The AI Dictionary.
Artificial Intelligence, and Robot Wisdom - Or An Outsider's Guide to Artificial Intelligence.
An overview of AI on the WWWeb, this provocative and opinionated short course is richly linked to useful
AskTec - "Founded by a team of former Executive Managers of the Gartner
Group in August of 1999, TechnologyEvaluation.com and AskTEC.com have
become one of the most popular technology content and search tools on
the Internet...AskTEC.com is a technology vertical metasearch engine that provides
access not only to content from TechnologyEvaluation.com's analysts staff, but to
the content created by InformationWeek, CIO Magazine, The Industry Standard and
other top content sources as well."
The Association for History and Computing - "An international organisation which aims
to promote and develop interest in the use of computers in all types of historical study at every level,
in both teaching and research."
Blinkenlights Archaeological Institute
BUBL Journals - Computing and Information Technology. Search several journals devoted to IT.
Chronology of Events in the History of Microcomputers - A collection of product announcements and
delivery dates from various sources, mainly computer magazines and newspapers.
The Colline Report: Collective Invention and European Policies -
The Computer Museum History Center - "Established in 1996,
The Computer Museum History Center is a non-profit entity dedicated to the
preservation and celebration of computing history. It is home to one of
the largest collections of computing artifacts in the world, a
collection comprising over 3,000 artifacts, 2,000 films and videotapes,
5,000 photographs, 2,000 linear feet of cataloged documentation and
gigabytes of software. The collection is housed in a visible storage
building in Mountain View, California, in the heart of Silicon Valley."
Computers: From Past to Present - by Michelle A Hoyle, University of Regina, Canada.
Computing Before Computers - "Edited by William Aspray, with contributions by
W Aspray, A G Bromley , M Campbell-Kelly, P E Ceruzzi, M R Williams. Copyrighted 1990 Iowa State University Press,
Ames, Iowa, ISBN 0-8138-0047-1. Scanned, and processed into Adobe .PDF format by Ed Thelen September 2000 from a
first edition copy lent by Michael R Williams, one of the contributors."
Computing History - An important website at Hofstra University. Includes History in the Computing Curriculum,
Chronology of Computing History, and Computing History Information.
Cyber Behavior Research Center - The "relationship between
humanity and the Web," or the role of human behavior in the development of the Internet.
Dictionary of Computing - "A searchable dictionary of acronyms, jargon, programming languages,
tools, architecture, operating systems, networking, theory, conventions, standards, mathematics, telecoms,
electronics, institutions, companies, projects, products, history, in fact anything to do with computing."
Echo Virtual Center - "Cataloguing, Annotating, and Reviewing Sites on the History
of Science, Technology, and Medicine." In particular, check the "Computers/Info Technology" section.
The Evolution of Culture - An article by Daniel Dennett, which illustrates one of
the most popular notions of information. From the e-zine Edge.
Google Search Engine - One of the better search engines.
"To enter a query into Google, just type in a few descriptive words and hit the 'enter' key
(or click on the Google Search button) for your list of relevant results. Google only searches
for pages that exactly match your search terms, so you can try using different versions of your
search terms. For example, if a search for "Boston hotel" didn't turn up what you were looking
for, try "Boston hotels" instead. Or you might try rephrasing your query. For example, searches
on "cheap plane tickets" and "cheap airline tickets" return different sets of results. Automatic
"and" Queries: Google automatically adds "and" between the words you enter so it only returns
those pages that include all of your search terms. To restrict a search further, just include
more terms. Google also prefers pages in which related query terms are near each other".
Highlights from The Computer Museum Reports (1982 - 1988) - "'The Computer Museum'
issued a series of reports during the period of 1/1982 through Spring 1988. The goal of this page
is to provide the highlights of this series, primarily for the trainning of museum docents. About 3/4
of the major articles are included and about 1/2 of the associated images. Informational paragraphs
about individual artifacts are not included, but are an interesting source of additional information.
Note that an Index is in Volume 16".
History of Computing - At the IEEE Computer Society.
The History of Computing - One of the starting points of choice. The site includes a Virtual Computer Museum
and the first computer program for playing chess, written by Konrad Zuse in 1942.
THOCP: The History of Computing Project - This site is dedicated to the History of Computing in the broadest sense of the word.
There are seven different sections: Chronology of computers, All Tmelines, Biographies, Hardware, Software, Companies, Reference.
History of the Logarithmic Slide Rule - This is a famous study by Florian Cajori,
published in 1909 and now out of print. However, a digitally scanned copy of the book is available for
download at Greg's Slide Rules website.
Hobbes' Internet Timeline - An Internet timeline highlighting some
of the key events and technologies which helped shape the Internet
as we know it today.
Holding On to Reality - An excerpt from Albert Borgmann's new book The Nature of
Information at the Turn of the Millennium. Introduction: Information vs. Reality
Humanist Discussion Group - An international electronic seminar on
the application of computers to the humanities. Its primary aim is
to provide a forum for discussion of intellectual, scholarly,
pedagogical, and social issues and for exchange of information
Information Ethics: On the Philosophical Foundation of Computer Ethics - A good
article by Luciano Floridi.
Intellectual Property in Cyberspace - Who owns what information on the
Internet? Who should own what information on the Internet? As usage
of the Net intensifies, these questions are becoming increasingly
important and controversial. Lawyers, legal scholars, judges,
lawmakers, and Internet users disagree concerning how the existing
set of legal rules should be applied to this new medium - and
disagree even more sharply concerning whether and how those rules
should be modified to manage the medium better.
