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History



 
General information
about the Republic of Armenia
 
Official Name
 

Republic of Armenia
Hayastany Hanrapetoutyun
Hayastan

 
  Date of Creation:
 

September 21, 1991, the day of the referendum for independence of Armenia. Based on the results of the referendum (99% voted for independence), the parliament (The Supreme Soviet of the Armenian SSR) adopted the Declaration of Independence and announced the independence of the Republic of Armenia.
This date is now a national holiday - the Independence Day.

 
  The Flag:
 

The law 'On the State Flag of the Republic of Armenia" was adopted on August 24, 1990, by the Supreme Soviet of the Republic of Armenia.
The State Flag is a rectangular panel with three equal horizontal stripes of red, blue and orange (from top to bottom).

Related information:
National symbols of the Republic of Armenia/Flag

 
  The Coat of Arms:
 

The law 'On the State Coat of Arms of the Republic of Armenia" was adopted on April 19, 1992, by the Supreme Soviet of the Republic of Armenia.
It is a rendition of the Coat of Arms of the First Armenian Republic (1918-1920) designed by member of the Russian Academy of Fine Arts, Architect Alexander Tamanian and artist Hakob Kojoyan.

Related information:
National symbols of the Republic of Armenia/The Coat of Arms

 
  The Anthem:
 

'Mer Hayrenik"/'Our Fatherland"
The Anthem of the Republic of Armenia was adopted on July 1, 1991, by the Supreme Soviet of the Republic of Armenia. It is based on the Anthem of the First Armenian Republic (1918-1920), but with different lyrics. The author of the lyrics is poet Mikael Nalbandian (1829-1866).

Related information:
National symbols of the Republic of Armenia/Anthem

 
  State Organization:
 

The Republic of Armenia is a sovereign, democratic, social, rule of law state.
The state power is administered pursuant to the Constitution and the laws based on the principle of separation of the legislative, executive and judicial branches.

 
  The Constitution:
 

Was adopted on July 5, 1995,through a popular referendum.

Related information:
The Constitution of the Republic of Armenia

 
ThesystemofGovernment
 
  The President:
 

The Republic of Armenia has a system of presidential rule.
In accordance with the Constitution, the President ensures compliance with the Constitution, the normal operation of the legislative, the executive and the judiciary, and serves as the guarantor of sovereignty, territorial integrity and security of the Republic.
The President is elected by the citizens of the Republic of Armenia for a five-year term.

Related information:
Former President of the Republic of Armenia

 
  The Executive Power:
 

The executive power in the Republic of Armenia belongs to the Government of the Republic. The Government is composed of the Prime Minister and the Ministers. The President of the Republic appoints and removes the Prime Minister of the Republic.The President also appoints and removes all members of the Government nominated by the Prime Minister

 
  The Legislative Power:
 

Legislative power in the Republic of Armenia belongs to the National Assembly.The National Assembly is a 131-seat body, of which 75 are elected from single-mandate districts and 56 by party list. Last parliamentary elections were held in May 1999.

Related information:
The National Assembly of the Republic of Armenia

 
  The Judicial Power:
 

In the Republic of Armenia justice is carried out by Courts in accordance with the Constitution and the Law.
In the Republic of Armenia, the courts of general competence are: courts of first instance, review courts and the Court of Appeals. There are also economic, military and other courts provided by the Law.
The President of the Republic serves as a guarantor of independence of judicial bodies. He is the Head of the Council of Justice.

 
  Capital City:
 

Yerevan

 
  Major Cities:
 

Gyumri
Vanadzor

 
  Administrative Division:
 

Eleven marzes (provinces)
(including the capital city of Yerevan that has a status of a marz).

 
Financial System
 
  Currency Unit:
 

Armenian Dram,
introduced in 1993.

Related information:
Central Bank of Armenia

 
Geography
 
  GeographicCoordinates
 

in the South: 38o 50' Northern Latitude;
in the North: 41o 20' Northern Latitude:
in the West: 43o 30' Eastern Longitude;
in the East: 46o 00' Eastern Longitude

 
  Neighboring Countries
 

in the North: Georgia; in the East: Azerbaijan; in the South: Iran; in the South-West: Nakhijevan (Azerbaijan); in the West: Turkey.

 
  Territory:
 

29.74 thousand square kilometers

 
  Average Altitude
Above Sea Level:
 

1,800 meters

 
  Highest Mountain Peak:
 

Aragats (4,090 meters)

 
  Natural Resources:
 

Armenia is rich in copper, iron, bauxite, molybdenum, gold, silver, lead and zinc.
Substantial deposits of pumice, marble, tufa, perlite, limestone, basalt and salt also exist. Precious and semi-precious stones are abundant.

 
Demographics
 
  Population:
 

3210.0 thousand (as of 2001)

 
  Ethnic Breakdown:
 

Armenians - 96%
Minorities: Russians, Yezidis, Kurds, Assyrians, Greeks, Ukrainians, Jews and others

 
  Official Language:
 

Armenian

 
  Religion:
 

Christian

 
  Church:
 

Armenian Apostolic

Related information:
The official site of St.Etchmiadzin

 
  Religious Center:
 

St.Etchmiadzin, the Cathedral of theArmenian Apostolic Church
and the residence of the Catholicos (Patriarch) of all Armenians

 

 

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