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"},]}, {"text":"\n "}, {"tag":"figcaption","attrib":{style:{13:"justify",18:"baseline",39:"382px 11.4px",116:"382px 11.4px",122:"8px",128:"8px",195:"space-between",206:"22.8px",250:"flex",324:"22.8px",348:"baseline"}},children:[ {"text":"\n "}, {"tag":"span","attrib":{style:{1:"rgb(38, 38, 38)",2:"rgb(38, 38, 38)",13:"start",18:"stretch",26:"20px",32:"normal",39:"10px 0px",55:"rgb(38, 38, 38)",60:"rgb(38, 38, 38)",61:"rgb(38, 38, 38)",116:"10px 0px",122:"0px",123:"20px",126:"20px",128:"0px",144:"rgb(38, 38, 38)",154:"auto",155:"auto",156:"auto",157:"auto",177:"2px",183:"2px",188:"20px",195:"normal",201:"20px",206:"0px",217:"700",230:"13px",250:"block",264:"rgb(38, 38, 38)",271:"rgb(38, 38, 38)",276:"rgb(38, 38, 38)",289:"rgb(38, 38, 38)",295:"rgb(38, 38, 38)",298:"rgb(38, 38, 38)",301:"rgb(38, 38, 38)",304:"rgb(38, 38, 38)",317:"rgb(38, 38, 38)",320:"rgb(38, 38, 38)",323:"rgb(38, 38, 38)",324:"0px",348:"normal"}},children:[]}, {"text":"\n "}, {"tag":"span","attrib":{style:{1:"rgb(151, 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A midtown "}, {"tag":"a","attrib":{"href":"http://gothamist.com/2017/04/21/mta_subway_power_out.php","rel":"noopener",style:{1:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",2:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",26:"auto",32:"normal",39:"117.383px 11.5px",55:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",60:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",61:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",116:"117.383px 11.5px",124:"2px",125:"2px",144:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",158:"none",159:"none",177:"0px",178:"0px",179:"0px",180:"0px",181:"0px",183:"0px",201:"auto",206:"auto",250:"inline",254:"pointer",264:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",271:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",276:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",289:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",295:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",298:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",301:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",304:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",313:"1px",314:"solid",317:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",320:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",321:"1px",322:"solid",323:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",324:"auto"}},children:[ {"text":"power outage on the 21st"},]}, {"text":" severely delayed half the subway’s lines, creating a nightmare commute on the same day that a switching problem "}, {"tag":"a","attrib":{"href":"https://www.nbcnewyork.com/news/local/Friday-Commute-Mess-New-Jersey-Transit-Delays-Amtrak-Switch-Problem-NYC-Subway-Delays-Friday-Commute-Power-Outage-420063353.html","rel":"noopener",style:{1:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",2:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",26:"auto",32:"normal",39:"260.917px 11.5px",55:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",60:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",61:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",116:"260.917px 11.5px",124:"2px",125:"2px",144:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",158:"none",159:"none",177:"0px",178:"0px",179:"0px",180:"0px",181:"0px",183:"0px",201:"auto",206:"auto",250:"inline",254:"pointer",264:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",271:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",276:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",289:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",295:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",298:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",301:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",304:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",313:"1px",314:"solid",317:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",320:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",321:"1px",322:"solid",323:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",324:"auto"}},children:[ {"text":"left NJ Transit riders stuck on trains for more than an hour"},]}, {"text":". "}, {"tag":"a","attrib":{"href":"http://gothamist.com/2017/04/24/monday_subway_delays.php","rel":"noopener",style:{1:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",2:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",26:"auto",32:"normal",39:"74.5083px 11.5px",55:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",60:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",61:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",116:"74.5083px 11.5px",124:"2px",125:"2px",144:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",158:"none",159:"none",177:"0px",178:"0px",179:"0px",180:"0px",181:"0px",183:"0px",201:"auto",206:"auto",250:"inline",254:"pointer",264:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",271:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",276:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",289:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",295:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",298:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",301:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",304:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",313:"1px",314:"solid",317:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",320:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",321:"1px",322:"solid",323:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",324:"auto"}},children:[ {"text":"Three days later"},]}, {"text":", three separate incidents during Monday’s morning rush hour resulted in another round of misery."},]}, {"text":"\n"}, {"tag":"p","attrib":{style:{26:"690px",39:"345px 192px",116:"345px 192px",158:"690px",159:"690px",177:"18px",178:"161px",179:"161px",180:"161px",181:"161px",182:"24px",183:"18px",184:"24px",188:"32px",201:"690px",206:"384px",230:"18px",324:"384px"}},children:[ {"text":"Since then, it seems, the subway has yet to recover any semblance of normalcy. The following month brought three similarly hellish days. On May 7, service on several lines running through Brooklyn’s Dekalb Avenue stop was "}, {"tag":"a","attrib":{"href":"https://newyork.cbslocal.com/2017/05/07/__trashed-2/","rel":"noopener",style:{1:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",2:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",26:"auto",32:"normal",39:"216.533px 11.5px",55:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",60:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",61:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",116:"216.533px 11.5px",124:"2px",125:"2px",144:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",158:"none",159:"none",177:"0px",178:"0px",179:"0px",180:"0px",181:"0px",183:"0px",201:"auto",206:"auto",250:"inline",254:"pointer",264:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",271:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",276:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",289:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",295:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",298:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",301:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",304:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",313:"1px",314:"solid",317:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",320:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",321:"1px",322:"solid",323:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",324:"auto"}},children:[ {"text":"severely disrupted by a Con Edison power issue"},]}, {"text":". A few days later, almost a dozen lines "}, {"tag":"a","attrib":{"href":"https://www.nytimes.com/2017/05/12/nyregion/mta-subway-delays.html","rel":"noopener",style:{1:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",2:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",26:"auto",32:"normal",39:"133.367px 11.5px",55:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",60:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",61:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",116:"133.367px 11.5px",124:"2px",125:"2px",144:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",158:"none",159:"none",177:"0px",178:"0px",179:"0px",180:"0px",181:"0px",183:"0px",201:"auto",206:"auto",250:"inline",254:"pointer",264:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",271:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",276:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",289:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",295:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",298:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",301:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",304:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",313:"1px",314:"solid",317:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",320:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",321:"1px",322:"solid",323:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",324:"auto"}},children:[ {"text":"experienced rush hour issues"},]}, {"text":". The following week, signal problems and “fallen debris” "}, {"tag":"a","attrib":{"href":"https://pix11.com/2017/05/19/fallen-debris-signal-problems-cause-service-changes-for-several-subway-lines-mta/","rel":"noopener",style:{1:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",2:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",26:"auto",32:"normal",39:"144.625px 11.5px",55:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",60:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",61:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",116:"144.625px 11.5px",124:"2px",125:"2px",144:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",158:"none",159:"none",177:"0px",178:"0px",179:"0px",180:"0px",181:"0px",183:"0px",201:"auto",206:"auto",250:"inline",254:"pointer",264:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",271:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",276:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",289:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",295:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",298:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",301:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",304:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",313:"1px",314:"solid",317:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",320:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",321:"1px",322:"solid",323:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",324:"auto"}},children:[ {"text":"disrupted some half-dozen lines"},]}, {"text":". June greeted New York with the "}, {"tag":"a","attrib":{"href":"http://gothamist.com/2017/06/06/harrowing_a_f_train_video_nightmare.php","rel":"noopener",style:{1:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",2:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",26:"auto",32:"normal",39:"149.192px 11.5px",55:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",60:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",61:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",116:"149.192px 11.5px",124:"2px",125:"2px",144:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",158:"none",159:"none",177:"0px",178:"0px",179:"0px",180:"0px",181:"0px",183:"0px",201:"auto",206:"auto",250:"inline",254:"pointer",264:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",271:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",276:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",289:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",295:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",298:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",301:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",304:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",313:"1px",314:"solid",317:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",320:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",321:"1px",322:"solid",323:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",324:"auto"}},children:[ {"text":"infamously trapped F train riders"},]}, {"text":", whose harrowing ordeal caused every New Yorker to let out a collective “Hell no.” By the end of the month — after an A train in Harlem hit an unsecured piece of track and derailed, injuring 34 people — Governor Andrew Cuomo had declared a "}, {"tag":"a","attrib":{"href":"http://gothamist.com/2017/06/29/cuomo_mta_emergency_funds.php","rel":"noopener",style:{1:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",2:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",26:"auto",32:"normal",39:"153.725px 11.5px",55:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",60:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",61:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",116:"153.725px 11.5px",124:"2px",125:"2px",144:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",158:"none",159:"none",177:"0px",178:"0px",179:"0px",180:"0px",181:"0px",183:"0px",201:"auto",206:"auto",250:"inline",254:"pointer",264:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",271:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",276:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",289:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",295:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",298:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",301:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",304:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",313:"1px",314:"solid",317:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",320:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",321:"1px",322:"solid",323:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",324:"auto"}},children:[ {"text":"“State of Emergency” for the MTA"},]}, {"text":". But that was just the icing on the severely delayed cake, perhaps due to cake traffic ahead of us."},]}, {"text":"\n"}, {"tag":"p","attrib":{style:{26:"690px",39:"345px 176px",116:"345px 176px",158:"690px",159:"690px",177:"18px",178:"161px",179:"161px",180:"161px",181:"161px",182:"24px",183:"18px",184:"24px",188:"32px",201:"690px",206:"352px",230:"18px",324:"352px"}},children:[ {"text":"To most commuters, the disasters this spring felt like a new era of MTA mismanagement. But this wasn’t for a lack of alarm bells. In February, "}, {"tag":"a","attrib":{"href":"https://www.nytimes.com/2017/02/12/nyregion/subway-complaints-straphangers-fuming.html","rel":"noopener",style:{1:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",2:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",26:"auto",32:"normal",39:"15.7583px 11.5px",55:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",60:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",61:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",116:"15.7583px 11.5px",124:"2px",125:"2px",144:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",158:"none",159:"none",177:"0px",178:"0px",179:"0px",180:"0px",181:"0px",183:"0px",201:"auto",206:"auto",250:"inline",254:"pointer",264:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",271:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",276:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",289:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",295:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",298:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",301:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",304:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",313:"1px",314:"solid",317:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",320:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",321:"1px",322:"solid",323:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",324:"auto"}},children:[ {"text":"the "}, {"tag":"em","attrib":{style:{39:"70.7667px 11px",116:"70.7667px 11px",124:"0px",125:"0px",182:"0px",184:"0px",227:"italic",313:"0px",314:"none",321:"0px",322:"none"}},children:[ {"text":"New York Times"},]}, {"text":" parsed the MTA’s train trip data and found"},]}, {"text":" that the average number of subway delays per month had more than doubled since 2012. There was already a palpable sense matters were getting worse — one rider told the "}, {"tag":"em","attrib":{style:{26:"auto",32:"normal",39:"29.5667px 11px",116:"29.5667px 11px",158:"none",159:"none",177:"0px",178:"0px",179:"0px",180:"0px",181:"0px",182:"0px",183:"0px",184:"0px",201:"auto",206:"auto",227:"italic",250:"inline",324:"auto"}},children:[ {"text":"Times,"},]}, {"text":" “The last few months have been maddening” — but the difficulties remained nuisances, not yet crises. When the "}, {"tag":"em","attrib":{style:{26:"auto",32:"normal",39:"23.95px 11px",116:"23.95px 11px",158:"none",159:"none",177:"0px",178:"0px",179:"0px",180:"0px",181:"0px",182:"0px",183:"0px",184:"0px",201:"auto",206:"auto",227:"italic",250:"inline",324:"auto"}},children:[ {"text":"Voice"},]}, {"text":" reported two years ago that the MTA was facing "}, {"tag":"a","attrib":{"href":"https://www.villagevoice.com/2015/06/30/theres-nothing-wrong-with-the-mta-that-a-hundred-years-and-a-few-hundred-billion-bucks-cant-fix/","target":"_blank","rel":"noopener",style:{1:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",2:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",26:"auto",32:"normal",39:"146.017px 11.5px",55:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",60:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",61:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",116:"146.017px 11.5px",124:"2px",125:"2px",144:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",158:"none",159:"none",177:"0px",178:"0px",179:"0px",180:"0px",181:"0px",183:"0px",201:"auto",206:"auto",250:"inline",254:"pointer",264:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",271:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",276:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",289:"rgb(37, 37, 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{"text":"\n"},]}, {"text":"\n\n\t\t\t"}, {"tag":"div","attrib":{style:{26:"690px",39:"345px 151px",116:"345px 151px",127:"22px",129:"22px",158:"690px",159:"690px",177:"0px",178:"161px",179:"161px",180:"161px",181:"161px",183:"0px",201:"690px",206:"302px",324:"302px"}},children:[ {"text":"\n\t\t\t\t"}, {"tag":"div","attrib":{style:{39:"345px 6px",65:"center",116:"345px 6px",127:"0px",129:"0px",158:"none",159:"none",178:"0px",179:"0px",180:"0px",181:"0px",206:"12px",324:"12px"}},children:[ {"text":"\n\t\t\t\t\t"}, {"tag":"div","attrib":{style:{39:"345px 1px",116:"345px 1px",177:"40px",183:"40px",206:"2px",285:"2px",286:"solid",289:"rgb(204, 204, 204)",318:"2px",319:"solid",320:"rgb(204, 204, 204)",324:"2px"}},children:[]}, {"text":"\n\t\t\t\t\t"}, {"tag":"h2","attrib":{style:{26:"113.933px",39:"56.9667px 10px",46:"uppercase",116:"56.9667px 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73px",122:"0px",127:"0px",128:"0px",129:"0px",154:"auto",155:"auto",156:"auto",157:"auto",201:"220px",206:"146px",240:"0",243:"220px",250:"block",313:"0px",314:"none",317:"rgb(0, 0, 0)",321:"0px",322:"none",323:"rgb(0, 0, 0)",324:"146px",347:"flex-start",348:"normal"}},children:[ {"text":"\n\t\t "}, {"tag":"a","attrib":{"href":"https://www.villagevoice.com/2017/08/03/the-mysterious-disappearance-of-mayor-de-blasios-2-5b-streetcar-plan/",style:{1:"rgb(0, 0, 238)",2:"rgb(0, 0, 238)",26:"auto",32:"normal",39:"0px 0px",55:"rgb(0, 0, 238)",60:"rgb(0, 0, 238)",61:"rgb(0, 0, 238)",116:"0px 0px",144:"rgb(0, 0, 238)",154:"0px",155:"0px",156:"0px",157:"0px",201:"auto",206:"auto",240:"1",243:"auto",250:"inline",254:"pointer",264:"rgb(0, 0, 238)",271:"rgb(0, 0, 238)",276:"rgb(0, 0, 238)",289:"rgb(0, 0, 238)",295:"rgb(0, 0, 238)",298:"rgb(0, 0, 238)",301:"rgb(0, 0, 238)",304:"rgb(0, 0, 238)",317:"rgb(0, 0, 238)",320:"rgb(0, 0, 238)",323:"rgb(0, 0, 238)",324:"auto",347:"auto"}},children:[ {"text":"\n "}, {"tag":"div","attrib":{style:{26:"220px",32:"isolate",39:"110px 73px",116:"110px 73px",201:"220px",206:"146px",250:"block",324:"146px",325:"cover",327:"50%",328:"50%",329:"50% 