Russia: ICBM Force Status Russia: ICBM Tables

To return to the main Strategic Rocket Forces entry, see the Strategic Rocket Forces Overview file.

ICBM DESIGNATIONS/NUMBER OF WARHEADS

US USSR/RUSSIA WARHEADS
SS-11 Sego  RS-10  1
SS-13 Savage  RS-12  1
SS-17 Spanker  RS-16  4
SS-18 Satan  RS-20  10
SS-19 Stiletto  RS-18  6
SS-24 Scalpel  RS-22  10
SS-25 Sickle  RS-12M  1
SS-27 Topol-M  RS-12M2*  1
*The START I MOU refers to this missile as RS-12M Variant 2.  This designation covers both the silo and road-based versions of the missile.

Please see the section on the history of ICBMs for more information on these missiles and earlier generations of ICBMs.

The following tables are based on official data exchanged between the parties to the START I treaty using START I counting rules.

START-ACCOUNTABLE ICBM LAUNCHERS

  SS-11 SS-13 SS-17 SS-18 SS-19 SS-24 SS-25 SS-27
9/90 326 40 47 204 170 43 234 0
12/94  10 0 10 186 170 46 318 0
1/96 0 0 1 186 170 46 351 0
7/96 0 0 0 186 170 46 351 0
1/1/97 0 0 0 186 170 46 360 0
7/1/97 0 0 0 186 170 46 360 0
1/1/98 0 0 0 180 168 46 362 0
7/1/98 0 0 0 180 168 46 360 2
7/1/99 0 0 0 180 160 46 360 10
7/31/00 0 0 0 180 150 46 360 20
7/31/01 0 0 0 166 150 42 360 24
7/31/02 0 0 0 148 150 36 345 30
1/31/03 0 0 0 144 150 36 342 30
1/31/04 0 0 0 126 144 15 312 36
7/31/04 0 0 0 125 144 15 315 36
7/1/05 0 0 0 108 140 3 294 40
1/1/06 0 0 0 104 138 0 273 42
7/1/06 0 0 0 104 138 0 258 42
1/1/07 0 0 0 104 136 0 243 47*
7/1/07 0 0 0 104 136 0 222 47*

* 3 of the SS-27 are for road mobile launchers. [Source: START I MOU for the date indicated in table.] {Updated 4/2/2002 RG; 3/12/2003 EMC; 11/27/2007 PT}

ICBM TOTAL DEPLOYMENTS

 

Total ICBMs

Total Warheads

9/90 1,064 4,278
12/94 740  3,708 
1/96  754  3,695 
7/96 753 3,691 
1/1/97 762  3,700 
7/1/97 762  3,700
1/1/98 756  3,630
7/1/98 756  3,630
7/1/99 756 3,590
7/31/00 756 3,540
7/31/01 742 3,364
7/31/02 709 3,115
1/31/03 702 3,072
1/31/04 633 2,622
7/31/04 635 2,615
7/1/05 585 2,284

[Source: START I MOU for the date indicated in table.] {Updated 4/2/2002 RG; 3/12/2003 EMC; 11/27/2007 PT}
 

ICBM BASES
Launchers (silos) are the basic unit of account for this table. Not all launchers have ICBMs deployed in them. Non-deployed missiles are also listed.

Bases: A-D, I-Ko, Kr-Ta, Te-Y
 
Aleysk Barnaul Bershet Dombarovskiy Drovyanaya
9/90  30 SS-18 
4 n-d SS-18** 
0 60 SS-11 
9 SS-24 (rail) 
64 SS-18 
6 n-d SS-18 
50 SS-11 
1 n-d SS-11 
12/94 30 SS-18 
3 n-d SS-18 
36 SS-25  12 SS-24 (rail)  58 SS-18  10 SS-11 
9 SS-25 
7/1/96 30 SS-18 
2 n-d SS-18
36 SS-25  15 SS-24 (rail) 58 SS-18 
2 n-d SS-18
18 SS-25 
1/1/97 30 SS-18 
2 n-d SS-18
36 SS-25  12 SS-24 (rail) 58 SS-18 
2 n-d SS-18
18 SS-25 
7/1/97 30 SS-18 
2 n-d SS-18
36 SS-25  15 SS-24 (rail) 58 SS-18 
2 n-d SS-18
18 SS-25
1/1/98 30 SS-18 
2 n-d SS-18
36 SS-25  12 SS-24  (rail)  52 SS-18 
2 n-d SS-18
18 SS-25
7/1/98 30 SS-18 
2 n-d 
SS-18
36 SS-25  12 SS-24 (rail) 52 SS-18 
2 n-d SS-18
18 SS-25
7/1/99 30 SS-18
2 n-d
 SS-18
36 SS-25  12 SS-24 (rail) 52 SS-18 
1 n-d
 SS-18
18 SS-25
7/31/00 30 SS-18
2 n-d
SS-18
36 SS-25  12 SS-24 (rail) 52 SS-18     
2 n-d 
SS-18
18 SS-25
7/31/01 16 SS-18***
0 n-d
SS-18
36 SS-25     
1 n-d launcher
12 SS-24 (rail) 52 SS-18     
2 n-d 
SS-18
18 SS-25
7/31/02 0 36 SS-25 9 SS-24 (rail) 52 SS-18      2 n-d SS-18 3 SS-25
7/31/03   36 SS-25   52 SS-18      2 n-d SS-18 0 SS-25
1/31/04   33 SS-25   
2 n-d SS-25   
12 n-d SS-24 (rail); 12 n-d launchers 52 SS-18      1 n-d SS-18 0 SS-25
7/31/04   36 SS-25   52 SS-18      1 n-d SS-18 0 SS-25
7/1/05   36 SS-25   52 SS-18      1 n-d SS-18 0 SS-25

