Executive Summary
Pivotal authoritarian regimes have adapted and modernized their repressive methods and are undermining democracy in updated, sophisticated, and well funded ways. The result is a disruptive and serious new challenge to the emergence of an international system based on the rule of law, human rights, and open expression.

On June 4, 2009, a high level conference in Washington DC launched the “Undermining Democracy: 21st Century Authoritarians” study.
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