50%",331:"url('https://www.villagevoice.com/wp-content/themes/villagevoice/images/vv-logo-759x500.png')"}},children:[ {"text":"\n "},]}, {"text":"\n "},]}, {"text":"\n\t\t "},]}, {"text":"\n "}, {"tag":"div","attrib":{style:{16:"1",18:"stretch",26:"470px",39:"235px 118px",116:"235px 118px",122:"0px",123:"30px",124:"30px",125:"30px",126:"30px",127:"0px",128:"0px",129:"0px",154:"auto",155:"auto",156:"auto",157:"auto",201:"470px",206:"236px",241:"1",243:"0%",250:"block",313:"0px",314:"none",317:"rgb(0, 0, 0)",321:"0px",322:"none",323:"rgb(0, 0, 0)",324:"236px",348:"normal"}},children:[ {"text":"\n\n\t\t "}, {"tag":"div","attrib":{style:{1:"rgb(22, 141, 255)",2:"rgb(22, 141, 255)",16:"0",26:"410px",39:"205px 11px",46:"uppercase",55:"rgb(22, 141, 255)",60:"rgb(22, 141, 255)",61:"rgb(22, 141, 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{"tag":"div","attrib":{style:{1:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",2:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",16:"0",26:"410px",39:"205px 79.5px",55:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",60:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",61:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",65:"center",116:"205px 79.5px",123:"0px",124:"0px",125:"0px",126:"0px",127:"11px",129:"11px",144:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",154:"0px",155:"0px",156:"0px",157:"0px",188:"37px",201:"410px",206:"159px",217:"500",230:"38px",241:"0",243:"auto",264:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",271:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",276:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",289:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",295:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",298:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",301:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",304:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",317:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",320:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",323:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",324:"159px"}},children:[ {"text":"\n "}, {"tag":"a","attrib":{"href":"https://www.villagevoice.com/2017/08/03/the-mysterious-disappearance-of-mayor-de-blasios-2-5b-streetcar-plan/",style:{26:"auto",32:"normal",39:"144.708px 22.5px",116:"144.708px 22.5px",127:"0px",129:"0px",201:"auto",206:"auto",250:"inline",254:"pointer",324:"auto"}},children:[ {"text":"\n\t\t\t\tThe Mysterious Disappearance of Mayor de Blasio’s $2.5B Streetcar Plan "},]}, {"text":"\n "},]}, {"text":"\n\n "}, {"tag":"div","attrib":{style:{1:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",2:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",16:"0",26:"410px",39:"205px 19.5px",55:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",60:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",61:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",65:"center",116:"205px 19.5px",123:"0px",124:"0px",125:"0px",126:"0px",127:"7px",129:"7px",144:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",154:"0px",155:"0px",156:"0px",157:"0px",188:"16px",191:"0.98px",201:"410px",206:"39px",217:"500",230:"14px",241:"0",243:"auto",264:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",271:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",276:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",289:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",295:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",298:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",301:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",304:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",317:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",320:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",323:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",324:"39px"}},children:[ {"text":"\n by\n "}, {"tag":"span","attrib":{style:{26:"auto",32:"normal",39:"74.375px 8.5px",116:"74.375px 8.5px",127:"0px",129:"0px",201:"auto",206:"auto",250:"inline",324:"auto"}},children:[ {"text":"\n "}, {"tag":"a","attrib":{"href":"https://www.villagevoice.com/author/neildemause/","title":"Posts by Neil deMause","rel":"author",style:{39:"74.375px 11.5px",46:"uppercase",116:"74.375px 11.5px",124:"2px",125:"2px",182:"24px",184:"24px",188:"32px",230:"18px",254:"pointer",313:"1px",314:"solid",317:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",321:"1px",322:"solid",323:"rgb(37, 37, 37)"}},children:[ {"text":"Neil deMause"},]}, {"text":" "},]}, {"text":"\n "},]}, {"text":"\n \n "}, {"tag":"div","attrib":{style:{16:"0",26:"410px",39:"205px 8px",65:"center",116:"205px 8px",123:"0px",124:"0px",125:"0px",126:"0px",154:"0px",155:"0px",156:"0px",157:"0px",158:"690px",159:"690px",188:"32px",201:"410px",206:"16px",230:"18px",241:"0",243:"auto",324:"16px"}},children:[ {"text":"\n "}, {"tag":"time","attrib":{"datetime":"",style:{26:"auto",32:"normal",39:"51.8917px 8.5px",116:"51.8917px 8.5px",158:"none",159:"none",188:"16px",201:"auto",206:"auto",217:"500",230:"13.6px",250:"inline",324:"auto"}},children:[ {"text":"August 3, 2017"},]}, {"text":"\n"},]}, {"text":"\n \n\n "},]}, {"text":"\n"},]}, {"text":"\n\t\t\t\t"},]}, {"text":"\n\t\t\t"},]}, {"text":"\n\n"}, {"tag":"p","attrib":{style:{26:"690px",39:"345px 32px",116:"345px 32px",158:"690px",159:"690px",177:"18px",178:"161px",179:"161px",180:"161px",181:"161px",182:"24px",183:"18px",184:"24px",188:"32px",201:"690px",206:"64px",230:"18px",324:"64px"}},children:[ {"text":"“I do believe the system has gotten worse this year,” says Rich Barone, vice president of the Regional Plan Association. “I wouldn’t disagree with that.”"},]}, {"text":"\n"}, {"tag":"p","attrib":{style:{26:"690px",39:"345px 80px",116:"345px 80px",158:"690px",159:"690px",177:"18px",178:"161px",179:"161px",180:"161px",181:"161px",182:"24px",183:"18px",184:"24px",188:"32px",201:"690px",206:"160px",230:"18px",324:"160px"}},children:[ {"text":"Even the "}, {"tag":"a","attrib":{"href":"http://gothamist.com/2017/07/12/mta_hair_shirt.php","rel":"noopener",style:{1:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",2:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",26:"auto",32:"normal",39:"53.3px 11.5px",55:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",60:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",61:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",116:"53.3px 11.5px",124:"2px",125:"2px",144:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",158:"none",159:"none",177:"0px",178:"0px",179:"0px",180:"0px",181:"0px",183:"0px",201:"auto",206:"auto",250:"inline",254:"pointer",264:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",271:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",276:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",289:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",295:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",298:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",301:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",304:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",313:"1px",314:"solid",317:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",320:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",321:"1px",322:"solid",323:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",324:"auto"}},children:[ {"text":"MTA admits"},]}, {"text":" service has declined in recent months. But how much worse it’s gotten — and why it’s happened so quickly — are not as easy questions to answer. The lack of clarity speaks to a fundamental issue with the MTA’s management: It isn’t measuring the system’s own performance in a meaningful way."},]}, {"text":"\n"}, {"tag":"p","attrib":{style:{26:"690px",39:"345px 128px",116:"345px 128px",158:"690px",159:"690px",177:"18px",178:"161px",179:"161px",180:"161px",181:"161px",182:"24px",183:"18px",184:"24px",188:"32px",201:"690px",206:"256px",230:"18px",324:"256px"}},children:[ {"text":"The MTA uses two metrics for punctuality, as "}, {"tag":"a","attrib":{"href":"https://www.vox.com/policy-and-politics/2017/7/11/15949284/new-york-subway-crisis","rel":"nofollow noopener",style:{1:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",2:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",26:"auto",32:"normal",39:"135.342px 11.5px",55:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",60:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",61:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",116:"135.342px 11.5px",124:"2px",125:"2px",144:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",158:"none",159:"none",177:"0px",178:"0px",179:"0px",180:"0px",181:"0px",183:"0px",201:"auto",206:"auto",250:"inline",254:"pointer",264:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",271:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",276:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",289:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",295:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",298:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",301:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",304:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",313:"1px",314:"solid",317:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",320:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",321:"1px",322:"solid",323:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",324:"auto"}},children:[ {"text":"explained by Alon Levy in "}, {"tag":"em","attrib":{style:{39:"16.0167px 11px",116:"16.0167px 11px",124:"0px",125:"0px",182:"0px",184:"0px",227:"italic",313:"0px",314:"none",321:"0px",322:"none"}},children:[ {"text":"Vox"},]},]}, {"text":" last month: on-time performance (OTP) and wait assessment (WA). OTP is the percentage of trains that make their final stops within five minutes of the MTA’s schedule, which has not been updated to reflect speed limit and other operational changes over the past few decades; WA is the time between trains. For every delay, the MTA must record a reason, such as overcrowding (which, Levy notes, is a catchall used by train operators when the true cause isn’t identified), signal failure, or equipment malfunction."