-ia Look up -ia at Dictionary.com
suffix forming names of countries, diseases, flowers, from Latin and Gk. -ia, which forms abstract nouns of feminine gender. In paraphernalia, Mammalia, etc. it represents the Latin and Greek plural suffix of nouns in -ium or -ion.
-ial Look up -ial at Dictionary.com
variant of -al (1).
-ian Look up -ian at Dictionary.com
variant of suffix -an used with stem endings in -i, from L. -ianus (-anus). In M.E., frequently -ien, from words borrowed via French.
-iana Look up -iana at Dictionary.com
form of -ana with nouns whose adjectival forms end in -ian.
-iasis Look up -iasis at Dictionary.com
medical Latin suffix meaning "process; morbid condition," from Gk. -iasis, from aorist of verbs in -iao, which often express disease.
-iatric Look up -iatric at Dictionary.com
from Gk. iatrikos "healing," from iatros "physician, healer" (related to iatreun "treat medically," and iasthai "heal, treat"); of uncertain origin, perhaps from iaomai "to cure," related to iaino "heat, warm, cheer," probably from a root meaning “enliven, animate.”
-iatry Look up -iatry at Dictionary.com
suffix meaning "medical treatment," from Fr. -iatrie, from Gk. iatreia "healing, medical treatment" (see -iatric).
-ible Look up -ible at Dictionary.com
suffix forming adjectives from verbs, borrowed in M.E. from O.Fr. -ible and directly from L. -ibilis; see -able.
-ic Look up -ic at Dictionary.com
adjective suffix, "having to do with, having the nature of, being, made of, caused by, similar to" (in chemistry, indicating a higher valence than names in -ous), from Fr. -ique and directly from L. -icus, which in many cases represents Gk. -ikos "in the manner of; pertaining to." From PIE *-(i)ko, which also yielded Slavic -isku, adjectival suffix indicating origin, the source of the -sky (Rus. -skii) in many surnames.
-ical Look up -ical at Dictionary.com
adjectival suffix, mostly the same as -ic but sometimes with specialized sense (e.g. historic/historical), M.E., from L.L. -icalis, from L. -icus + -alis.
-ics Look up -ics at Dictionary.com
in the names of sciences or disciplines (acoustics, aerobics, economics, etc.) it represents a 16c. revival of the classical custom of using the neuter plural of adjectives with -ikos (see -ic) to mean "matters relevant to" and also as the titles of treatises about them. Subject matters that acquired their names in English before c.1500, however, tend to remain in singular (e.g. arithmetic, logic).
-id Look up -id at Dictionary.com
suffix meaning "belonging to, connected with, member of a group or class" (plural -idae), from Fr. -ide and directly from L. -ides, masculine patronymic, from Gk. -ides. In astronomy, of meteor showers, it represents L. -idis, Gk. -idos, the genitive of the feminine patronymic suffix.
-ide Look up -ide at Dictionary.com
suffix used to form names of simple compounds of an element with another element or radical; originally abstracted from oxide, the first so classified.
-ie Look up -ie at Dictionary.com
alternative spelling of -y; now mostly of -y (3), but formerly of others.
-ier Look up -ier at Dictionary.com
suffix indicating occupation, from Fr., O.Fr. -ier, from L. -arius (also see -er (1)). Nativized and used to form English words (glazier, hosier, etc.; also see -yer).
-ify Look up -ify at Dictionary.com
variant of suffix -fy used with stem endings in -i.
-ile Look up -ile at Dictionary.com
suffix denoting ability, capacity,, from Fr. -il or directly from L. -ilis.
-in Look up -in at Dictionary.com
suffix attached to a verb, first attested 1960 with sit-in (which probably was influenced by sit-down strike); used first of protests, extended c.1965 to any gathering.
-ina Look up -ina at Dictionary.com
fem. suffix in titles and names, from L. -ina.
-ine (1) Look up -ine at Dictionary.com
suffix used to form adjectives from nouns, from Fr. -ine, fem. of -in, or directly from L. -inus "of, like."