Institute for Information Technology at the National Research Council of Canada.
Man vs Machine: Who Is Winning? - "Every year computers are becoming stronger at chess,
holding their own against the very strongest players. So very soon they will overtake their human counterparts.
Right? Not necessarily, says statistician Jeff Sonas, who doesn't believe that computers will inevitably surpass
the top humans. In a series of articles Jeff presents empirical evidence to support his claim."
Martin Campbell-Kelly's List of Computing History Courses - A fairly complete
list of universities offering courses on the history of computing with on-line information.
Marvin Minsky's Home Page - Minsky has made many contributions to Artificial
Intelligence and related areas. In recent years he has worked chiefly on imparting
to machines the human capacity for commonsense reasoning. His conception of human
intellectual structure and function is presented in The Society of Mind (1987), which
is also the title of a course he teaches at MIT.
Mathematics in Various Cultures (MacTutor) - This great site is maintained by the School of Mathematics and Statistics
at the University of St.Andrews, Scotland, and selectively covers ancient Babylonian, ancient Egyptian, ancient Greek,
Indian, Arabic, Mayan, American and Scottish mathematics.
Milestones in the History of Thematic Cartography, Statistical Graphics, and Data Visualization: An Illustrated Chronology of Innovations -
This site is maintained by Michael Friendly and Daniel J Denis at York
University. "The graphic portrayal of quantitative information has
deep roots. These roots reach into histories of thematic cartography,
statistical graphics, and data visualization, which are intertwined with
each other. They also connect with the rise of statistical thinking up
through the 19th century, and developments in technology into the 20th
century. From above ground, we can see the current fruit; we must look
below to see the its pedigree and germination. There certainly have been
many new things in the world of visualization; but unless you know its
history, everything might seem novel."
The Modern History of Computing - Part of the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy,
this page is a good summary of the history of computing from Babbage to about 1950, and includes a
bibliography and links to other resources.
The Neo-Luddite Reaction - "Cultural change necessarily involves resistance to change. The term Luddite has
been resurrected from a previous era to describe one who distrusts or fears the inevitable changes brought about by new
technology. The original Luddite revolt occurred in 1811, an action against the English Textile factories that displaced
craftsmen in favor of machines. Today's Luddites continue to raise moral and ethical arguments against the excesses of modern technology to the extent that it
threatens our essential humanity." A large collection of good resources and links.
Netizens: An Anthology - On the Impact and History of Usenet and the Internet
An ambitious look at the social aspects of computer networking. The authors, Michael Hauben and Ronda Hauben,
examine the present and the turbulent future, and especially the technical and social roots of the Net.
Nicholas Negroponte's Home Page - With links to his WIRED Columns.
The Roads and Crossroads of Internet History - Gregory Gromov's "comprehensive and fascinating
overview of the philosophy and history of the Internet. Many related links and a section on pertinent
statistics. From Internet Valley, a Sacramento, California Internet consulting and publishing company."
SciTech Daily Review - "It can be hard to find intelligent, informed science and technology coverage,
so we treasure those writers and publications who make the effort to help keep us informed. Settle back and
read the thought-provoking coverage of scitech issues with SciTech Daily Review," as well as the latest
The Scout Report - The Scout Report is the flagship publication
of the Internet Scout Project. Published every Friday both on the web
and by email, it provides a fast, convenient way to stay informed of
valuable resources on the Internet. Our team of professional librarians
and subject matter experts select, research, and annotate each resource.
Society, Cyberspace, and the Future - How Can New Interactive
Communication Technology Enhance Harmonious and Functional Communities
at all Scales Worldwide? Report of an Exploratory Aspen Workshop.
The Spire Project: A Better Way to Find Information - An excellent guide to searching
for information. The entire site is freely downloadable in one zipped file.
Steven Lubar's Course on the History and Sociology of Science - Technology
and Society/Information and Communications (University of Pennsylvania).
The Systers Home Page - An informal organization for technical women in
computing that began in 1987 as a small mailing list for women in
"systems", thus the name systers. There are now over 2500 systers in
Techmate - Garry Kasparov, 13-time world chess champion, sinks into a deep blue funk.
Tools For Thought - Howard Rheingold's "exercise in retrospective futurism." A full
on-line book "written in the early 1980s [and revised in 2000], attempting to look at what the mid
1990s would be like...[and] to piece together how Boole and Babbage and Turing and von Neumann--especially
von Neumann--created the foundations that the later toolbuilders stood upon to create the future we live in
today. You can't understand where mind-amplifying technology is going unless you understand where it came from."
Usenet: From the Campus to the World - "Usenet, the venerable Internet discussion board, is now over 20 years old. People
from around the world have gathered at its virtual roundtables to converse about topics from aeronautics to zoology,
in the process creating vibrant global communities surrounding thousands of topics. To honor Usenet's place
in the Internet revolution, the ECHO staff has created this site, which will gather important recollections
and pieces of Usenet history."
A Very Brief History of Computer Science.
The Vintage Calculator Web Museum - "A celebration of old calculators showing the evolution from mechanical calculator to hand held electronic calculator."
The Virtual Museum of Computing - This virtual museum includes an
eclectic collection of World Wide Web (WWW) hyperlinks connected
with the history of computing and on-line computer-based exhibits
available both locally and around the world.
The WWW Virtual Library: Computing.
The WWW Virtual Library: Information Management.
Yahoo! - Computers and Internet.
© Copyright Luigi M Bianchi 2001, 2002, 2003
Last Modification Date: 26 March 2004