Clinical Psychology Review
Volume 31, Issue 3, April 2011, Pages 328-341
Prospective association of childhood attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and substance use and abuse/dependence: A meta-analytic review☆
► We meta-analyzed the prospective effect of childhood ADHD on substance outcomes. ► Children with ADHD were more likely to use substances than children without ADHD. ► Youth with ADHD were also more likely to have substance use disorders. ► This suggests that adolescent/adult substance problems are associated with early ADHD.
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This work was supported by the Consortium of Neuropsychiatric Phenomics (CNP) (NIH Roadmap for Medical Research grant UL1-DE019580, RL1DA024853) and NIH Grant 1R03AA020186-01 to Steve S. Lee.
Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.