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Life History Characteristics


  • 30-45 years in the wild
  • Life span approximately 47 years (captive record)


  • Gestation period is approximately 15 to 16 months.
  • Interbirth intervals of a single calf, every 1 to 3 years.

Sexual Maturity

  • Females at 5 to 7 years
  • Males at 10 years

Social Structure

  • Usually solitary except for females with young.
  • Males have loosely defined territories which are not well defended, and often overlap.

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