},]}, {"text":"\n"}, {"tag":"p","attrib":{style:{26:"690px",39:"345px 160px",116:"345px 160px",158:"690px",159:"690px",177:"18px",178:"161px",179:"161px",180:"161px",181:"161px",182:"24px",183:"18px",184:"24px",188:"32px",201:"690px",206:"320px",230:"18px",324:"320px"}},children:[ {"text":"Neither of these metrics tells us very much, in part because they’re binary: The train is either on time or it’s not. To be sure, a train stuck in the tunnel for 45 minutes backing up the system for hours during rush hour and creating dangerous and sweaty crowds on platforms leaves a footprint — one "}, {"tag":"a","attrib":{"href":"https://nymag.com/intelligencer/2016/02/mta-one-day-625-delays.html?gtm=bottom","rel":"noopener",style:{1:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",2:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",26:"auto",32:"normal",39:"295.933px 11.5px",55:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",60:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",61:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",116:"295.933px 11.5px",124:"2px",125:"2px",144:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",158:"none",159:"none",177:"0px",178:"0px",179:"0px",180:"0px",181:"0px",183:"0px",201:"auto",206:"auto",250:"inline",254:"pointer",264:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",271:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",276:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",289:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",295:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",298:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",301:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",304:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",313:"1px",314:"solid",317:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",320:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",321:"1px",322:"solid",323:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",324:"auto"}},children:[ {"text":"mechanical failure on a moving platform at Union Square in 2015 resulted in 625 separate train delays"},]}, {"text":" — but even those raw numbers downplay the actual effect it has on the system and the misery it creates among New York’s millions of straphangers. These statistics count trains, not passengers, meaning each trip counts equally, whether the train is running at 2 a.m. on a Tuesday or rush hour on a Friday."},]}, {"text":"\n\n"}, {"text":"\n"}, {"tag":"div","attrib":{style:{26:"690px",39:"345px 0px",65:"center",116:"345px 0px",158:"690px",159:"690px",177:"0px",178:"161px",179:"161px",180:"161px",181:"161px",183:"0px",188:"32px",201:"690px",206:"0px",230:"18px",324:"0px"}},children:[ {"text":"\n"}, {"tag":"span","attrib":{"id":"zone849653265",style:{26:"auto",32:"normal",39:"0px 0px",116:"0px 0px",158:"none",159:"none",178:"0px",179:"0px",180:"0px",181:"0px",201:"auto",206:"auto",250:"inline",324:"auto"}},children:[]}, {"text":"\n"}, {"text":"\n"},]}, {"text":"\n\n\t\t\t"}, {"tag":"div","attrib":{style:{26:"690px",39:"345px 151px",116:"345px 151px",127:"22px",129:"22px",158:"690px",159:"690px",177:"0px",178:"161px",179:"161px",180:"161px",181:"161px",183:"0px",201:"690px",206:"302px",324:"302px"}},children:[ {"text":"\n\t\t\t\t"}, {"tag":"div","attrib":{style:{39:"345px 6px",65:"center",116:"345px 6px",127:"0px",129:"0px",158:"none",159:"none",178:"0px",179:"0px",180:"0px",181:"0px",206:"12px",324:"12px"}},children:[ {"text":"\n\t\t\t\t\t"}, {"tag":"div","attrib":{style:{39:"345px 1px",116:"345px 1px",177:"40px",183:"40px",206:"2px",285:"2px",286:"solid",289:"rgb(204, 204, 204)",318:"2px",319:"solid",320:"rgb(204, 204, 204)",324:"2px"}},children:[]}, {"text":"\n\t\t\t\t\t"}, {"tag":"h2","attrib":{style:{26:"113.933px",39:"56.9667px 10px",46:"uppercase",116:"56.9667px 10px",123:"15px",124:"15px",125:"15px",126:"15px",158:"690px",159:"690px",177:"-10px",183:"-10px",188:"20px",191:"1px",201:"113.933px",206:"20px",217:"500",230:"17px",250:"inline-block",324:"20px",332:"rgb(255, 255, 255)"}},children:[ {"text":"Related"},]}, {"text":"\n\t\t\t\t"},]}, {"text":"\n\n\t\t\t\t"}, {"tag":"ul","attrib":{style:{39:"345px 134px",116:"345px 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{"text":" "},]}, {"text":"\n "},]}, {"text":"\n \n "}, {"tag":"div","attrib":{style:{16:"0",26:"410px",39:"205px 8px",65:"center",116:"205px 8px",123:"0px",124:"0px",125:"0px",126:"0px",154:"0px",155:"0px",156:"0px",157:"0px",158:"690px",159:"690px",188:"32px",201:"410px",206:"16px",230:"18px",241:"0",243:"auto",324:"16px"}},children:[ {"text":"\n "}, {"tag":"time","attrib":{"datetime":"",style:{26:"auto",32:"normal",39:"44.6583px 8.5px",116:"44.6583px 8.5px",158:"none",159:"none",188:"16px",201:"auto",206:"auto",217:"500",230:"13.6px",250:"inline",324:"auto"}},children:[ {"text":"July 31, 2017"},]}, {"text":"\n"},]}, {"text":"\n \n\n "},]}, {"text":"\n"},]}, {"text":"\n\t\t\t\t"},]}, {"text":"\n\t\t\t"},]}, {"text":"\n\n"}, {"tag":"p","attrib":{style:{26:"690px",39:"345px 112px",116:"345px 112px",158:"690px",159:"690px",177:"18px",178:"161px",179:"161px",180:"161px",181:"161px",182:"24px",183:"18px",184:"24px",188:"32px",201:"690px",206:"224px",230:"18px",324:"224px"}},children:[ {"text":"A more accurate way to measure the severity of delays would be to follow the lead of London’s transit agency and use "}, {"tag":"a","attrib":{"href":"https://tfl.gov.uk/corporate/publications-and-reports/underground-services-performance","rel":"nofollow noopener",style:{1:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",2:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",26:"auto",32:"normal",39:"95.375px 11.5px",55:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",60:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",61:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",116:"95.375px 11.5px",124:"2px",125:"2px",144:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",158:"none",159:"none",177:"0px",178:"0px",179:"0px",180:"0px",181:"0px",183:"0px",201:"auto",206:"auto",250:"inline",254:"pointer",264:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",271:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",276:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",289:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",295:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",298:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",301:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",304:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",313:"1px",314:"solid",317:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",320:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",321:"1px",322:"solid",323:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",324:"auto"}},children:[ {"text":"Lost Customer Hours"},]}, {"text":" (LCH), which illuminate the magnitude of the most disruptive delays. For example, a derailment on "}, {"tag":"a","attrib":{"href":"https://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/2017/03/10/london-undergound-commuter-chaos-tube-train-derails/","rel":"noopener",style:{1:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",2:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",26:"auto",32:"normal",39:"245.033px 11.5px",55:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",60:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",61:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",116:"245.033px 11.5px",124:"2px",125:"2px",144:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",158:"none",159:"none",177:"0px",178:"0px",179:"0px",180:"0px",181:"0px",183:"0px",201:"auto",206:"auto",250:"inline",254:"pointer",264:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",271:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",276:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",289:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",295:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",298:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",301:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",304:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",313:"1px",314:"solid",317:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",320:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",321:"1px",322:"solid",323:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",324:"auto"}},children:[ {"text":"London’s Central line on March 10 caused a whopping 136,663 LCHs"},]}, {"text":"; only one other incident that month caused more than 15,000 LCHs. We can measure that Central line derailment against other delays to determine its true magnitude. But not so with the MTA’s problems."},]}, {"text":"\n"}, {"tag":"p","attrib":{style:{26:"690px",39:"345px 176px",116:"345px 176px",158:"690px",159:"690px",177:"18px",178:"161px",179:"161px",180:"161px",181:"161px",182:"24px",183:"18px",184:"24px",188:"32px",201:"690px",206:"352px",230:"18px",324:"352px"}},children:[ {"text":"Take that disastrous 625-delay day in 2015. Even 625 trains are a fraction of the thousands that ran that day. In the end, it resulted in only a tiny blip on the MTA’s monthly performance metrics. According to a "}, {"tag":"a","attrib":{"href":"https://osc.state.ny.us/audits/allaudits/093015/14s56.pdf","rel":"nofollow noopener",style:{1:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",2:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",26:"auto",32:"normal",39:"68.875px 11.5px",55:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",60:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",61:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",116:"68.875px 11.5px",124:"2px",125:"2px",144:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",158:"none",159:"none",177:"0px",178:"0px",179:"0px",180:"0px",181:"0px",183:"0px",201:"auto",206:"auto",250:"inline",254:"pointer",264:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",271:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",276:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",289:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",295:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",298:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",301:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",304:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",313:"1px",314:"solid",317:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",320:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",321:"1px",322:"solid",323:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",324:"auto"}},children:[ {"text":"New York State comptroller’s office report"},]}, {"text":" published that year, the subway logged 498,889 delayed trains from March 2013 to March 2014. Adding 625 additional delays to an average month would bump up the overall number of delays by a mere 1.5 percent. (Of course, it is a much, much smaller percentage in terms of on-time performance, which measures delays against "}, {"tag":"em","attrib":{style:{26:"auto",32:"normal",39:"10.5167px 11px",116:"10.5167px 11px",158:"none",159:"none",177:"0px",178:"0px",179:"0px",180:"0px",181:"0px",182:"0px",183:"0px",184:"0px",201:"auto",206:"auto",227:"italic",250:"inline",324:"auto"}},children:[ {"text":"all"},]}, {"text":" trips.) In all, it’s not much more than a rounding error, because they’re measuring the wrong things. Trains running on time is not what concerns people as much as hours lost or customers inconvenienced."