Topics A-Z

Animal Health Animal Health

Animal health is a key part of EFSA’s mandate. The concept of animal health covers not only animal diseases but also the critical relationship between animal welfare, animal health and food safety. EFSA is uniquely placed to take an integrated approach to animal health as its remit covers the safety of the whole food chain.

Animal Welfare Animal Welfare

Animal welfare is an important part of EFSA’s remit. The safety of the food chain is indirectly linked to the welfare of animals, particularly animals farmed for food production, particularly due to the close connection between animal welfare, animal health and food-borne diseases.

Avian Influenza Avian Influenza

Avian influenza, a highly contagious viral disease which occurs in poultry and other birds, is caused by several different types of Influenza A viruses. It is primarily a bird disease, although there have been cases of avian influenza viruses being transmitted to humans and other animals through close contact with live infected birds. H5N1 is a subtype of the Influenza A virus that can cause illness in humans and animals.

Bluetongue Bluetongue

The Bluetongue animal disease affects domestic and wild ruminants, such as sheep and cattle. It is a disease transmitted by flying vectors, namely midge insects belonging to the Culicoides genus. Learn more about EFSA work on Bluetongue.

Fish Welfare Fish Welfare

Aquaculture is an important animal farming activity. Large-scale farming of fish and other aquatic species has increased in recent decades, and the husbandry practices used and associated welfare issues are becoming increasingly focused on by policy makers, scientists and consumers.

New influenza A (H1N1)

EFSA is following the new influenza A virus outbreak (initially referred to as ‘swine flu’) first reported in humans in Mexico and in the USA and notified to the World Health Organization.

Q fever Q fever

Q fever is an infectious disease caused by the bacterium Coxiella burnetii that affects both animals and humans.