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Dietetic Foods

Foodstuffs intended to satisfy particular nutritional requirements of specific groups of the population are called "foods for particular nutritional uses", "dietetic foods" or "dietary foods", which may sometimes be referred to as "PARNUTS" foods.

Council Directive 89/398/EEC pdf as amended by:

Council Directive 96/84/EC pdf of the European Parliament and of the Council and

Council Directive 1999/41/EC es da de el fr it nl pt fi sv pdf of the European Parliament and of the Council sets out a framework of rules for the composition, marketing and labelling requirements of dietetic foods, including measures to ensure the appropriate use of such foods and to exclude any risk to human health.

The framework directive lists the following groups of dietary foods for which specific rules shall be set out by Commission Directives:

The framework directive requires the Commission to prepare a report on foods intended for people suffering from diabetes.

The Commission is also required to define the conditions for making claims concerning the reduction or absence of sodium (or salt) in foods and the absence of gluten in foods. The Scientific Committee on Food has produced a report on low sodium and salt substitutes. The scientific basis, with respect to the content of gluten of a food, for making a claim "gluten-free" is not conclusive. The subject is being considered at an international level under the Codex Alimentarius Commission, within the Joint FAO/WHO Foods Standards Programme. The Commission is closely following these discussions.

The nutritional substances that can be added to foods for particular nutritional uses are controlled either through positive lists included in the specific directives or by Commission Directive 2001/15/EC es da de el fr it nl pt fi sv pdf, as last amended by Commission Directive 2004/5/EC es da de el fr it nl pt fi sv pdf of 20 January 2004 amending Directive 2001/15/EC to include additional substances to the Annex. Through Commission Directive 2004/6/EC es da de el fr it nl pt fi sv pdf of 20 January 2004 derogating from 2001/15/EC to postpone the application of the prohibition of trade to certain products Member States may continue to allow the use of certain nutritional substances until the end of 2006.”

The directives on infant formulae, follow-on formulae and weaning foods include lists of nutritional substances that may be added to these foods. The lists included in Directive 2001/15/EC pdf are based on the scientific advice of the SCF and apply to all other dietary food groups that are covered by the framework Directive 89/398/EEC.

Scientific Advice

Statement on L-serine and some amino acid salts for use in foods for particular nutritional purposes (expressed on 4 April 2003)

Opinion of the Scientific Committee on Food on substances for nutritional purposes which have been proposed for use in the manufacture of foods for particular nutritional purposes (‘PARNUTS’) (expressed on 12/5/99)

Report of the Scientific Committee for Food on foods for particular nutritional uses whose sodium content has been modified. Low sodium foods and salt substitutes (adopted on 9 December 1991)

SCADPlus : Legislation on foodstuffs intended for particular nutritional uses

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