},]}, {"text":"\n"}, {"tag":"p","attrib":{style:{26:"690px",39:"345px 112px",116:"345px 112px",158:"690px",159:"690px",177:"18px",178:"161px",179:"161px",180:"161px",181:"161px",182:"24px",183:"18px",184:"24px",188:"32px",201:"690px",206:"224px",230:"18px",324:"224px"}},children:[ {"text":"“The fact that there aren’t a lot of metrics that can help the public determine the source or severity of delays is a real problem,” Masha Burina of the Riders Alliance tells the "}, {"tag":"em","attrib":{style:{26:"auto",32:"normal",39:"23.95px 11px",116:"23.95px 11px",158:"none",159:"none",177:"0px",178:"0px",179:"0px",180:"0px",181:"0px",182:"0px",183:"0px",184:"0px",201:"auto",206:"auto",227:"italic",250:"inline",324:"auto"}},children:[ {"text":"Voice"},]}, {"text":". But for the MTA, measuring LCHs or a similar metric would demolish several convenient fictions. For one, the MTA maintains that the leading cause of delays is "}, {"tag":"a","attrib":{"href":"https://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2017/06/28/nyregion/subway-delays-overcrowding.html","rel":"noopener",style:{1:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",2:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",26:"auto",32:"normal",39:"61.8167px 11.5px",55:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",60:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",61:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",116:"61.8167px 11.5px",124:"2px",125:"2px",144:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",158:"none",159:"none",177:"0px",178:"0px",179:"0px",180:"0px",181:"0px",183:"0px",201:"auto",206:"auto",250:"inline",254:"pointer",264:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",271:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",276:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",289:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",295:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",298:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",301:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",304:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",313:"1px",314:"solid",317:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",320:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",321:"1px",322:"solid",323:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",324:"auto"}},children:[ {"text":"overcrowding"},]}, {"text":", but if the public could see the outsize effect mechanical issues have on major delays, the MTA would no longer be able to cast itself as a victim of its own success."},]}, {"text":"\n"}, {"tag":"p","attrib":{style:{26:"690px",39:"345px 64px",116:"345px 64px",158:"690px",159:"690px",177:"18px",178:"161px",179:"161px",180:"161px",181:"161px",182:"24px",183:"18px",184:"24px",188:"32px",201:"690px",206:"128px",230:"18px",324:"128px"}},children:[ {"text":"And once we the public know the scale of disruptions — how much worse, say, a midtown power outage is than a run-of-the-mill Tuesday overcrowding — we can further diagnose the service’s deterioration as it affects millions of commuters."},]}, {"text":"\n\n"}, {"text":"\n"}, {"tag":"div","attrib":{style:{26:"690px",39:"345px 0px",65:"center",116:"345px 0px",158:"690px",159:"690px",177:"0px",178:"161px",179:"161px",180:"161px",181:"161px",183:"0px",188:"32px",201:"690px",206:"0px",230:"18px",324:"0px"}},children:[ {"text":"\n"}, {"tag":"span","attrib":{"id":"zone849653265",style:{26:"auto",32:"normal",39:"0px 0px",116:"0px 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{"tag":"div","attrib":{style:{26:"220px",32:"isolate",39:"110px 73px",116:"110px 73px",201:"220px",206:"146px",250:"block",324:"146px",325:"cover",327:"50%",328:"50%",329:"50% 50%",331:"url('https://www.villagevoice.com/wp-content/themes/villagevoice/images/vv-logo-759x500.png')"}},children:[ {"text":"\n "},]}, {"text":"\n "},]}, {"text":"\n\t\t "},]}, {"text":"\n "}, {"tag":"div","attrib":{style:{16:"1",18:"stretch",26:"470px",39:"235px 99.5px",116:"235px 99.5px",122:"0px",123:"30px",124:"30px",125:"30px",126:"30px",127:"0px",128:"0px",129:"0px",154:"auto",155:"auto",156:"auto",157:"auto",201:"470px",206:"199px",241:"1",243:"0%",250:"block",313:"0px",314:"none",317:"rgb(0, 0, 0)",321:"0px",322:"none",323:"rgb(0, 0, 0)",324:"199px",348:"normal"}},children:[ {"text":"\n\n\t\t "}, {"tag":"div","attrib":{style:{1:"rgb(22, 141, 255)",2:"rgb(22, 141, 255)",16:"0",26:"410px",39:"205px 11px",46:"uppercase",55:"rgb(22, 141, 255)",60:"rgb(22, 141, 255)",61:"rgb(22, 141, 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{"tag":"div","attrib":{style:{1:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",2:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",16:"0",26:"410px",39:"205px 61px",55:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",60:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",61:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",65:"center",116:"205px 61px",123:"0px",124:"0px",125:"0px",126:"0px",127:"11px",129:"11px",144:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",154:"0px",155:"0px",156:"0px",157:"0px",188:"37px",201:"410px",206:"122px",217:"500",230:"38px",241:"0",243:"auto",264:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",271:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",276:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",289:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",295:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",298:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",301:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",304:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",317:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",320:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",323:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",324:"122px"}},children:[ {"text":"\n "}, {"tag":"a","attrib":{"href":"https://www.villagevoice.com/2017/06/16/five-ways-to-fix-nycs-subways-right-now/",style:{26:"auto",32:"normal",39:"152.308px 22.5px",116:"152.308px 22.5px",127:"0px",129:"0px",201:"auto",206:"auto",250:"inline",254:"pointer",324:"auto"}},children:[ {"text":"\n\t\t\t\tFive Ways To Fix NYC’s Subways Right Now "},]}, {"text":"\n "},]}, {"text":"\n\n "}, {"tag":"div","attrib":{style:{1:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",2:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",16:"0",26:"410px",39:"205px 19.5px",55:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",60:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",61:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",65:"center",116:"205px 19.5px",123:"0px",124:"0px",125:"0px",126:"0px",127:"7px",129:"7px",144:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",154:"0px",155:"0px",156:"0px",157:"0px",188:"16px",191:"0.98px",201:"410px",206:"39px",217:"500",230:"14px",241:"0",243:"auto",264:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",271:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",276:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",289:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",295:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",298:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",301:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",304:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",317:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",320:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",323:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",324:"39px"}},children:[ {"text":"\n by\n "}, {"tag":"span","attrib":{style:{26:"auto",32:"normal",39:"101.808px 8.5px",116:"101.808px 8.5px",127:"0px",129:"0px",201:"auto",206:"auto",250:"inline",324:"auto"}},children:[ {"text":"\n "}, {"tag":"a","attrib":{"href":"https://www.villagevoice.com/author/maxrivlin-nadler/","title":"Posts by Max Rivlin-Nadler","rel":"author",style:{39:"101.808px 11.5px",46:"uppercase",116:"101.808px 11.5px",124:"2px",125:"2px",182:"24px",184:"24px",188:"32px",230:"18px",254:"pointer",313:"1px",314:"solid",317:"rgb(37, 37, 37)",321:"1px",322:"solid",323:"rgb(37, 37, 37)"}},children:[ {"text":"Max Rivlin-Nadler"},]}, {"text":" "},]}, {"text":"\n "},]}, {"text":"\n \n "}, {"tag":"div","attrib":{style:{16:"0",26:"410px",39:"205px 8px",65:"center",116:"205px 8px",123:"0px",124:"0px",125:"0px",126:"0px",154:"0px",155:"0px",156:"0px",157:"0px",158:"690px",159:"690px",188:"32px",201:"410px",206:"16px",230:"18px",241:"0",243:"auto",324:"16px"}},children:[ {"text":"\n "}, {"tag":"time","attrib":{"datetime":"",style:{26:"auto",32:"normal",39:"47.2333px 8.5px",116:"47.2333px 8.5px",158:"none",159:"none",188:"16px",201:"auto",206:"auto",217:"500",230:"13.6px",250:"inline",324:"auto"}},children:[ {"text":"June 16, 2017"},]}, {"text":"\n"},]}, {"text":"\n \n\n "},]}, {"text":"\n"},]}, {"text":"\n\t\t\t\t"},]}, {"text":"\n\t\t\t"},]}, {"text":"\n\n"}, {"tag":"p","attrib":{style:{26:"690px",39:"345px 32px",116:"345px 32px",158:"690px",159:"690px",177:"18px",178:"161px",179:"161px",180:"161px",181:"161px",182:"24px",183:"18px",184:"24px",188:"32px",201:"690px",206:"64px",230:"18px",324:"64px"}},children:[ {"text":"(The MTA did not reply by press time to queries about why the authority doesn’t track lost customer hours.)"