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Preserving our Cultural Resources

The enabling legislation which created Vicksburg National Military Park on February 21, 1899, called for the restoration of the forts and lines of fortifications, to mark the lines of battle and other points of interest with tablets, and permit any State that had troops engaged in the campaign, siege, or defense of the city of Vicksburg  from March 29-July 4, 1863 to erect monuments in honor of its troops.

The park as established in 1899 encompassed the entire area of the siege and defense lines around the city and included the headquarters site of Maj. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant the Union commander at Vicksburg. In 1964, the park boundary was adjusted as the lower one-third of the park was transferred to the City of Vicksburg.

In 1990,  Senate bill S.2437 authorized the National Park Service to accept a donation of the remaining vestige of Grant's Canal  for incorporation into the park and broadened the interpretive mandate to include the operations from April 1862 to July 4, 1863, and the history of Vicksburg under Union occupation during the Civil War and period of Reconstruction.

Today the park encompasses 1,800 acres and is one of the more densely monumented battlefields in the world as 1,324 monuments, markers, tablets, and plaques dot the historic landscape.  In addition to the largest collection of outdoor sculpture in the southeastern United States, the park also preserves nine historic fortifications, over 20 miles of reconstructed trenches, approaches and parallels, 15 historic bridges, 5 historic buildings (one ante-bellum home),  141 historic cannon and carriages, a visitor center,  the U.S.S. Cairo gunboat and museum, 17 miles of hard-surfaced roads and the Vicksburg National Cemetery with over 17,000 interments, the largest number of Civil War soldiers of any national cemetery in the United States.

Vicksburg National Military Park exists as a lasting memorial to the soldiers and civilians that suffered through the widespread tragedy and conflict of the Civil War. It is a vivid legacy of America's past, a place where students can learn and individuals reflect upon the dramatic events that shaped a young and developing nation.

Preserving Historic Landscapes

Preserving Historic Structures

Park Watch


Restoring the Illinois Eagle

Restoring the Mississippi Memorial 

Controlling Exotic Species


Last update: Monday, January 22, 2001
Editor: G. Zeman

Vicksburg National Military Park
3201 Clay Street
Vicksburg, MS 39183
(601) 636-0583

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