• Specific Year
    Any

BROADCASTING SERVICES ACT 1992

Table of Provisions

PART 1--PRELIMINARY

PART 2--CATEGORIES OF BROADCASTING SERVICES

PART 3--PLANNING OF THE BROADCASTING SERVICES BANDS

PART 4--COMMERCIAL TELEVISION BROADCASTING LICENCES AND COMMERCIAL RADIO BROADCASTING LICENCES

Division 1--Allocation of licences

Division 2--Services authorised by licences

Division 3--Licence conditions

  • 42 Conditions of commercial broadcasting licences  
  • 43 ACMA may impose additional conditions  
  • 43AA Local news to be provided to section 38C licensees by regional commercial television broadcasting licensees  
  • 43AB Commercial television programs to be provided to section 38C licensees by metropolitan commercial television broadcasting licensees  
  • 43AC Commercial television programs to be provided to section 38C licensees by remote terrestrial licensees  
  • 43AD Compensation for acquisition of property  
  • 43B Local presence--regional commercial radio broadcasting licences  
  • 43C Local content--regional commercial radio broadcasting licences  
  • 43D Special licence conditions relating to digital radio commercial broadcasting services  
  • 44 Matters to which conditions may relate  

Division 4--General provisions

  • 45 Duration of licences  
  • 46 Applications for renewal  
  • 47 ACMA to renew licences unless it is aware of special circumstances  
  • 48 Transfer of commercial broadcasting licences  
  • 49 Surrender of commercial broadcasting licences  

PART 5--CONTROL OF COMMERCIAL BROADCASTING LICENCES

Division 1--Preliminary

Division 2--Limitation on control

Division 3--Limitation on directorships

  • 55 Limitation on numbers of directorships--television  
  • 56 Limitation on numbers of directorships--radio  

Division 5--Newspapers associated with licence areas

Division 5A--Media diversity

Subdivision A--Introduction
  • 61AA Definitions  
  • 61AB Unacceptable media diversity situation  
  • 61AC Points  
  • 61AD Statutory control rules  
  • 61AE Shared content test  
  • 61AF Overlapping licence areas  
  • Subdivision B--Prohibition of transactions that result in an unacceptable media diversity situation coming into existence etc
  • 61AG Prohibition of transactions that result in an unacceptable media diversity situation coming into existence--offence  
  • 61AH Prohibition of transactions that result in an unacceptable media diversity situation coming into existence--civil penalty  
  • 61AJ Prior approval of transactions that result in an unacceptable media diversity situation coming into existence etc.  
  • 61AK Extension of time for compliance with prior approval notice  
  • 61AL Breach of prior approval notice--offence  
  • 61AM Breach of prior approval notice--civil penalty  
  • Subdivision C--Remedial directions
  • 61AN Remedial directions--unacceptable media diversity situation  
  • 61AP Extension of time for compliance with remedial direction  
  • 61AQ Breach of remedial direction--offence  
  • 61AR Breach of remedial direction--civil penalty  
  • Subdivision D--Enforceable undertakings
  • 61AS Acceptance of undertakings  
  • 61AT Enforcement of undertakings  
  • Subdivision E--Register of Controlled Media Groups
  • 61AU Register of Controlled Media Groups  
  • 61AV How a media group is to be entered in the Register  
  • 61AW Explanatory notes may be included in the Register  
  • 61AX Continuity of media group  
  • 61AY Initial registration of media groups  
  • 61AZ Registration of newly-formed media group  
  • 61AZA De-registration of media group that has ceased to exist  
  • 61AZB Registration of change of controller of registered media group  
  • 61AZC Registration of change of composition of media group  
  • 61AZCA ACMA must deal with notifications in order of receipt  
  • 61AZD Conditional transactions  
  • 61AZE Review and confirmation of entries and alterations etc.  
  • 61AZF Reconsideration of decisions  
  • 61AZG Corrections of clerical errors or obvious defects  
  • 61AZH Regulations  