},]}, {"text":"\n"}, {"tag":"p","attrib":{style:{26:"690px",39:"345px 48px",116:"345px 48px",158:"690px",159:"690px",177:"18px",178:"161px",179:"161px",180:"161px",181:"161px",182:"24px",183:"18px",184:"24px",188:"32px",201:"690px",206:"96px",230:"18px",324:"96px"}},children:[ {"text":"Which brings us back to the original question: How much worse is the subway getting, and by how much, how quickly? Instead of providing answers, we must make educated guesses."},]}, {"text":"\n"}, {"tag":"p","attrib":{style:{26:"690px",39:"345px 128px",116:"345px 128px",158:"690px",159:"690px",177:"18px",178:"161px",179:"161px",180:"161px",181:"161px",182:"24px",183:"18px",184:"24px",188:"32px",201:"690px",206:"256px",230:"18px",324:"256px"}},children:[ {"text":"Absent objective data, the best we can do is analyze media reports of major delays. This is far from a perfect method — subway panic begets more coverage of subway panic — but even the public perception that the system has reached an extreme not previously experienced can be a useful insight. And the late April/early May demarcation point coincides with Burina’s anecdotal evidence gleaned from speaking to Riders Alliance community members. “That was when it went from a nuisance and grievances to a real crisis point,” she says."},]}, {"text":"\n"}, {"tag":"p","attrib":{style:{26:"690px",39:"345px 32px",116:"345px 32px",158:"690px",159:"690px",177:"18px",178:"161px",179:"161px",180:"161px",181:"161px",182:"24px",183:"18px",184:"24px",188:"32px",201:"690px",206:"64px",230:"18px",324:"64px"}},children:[ {"text":"So, why April? What was different about April that made it the point of no return? The answer, unfortunately, is an unsatisfying one."},]}, {"text":"\n"}, {"tag":"p","attrib":{style:{26:"690px",39:"345px 96px",116:"345px 96px",158:"690px",159:"690px",177:"18px",178:"161px",179:"161px",180:"161px",181:"161px",182:"24px",183:"18px",184:"24px",188:"32px",201:"690px",206:"192px",230:"18px",324:"192px"}},children:[ {"text":"“This problem is years in the making,” says Barone, who thinks the MTA’s backlog finally caught up to them. “It might have reached a climax, a high point — or a low point — a couple months ago, but the reality is, this is years of backlog, years of underinvestment, increased ridership, [and] pressures on the system.” As in, the same answers we’ve been hearing for years."},]}, {"text":"\n"}, {"tag":"p","attrib":{style:{26:"690px",39:"345px 64px",116:"345px 64px",158:"690px",159:"690px",177:"18px",178:"161px",179:"161px",180:"161px",181:"161px",182:"24px",183:"18px",184:"24px",188:"32px",201:"690px",206:"128px",230:"18px",324:"128px"}},children:[ {"text":"A quest to find a reason for the timing will prove futile, Barone cautioned: “I don’t think you can point to one single thing or action that made it sort of crumble.” As it turns out, the warning bells were right. But by the time anybody noticed, it was too late."},]}, {"text":"\n "}, {"text":"\n "}, {"tag":"div","attrib":{style:{13:"center",26:"690px",39:"345px 0px",116:"345px 0px",158:"690px",159:"690px",177:"10px",178:"161px",179:"161px",180:"161px",181:"161px",182:"10px",183:"10px",184:"10px",188:"32px",195:"center",201:"690px",206:"0px",230:"18px",324:"0px",349:"stretch"}},children:[ {"text":"\n "}, {"tag":"div","attrib":{"widget-loading":"true",style:{13:"start",177:"0px",178:"0px",179:"0px",180:"0px",181:"0px",182:"0px",183:"0px",184:"0px",195:"normal",349:"normal"}},children:[]}, {"text":"\n "}, {"text":"\n "},]}, {"text":"\n\n"},{"tag":"div","pseudo":"after","attrib":{style:{28:"hidden",32:"normal",39:"506px 0px",116:"506px 0px",127:"0px",129:"0px",206:"0px",235:"sans-serif",258:"'.'",275:"both",281:"content-box",324:"0px"}},children:[{"text":"."}]}]}, {"text":" \n\n \n "}, {"tag":"div","attrib":{style:{26:"690px",39:"345px 8.05px",116:"345px 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{"tag":"a","attrib":{"href":"https://www.villagevoice.com/tag/mta/","rel":"tag",style:{1:"rgb(22, 141, 255)",2:"rgb(22, 141, 255)",26:"auto",32:"normal",39:"16.8167px 8.5px",46:"uppercase",55:"rgb(22, 141, 255)",60:"rgb(22, 141, 255)",61:"rgb(22, 141, 255)",116:"16.8167px 8.5px",144:"rgb(22, 141, 255)",178:"15px",181:"15px",188:"16.1px",191:"0.14px",201:"auto",206:"auto",217:"700",230:"14px",235:"sans-serif",250:"inline",254:"pointer",264:"rgb(22, 141, 255)",271:"rgb(22, 141, 255)",276:"rgb(22, 141, 255)",289:"rgb(22, 141, 255)",295:"rgb(22, 141, 255)",298:"rgb(22, 141, 255)",301:"rgb(22, 141, 255)",304:"rgb(22, 141, 255)",317:"rgb(22, 141, 255)",320:"rgb(22, 141, 255)",323:"rgb(22, 141, 255)",324:"auto"}},children:[ {"text":"MTA"},]}, {"tag":"a","attrib":{"href":"https://www.villagevoice.com/tag/subway/","rel":"tag",style:{1:"rgb(22, 141, 255)",2:"rgb(22, 141, 255)",26:"auto",32:"normal",39:"33.3px 8.5px",46:"uppercase",55:"rgb(22, 141, 255)",60:"rgb(22, 141, 255)",61:"rgb(22, 141, 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{"tag":"a","attrib":{"href":"https://www.villagevoice.com/2022/10/04/when-ryder-fell-nycs-carriage-horse-industry-moved-again-into-the-spotlight/",style:{1:"rgb(0, 0, 238)",2:"rgb(0, 0, 238)",26:"auto",32:"normal",39:"0px 0px",55:"rgb(0, 0, 238)",60:"rgb(0, 0, 238)",61:"rgb(0, 0, 238)",116:"0px 0px",144:"rgb(0, 0, 238)",154:"0px",155:"0px",156:"0px",157:"0px",201:"auto",206:"auto",240:"1",243:"auto",250:"inline",254:"pointer",264:"rgb(0, 0, 238)",271:"rgb(0, 0, 238)",276:"rgb(0, 0, 238)",289:"rgb(0, 0, 238)",295:"rgb(0, 0, 238)",298:"rgb(0, 0, 238)",301:"rgb(0, 0, 238)",304:"rgb(0, 0, 238)",317:"rgb(0, 0, 238)",320:"rgb(0, 0, 238)",323:"rgb(0, 0, 238)",324:"auto"}},children:[ {"text":"\n "}, {"tag":"div","attrib":{style:{26:"220px",32:"isolate",39:"110px 73px",116:"110px 73px",201:"220px",206:"146px",250:"block",324:"146px",325:"cover",327:"50%",328:"50%",329:"50% 50%",331:"url('https://www.villagevoice.com/wp-content/uploads/fly-images/747045/1_duo-300x300.jpg')"}},children:[ 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23)",154:"0px",155:"0px",156:"0px",157:"0px",188:"37px",201:"484px",206:"153px",217:"500",230:"38px",235:"sans-serif",241:"0",243:"auto",264:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",271:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",276:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",289:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",295:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",298:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",301:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",304:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",317:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",320:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",323:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",324:"153px"}},children:[ {"text":"\n "}, {"tag":"a","attrib":{"href":"https://www.villagevoice.com/2022/10/04/when-ryder-fell-nycs-carriage-horse-industry-moved-again-into-the-spotlight/",style:{26:"auto",32:"normal",39:"219.817px 22.5px",116:"219.817px 22.5px",127:"0px",129:"0px",201:"auto",206:"auto",250:"inline",254:"pointer",324:"auto"}},children:[ {"text":"\n\t\t\t\tWhen Ryder Fell, NYC’s Carriage Horse Industry Moved (Again) Into the Spotlight "},]}, {"text":"\n "},]}, {"text":"\n\n\t\t "}, {"tag":"div","attrib":{style:{1:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",2:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",16:"0",26:"484px",39:"242px 38.7px",55:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",60:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",61:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",65:"center",116:"242px 38.7px",123:"0px",124:"0px",125:"0px",126:"0px",127:"15px",129:"15px",144:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",154:"0px",155:"0px",156:"0px",157:"0px",188:"20.8px",201:"484px",206:"77.4px",227:"italic",235:"sans-serif",241:"0",243:"auto",264:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",271:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",276:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",289:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",295:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",298:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",301:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",304:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",317:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",320:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",323:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",324:"77.4px"}},children:[ {"text":"Still stuck in gridlock: A former ASPCA magazine editor reflects on what’s changed, or not, for horses working the city streets over the past 23 years."