 

Irkutsk Kansk Kartaly Kostroma Kozelsk
9/90  36 SS-25  27 SS-25 46 SS-18 
4 n-d SS-18 
12 SS-24 (rail)  60 SS-19 
4 n-d SS-19
12/94 36 SS-25 36 SS-25 46 SS-18  12 SS-24 (rail)  60 SS-19 
10 n-d SS-19
7/1/96 36 SS-25 45 SS-25  46 SS-18  12 SS-24 (rail)  60 SS-19
1/1/97 36 SS-25 45 SS-25  46 SS-18 12 SS-24 (rail)  60 SS-19 
4 n-d SS-19
7/1/97 36 SS-25 45 SS-25  46 SS-18 12 SS-24 (rail)  60 SS-19 
1 n-d SS-19
1/1/98 36 SS-25 45 SS-25  46 SS-18 12 SS-24 (rail)  60 SS-19 
4 n-d SS-19
7/1/98 36 SS-25 45 SS-25  46 SS-18 12 SS-24 (rail)  60 SS-19 
2 n-d SS-19
7/1/99 36 SS-25 45 SS-25  46 SS-18 12 SS-24 (rail)  60 SS-19
3 n-d
 SS-19
7/31/00 36 SS-25 45 SS-25  46 SS-18 12 SS-24 (rail)  60 SS-19
2 n-d
SS-19
7/31/01 36 SS-25 45 SS-25  46 SS-18     
2 n-d 
SS-18
12 SS-24 (rail)  60 SS-19
2 n-d
SS-19
7/31/02 36 SS-25 45 SS-25 44 SS-18**** 15 SS-24 (rail)***** 60 SS-19 2 n-d
SS-19
7/31/03 36 SS-25 45 SS-25 37 SS-18 15 SS-24 (rail)***** 60 SS-19 2 n-d
SS-19
1/31/04 36 SS-25 45 SS-25 22 SS-18 15 SS-24 (rail)***** 60 SS-19 2 n-d
SS-19
7/31/04 36 SS-25 45 SS-25 21 SS-18 15 SS-24 (rail)***** 60 SS-19 2 n-d
SS-19
7/1/05 36 SS-25 45 SS-25 4 SS-18 3 SS-24 60 SS-19 2 n-d
SS-19

 

Krasnoyarsk Nizhniy Tagil Novosibirsk Svobodnyy Tatishchevo
9/90  40 SS-11 
1 n-d SS-11 
12 SS-24 (rail) 
45 SS-25 
2 n-d SS-25
27 SS-25  60 SS-11 
6 n-d SS-11
110 SS-19 
10 SS-24 (silo) 
4 n-d SS-19
12/94 12 SS-24 (rail) 
4 n-d SS-11 
45 SS-25  45 SS-25  110 SS-19 
10 SS-24 (silo)
7/1/96 9 SS-24 (rail) 45 SS-25 
1 n-d launcher
45 SS-25 * 110 SS-19 
10 SS-24 (silo) 
0 n-d
1/1/97 12 SS-24 (rail) 45 SS-25 
1 n-d launcher
45 SS-25 * 110 SS-19 
10 SS-24 
0 n-d
7/1/97 9 SS-24
(rail)
45 SS-25 
1 n-d launcher
45 SS-25 * 110 SS-19 
1 n-d SS-19
1/1/98 12 SS-24 (rail) 45 SS-25 
1 n-d launcher
45 SS-25 * 110 SS-19 
10 SS-24 
1 n-d SS-19
7/1/98 12 SS-24
(rail)
45 SS-25 
1 n-d launcher
45 SS-25 * 2 RS-12M Variant 2 (SS-27) 
108 SS-19 
10 SS-24 
1 n-d SS-19
7/1/99 12 SS-24 (rail) 45 SS-25 
1 n-d launcher
45 SS-25 * 10 RS-12M Variant 2 (SS-27)
100 SS-19
10 SS-24
2 n-d
 SS-19
7/31/00 12 SS-24 (rail) 45 SS-25 
1 n-d launcher
45 SS-25 * 20 RS-12M Variant 2 (SS-27)
90 SS-19
10 SS-24
1 n-d SS-19
7/31/01 12 SS-24 (rail) 45 SS-25 
1 n-d launcher
45 SS-25 * 24 RS-12M Variant 2 (SS-27)***
90 SS-19***
6 SS-24***
1 n-d SS-19
7/31/02 12 SS-24 (rail) 45 SS-25 1 n-d launcher 45 SS-25 *

