|GM Food & Feed - Introduction
Food and Feed are generally derived
from plants and animals which have been grown and bred by
humans for several thousand years. Over time, these plants
and animals have undergone substantial genetic changes as
those individuals with the most desirable characteristics
for food and feed were chosen for breeding the next generation.
The desirable characteristics were caused by naturally occurring
variations in the genetic make-up of those individuals. In
recent times, it has become possible to modify the genetic
material of living cells and organisms using techniques of
modern gene technology. Organisms, such as plants and animals,
whose genetic material (DNA) has been altered in such way
are called genetically modified organisms (GMOs). The food
and feed which contain or consist of such GMOs, or are produced
from GMOs, are called genetically modified (GM) food or feed.