Division 5B--Disclosure of cross-media relationships

  • 61BA Definitions  
  • 61BB Disclosure of cross-media relationship by commercial television broadcasting licensee  
  • 61BC Choice of disclosure method--commercial radio broadcasting licensee  
  • 61BD Disclosure of cross-media relationship by commercial radio broadcasting licensee--business affairs disclosure method  
  • 61BE Disclosure of cross-media relationship by commercial radio broadcasting licensee--regular disclosure method  
  • 61BF Disclosure of cross-media relationship by publisher of newspaper  
  • 61BG Exception--political communication  
  • 61BH Matter or material about the business affairs of a broadcasting licensee or newspaper publisher  

Division 5C--Local news and information requirements for regional commercial radio broadcasting licensees

Subdivision A--Introduction
  • 61CA Definitions  
  • 61CAA This Division does not apply in relation to certain licences  
  • 61CB Trigger event  
  • 61CC What is local?  
  • Subdivision B--Minimum service standards for local news and information
  • 61CD Licensee must meet minimum service standards for local news and information  
  • 61CE Minimum service standards for local news and information  
  • Subdivision C--Local content statements
  • 61CF Licensee must prepare and publish local content statements  
  • Subdivision CA--Licensee to inform the ACMA how the licensee will comply with minimum service standards for emergency warnings
  • 61CG Licensee to inform the ACMA how the licensee will comply with minimum service standards for emergency warnings  
  • Subdivision CB--ACMA's information-gathering powers
  • 61CH ACMA's information-gathering powers  
  • Subdivision D--Other local content requirements
  • 61CR Minister may direct the ACMA to conduct an investigation about other local content requirements  
  • 61CS Minister may direct the ACMA to impose licence conditions relating to local content  

Division 5D--Local programming requirements for regional commercial television broadcasting licensees

Division 6--Notification provisions

Division 7--Approval of temporary breaches

  • 66 Offence for breaches without approval  
  • 67 Applications for prior approval of temporary breaches  
  • 68 Extension of time for compliance with notice  
  • 69 Breach of notice under section 67 to constitute an offence  

Division 8--Action by the ACMA

  • 70 Notices by the ACMA  
  • 71 Extension of time for compliance with notice  
  • 72 Breach of notice under section 70 to constitute an offence  

Division 9--Special provision for small markets

  • 73 Additional licence under section 38A not to result in breach of ownership limits  
  • 73A Additional licence allocated under section 38B not to result in breach of control rules  

Division 10--Prior opinions by the ACMA

Division 10A--Register of Foreign Owners of Media Assets

Subdivision A--Introduction
  • 74A Simplified outline of this Division  
  • 74B Definitions  
  • 74C Foreign stakeholder  
  • Subdivision B--Register of Foreign Owners of Media Assets
  • 74D Register of Foreign Owners of Media Assets  
  • 74E Information to be set out in the Register of Foreign Owners of Media Assets  
  • Subdivision C--Notification
  • 74F Notification by a person who becomes a foreign stakeholder in an Australian media company  
  • 74G Notification by a person who ceases to be a foreign stakeholder in an Australian media company  
  • 74H Notification by a person who is a foreign stakeholder in an Australian media company at the end of a financial year  
  • 74J Notification by a person who is a foreign stakeholder in an Australian media company at the commencement of this Division  
  • 74K Notification by a person who is a foreign stakeholder in an Australian media company--requirement by the ACMA  
  • 74L Requirement for executors, administrators and liquidators to give notification  
  • 74M Person may give the ACMA relevant information  
  • Subdivision D--Miscellaneous
  • 74N Minister may direct the ACMA about the performance of its functions or the exercise of its powers  
  • 74P Service of summons, process or notice on corporations incorporated outside Australia  
  • 74Q Extra-territorial application  
  • 74R Annual report  
  • 74S Part 13 not limited  
  • 74T Liability for damages  
  • 74U Review of this Division etc.  

