Female Circumcision/Female Genital Mutilation
Female circumcision/female genital mutilation (FC/FGM) is the collective name given to several different traditional practices that involve the cutting of female genitals. Although several justifications exist for the maintenance of the practice, it appears to be linked primarily to a desire to subordinate women and to control their sexuality.
Articles and Briefing Papers:
Books and Reports:
- Female Genital Mutilation: A Guide to Laws and Policies Worldwide Based on research in 41 countries, this book contains the most extensive collection of information currently available on the use of law and policy to curtail the practice of female circumcision/female genital mutilation (FC/FGM). The history, health consequences and the movement working to combat FC/FGM are also addressed, as well as the human rights implications of criminalizing a traditional social practice.
- Female Genital Mutilation: A Matter of Human Rights: An Advocate's Guide to Action This practical guide establishes the framework by which to hold governments accountable under international human rights law and identifies their duties to ensure that women are free to abandon the practice of FC/FGM.
Reproductive Freedom News article: