Built to commemorate the Great Fire which devastated the City of London in 1666, the Monument offers panoramic views over London.
Standing 202 feet high, the Monument is the tallest isolated stone column in the world. Designed by Sir Christopher Wren and Robert Hooke and constructed of Portland stone in 1671-7, the simple Doric column is topped by a flaming urn of copper symbolising the Great Fire. Climb the spiral staircase of 311 steps to the balcony at the top and you are rewarded with breathtaking views over the city in all directions, as well as a certificate of achievement. The Monument, which is maintained by the Corporation of London at its own expense, is open to the public every day from 10am-6pm. Admission costs £2.00 per adult and £1.50 per child (under 16). Joint tickets with Tower Bridge for £5.50 and £3.50 respectively are also available. The nearest underground station is Monument. Tel 020 7626 2717.
The Latin inscription on the north panel of the pedestal translates as "In the year of Christ 1666, on 2 September, at a distance eastward from this place of 202 ft, which is the height of this column, a fire broke out in the dead of night which, the wind blowing, devoured even distant buildings, and rushed devastating through every quarter with astonishing swiftness and noise ... On the third day ... at the bidding, we may well believe, of heaven, the fire stayed its course and everywhere died out."