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Animal Health and Welfare
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Import FAQ


Importation of non-human primates.

The animal health rules for trade between Member States and importation into the EU from third countries (TC) of non-human primates are laid down in Council Directive 92/65/EECpdf , article 5 for trade between Member States and articles 16, 17 and 18 for importation into the EU. There is no link with the list of countries laid down in Decision 79/542/EECpdf.

In Chapter II article 5 of 92/65/EEC the following is stated:

1. Member States shall ensure that trade in apes (simiae and prosimiae) is restricted solely to animals consigned from and to a body, institute or centre approved by the competent authorities of the Member States in accordance with Article 13 and that such animals are accompanied by a veterinary certificate corresponding to the specimen in Annex E, the declaration in which must be completed by the official veterinarian of the body, institute or centre of origin to guarantee the animal's health.

This is for trade between Member States, but in article 16 the following is stated:
The condition applicable to imports of animals, semen, ova and embryos covered by this Directive must be at least equivalent to those laid down in Chapter II.

It means that the animal health rules on importation of apes must at least meet the requirements put down in Article 5.

At this moment no specific list of TC nor the specific animal health rules for importation of non-human primates to the EU have been laid down, as foreseen in Article 17 (2). This means that according to article 18 (2) of 92/65/EEC, national rules applicable to imports of primates from third countries apply. As the national rules must at least meet the requirements laid down in Chapter II, there should be a list drawn up by the national authority of establishments in TC that have been approved in accordance with Article 13 of Directive 92/65/EEC. From those establishments importation of non-human primates is allowed, unless there are of course other rules that prohibit importation at all like in the Cites legislation.

Cites rules are also applicable in this case.

The Commission is planning to lay down in the near future the specific animal health rules on the list of TC for importation of non-human primates.

EU import requirements for meat extracts intended for human consumption.

The EU requirements for production and marketing of meat products and certain other products of animal origin are laid down in Council Directive 77/99/EECpdf as last amended by Council Regulation (EC) No. 807/2003pdf (OJ No L 133 16.5.2003, p.36). Meat extracts are defined as "other products of animal origin " in Article 2(b)(i) of this Directive.

Whereas the requirements for meat extracts exported from Morocco to the EU must be at least equivalent to the EC rules laid down in Directive 77/99/EEC, the more specific import requirements for these products, including certification, are governed by national rules at the present time. Therefore, to avoid problems on importation of these products the exact requirements should be clarified with the Member State of destination.

Animal and Public Health Requirements for the import of Crocodile meat.

Crocodile meat is listed in the Annex of Commission Decision 2002/349/ECpdf of 26 April 2002 laying down the list of products to be examined at border inspection posts under Council Directive 97/78/ECpdf (OJ L 121, 8.5.2002, p. 6). Crocodile meat is included in Directive 92/118/EECpdf in Annex II chapter 2 under the general heading of reptile meat under the provisions for specific public health rules. But for imports of this kind of meat no specific and harmonised public health requirements have been laid down by the Community.

So Member States should verify in the border inspection post whether the crocodile meat to be imported meets the national public health import requirements of the Member State of destination and no animal health conditions are required.

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