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Government of Canada
Symbol of the Government of Canada

Be Aware and Declare!

image - be aware represented by documents

Food, plants, and animals - Why Declare?

Every traveller entering Canada must declare all food, plants, animals and related products because they could affect Canada's animals, plants, and natural habitats. Items that do not pose a risk are returned to travellers and can be brought into the country [learn more...]

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Rules and Restrictions

Food, plant, animals and related items are added and removed from restriction daily. Each time you prepare for a trip outside Canada, find out about the most up-to-date rules and restrictions that apply. [learn more...]

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One Bird Is All It Takes

A single infected bird could introduce harmful animal diseases to Canada that could affect the health of our poultry, pets and wild birds. [learn more....]

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Why It's Important

Meat products could potentially introduce animal disease in Canada. For example, it is believed that an outbreak of Foot and Mouth Disease in Canada in 1952 was caused by imported infected sausage meat that was fed to swine.
If you plan on sending your shopping home by freight or mail, declare the contents accurately; penalties will apply for false declaration. You may also be charged for a quarantine inspection.
Fruit and vegetables pose a risk of introducing pests that have no natural enemy in Canada.
Before travelling abroad with valuable items, you can take advantage of a free identification procedure at any Canada Border Services office.
Be aware that it may be illegal to bring home cultural property if the sale or export of that property is banned or controlled by its country of origin. Strict penalties may be imposed and the cultural property may be confiscated and returned to the country of origin. For more information contact the embassy of the country you are visiting.
Sandwiches have to be declared because they may include prohibited ingredients.
If you are planning on bringing back artefacts check what's restricted or what must be declared before you go.
Animals may be restricted or prohibited under the Health of Animals Act because they could possibly introduce animal disease to Canada.
Check handicrafts made from raw materials carefully, including woven plant products (mats, bags, placemats); don't buy items showing signs of insect infestation or damage.
Feathers and down may be restricted or prohibited under the Health of Animals Act because they could possibly introduce animal disease to Canada.
Avoid wood souvenirs with holes (a sign of insect activity) and items with bark on them.
Any one animal byproduct could carry viruses if not properly processed.
Cut flowers can introduce some harmful fungi to Canada, while potted plants can have nematodes (parasitic or free-living microscopic worms) or pests in their soil.
Seeds may be prohibited if there is a presence of soil as it could contain nematodes (parasitic or free-living microscopic worms).
Wood products may be prohibited under plant protection regulations because of the possible introduction of pests.