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Rhinos have existed on Earth for over 50 million years and have a glorious history. In the past, rhinos were much more diverse (representing many different ecotypes) and widespread (occurring in North America and Europe as well as in Africa and Asia). Today, only 5 species of rhino survive. These 5 species are further divided into 11 identified subspecies. All Rhino taxa are under threat of, and all but 1 taxon are on the verge of, extinction. Without drastic action, rhinos could be extinct in the wild within the next 10 years. Only 17,500 of these marvelous creatures survive in the wild with another 1,200 in captivity. Of these rhinos, almost two thirds are of a single subspecies: the Southern White Rhino. There are fewer than 6,000 of the other 4 species combined:


African Black Rhino 3,100
Indian/Nepalese Rhino 2,400
Sumatran Rhino ~300
Javan Rhino ~60

 

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