Land Force Western Area was established on September 1st, 1991 to
take command of all regular and reserve army units in Western Canada. LFWA is one of four army area
commands. The Land Staff, located at National Defence Headquarters in Ottawa, oversees the four area
commands: Land Force Atlantic Area HQ - Halifax; Land Force Quebec Area HQ - Montreal; Land Force
Central Area HQ - Toronto, and Land Force Western Area HQ - Edmonton. LFWA consists of three Reserve
Brigade Groups, One Regular Mechanized Brigade Group, One Area Support Group, the Western Area
Training Centre, The Edmonton Garrison , CFB Suffield, Alberta, ASU Shilo, Manitoba,and ASU Chilliwack, B.C.
LFWA's three Reserve Brigades,
38 Canadian Brigade Group, headquartered in Winnipeg,
39 Canadian Brigade Group, headquartered in Vancouver, and
41 Canadian Brigade Group, headquartered in Calgary, roughly correspond to the provinces they
are headquartered in. 38 Canadian Brigade Group includes Manitoba, Saskatchewan, and the portion
of Ontario west of Thunder Bay. The regular brigade, 1 Canadian Mechanized Brigade Group consists
of the regular units in Winnipeg, Shilo, Man., and Edmonton.
LFWA is larger than all but five countries in the United Nations. It
includes more than 6,000 regular force and 4,900 reserve force members, and 1,100 civilian
The implementation of "Total Force" in Canada's Army has
unified organization and operations of both regular and reserve elements. This change has enabled
the Army to take forces needed for operational deployment from supporting infrastructure of bases,
schools and training facilities. Visible proof of this important achievement is LFWA's high level
of participation in United Nations operations.