Topics A-Z

Botanicals Botanicals

Botanicals and derived preparations made from plants, algae, fungi or lichens have become widely available on the EU market in the form of food supplements. Examples include ginkgo, garlic, St. John’s Wort and ginseng. Such products are typically labeled as natural foods and a variety of claims are made regarding possible health benefits.

Cloning Cloning

Animal cloning is about producing an animal that is essentially a copy of the original. This most commonly involves a technique known as somatic cell nucleus transfer (SCNT). A genetic copy of an animal is produced by replacing the nucleus of an unfertilized ovum (egg cell) with the nucleus of a body (somatic) cell from the animal to form an embryo.

Nanotechnology Nanotechnology

Nanotechnology is a field of applied sciences and technologies involving the control of matter on the atomic and molecular scale, normally below 100 nanometers. Nanoparticulated substances may exhibit different physical and chemical properties compared with the same substances at normal scale, such as increased chemical reactivity due to greater surface area.