Agriculture has been the primary occupation of the people of the district. More than 42 per cent of the total population depend on agriculture. Cultivable land may be classified as wet, dry, garden and plantations. Paddy is the most important crop cultivated in the wet lands. Tapioca and pulses are the important dry land crops. Coconut, one of the most important crops of the district, is cultivated in an area of 84,308 hectares and the annual production is about 516 million nuts.

Rubber cultivation is mainly confined to Nedumangad taluk. At present, there are about 26,999 hectares of rubber plantations and the annual production is estimated at 30,717 tonnes.

Newly introduced agricultural development schemes have opened new vistas in this field. Fresh schemes are introduced in every panchayat with a view to maximize yield per unit area by exploiting the production potential of paddy and vegetables.

Cashew is grown in 2,184 hectares of land and the production is about 1745 tonnes. Pepper cultivation covers an area of 5,090 hectares and the yield is about 1824 tonnes.

Soil conservation projects are being implemented with subsidy and loans.

Major Agricultural Products

Products

Area under cultivation (ha.)

Production in tonne

Rice

11368

19610

Pepper

5090

1824

Ginger

108

313

Cashewnut

2184

1745

Tapioca

25253

500101

Coconut

84308

516 million Nuts

Arecanut

717

456 million Nuts

Tea

965

608

Rubber

26999

30717


* Source : Farm Guide 2000

IRRIGATION


The Neyyar Irrigation Project, commissioned in 1959, irrigates an area of 11,665 hectares in Thiruvananthapuram. Neyyar is the source of water for the reservoir. The length of the dam is 294.13meters and the height is 50.6 meters. The catchment draining into the reservoir, covering an area of 140 sq kms. of forest land, receives an annual average rainfall of about 226 cms. from two monsoons. The total length of the main canal and its branches is 266 kms.

 


 
 
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