-ine (2) Look up -ine at Dictionary.com
chemical suffix, sometimes -in, though modern use distinguishes them; early 19c., from Fr. -ine, from L. -ina, fem. form of suffix used to form adjectives from nouns. In French commonly used to form words for derived substances, hence its extended use in chemistry.
-ing (1) Look up -ing at Dictionary.com
suffix attached to verbs to mean their action, result, product, material, etc., from O.E. -ing, -ung, from P.Gmc. *unga (cf. O.N. -ing, Du. -ing, Ger. -ung). Originally used to form nouns from verbs and to denote completed or habitual action. Its use has been greatly expanded in Middle and Modern English.
-ing (2) Look up -ing at Dictionary.com
suffix used form the prp. of verbs, from O.E. -ende (cf. Ger. -end, Goth. -and, Skt. -ant, Gk. -on, L. -ans). It evolved into -ing in 13c.-14c.
-ise Look up -ise at Dictionary.com
see -ize.
-ish Look up -ish at Dictionary.com
adj. suffix, from O.E. -isc, common Germanic (cf. O.N. -iskr, Ger. -isch, Goth. -isks), cognate with Greek dim. suffix -iskos. Colloquially attached to hours to denote approximation, 1916.
-ism Look up -ism at Dictionary.com
suffix forming nouns of action, state, condition, doctrine, from Fr. -isme or directly from L. -isma, -ismus, from Gk. -isma, from stem of verbs in -izein. Used as an independent word, chiefly disparagingly, from 1670s.
-ist Look up -ist at Dictionary.com
agent noun suffix, also used to indicate adherence to a certain doctrine or custom, from Fr. -iste and directly from L. -ista, from Gk. -istes, from agential suffix -tes. Variant -ister (e.g. chorister, barister) is from O.Fr. -istre, on false analogy of ministre. Variant -ista is from Spanish form, popularized in English 1970s by names of Latin-American revolutionary movements.
-istic Look up -istic at Dictionary.com
adj. suffix, from L. -isticus (often via Fr. -istique), from Gk. -istikos, which is adjective suffix -ikos (see -ic) added to noun suffix -istes (see -ist).
-ite (1) Look up -ite at Dictionary.com
from Fr. -ite and directly from L. -ita, from Gk. -ites (fem. -itis), forming adjectives and nouns meaning "connected with or belonging to." Especially used in classical times to form ethnic and local designations (e.g. use in Septuagint for Hebrew names in -i) and for names of gems and minerals.
-ite (2) Look up -ite at Dictionary.com
salt suffix, from Fr. -ite, alteration of -ate (see -ate (3)).
-itis Look up -itis at Dictionary.com
noun suffix denoting diseases characterized by inflammation, Modern Latin, from Gk. -itis, feminine of adj. suffix -ites "pertaining to." Feminine because it was used with feminine noun nosos "disease," especially in Gk. arthritis (nosos) "(disease) of the joints," which was one of the earliest borrowings into English and from which the suffix was abstracted in other uses.
-ity Look up -ity at Dictionary.com
suffix forming abstract nouns from adjectives, meaning "condition or quality of being ______," from M.E. -ite, from O.Fr. -ité and directly from L. -itatem (nom. -itas), suffix denoting state or condition, composed of connective -i- + -tas (see -ty (2)).
-ive Look up -ive at Dictionary.com
sufix forming adjectives from verbs, meaning "pertaining to, tending to," in some cases from O.Fr. -if, but usually directly from L. -ivus. In some words borrowed from French at an early date it has been reduced to -y (e.g. hasty, tardy).
-ization Look up -ization at Dictionary.com
suffix forming nouns of action, process, or state; see -ize + -ation.
-ize Look up -ize at Dictionary.com
suffix forming verbs, M.E. -isen, from O.Fr. -iser, from L.L. -izare, from Gk. -izein. English picked up the French form, but partially reverted to the correct Greek -z- spelling from late 16c. In Britain, despite the opposition (at least formerly) of OED, Encyclopaedia Britannica, Times of London, and Fowler, -ise remains dominant. Fowler thinks this is to avoid the difficulty of remembering the short list of common words not from Greek which must be spelled with an -s- (e.g. advertise, devise, surprise).
