US Census Bureau

TIGER Mapping Service
The "Coast to Coast" Digital Map Database.


TMS is a geographic map service which produces public domain GIF images of map data which is derived from Tiger/Line® data. The primary goal of the service is to provide a public resource for generating high-quality, detailed maps of coverage within the United States and outlying areas, using public geographic data source.

Background information and project history of the service may be referenced in the General Information section of the TMS Home Page. A Frenquently Asked Questions (FAQ) web page is also available to address specific problems related to the service.


The TMS was designed and implemented by Chris Stuber ( demonstrate cost efficient delivery of public data and research and development of the Census Bureau applications on the Internet. These service were promoted by the Census Bureau Diamond Staff, Joint Venture projects (Valerie Gregg) with some technical assistance from the Census Geography Division (Fred Broome, Tim Trainor, Leslie Godwin and Charles Dingman). Special thanks to Brandon Plewe who developed the original mapping engine under contract in 1994.

Questions related to the Tiger/Line® data should be addressed to Tiger@Census.GOV and for feedback related to the Tiger Map *Service*, please see the Map Service Feedback page.

The service now uses a TIGER/94® data extract in a binary format, co-developed by Peter Gatusso of the Environmental Protection Agency for use in the Landview II software, Micheal Katz of NOAA for use with his Windows version of MARPLOT 3.0 and in collaboration with the Bureau of the Census and US Dept of Commerce. The binary format reduces the number of TIGER CD-ROMs (currently 44) to 10 compact discs, and is optimized for speed.

Details of the Service


This server runs on (2) Silicon Graphics Indigo2 processors running IRIX 5.3 ( each with 200MB of RAM and 9GB SCSI-2 disk drives. The is a Domain Name Alias configured to round robin to the following hosts: and


The tools for reading the binary data were translated from the MARPLOT code with permission. Also, several ideas and algorithms in TigerWWW (but no code) were taken from the mapreader/mapwriter program by Steve Putz of Xerox, used in the well-known Xerox Map Viewer. The output images are created using a modified version of the GD 1.1.1 GIF-drawing library by Thomas Boutell and the Quest Protein Database Center, Cold Springs Harbor Labs.

The code for the mapping engine "tigerwww" was written in C, and was compiled with GNU C version 2.6.3 on Sun Solaris 2.3, SGI Irix 5.3 and Linux 1.2.3. The front-end tools "mapgen" and "mapbrowse" were written with Perl 4.036.

Other Requirments

Grrr! TIGER Map Service Home Page.

Chris Stuber -
Last Revised: Tuesday, 29-Apr-97 14:50:03