How does use cookies?

Last updated on October 30, 2020

How does use cookies?

Last updated on October 30, 2020

As explained in our Privacy Policy, Elsevier collects information through the use of cookies or similar technologies. Cookies are widely used in order to make websites and applications work, or work more efficiently, and help them remember certain information about you, either for the duration of your visit (using a session cookie) or for repeat visits (using a persistent cookie).

The cookies used on this website are as follows:

  • Strictly necessary cookies. These cookies are essential in order to enable you to move around the website and use its features, such as accessing secure areas of the website. For example, authentication cookies are used to identify and recognize registered users and to enable them to gain access to requested content or features. Security cookies and related technologies, such as those provided by Threatmetrix, are used to maintain online security and protect our website against fraud and abuse. Without these technologies, services you have asked for cannot be provided.
  • Functionality cookies. These cookies allow our websites to remember the choices you make and your account preferences and to provide enhanced, more personal features. For example, these cookies will remember your log-in details.
  • Performance cookies. These are analytics and research cookies that allow us to collect information about how visitors use a website, for instance which pages visitors go to most often, and if they get error messages from web pages. This helps us to improve the way the website works and allows us to test different ideas on the site.
  • Targeting cookies. These cookies record your visit to the website, the pages you have visited and the links you have followed. We will use this information to make the website and the advertising displayed on it more relevant to your interests. We may also share this information with third parties for this purpose.

The table below explains performance, functional and targeting cookies and their purpose. Please note that the cookies and other technologies may change over time.




This cookie remembers a visitor's information to make signing in faster for returning visitors.

Remember Me

This cookie remembers a visitor's sign in information and signs them in automatically when they return.

Ping session

This cookie keeps the visitor signed in to the product.


This cookie allows the visitor to move between different products and stay signed in.


These web analytics cookies, provided by Adobe Systems Inc., are used to differentiate requests from different browsers and to store helpful information that an application can use later. They may also be used to associate browsing information to customer records. In particular, Analytics uses cookies to anonymously define new visitors, help analyze clickstream data, and track historical activity on the website.

Institutional cookie

This cookie remembers a visitor's institutional information to make signing in faster for returning visitors.

WAYF Institutional Cookie

This cookie remembers a visitor's most recently selected institute to make signing in faster for returning visitors.

WAYF Institutional Account Cookie

This cookie remembers a visitor's selected institution from a previous search.

Path Choice

This cookie remembers the last accessed organization.

How to refuse the use of cookies

You can prevent your browser from accepting certain cookies, have the browser require your consent before a new cookie is placed in your browser, or block cookies altogether by selecting the appropriate settings on your browser privacy preferences menu. To avoid receiving cookies on the browser of your mobile device, you will need to refer to its user manual. For information on how to opt-out of cookies set by our suppliers, please visit the applicable links listed below.

The links below will help you find the settings for some common browsers:

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