I Look up I at Dictionary.com
12c. shortening of O.E. ic, first person singular nominative pronoun, from P.Gmc. *ekan (cf. O.Fris. ik, O.N. ek, Norw. eg, Dan. jeg, O.H.G. ih, Ger. ich, Goth. ik), from PIE *eg-, nominative form of the first person singular pronoun (cf. Skt. aham, Hitt. uk, L. ego (source of Fr. Je), Gk. ego, Rus. ja, Lith. ). Reduced to i by mid-12c. in northern England, it began to be capitalized mid-13c. to mark it as a distinct word and avoid misreading in handwritten manuscripts.
The reason for writing I is ... the orthographic habit in the middle ages of using a 'long i' (that is, j or I) whenever the letter was isolated or formed the last letter of a group; the numeral 'one' was written j or I (and three iij, etc.), just as much as the pronoun. [Otto Jespersen, "Growth and Structure of the English Language," p.233]
The form ich or ik, especially before vowels, lingered in northern England until c.1400 and survived in southern dialects until 18c. The dot on the "small" letter -i- began to appear in 11c. Latin manuscripts, to distinguish the letter from the stroke of another letter (such as -m- or -n-). Originally a diacritic, it was reduced to a dot with the introduction of Roman type fonts.
I Ching Look up I Ching at Dictionary.com
1876, from Chinese, said to mean "Book of Changes."
i'nt Look up i'nt at Dictionary.com
also i'n't, 18c., contraction representing a casual pronunciation of isn't it.
I've Look up I've at Dictionary.com
contraction of I have, 1742, first attested in Richardson's "Pamela."
I.D. Look up I.D. at Dictionary.com
also ID (but pronounced as separate letters), short for identification, attested from 1955.
i.e. Look up i.e. at Dictionary.com
abbreviation of Latin id est, lit. "that is;" used in English in the sense of "that is to say."
I.H.S. Look up I.H.S. at Dictionary.com
Old English, from Medieval Latin, representing Greek abbreviation of IHSOUS "Jesus," in which -H- is the capital of the Greek vowel eta. The Roman form would be I.E.S. Mistaken for a Latin contraction in the Middle Ages, after its Greek origin was forgotten, and sometimes treated as short for Iesus Hominum Salvator "Jesus Savior of Men." Alternative version I.H.C. (terminal -s- often written -c- in later Greek) is found on vestments from 950 C.E., and may be the source of the H. in slang Jesus H. Christ.
I.O.U. Look up I.O.U. at Dictionary.com
also IOU, I O U, 1610s, originally as IOV (see V); with punning reference to "I Owe You."
I.Q. Look up I.Q. at Dictionary.com
1922, abbreviation of intelligence quotient, a 1921 translation of Ger. Intelligenz-quotient, coined 1912 by German psychologist William L. Stern (1871-1938).
Intelligence is a general capacity of an individual consciously to adjust his thinking to new requirements: it is general mental adaptability to new problems and conditions of life. [Stern, "The Psychological Methods of Testing Intelligence," 1914]
I.R.A. (2) Look up I.R.A. at Dictionary.com
also IRA, acronym for individual retirement account, attested from 1974.
I.R.A. (1) Look up I.R.A. at Dictionary.com
also IRA, acronym for Irish Republican Army, attested from 1919.
iamb Look up iamb at Dictionary.com
1842, from Fr. iambe (16c.), from L. iambus, from Gk. iambos (see iambic). Iambus itself was used in English in this sense in 1580s.
iambic Look up iambic at Dictionary.com
1570s (n.); 1580s (adj.), from L. iambicus, from Gk. iambikos, from iambos "metrical foot of one unaccented followed by one accented syllable," from iaptein "to assail" (in words), lit. "to put forth." The meter of invective and lampoon in classical Greek from the time it was used for such by Archilochos, 7c. B.C.E.
Ian Look up Ian at Dictionary.com
masc. proper name, Scottish form of John.
iatro- Look up iatro- at Dictionary.com
comb. form meaning "physician, medicine, healing," from Gk. iatro-, comb. form of iatros “healer, physician” (see -iatric).