The Turkish Cypriot People after years of futile endeavours to determine the future of the island through negotiations, could not remain unmoved by the continued seizure of their fundamental rights and liberties by the Greek Cypriot side. The Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus was proclaimed by the expression of the free will of the Turkish Cypriot People exercising their inalienable right to self determination. This assertion of independent statehood had become an imperative in the face of unending Greek Cypriot hostility against the Turkish Cypriot People.
When Cyprus became an independent in 1960, it was hoped that the Turkish Cypriots and the Greek Cypriots, as the two peoples of the island, would be able to live harmoniously side by side, sharing power conjointly in a bicommunal republic. But this was not to be. The Greek Cypriotsand Greece, not content with independence, sought to bring Enosis - annexation of the island to Greece- and in three years, destroyed the partnership state by use of force against the Turkish Cypriots.
The Turkish Cypriot people, for whom Enosis meant subjugation to a foreign state, vigorously resisted all attempts to put an end to the independence of Cyprus and to destroy their political status, their legitimate rights, their very existence, identity and culture.
During 1963-1974, the Greek Cypriots, with Greek military assistance, raided Turkish Cypriot villages and attacked the Turkish Cypriot quarters of the towns, pushing the Turkish Cypriot people into ever more densely populated enclaves and forcing them to survive on humanitarian aid by the Red Crescent.
In 1974, the Greek military junta organised a coup in Cyprus, proclaiming as "president" the terrorist Nicos Sampson, author of extermination plans, and criminal who boasted of having killed one person for every year of his life. The Turkish Government then intervened to protect the Turkish Cypriot people and to preserve the independence of Cyprus which would otherwise have ended through a declaration of Enosis. The Greek Cypriots and Greece in their campaign of aggression against the Turkish Cypriots, left no other alternative but the creation of a safety zone in which Turkish Cypriots could live free from fear.
Turkey, Greece and the United Kingdom, as the three guarantor States, noted on 30 July 1974 the existence in Cyprus of two autonomous administrations representing the Turkish Cypriots and the Greek Cypriots respectively. they agreed that negotiations should be carried out to secure the establishement of a constitutional government in Cyprus and a return to constitutional government in Cyprus and a return to constitutional legitimacy.
The two sides in Cyprus developed a negotiating process and an agreed framework for a federal solution following the establishment of the Turkish Federated State of Cyprus in 1975 as the Turkish wing of the prospective federal state.
These intercommunal talks, under the auspices of the United Nations, began with great hopes for a settlement. As time went by, it became clear that the tactics of the Greek Cypriot side were to pin down the Turkish Cypriot side to the conference table while they themselves, aided and abetted by Greece, roamed international conferences to extract one-sided resolutions in their favour and to promote their position, quite falsely, as "the government of Cyprus".
When the Greek Cypriot side thought that it had reached the desired level of "recognition as the government of Cyprus", this caused the collapse of the intercommunal talks and made an all-out effort to get, what has been described as the "title-deed of Cyprus".
Having exhausted their patience and lost all hope of reaching a just solution with the Greek Cypriots based on two politically equal component units, and convinced that the Greek Cypriots were not prepared to share power with them as long as the South was recognised by the world as the sole "legitimate government" of Cyprus, the Turkish Cypriots finally acted. the result was the declaration of independence and the establishment of the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus, on 15 November 1983 by the unanimous decisionof the members of the Turkish Federated State of Cyprus Assembly acting on behalf of the Turkish Cypriot People. This historic step gave way to a Constituent Assembly to draft the Constitution of the new republic. The new Constitution was put to a public referandum on 5 May 1984 and was approved by an overwhelming majority.
The Cyprus issue must be approached by an impartial evaluation of historical facts and current realities. Today there are two independent states on the island representing the Turkish Cypriots and the Greek Cypriots respectively.
Attempts to isolate the Turkish Cypriot People and resorting to political exploitation at international fora are bound to be counter-productive as they serve only to encourage the Greek Cypriot side in its unconstructive and hostile policies.
In the framework of their unconstructive and hostile policy the Greek Cypriot Administration unilaterally applied to the European Union (EU) for the full membership of 'Cyprus' under the usurped title of the "Republic of Cyprus" in 1990. This application is totally illegal because the Greek Cypriots do not represent the Turkish Cypriots and cannot use the title of the "Republic of Cyprus". Also, in accordance with the Treaty of Guarantee (1960) and 1960 International Treaties which established the co-partnership republic, Cyprus cannot become a member of any international organisation, economic and political union in which both the guarantor powers Turkey and Greece are not members.
The aim of this application is totally political and the Greek Cypriot leaders do not hesitate in confessing to it. They are planning to realise their ultimate goal of Enosis through the EU and granting minority rights to the Turkish Cypriot people. The Turkish Cypriot people cannot and will never accept to be the subjects of a Greek Cypriot State. They will continue to guard jealously their sovereignty rights.
In order to bring about conditions that can lead to an agreed solution between the two sides on the island, these realities need to be carefully taken into account. A just and lasting solution cannot be reached on the island unless the sovereignty and equality of the Turkish Cypriots is respected.