Division 11--Miscellaneous

  • 75 Register of matters under this Part  
  • 76 Continuing offences  
  • 77 Part has effect notwithstanding Competition and Consumer Act  
  • 78 Part not to invalidate appointments  

PART 6--COMMUNITY BROADCASTING LICENCES

PART 6A--TEMPORARY COMMUNITY BROADCASTING LICENCES

PART 7--SUBSCRIPTION TELEVISION BROADCASTING SERVICES

Division 1--Allocation of subscription television broadcasting licences

  • 95 When subscription television broadcasting licence must not be allocated  
  • 96 Allocation of other subscription television broadcasting licences  
  • 97 Requests to Australian Competition and Consumer Commission  
  • 98 Suitability for allocation of licence  
  • 98D Compensation  

Division 2--Conditions of subscription television broadcasting licence

  • 99 Conditions applicable to subscription television broadcasting licence  
  • 100 Matters to which conditions may relate  

Division 2A--Eligible drama expenditure

Subdivision A--Introduction
  • 103A Simplified outline  
  • 103B Definitions  
  • 103C Channel providers  
  • 103D Part-channel providers  
  • 103E Pass-through providers  
  • 103F Part-pass-through providers  
  • 103G Supply of channel or package  
  • 103H Non-designated pre-production expenditure not to be counted unless principal photography has commenced  
  • 103J Cash-based accounting--when expenditure is incurred  
  • 103JA When designated script development expenditure is incurred in relation to an eligible drama program etc.  
  • 103K When expenditure incurred on a new eligible drama program  
  • 103L ACMA may make determinations about what constitutes program expenditure  
  • 103M Expenditure to be nominated only once in meeting licence conditions  
  • Subdivision B--Channel provider supplies channel
  • 103N 10% minimum eligible drama expenditure--channel provider supplies channel  
  • 103NA Carry-forward eligible drama expenditure  
  • 103P Shortfall of eligible drama expenditure--channel provider supplies channel exclusively to licensee  
  • 103Q Shortfall of eligible drama expenditure--channel provider supplies channel to multiple licensees  
  • Subdivision C--Pass-through provider supplies channel
  • 103R 10% minimum eligible drama expenditure--pass-through provider supplies channel  
  • 103RA Carry-forward eligible drama expenditure  
  • 103S Shortfall of eligible drama expenditure--pass-through provider supplies channel  
  • Subdivision D--Licensee supplies all program material
  • 103T 10% minimum eligible drama expenditure--licensee supplies all program material  
  • 103TA Carry-forward eligible drama expenditure  
  • Subdivision E--Part-channel provider supplies package of programs
  • 103U 10% minimum eligible drama expenditure--part-channel provider supplies package of programs  
  • 103UA Carry-forward eligible drama expenditure  
  • 103V Shortfall of eligible drama expenditure--part-channel provider supplies a package of programs exclusively to licensee  
  • 103W Shortfall of eligible drama expenditure--part-channel provider supplies a package of programs to multiple licensees  
  • Subdivision F--Part-pass-through provider supplies package of programs
  • 103X 10% minimum eligible drama expenditure--part-pass-through provider supplies package of programs  
  • 103XA Carry-forward eligible drama expenditure  
  • 103Y Shortfall of eligible drama expenditure--part-pass-through provider supplies package of programs  
  • Subdivision G--Licensee supplies part of program material
  • 103Z 10% minimum eligible drama expenditure--licensee supplies part of program material  
  • 103ZAA Carry-forward eligible drama expenditure  
  • Subdivision H--Annual returns
  • 103ZA Licensee to lodge annual return  
  • 103ZB Channel provider and part-channel provider to lodge annual return  
  • 103ZC ACMA may inquire into the correctness of an annual return  
  • 103ZD Nominations to be attached to annual returns  
  • Subdivision J--Miscellaneous
  • 103ZG Anti-avoidance--transactions between persons not at arm's length  
  • 103ZH Expenditure to be expressed in Australian currency  

Division 6--Miscellaneous

  • 113 Transfer of subscription television broadcasting licence  
  • 114 Surrender of subscription television broadcasting licence  
  • 115 Minister may protect the free availability of certain types of programs  
  • 116 Certain arrangements not to result in control or in persons being associates  
  • 116A Use of additional capacity  
  • 116B Application of section 51 of the Competition and Consumer Act  

PART 8--SUBSCRIPTION BROADCASTING AND NARROWCASTING CLASS LICENCES

PART 8A--RESTRICTIONS ON SUBSCRIPTION TELEVISION BROADCASTING SERVICES IN REGIONAL AREAS ETC.

