ANIMAL HUSBANDRY AND DAIRY

The Regional Poultry Farm and the District Livestock Farm at Kudappanakunnu, the Dry Stock Farm at Palode, the Intensive Poultry Block at Pettah, Clinical lab, broiler farm, piggery, veterinary sub centres, veterinary Biological Institute, Disease Investigation Office, Livestock Disease Control unit and the SPCA (Society for Prevention of Cruelty to Animals) are the major animal husbandry institutions in the district.


Livestock Population



Cattle

Buffaloes

Goats

Sheep

Pigs

255516

15304

192017

378

4683

       

* 1996 Census


At present there are 23 veterinary hospitals 76 veterinary dispensaries and 144 such centres in the district.

In Thiruvananthapuram, milk is being distributed to consumers from the dairy at Ambalathara. There are 376 dairy co-operatives besides, 294 Anand model co-operatives. Kerala Livestock Development and Milk Marketing Board

(K.L.D. & M.M.B.) and the Kerala Co-operative Milk Marketing federation (MILMA) strive to improve production. Nearly 1,47,000 litres of milk is being collected and distributed daily through the co-operative societies.

FISHERIES


Thiruvananthapuram district stretches along the shores of the Arabian Sea for a distance of 78 kms, offering immense scope for the development of fisheries as an important source of earning foreign exchange.

Varkala, Anchuthengu, Poonthura, Vizhinjam and Poovar are some of the major fishing centres. The fishermen population is about two lakhs and the catch is around 32,000 tonnes. Anchovies, sardine, catfish, cavanx, mackerel, tuna and carangids are the important species caught in this area. Introduction of mechanized fishing crafts and modern fishing gear has augmented the fish catch.

There are 42 fishermen villages and the total number of households engaged in fishing is about 40,000.

Development activities and welfare programmes are implemented by the Department of Fisheries, Matsyafed, Fish Farmers Development Agency (FFDA), and Brackish Water Fish Farmers Development Agency (BWFFDA).

The inland catch is significant in the district. The newly launched people oriented fish farming scheme aims at fish cultivation in 205 hectares of public ponds. All the 78 panchayats in the district are readied to adopt the scheme under the guidance of local bodies.

The coastal fisheries belt is divided into 42 fisheries villages and most of such villages have fishermen welfare societies formed under the Kerala Fisheries Welfare Society Act of 1980.


PUBLIC DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM


There is a wide network of public distribution units in the district, comprising of 1862 retail ration depots and 32 wholesale shops. The number of ration cards issued in the district is 759386.

The Kerala State Civil Supplies Corporation has opened Maveli Stores through which all essential commodities are being sold at reasonable prices. The super market in Thiruvananthapuram city sells almost all kinds of commodities ranging from groceries to wristwatches. At present there are 79 Maveli Stores, 2 Super Markets, 39 kerosene depots, 13 Labham markets, 2 mobile Maveli stores, 5 Maveli medical stores and 4 petrol bunks in the district, besides Co-operative Maveli stores and LPG outlets.


CENTRAL GOVERNMENT OFFICES

Most of the Central Government offices in the State are located in Thiruvananthapuram. Apart from the AGs Office, Reserve Bank of India (RBI), National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD), Customs and Central Excise, Income Tax, Chief General Manager Telecom (BSNL), Chief Post Master General, Passport Office etc, the Government of India public sector undertakings like the Hindustan Latex and Sri Chitra Thirunal Institute of Science and Technology are also located in the district. A Central Government Office complex has been constructed at Poonkulam, 15 kms from the city, to accommodate the scattered central government offices in private buildings like the DAVP., Films Division, Directorate of Sample Survey, Enforcement Directorate etc.

ISRO

The Indian Space Programme came into being on 21st November 1963 with the launching of a sounding rocket from Thumba in Thiruvananthapuram district. This Thumba Equatorial Rocket Launching Station (TERLS) ultimately blossomed into various centres of the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO). Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre (VSSC) is the prime centre engaged in design and development of launch vehicles.

The ISRO under the Department of Space, Government of India has the VSSC at Thumba and Liquid Propulsion Systems Centre (LPSC) at Valiyamala Nedumangadu in Thiruvananthapuram district. The Inertial System Unit (ISU) of the ISRO and the Reinforced Plastic Centre (REPLACE) function from Vattiyoorkavu in the district.

 
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