European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) provides the European
Commission with independent scientific advice on all matters
with a direct or indirect impact on food safety. It is a separate
legal entity, independent from the other EU institutions.
The establishment of EFSA was one
of the key measures contained in the Commission’s White
Paper on Food Safety, which was published in January 2000.
178/2002/EC providing a legal basis for the Authority
was formally adopted on 28 January 2002.
EFSA’s work covers all stages
of food production and supply, from primary production to
the safety of animal feed, right through to the supply of
food to consumers. It collects information and analyses new
scientific developments so it can identify and assess any
potential risks to the food chain. It can carry out scientific
assessment on any matter that may have a direct or indirect
effect on the safety of the food supply, including matters
relating to animal health, animal welfare and plant health.
EFSA also gives scientific advice
on non-food and feed GMOs as well as on nutrition in relation
to EU legislation. It can communicate directly with the public
on any issue within its area of responsibility.
This site contains archive material related to five committees
which were transferred to EFSA in May 2003:
- Scientific Committee on Food
- Scientific Committee on Animal Nutrition
- Scientific Committee on Veterinary Measures relating to
- Scientific Committee on Plants
- Scientific Committee on Animal Health and Animal Welfare
All were established by Commission
Decision 97/579/EC. At the same time the Scientific Steering
Committee was dissolved and its responsibilities in relation
to scientific advice on BSE/TSE were also transferred to EFSA.
More information on these committees is available here.