  • 121A Simplified outline  
  • 121B Definitions  
  • 121C Identical program items  
  • 121D Continuity of program items  
  • 121E ACMA permission is required to provide certain television services in regional areas  

PART 8B--INTERNATIONAL BROADCASTING LICENCES

Division 1--Introduction

Division 2--Allocation of international broadcasting licences

Division 3--Obligations of international broadcasting licensees

Division 4--Remedies

Division 4A--Nominated broadcaster declarations

  • 121FLA Object of this Division  
  • 121FLB Applications for nominated broadcaster declarations  
  • 121FLC Making a nominated broadcaster declaration  
  • 121FLD Effect of nominated broadcaster declaration  
  • 121FLE Conditions of nominated broadcaster declarations  
  • 121FLF Offence for breach of conditions of nominated broadcaster declaration  
  • 121FLG Revocation of nominated broadcaster declaration  
  • 121FLH Cancellation of licence if declaration ceases to be in force and licensee is not an Australian company  
  • 121FLJ Register of nominated broadcaster declarations  

Division 5--ACMA to assist the Minister for Foreign Affairs

Division 6--Miscellaneous

PART 9--CONTENT RULES, PROGRAM STANDARDS AND CODES OF PRACTICE

  • 121G Australian content--transmission quota  
  • 121H Australian content: transmission quota for regional/remote commercial television broadcasting licensees  
  • 122 Program standards for children's programs and Australian content  
  • 123 Development of codes of practice  
  • 123B Review by the ACMA--application of code of practice to section 38C licences  
  • 124 ACMA to maintain Register of codes of practice  
  • 125 ACMA may determine program standards where codes of practice fail or where no code of practice developed  
  • 125A ACMA must determine a gambling promotion program standard if directed by the Minister  
  • 126 Consultation on standards  
  • 127 Notification of determination or variation or revocation of standards  
  • 128 Standards and codes to be amendable by the Parliament  
  • 129 Limitation of ACMA's power in relation to standards  
  • 130 Application of the Competition and Consumer Act  

PART 9A--TECHNICAL STANDARDS

  • 130A Technical standards for digital transmission--television etc.  
  • 130AA Technical standards for digital transmission--radio etc.  
  • 130AB Technical standards relating to the operation of multiplex transmitters  
  • 130AC Technical standards for digital transmission of television services provided with the use of a satellite  
  • 130B Technical standards for domestic digital reception equipment--television etc.  
  • 130BA Technical standards for domestic digital reception equipment--radio etc.  
  • 130BB Technical standards for domestic digital reception equipment--television services provided with the use of a satellite  

PART 9B--INDUSTRY CODES AND INDUSTRY STANDARDS

Division 1--Simplified outline

  • 130C Simplified outline  

Division 2--Interpretation

  • 130D Industry codes  
  • 130E Industry standards  
  • 130F Industry activities  
  • 130G Sections of the industry  
  • 130H Participants in a section of the industry  

Division 3--General principles relating to industry codes and industry standards

  • 130J Statement of regulatory policy  
  • 130K Examples of matters that may be dealt with by industry codes and industry standards  
  • 130L Industry codes and industry standards not to deal with certain matters  

Division 4--Industry codes

  • 130M Registration of industry codes  
  • 130N ACMA may request codes  
  • 130P Publication of notice where no body or association represents a section of the industry  
  • 130Q Replacement of industry codes  

