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Thailand Pai Nai, Geographical and Topographic

Thailand situated in the heart of the Southeast Asian mainland and covering an area of 513,115 sq. km from North 5° 30” to 21° and from East 97° 30” to 105°, Thailand borders to the Lao People’s Democratic Republic an Myanmar (Burma) to the North, Cambodia and the Gulf of Thailand to the east, Myanmar (Burma) and the Indian Ocean to the west, and Malaysia to the south. Thailand has maximum dimensions of about 2,500 km. north to south and 1250 km east to west, with a coastline of approximately 1840 km on the Gulf of Thailand and 865 km along the Indian Ocean.

Thailand is divided into four natural regions: the north; the Central Plain, or the Chao Phraya River Basin; the northeast, or the Korat Plateau; and the South, or the Southern Peninsula.

The North is a mountainous region comprising natural forest, ridges, and deep, narrow alluvial valleys. The leading city of this region is Chiang Mai.

Central Thailand, the basin of the Chao Phraya River, is a lush, fertile valley. It is the richest and most extensive rice-production area in the country and has often been called the “Rice Bowl of Asia”. Bangkok, the capital of Thailand is located in this region.

The northeast region, or the Korat Plateau, is an arid region characterized by a rolling surface with undulating hills. Harsh climatic conditions often result in this region being subjected to floods and droughts.

The southern region is hilly to mountainous with thick virgin forests and rich deposits of minerals and ores. This region is the center for the production of rubber and the cultivation of other tropical crops.

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