1 n-d launcher

30 RS-12M Variant 2 (SS-27)****
90 SS-19****
1 n-d SS-19
7/31/03 9 SS-24 (rail) 45 SS-25 1 n-d launcher 45 SS-25   30 RS-12M Variant 2 (SS-27)****
90 SS-19****
4 n-d SS-19
1/31/04 0 SS-24 (rail) 36 SS-25 0 n-d launcher 45 SS-25 *

1 n-d launcher

 

36 RS-12M Variant 2 (SS-27)****
84 SS-19******
4 n-d SS-19
7/31/04 9 SS-24 (rail) 36 SS-25 0 n-d launcher 45 SS-25   36 RS-12M Variant 2 (SS-27)****
84 SS-19****
4 n-d SS-19
7/1/05 0 SS-24 (rail) 36 SS-25 45 SS-25   40 RS-12M Variant 2 (SS-27)****
80 SS-19****
4 n-d SS-19

 

Teykovo Uzhur Vypolzovo Yasnaya Yoshkar-Ola Yurya
9/90  26 SS-11 
36 SS-25 
10 n-d SS-11 
64 SS-18  47 SS-17 90 SS-11  40 SS-13 
18 SS-25 
45 SS-25 
1 n-d SS-25 
12/94 36 SS-25 52 SS-18 
4 n-d SS-18 
10 SS-17 
3 SS-25 
0 27 SS-25  45 SS-25
7/1/96 36 SS-25 52 SS-18 
2 n-d SS-18
9 SS-25  0 36 SS-25  45 SS-25 
1 n-d launcher
1/1/97 36 SS-25 52 SS-18 
2 n-d SS-18
18 SS-25 0 36 SS-25  45 SS-25 
1 n-d launcher
7/1/97 36 SS-25 52 SS-18 
2 n-d SS-18
18 SS-25 0 36 SS-25 45 SS-25 
1 n-d launcher
1/1/98 36 SS-25 52 SS-18 
2 n-d SS-18
18 SS-25 0 36 SS-25 45 SS-25 
1 n-d launcher
7/1/98 36 SS-25 52 SS-18 
2 n-d SS-18
18 SS-25 0 36 SS-25 45 SS-25 
1 n-d launcher
7/1/99 36 SS-25 52 SS-18
2 n-d
SS-18
18 SS-25 0 36 SS-25 45 SS-25 
1 n-d launcher
7/31/00 36 SS-25 52 SS-18
2 n-d
SS-18
18 SS-25 0 36 SS-25 45 SS-25 
1 n-d launcher
7/31/01 36 SS-25 52 SS-18***
2 n-d
SS-18
18 SS-25 0 36 SS-25 45 SS-25 
1 n-d launcher
7/31/02 36 SS-25 52 SS-18****      2 n-d SS-18          18 SS-25 0 36 SS-25   45 SS-25 
1 n-d launcher
7/31/03 36 SS-25 52 SS-18         2 n-d SS-18   18 SS-25 0 36 SS-25 45 SS-25 
1 n-d launcher
1/31/04 36 SS-25 46 SS-18    18 SS-25 0 27 SS-25 36 SS-25 
1 n-d launcher
7/31/04 36 SS-25 52 SS-18         0 n-d SS-18   18 SS-25 0 27 SS-25 36 SS-25 
1 n-d launcher
7/1/05 36 SS-25 52 SS-18         18 SS-25 0 27 SS-25 15 SS-25 
1 n-d launcher

*) The former ICBM base at Svobodnyy is being converted for use as a space launch facility.
**) n-d stands for non-deployed.
***) # of deployed launchers reported; actual deployed ICBMs were reported as follows: Aleysk: 13 SS-18; Tatishchevo: 23 RS-12M2, 84 SS-19, 0 SS-24; Uzhur: 46 SS-18.
****) # of deployed launchers reported; actual deployed ICBMs were reported as follows: Kartaly: 40 SS-18; Uzhur: 46 SS-18; Tatishchevo: 28 RS-12M2, 77 SS-19.
*****) Three of these SS-24 rail-mobile launchers are from the Bershet ICBM base but temporarily are deployed in Kostroma.
******) # of deployed launchers reported; actual deployed ICBMs were reported as follows: Kartaly: 40 SS-18; Uzhur: 46 SS-18; Tatishchevo: 28 RS-12M2, 70 SS-19.

[Source: START I MOU for the date indicated in table.]

{Updated 2/22/00 EV; 12/19/2000 MJ; 4/2/2002 RG; 3/12/2003 EMC; 11/27/2007 PT}

Page last updated 27 November 2007
For major recent developments, see the General Nuclear Weapons Developments file.

Comments or questions? E-mail Nikolai Sokov:  nsokovATmiis.edu.

 

CNSThis material is produced independently for NTI by the Center for Nonproliferation Studies at the Monterey Institute of International Studies and does not necessarily reflect the opinions of and has not been independently verified by NTI or its directors, officers, employees, agents. Copyright © 2003 by MIIS.

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