Division 5--Industry standards

  • 130R ACMA may determine an industry standard if a request for an industry code is not complied with  
  • 130S ACMA may determine industry standard where no industry body or association formed  
  • 130T ACMA may determine industry standards--total failure of industry codes  
  • 130U ACMA may determine industry standards--partial failure of industry codes  
  • 130V Compliance with industry standards  
  • 130W Formal warnings--breach of industry standards  
  • 130X Variation of industry standards  
  • 130Y Revocation of industry standards  

Division 6--Register of industry codes and industry standards

  • 130ZA ACMA to maintain Register of industry codes and industry standards  

PART 9C--ACCESS TO COMMERCIAL TELEVISION BROADCASTING SERVICES PROVIDED WITH THE USE OF A SATELLITE

PART 9D--CAPTIONING

Division 1--Introduction

  • 130ZJ Simplified outline  
  • 130ZK Definitions  
  • 130ZKA Definition of channel provider  
  • 130ZKB Definition of part-channel provider  
  • 130ZKC Supply of channel or package  
  • 130ZL Designated viewing hours  
  • 130ZM This Part does not apply to foreign language programs  
  • 130ZN This Part does not apply to programs that consist wholly of music  
  • 130ZO Captioning service provided for part of program  
  • 130ZP Multiple subscription television services provided by licensee  
  • 130ZQ Television service provided in a period  

Division 2--Captioning obligations of commercial television broadcasting licensees and national broadcasters

  • 130ZR Captioning obligations--basic rule  
  • 130ZS Captioning obligations--special rules for multi-channelled services  
  • 130ZUA Exemption orders and target reduction orders--unjustifiable hardship  
  • 130ZUAA Effect of target reduction order  
  • 130ZUB Certain breaches to be disregarded  

Division 3--Captioning obligations of subscription television licensees

  • 130ZV Annual captioning targets--subscription television licensees  
  • 130ZVA Categories for subscription television movie services  
  • 130ZW Categories for subscription television general entertainment services  
  • 130ZX Exemptions--certain subscription television services provided before 1 July 2022  
  • 130ZY Exemption orders and target reduction orders--unjustifiable hardship  
  • 130ZYA Effect of target reduction order  
  • 130ZZ Captioning services for repeats of television programs  
  • 130ZZAA Captioning services for simultaneously transmitted television programs  
  • 130ZZAB Certain breaches to be disregarded  

Division 4--Captioning standards

  • 130ZZA Captioning standards  

Division 5--Emergency warnings

  • 130ZZB Emergency warnings  

Division 6--Reports and record-keeping

  • 130ZZC Annual compliance reports  
  • 130ZZD Record-keeping  

Division 7--Review of this Part etc

  • 130ZZE Review of this Part etc.  

PART 10--REMEDIES FOR BREACHES OF LICENSING PROVISIONS

Division 1--Offences for providing unlicensed services

Division 1A--Civil penalty provisions relating to unlicensed services

Division 2--Action by ACMA where a person provides a service without a licence

  • 137 Remedial directions--unlicensed services  
  • 138 Breach of remedial direction--offences  
  • 138A Breach of remedial direction--civil penalty provision  

Division 3--Action in relation to breaches by licensees

Division 4--Action in relation to class licences

PART 10A--ANTI-HOARDING RULES

Division 1--Introduction

  • 146A Simplified outline  
  • 146B Definitions  
  • 146C Designated events and designated series of events  
  • 146CA When event or series is eligible for delayed televising in the Central-Western time zones  
  • 146D Program suppliers  

Division 2--Commercial television broadcasting licensees

  • 146E Anti-hoarding rule--licensees  
  • 146F Anti-hoarding rule--program suppliers  
  • 146G What constitutes an offer to transfer rights to televise live events  
  • 146H Offers to transfer rights to televise live events  
  • 146J Contracts to acquire rights to televise live events must authorise the transfer of the rights  
  • 146K Simultaneous events in a series  
  • 146KA Delayed televising in the Central-Western time zones  

