Force attacks Dessau with 146 bombers
   Strategic bombing of Germany and occupied Europe
   Air operations in Northwest Europe, 1944-1945
   Eighth Air Force: Operations and missions

US 8th Air Force attacks Bitterfeld with 96 bombers
   Strategic bombing of Germany and occupied Europe
   Air operations in Northwest Europe, 1944-1945
   Eighth Air Force: Operations and missions

RAF Bomber Command sends 371 aircraft to attack Magdeburg overnight
   Strategic bombing of Germany and occupied Europe
   Air operations in Northwest Europe, 1944-1945
   Bomber Command: Operations and missions

RAF Bomber Command sends 328 aircraft to attack Zeitz overnight
   Strategic bombing of Germany and occupied Europe
   Air operations in Northwest Europe, 1944-1945
   Bomber Command: Operations and missions

RAF Bomber Command sends 237 aircraft to attack Brux overnight
   Strategic bombing of Germany and occupied Europe
   Air operations in Northwest Europe, 1944-1945
   Bomber Command: Operations and missions

RAF Bomber Command sends 138 aircraft to attack Wanne-Eickel overnight
   Strategic bombing of Germany and occupied Europe
   Air operations in Northwest Europe, 1944-1945
   Bomber Command: Operations and missions

RAF Bomber Command sends 17 aircraft to attack Mannheim overnight
   Strategic bombing of Germany and occupied Europe
   Air operations in Northwest Europe, 1944-1945
   Bomber Command: Operations and missions

Netherlands
One V-2 rocket launch against Antwerp
   V-weapons offensive and defenses, 1944-1945
   Air operations in Northwest Europe, 1944-1945

Northwest Europe
German 6th Panzer Army begins transferring to Hungary
   Winter battles in Northwest Europe, December 1944 - March 1945

Operation Blackcock: British 2nd Army captures Dieteren
   Winter battles in Northwest Europe, December 1944 - March 1945

US 1st Army continues attacking on northern flank of German Ardennes salient and establishes contact with 3rd Army around Houffalize
   Battle of the Bulge, December 1944 - February 1945
   Winter battles in Northwest Europe, December 1944 - March 1945

US 3rd Army continues attacking on southern flank of German Ardennes salient and establishes contact with 1st Army around Houffalize
   Battle of the Bulge, December 1944 - February 1945
   Winter battles in Northwest Europe, December 1944 - March 1945

US 7th Army engaged around Bitche, Rittershoffen, Hatten, Dengolsheim, and Gambsheim
   Operation Nordwind, January 1945
   Winter battles in Northwest Europe, December 1944 - March 1945

General Leonard Gerow takes command of US 15th Army
   Winter battles in Northwest Europe, December 1944 - March 1945

RAF 2nd Tactical Air Force supporting ground operations and flying sweeps
   Winter battles in Northwest Europe, December 1944 - March 1945
   Air operations in Northwest Europe, 1944-1945
   Fighter Command / 2nd Tactical Air Force: Operations and missions

US 9th Air Force aircraft fly patrols, escort, armed recon, ground support, and tactical bombing missions
   Winter battles in Northwest Europe, December 1944 - March 1945
   Air operations in Northwest Europe, 1944-1945

North Sea
RAF Bomber Command sends 31 aircraft to conduct minelaying operations overnight
   Strategic bombing of Germany and occupied Europe
   Air operations in Northwest Europe, 1944-1945
   Bomber Command: Operations and missions

United Kingdom
Convoy KMF 38A departs the Clyde for Gibraltar
   Atlantic convoys

Adriatic Sea
Kriegsmarine S-boat S-33 sunk by RN MTB-698
   Naval operations in the Aegean and the Adriatic, 1942-1945

Italy
US 12th Air Force mostly grounded by poor weather conditions
   Gothic Line to the Alps, August 1944 - May 1945
   Air operations in the Italian campaign, 1943-1945

Mediterranean
Unsuccessful attack by 30 Kriegsmarine Linsen explosive motor boats against Allied naval traffic off La Spezia
   Gothic Line to the Alps, August 1944 - May 1945
   Naval operations in Italian waters, 1943-1945
   Germany: Special naval forces

Atlantic Ocean
U-482 sunk at uncertain date and location, possibly on this date by RN frigate Loch Craggie and sloops Amethyst, Hart, Peacock, and Starling
   The U-Boat war, 1939-1945

U-248 sunk by USN destroyer escorts Varian, Otter, Hayter, and Hubbard
   The U-Boat war, 1939-1945

Canada
Convoy SC 165 departs Halifax for Liverpool
   Atlantic convoys

Mariana Islands
USN destroyer Swanson bombards Rota Island
   Operations in the Mariana Islands, 1944
   Naval operations in the Central and Western Pacific Area

US 20th Air Force attacks Maug Island and Pagan Island with 32 B-29 bombers
   Operations in the Mariana Islands, 1944
   Air operations in the Central and Western Pacific Area, 1941-1945

East Indies
US FEAF aircraft attack targets on Borneo and Halmahera Island
   Operations in the East Indies, 1942-1945
   Air operations in the East Indies

South China Sea
Carrier-based aircraft from USN Task Force 38 attack Japanese shipping and targets along the coast from Hong Kong to Hainan Island
   Naval operations in Chinese waters, 1937-1945
   Air operations in the China - Burma - India theater

IJN guardboat No. 1 Taiyo Maru sunk by carrier-based aircraft from USN Task Force 38
   Naval operations in Chinese waters, 1937-1945
   Air operations in the China - Burma - India theater

