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Development Topics

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Detailed information on specific topic areas of the World Bank's work in Thailand can be found at the following websites.

A comprehensive review of key development topics can be found in the Thailand - World Bank Partnership for Development, the detailed report on World Bank's assistance to Thailand.

anchor tag Decentralization
anchor tag Education
anchor tag Energy and Mining
anchor tag Environment

anchor tag Health, Nutrition and Population
anchor tag HIV/AIDs
anchor tag Social Development

Please note:  These links will direct you to pages outside this country website, but that are still part of the overall World Bank's East Asia and Pacific regional websites.

participation iconDecentralization - Thailand has been modestly enhancing the role of subnational entities for some time, but decentralization has been a priority only since the Seventh National Economic and Social Development Plan (1991-96). The plan emphasized developing local infrastructure, providing credit to expand and improve local services, and helping local authorities mobilize capital and pursue development projects.

  Decentralization in Thailand
  Decentralization in East Asia and Pacific

Education - Key priorities for Thailand are to overhaul the education structure; streamline administrative system; upgrade quality of teachers and reform teaching and learning processes; improve quality and establish quality assurance systems; and enhance technology for education and mobilize resources for education. 

  Education in Thailand
  Education in East Asia and Pacific

education icon

Energy and Mining - With a GDP growth forecast of 5 percent per year, energy demand would double every 10 years, making it increasingly difficult for Thailand to secure adequate energy to fuel its economy. Thailand's energy sector needs to focus on high energy intensity and rising consumption levels, paucity of domestic energy resources and concerns about energy security, and slow implementation of energy conservation and renewable energy programs.

  Energy and Mining in Thailand
  Energy and Mining in East Asia and Pacific

education icon

Environment - Thailand’s economic growth over the last three decades has been fueled and accompanied by rapid industrialization, urbanization, and by intensified agricultural and fishing. This growth, which has relied extensively on the country’s abundant and diverse natural resources, has degraded land and water quality, caused the loss of natural habitats, and generated increasing levels of air and water pollution.

  Environment in Thailand
  Thailand Environment Monitor 2004 
  Environment in East Asia and Pacific

Health, Nutrition and Population - For the past decades, overall physical health status of Thai people has maintained a promising trend. During 1964-1996, in fact, Thai people’s life expectancy at birth had increased from 55.9 to 69.9 years in male and 62.0 to 74.9 years in female. In 2020, life expectancy of Thai citizens will reach 72.2 in male while 76.5 years old in female.

  Health, Nutrition and Population in Thailand
  Health, Nutrition and Population in East Asia and Pacific

HIV/AIDS -  Thailand has been launching numerous local pilot projects against HIV/AIDS, including 100 percent condom programs and treatment or home-care programs, before applying them nationally. The Bank and partner organizations are supporting several analytical and advisory activities against the spread of HIV/AIDS in the country.

  HIV/AIDS in Thailand
  Summary of the East Asia and Pacific HIV/AIDS strategy in Thai (934kb pdf)
HIV/AIDS in East Asia and Pacific

Social Development -  Poverty has been studied extensively in Thailand. It is not a new problem, but it is reemerging in prominence and therefore the subject of both public and private concern. Civil society groups have been working hard to put the plight of the poor at the forefront of the national agenda.

  Social Development in Thailand - Thailand Social Monitor Series
  Country Development Partnership for Social Protection 
  Social Development in East Asia and Pacific

Also see:  Main World Bank Development Topics Website

Key Country Resources


Thailand - World Bank Group Partnership for Development

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