Division 3--National broadcasters

  • 146L Anti-hoarding rule  
  • 146M What constitutes an offer to transfer rights to televise live events  
  • 146N Offers to transfer rights to televise live events  
  • 146P Contracts to acquire rights to televise live events must authorise the transfer of the rights  
  • 146Q Simultaneous events in a series  
  • 146R Delayed televising in the Central-Western time zones  

PART 11--COMPLAINTS TO THE ACMA

Division 1--Complaints relating to action under licences and class licences

  • 147 Complaints relating to offences or breach of licence conditions  
  • 148 Complaints under codes of practice  
  • 149 Investigation of complaints by the ACMA  

Division 2--Complaints relating to national broadcasting services or datacasting services provided by the ABC or SBS

PART 13--INFORMATION GATHERING BY THE ACMA AND THE COMMISSIONER

Division 1--Introduction

  • 168 Obtaining of information by the ACMA  
  • 169 Decision-making by the ACMA not limited to matters discovered by investigation or hearing  
  • 169A Investigation by the Commissioner  

Division 2--Investigations

  • 170 Investigations by the ACMA  
  • 171 Minister may direct ACMA to conduct an investigation  
  • 172 ACMA may call for written submissions from the public  
  • 173 Notice requiring appearance for examination  
  • 174 Examination on oath or affirmation  
  • 175 Examination to take place in private  
  • 176 Record to be made of examination  
  • 177 Production of documents for inspection  
  • 178 Report on investigation  
  • 179 Publication of report  
  • 180 Person adversely affected by report to be given opportunity to comment  

Division 3--Hearings

  • 182 Power to hold hearings  
  • 183 Minister may direct ACMA to hold a hearing  
  • 184 Procedure for conduct of hearings  
  • 185 ACMA may direct holding of conference  
  • 186 Hearings to be informal, quick and economical  
  • 187 Hearings to be in public except in exceptional cases  
  • 188 Public notice of hearings  
  • 189 Confidential material not to be published  
  • 190 Directions as to private hearings  
  • 191 Constitution of ACMA for conduct of hearings  
  • 192 Presiding member  
  • 193 Reconstitution of hearing panel  
  • 194 Exercise of powers in relation to conduct of hearing  
  • 195 Summons to give evidence or produce documents  
  • 196 Written submissions may be made to hearing  
  • 197 Evidence and submissions to be taken into account by ACMA  
  • 198 Representation at hearings  
  • 199 Reports on hearings  

Division 4--General

  • 200 Protection of members and persons giving evidence  
  • 201 Protection of panel conducting hearing  
  • 202 Non-compliance with requirement to give evidence  
  • 203 Proceedings for defamation not to lie  

PART 14--APPEALS TO THE ADMINISTRATIVE APPEALS TRIBUNAL

  • 204 Appeals to the Administrative Appeals Tribunal  
  • 205 Notification of decisions to include notification of reasons and appeal rights  

PART 14AA--COLLECTION AND RECOVERY OF INTERIM TAX

PART 14B--CIVIL PENALTIES

Division 1--Ancillary contravention of civil penalty provision

Division 2--Civil penalty orders

PART 14C--INJUNCTIONS

  • 205PA Simplified outline  
  • 205Q Injunctions  
  • 205R Interim injunctions  
  • 205S Discharge etc. of injunctions  
  • 205T Certain limits on granting injunctions not to apply  
  • 205U Other powers of the Federal Court unaffected  

PART 14D--ENFORCEABLE UNDERTAKINGS

  • 205V Simplified outline  
  • 205W Acceptance of undertakings  
  • 205X Enforcement of undertakings  

PART 14E--INFRINGEMENT NOTICES

PART 14F--GRANTS

  • 205ZG Simplified outline of this Part  
  • 205ZH Grants  
  • 205ZJ Terms and conditions for grants  
  • 205ZK Advisory committee  
  • 205ZL Annual report  
  • 205ZM Short title of amending Act does not limit the powers conferred by this Part  

PART 15--MISCELLANEOUS

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