Translation of Indo-European names into Proto-Indo-European using their etymology, or transcription of non-Indo-European terms into Modern Indo-European.


Postby indoeuropean on Fri May 30, 2008 3:05 pm

Latin Martinus, "of or like Mars" or "little Mars", from Mars (stem Marti-) + -inus, diminutive adjective suffix.

Mars was called Mavōrs in some poetry (Virgil VIII, 630), and Mamers was his Oscan name. He was also known as Marmor, Marmar and Maris, the latter from the Etruscan deity Maris.

If compared with Greek mythology, Ares (Ancient Greek: Ἄρης, modern Greek Άρης [pron. "áris"]) is the son of Zeus and Hera. Though often referred to as the Olympian god of warfare, he is more accurately the god of savage warfare, bloodlust or slaughter.

There may be a connection with the Roman war god Mars, via common Indo-European M̥rēs; compare Ancient Greek μάρναμαι (márnamai)= "I fight", cf. Latin mas, "masculine, virility", and Sanskrit for “striker”.

In any case, translated as Modern Indo-European Martinos.

Other common forms:
* Chinese: 马丁 (mǎdīng)
* Czech: Martin m.
* Danish: Martin, Morten
* Dutch: Martijn, Maarten, Martinus
* Estonian: Martin, Marti, Mart, Märt
* Finnish: Martti
* French: Martin
* German: Martin
* Hungarian: Márton
* Icelandic: Marteinn
* Irish: Mártan
* Italian: Martino
* Latin: Martinus
* Norwegian: Martin, Morten
* Polish: Marcin
* Russian: Мартин (Martin), Мартын (Martyn)
* Spanish: Martín
* Swedish: Martin, Mårten
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