Japanese vessel Hokkai Maru sunk by carrier-based aircraft from USN Task Force 38
   Naval operations in Chinese waters, 1937-1945
   Air operations in the China - Burma - India theater

Japanese vessel Tenei Maru sunk by carrier-based aircraft from USN Task Force 38
   Naval operations in Chinese waters, 1937-1945
   Air operations in the China - Burma - India theater

Japanese vessel Matsushima Maru sunk by carrier-based aircraft from USN Task Force 38
   Naval operations in Chinese waters, 1937-1945
   Air operations in the China - Burma - India theater

Japanese vessel Sanko Maru sunk by carrier-based aircraft from USN Task Force 38
   Naval operations in Chinese waters, 1937-1945
   Air operations in the China - Burma - India theater

Japanese vessel No. 2 Anri Go sunk by carrier-based aircraft from USN Task Force 38
   Naval operations in Chinese waters, 1937-1945
   Air operations in the China - Burma - India theater

Japanese vessel Harima Maru sunk by carrier-based aircraft from USN Task Force 38
   Naval operations in Chinese waters, 1937-1945
   Air operations in the China - Burma - India theater

Japanese vessel No. 6 Nanryu Maru sunk by carrier-based aircraft from USN Task Force 38
   Naval operations in Chinese waters, 1937-1945
   Air operations in the China - Burma - India theater

Several other Japanese vessels damaged by carrier-based aircraft from USN Task Force 38
   Naval operations in Chinese waters, 1937-1945
   Air operations in the China - Burma - India theater

Philippine Islands
US 6th Army attacking around Rosario, Hill 200, and Pozorrubio on Luzon
   Philippines campaign, 1944-1945

19th Infantry Regiment of US 8th Army runs into Japanese positions around Bulalacao on Mindoro Island
   Philippines campaign, 1944-1945

US FEAF aircraft attack targets on Luzon Island and Negros Island
   Philippines campaign, 1944-1945
   Air operations in the Philippines, 1944-1945

Volcano Islands
US 7th Air Force attacks Iwo Jima with 10 B-24 bombers
   Operations in the Bonin Islands and Volcano Islands, 1944-1945
   Air operations over the Japanese Home Islands, 1942-1945

China
China Theater notified that all B-29 bombers of US 20th Air Force to be transferred to the Mariana Islands
   Sino-Japanese War, 1937-1945
   Air operations in the China - Burma - India theater

US 14th Air Force attacks targets of opportunity throughout southern China with more than 180 fighters
   Sino-Japanese War, 1937-1945
   Air operations in the China - Burma - India theater

Burma
Elements of Chinese 38th Infantry Division of Northern Combat Area Command reach Ta-kawn
   Allied return to Burma and beyond, 1944-1945

RAF bombers attack Zayatkwin airfield near Rangoon
   Allied return to Burma and beyond, 1944-1945
   Air operations in the China - Burma - India theater

US 10th Air Force attacks Namtoi with 12 bombers
   Allied return to Burma and beyond, 1944-1945
   Air operations in the China - Burma - India theater

US 10th Air Force provides ground support around Yenya-u and Shadaw with 15 fighters
   Allied return to Burma and beyond, 1944-1945
   Air operations in the China - Burma - India theater

US 10th Air Force attacks airfields at Anisakan and Nawnghkio with 22 fighters
   Allied return to Burma and beyond, 1944-1945
   Air operations in the China - Burma - India theater

US 10th Air Force attacks Japanese positions, supply depots, and other targets at other locations with 40 fighters
   Allied return to Burma and beyond, 1944-1945
   Air operations in the China - Burma - India theater

Ceylon
RN Pacific Fleets departs Trincomalee for operations in the Pacific
   Naval operations in the Indian Ocean and Bay of Bengal
   Royal Navy Pacific Fleet operations, 1945

Dates are local to the time zone in which the event occurred, but discrepancies and inconsistencies abound throughout the sources, especially when events ocurred shortly before or after midnight.

Entries on file for this date: 64
Total entries on file: 58,578
Updated: 8:25 Pacific Time on 16 January 2010

Help improve our War Diary
Recommend an addition, correction, or clarification for this date.

Principal sources for this War Diary
Alden. U.S. Submarine Attacks during World War II
Argyle. Chronology of World War II
Brown. Warship Losses of World War Two
Browning. US Merchant Vessel Casualties of World War II
Carter and Mueller. Combat Chronology, 1941-1945
Cressman. The Official Chronology of the US Navy in World War II
Edelheit and Edelheit. A World in Turmoil
Foreman. Fighter Command War Diaries (five volumes)
Goralski. World War II Almanac, 1931-1945
Hague. The Allied Convoy System
Hammel. Air War Europa
Hammel. Air War Pacific
Hauner. Hitler: A Chronology of His Life and Time
Kay. Chronology: New Zealand in the War, 1939-1946
Middlebrook and Everitt. Bomber Command War Diaries
Niestle. German U-Boat Losses during World War II
Rohwer. Allied Submarine Attacks of World War Two
Rohwer. Axis Submarine Successes of World War Two
Rohwer. Chronology of the War at Sea
Salmaggi and Pallavisini. 2194 Days of War
Sommerville. World War II Day by Day
Swain. A Chronology of Australian Armed Forces at War, 1939-45
Taylor. Barbarossa to Berlin (two volumes)
Williams. Chronology, 1941-1945
Young. Britain's Sea War

Various other Chronology volumes also served as sources.

Many additional volumes were consulted for specific topics.
 

 

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18:04 on 16 January 2010