},]}, {"text":"\n\t\t\n "}, {"tag":"div","attrib":{style:{1:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",2:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",16:"0",26:"484px",39:"242px 12px",55:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",60:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",61:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",65:"center",116:"242px 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{"tag":"div","attrib":{style:{16:"0",26:"484px",39:"242px 8px",65:"center",116:"242px 8px",123:"0px",124:"0px",125:"0px",126:"0px",154:"0px",155:"0px",156:"0px",157:"0px",188:"16px",191:"0.544px",201:"484px",206:"16px",217:"500",230:"13.6px",235:"sans-serif",241:"0",243:"auto",324:"16px"}},children:[ {"text":"\n October 4, 2022 "},]}, {"text":"\n "},]}, {"text":"\n"},]}, {"tag":"li","attrib":{style:{18:"center",39:"382px 158.7px",65:"left",116:"382px 158.7px",122:"30px",127:"30px",128:"30px",129:"30px",154:"200px",155:"200px",206:"317.4px",250:"flex",256:"none",313:"1px",314:"solid",317:"rgb(225, 225, 225)",321:"1px",322:"solid",323:"rgb(225, 225, 225)",324:"317.4px",348:"center"}},children:[ {"text":"\n "}, {"tag":"div","attrib":{style:{18:"stretch",26:"220px",39:"110px 73px",116:"110px 73px",122:"0px",127:"0px",128:"0px",129:"0px",154:"auto",155:"auto",156:"auto",157:"auto",201:"220px",206:"146px",240:"0",243:"220px",250:"block",313:"0px",314:"none",317:"rgb(0, 0, 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50%",331:"url('https://www.villagevoice.com/wp-content/uploads/fly-images/746828/1_FI_Ballot-and-Boss-T-detail-300x300.jpg')"}},children:[ {"text":"\n "},]}, {"text":"\n "},]}, {"text":"\n\t\t "},]}, {"text":"\n "}, {"tag":"div","attrib":{style:{16:"1",18:"stretch",26:"544px",39:"272px 128.2px",116:"272px 128.2px",122:"0px",123:"30px",124:"30px",125:"30px",126:"30px",127:"0px",128:"0px",129:"0px",154:"auto",155:"auto",156:"auto",157:"auto",201:"544px",206:"256.4px",241:"1",243:"0%",250:"block",313:"0px",314:"none",317:"rgb(0, 0, 0)",321:"0px",322:"none",323:"rgb(0, 0, 0)",324:"256.4px",348:"normal"}},children:[ {"text":"\n\n\t\t "}, {"tag":"div","attrib":{style:{1:"rgb(22, 141, 255)",2:"rgb(22, 141, 255)",16:"0",26:"484px",39:"242px 11.5px",46:"uppercase",55:"rgb(22, 141, 255)",60:"rgb(22, 141, 255)",61:"rgb(22, 141, 255)",65:"center",116:"242px 11.5px",123:"0px",124:"0px",125:"0px",126:"0px",127:"5px",129:"5px",144:"rgb(22, 141, 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23)",16:"0",26:"484px",39:"242px 38.7px",55:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",60:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",61:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",65:"center",116:"242px 38.7px",123:"0px",124:"0px",125:"0px",126:"0px",127:"15px",129:"15px",144:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",154:"0px",155:"0px",156:"0px",157:"0px",188:"20.8px",201:"484px",206:"77.4px",227:"italic",235:"sans-serif",241:"0",243:"auto",264:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",271:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",276:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",289:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",295:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",298:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",301:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",304:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",317:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",320:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",323:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",324:"77.4px"}},children:[ {"text":"Hey, New Yorkers—quick! Move to Wyoming or Georgia or Florida, where your votes will actually mean something this November, and again in 2024."},]}, {"text":"\n\t\t\n "}, {"tag":"div","attrib":{style:{1:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",2:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",16:"0",26:"484px",39:"242px 12px",55:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",60:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",61:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",65:"center",116:"242px 12px",123:"0px",124:"0px",125:"0px",126:"0px",127:"7px",129:"7px",144:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",154:"0px",155:"0px",156:"0px",157:"0px",188:"17px",191:"0.98px",201:"484px",206:"24px",217:"500",230:"14px",235:"sans-serif",241:"0",243:"auto",264:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",271:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",276:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",289:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",295:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",298:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",301:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",304:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",317:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",320:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",323:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",324:"24px"}},children:[ {"text":"\n by\n "}, {"tag":"span","attrib":{style:{26:"auto",32:"normal",39:"44.575px 8.5px",116:"44.575px 8.5px",127:"0px",129:"0px",201:"auto",206:"auto",250:"inline",324:"auto"}},children:[ {"text":"\n "}, {"tag":"a","attrib":{"href":"https://www.villagevoice.com/author/r-c-baker/","title":"Posts by R.C. Baker","rel":"author",style:{46:"uppercase",254:"pointer"}},children:[ {"text":"R.C. Baker"},]}, {"text":" "},]}, {"text":"\n "},]}, {"text":"\n \n "}, {"tag":"div","attrib":{style:{16:"0",26:"484px",39:"242px 8px",65:"center",116:"242px 8px",123:"0px",124:"0px",125:"0px",126:"0px",154:"0px",155:"0px",156:"0px",157:"0px",188:"16px",191:"0.544px",201:"484px",206:"16px",217:"500",230:"13.6px",235:"sans-serif",241:"0",243:"auto",324:"16px"}},children:[ {"text":"\n September 27, 2022 "},]}, {"text":"\n "},]}, {"text":"\n"},]}, {"tag":"li","attrib":{style:{18:"center",39:"382px 177.2px",65:"left",116:"382px 177.2px",122:"30px",127:"30px",128:"30px",129:"30px",154:"200px",155:"200px",206:"354.4px",250:"flex",256:"none",313:"1px",314:"solid",317:"rgb(225, 225, 225)",321:"1px",322:"solid",323:"rgb(225, 225, 225)",324:"354.4px",348:"center"}},children:[ {"text":"\n "}, {"tag":"div","attrib":{style:{18:"stretch",26:"220px",39:"110px 73px",116:"110px 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{"tag":"div","attrib":{style:{26:"220px",32:"isolate",39:"110px 73px",116:"110px 73px",201:"220px",206:"146px",250:"block",324:"146px",325:"cover",327:"50%",328:"50%",329:"50% 50%",331:"url('https://www.villagevoice.com/wp-content/uploads/fly-images/746703/1_AO_past-and-prez-op-300x300.jpg')"}},children:[ {"text":"\n "},]}, {"text":"\n "},]}, {"text":"\n\t\t "},]}, {"text":"\n "}, {"tag":"div","attrib":{style:{16:"1",18:"stretch",26:"544px",39:"272px 146.7px",116:"272px 146.7px",122:"0px",123:"30px",124:"30px",125:"30px",126:"30px",127:"0px",128:"0px",129:"0px",154:"auto",155:"auto",156:"auto",157:"auto",201:"544px",206:"293.4px",241:"1",243:"0%",250:"block",313:"0px",314:"none",317:"rgb(0, 0, 0)",321:"0px",322:"none",323:"rgb(0, 0, 0)",324:"293.4px",348:"normal"}},children:[ {"text":"\n\n\t\t "}, {"tag":"div","attrib":{style:{1:"rgb(22, 141, 255)",2:"rgb(22, 141, 255)",16:"0",26:"484px",39:"242px 11.5px",46:"uppercase",55:"rgb(22, 141, 255)",60:"rgb(22, 141, 255)",61:"rgb(22, 141, 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{"text":"\n\n\t\t "}, {"tag":"div","attrib":{style:{1:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",2:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",16:"0",26:"484px",39:"242px 38.7px",55:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",60:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",61:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",65:"center",116:"242px 38.7px",123:"0px",124:"0px",125:"0px",126:"0px",127:"15px",129:"15px",144:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",154:"0px",155:"0px",156:"0px",157:"0px",188:"20.8px",201:"484px",206:"77.4px",227:"italic",235:"sans-serif",241:"0",243:"auto",264:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",271:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",276:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",289:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",295:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",298:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",301:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",304:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",317:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",320:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",323:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",324:"77.4px"}},children:[ {"text":"Launched on Malcolm X’s birthday, the influential group confronted racism and other social issues through poetry and music."},]}, {"text":"\n\t\t\n "}, {"tag":"div","attrib":{style:{1:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",2:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",16:"0",26:"484px",39:"242px 12px",55:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",60:"rgb(23, 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"},]}, {"text":"\n \n "}, {"tag":"div","attrib":{style:{16:"0",26:"484px",39:"242px 8px",65:"center",116:"242px 8px",123:"0px",124:"0px",125:"0px",126:"0px",154:"0px",155:"0px",156:"0px",157:"0px",188:"16px",191:"0.544px",201:"484px",206:"16px",217:"500",230:"13.6px",235:"sans-serif",241:"0",243:"auto",324:"16px"}},children:[ {"text":"\n September 21, 2022 "},]}, {"text":"\n "},]}, {"text":"\n"},]}, {"tag":"li","attrib":{style:{18:"center",39:"382px 129.8px",65:"left",116:"382px 129.8px",122:"30px",127:"30px",128:"30px",129:"30px",154:"200px",155:"200px",206:"259.6px",250:"flex",256:"none",313:"1px",314:"solid",317:"rgb(225, 225, 225)",321:"1px",322:"solid",323:"rgb(225, 225, 225)",324:"259.6px",348:"center"}},children:[ {"text":"\n "}, {"tag":"div","attrib":{style:{18:"stretch",26:"220px",39:"110px 73px",116:"110px 73px",122:"0px",127:"0px",128:"0px",129:"0px",154:"auto",155:"auto",156:"auto",157:"auto",201:"220px",206:"146px",240:"0",243:"220px",250:"block",313:"0px",314:"none",317:"rgb(0, 0, 0)",321:"0px",322:"none",323:"rgb(0, 0, 0)",324:"146px",348:"normal"}},children:[ {"text":"\n\t\t "}, {"tag":"a","attrib":{"href":"https://www.villagevoice.com/2022/09/09/is-aaron-judge-going-to-banish-that-asterisk-for-good/",style:{1:"rgb(0, 0, 238)",2:"rgb(0, 0, 238)",26:"auto",32:"normal",39:"0px 0px",55:"rgb(0, 0, 238)",60:"rgb(0, 0, 238)",61:"rgb(0, 0, 238)",116:"0px 0px",144:"rgb(0, 0, 238)",154:"0px",155:"0px",156:"0px",157:"0px",201:"auto",206:"auto",240:"1",243:"auto",250:"inline",254:"pointer",264:"rgb(0, 0, 238)",271:"rgb(0, 0, 238)",276:"rgb(0, 0, 238)",289:"rgb(0, 0, 238)",295:"rgb(0, 0, 238)",298:"rgb(0, 0, 238)",301:"rgb(0, 0, 238)",304:"rgb(0, 0, 238)",317:"rgb(0, 0, 238)",320:"rgb(0, 0, 238)",323:"rgb(0, 0, 238)",324:"auto"}},children:[ {"text":"\n "}, 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{"text":"\n "},]}, {"text":"\n\n\t\t "}, {"tag":"div","attrib":{style:{1:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",2:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",16:"0",26:"484px",39:"242px 28.3px",55:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",60:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",61:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",65:"center",116:"242px 28.3px",123:"0px",124:"0px",125:"0px",126:"0px",127:"15px",129:"15px",144:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",154:"0px",155:"0px",156:"0px",157:"0px",188:"20.8px",201:"484px",206:"56.6px",227:"italic",235:"sans-serif",241:"0",243:"auto",264:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",271:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",276:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",289:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",295:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",298:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",301:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",304:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",317:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",320:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",323:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",324:"56.6px"}},children:[ {"text":"The Yankee slugger is on pace to surpass the pre-steroid homer record. "},]}, {"text":"\n\t\t\n "}, {"tag":"div","attrib":{style:{1:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",2:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",16:"0",26:"484px",39:"242px 12px",55:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",60:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",61:"rgb(23, 23, 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{"tag":"div","attrib":{style:{16:"0",26:"484px",39:"242px 8px",65:"center",116:"242px 8px",123:"0px",124:"0px",125:"0px",126:"0px",154:"0px",155:"0px",156:"0px",157:"0px",188:"16px",191:"0.544px",201:"484px",206:"16px",217:"500",230:"13.6px",235:"sans-serif",241:"0",243:"auto",324:"16px"}},children:[ {"text":"\n September 9, 2022 "},]}, {"text":"\n "},]}, {"text":"\n"},]}, {"tag":"li","attrib":{style:{18:"center",39:"382px 140.2px",65:"left",116:"382px 140.2px",122:"30px",127:"30px",128:"30px",129:"30px",154:"200px",155:"200px",206:"280.4px",250:"flex",256:"none",313:"1px",314:"solid",317:"rgb(225, 225, 225)",321:"1px",322:"solid",323:"rgb(225, 225, 225)",324:"280.4px",348:"center"}},children:[ {"text":"\n "}, {"tag":"div","attrib":{style:{18:"stretch",26:"220px",39:"110px 73px",116:"110px 73px",122:"0px",127:"0px",128:"0px",129:"0px",154:"auto",155:"auto",156:"auto",157:"auto",201:"220px",206:"146px",240:"0",243:"220px",250:"block",313:"0px",314:"none",317:"rgb(0, 0, 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39.5px",123:"0px",124:"0px",125:"0px",126:"0px",127:"5px",129:"5px",144:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",154:"0px",155:"0px",156:"0px",157:"0px",188:"37px",201:"484px",206:"79px",217:"500",230:"38px",235:"sans-serif",241:"0",243:"auto",264:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",271:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",276:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",289:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",295:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",298:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",301:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",304:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",317:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",320:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",323:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",324:"79px"}},children:[ {"text":"\n "}, {"tag":"a","attrib":{"href":"https://www.villagevoice.com/2022/09/13/creem-will-definitely-offend-people/",style:{26:"auto",32:"normal",39:"210.458px 22.5px",116:"210.458px 22.5px",127:"0px",129:"0px",201:"auto",206:"auto",250:"inline",254:"pointer",324:"auto"}},children:[ {"text":"\n\t\t\t\tCREEM Will ‘Definitely Offend People’ "},]}, {"text":"\n "},]}, {"text":"\n\n\t\t "}, {"tag":"div","attrib":{style:{1:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",2:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",16:"0",26:"484px",39:"242px 38.7px",55:"rgb(23, 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{"tag":"a","attrib":{"href":"https://www.villagevoice.com/2022/08/24/war-and-water-russia-is-destroying-ukraines-water-supply/",style:{1:"rgb(0, 0, 238)",2:"rgb(0, 0, 238)",26:"auto",32:"normal",39:"0px 0px",55:"rgb(0, 0, 238)",60:"rgb(0, 0, 238)",61:"rgb(0, 0, 238)",116:"0px 0px",144:"rgb(0, 0, 238)",154:"0px",155:"0px",156:"0px",157:"0px",201:"auto",206:"auto",240:"1",243:"auto",250:"inline",254:"pointer",264:"rgb(0, 0, 238)",271:"rgb(0, 0, 238)",276:"rgb(0, 0, 238)",289:"rgb(0, 0, 238)",295:"rgb(0, 0, 238)",298:"rgb(0, 0, 238)",301:"rgb(0, 0, 238)",304:"rgb(0, 0, 238)",317:"rgb(0, 0, 238)",320:"rgb(0, 0, 238)",323:"rgb(0, 0, 238)",324:"auto"}},children:[ {"text":"\n "}, {"tag":"div","attrib":{style:{26:"220px",32:"isolate",39:"110px 73px",116:"110px 73px",201:"220px",206:"146px",250:"block",324:"146px",325:"cover",327:"50%",328:"50%",329:"50% 50%",331:"url('https://www.villagevoice.com/wp-content/uploads/fly-images/745849/1_water-distribution-300x300.jpg')"}},children:[ {"text":"\n "},]}, {"text":"\n "},]}, {"text":"\n\t\t "},]}, {"text":"\n "}, {"tag":"div","attrib":{style:{16:"1",18:"stretch",26:"544px",39:"272px 128.2px",116:"272px 128.2px",122:"0px",123:"30px",124:"30px",125:"30px",126:"30px",127:"0px",128:"0px",129:"0px",154:"auto",155:"auto",156:"auto",157:"auto",201:"544px",206:"256.4px",241:"1",243:"0%",250:"block",313:"0px",314:"none",317:"rgb(0, 0, 0)",321:"0px",322:"none",323:"rgb(0, 0, 0)",324:"256.4px",348:"normal"}},children:[ {"text":"\n\n\t\t "}, {"tag":"div","attrib":{style:{1:"rgb(22, 141, 255)",2:"rgb(22, 141, 255)",16:"0",26:"484px",39:"242px 11.5px",46:"uppercase",55:"rgb(22, 141, 255)",60:"rgb(22, 141, 255)",61:"rgb(22, 141, 255)",65:"center",116:"242px 11.5px",123:"0px",124:"0px",125:"0px",126:"0px",127:"5px",129:"5px",144:"rgb(22, 141, 255)",154:"0px",155:"0px",156:"0px",157:"0px",188:"18px",191:"0.6px",201:"484px",206:"23px",217:"700",230:"15px",235:"sans-serif",241:"0",243:"auto",264:"rgb(22, 141, 255)",271:"rgb(22, 141, 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And what America can do to help."},]}, {"text":"\n\t\t\n "}, {"tag":"div","attrib":{style:{1:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",2:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",16:"0",26:"484px",39:"242px 12px",55:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",60:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",61:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",65:"center",116:"242px 12px",123:"0px",124:"0px",125:"0px",126:"0px",127:"7px",129:"7px",144:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",154:"0px",155:"0px",156:"0px",157:"0px",188:"17px",191:"0.98px",201:"484px",206:"24px",217:"500",230:"14px",235:"sans-serif",241:"0",243:"auto",264:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",271:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",276:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",289:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",295:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",298:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",301:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",304:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",317:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",320:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",323:"rgb(23, 23, 23)",324:"24px"}},children:[ {"text":"\n by\n "}, {"tag":"span","attrib":{style:{26:"auto",32:"normal",39:"49.5167px 8.5px",116:"49.5167px 8.5px",127:"0px",129:"0px",201:"auto",206:"auto",250:"inline",324:"auto"}},children:[ {"text":"\n "}, 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{"tag":"a","attrib":{"href":"/e_editions",style:{13:"start",26:"93.9667px",32:"normal",39:"46.9833px 6px",116:"46.9833px 6px",177:"10px",178:"15px",179:"10px",180:"10px",181:"15px",182:"10px",183:"10px",184:"10px",188:"12px",191:"0.75px",195:"normal",201:"93.9667px",206:"12px",217:"500",230:"15px",235:"sans-serif",239:"nowrap",250:"block",254:"pointer",324:"12px"}},children:[ {"text":"\n\t\t\t\t\tE-Editions\n\t\t\t\t"},]}, {"text":"\n\t\t\t"},]}, {"text":"\n\t\t"},]}, {"text":"\n\t\t"}, {"tag":"div","attrib":{"= 2 )&&( path[0]=='/' )&&( path[1]=='/' )) { path = path.substr( 1 ) } // Transforms // to / if set at the beginning of path let path_parts = [] let path_orig_parts = path.split('/') for ( let i = 0 ; i < path_orig_parts.length ; i++ ) { let path_part = path_orig_parts[i] if (( i==1 )&&( path_part=='' )) continue if ( path_part == '.' ) continue // removes /. if ( path_part == '..' ) { if ( path_parts.length>1 ) { // removes /xxx/.. path_parts.pop() } continue; // and ^/../ which is weird stuff } path_parts.push( path_part ) } path = path_parts.join('/'); let portStr = parts.port ? ':'+parts.port : '' let queryStr = parts.search ? parts.search : '' let hashStr = parts.hash ? parts.hash : '' return parts.protocol + '//' + parts.hostname + portStr + path + queryStr + hashStr } function strip_filename( path ) { last_slash = path.lastIndexOf('/') return ( last_slash >= 0 )? path.substr( 0, last_slash+1 ) : '/' } function getAbsoluteUrl( url ) { if ( url.match(/^data:|^javascript:/i ) ) return url let base_parts = new URL(base_url) if ( base_parts.protocol && base_parts.hostname ) { if ( url.indexOf('//') == 0 ) { url = base_parts.protocol + url } if ( url.indexOf('/') == 0 ) { url = base_parts.protocol + '//' + base_parts.hostname + url; } if ( ! url.match(/^[a-z]{3,5}:\/\//i) ) { let base_path = base_parts.pathname ? base_parts.pathname : '/' url = base_parts.protocol + '//' + base_parts.hostname + strip_filename( base_path ) + url } } return url_canonicalize(url) } function convert_url( attrib, value ) { let entry = cache_url switch ( attrib ) { case 'src': entry = entry.replace(/index2\.php/,'display2.php') case 'href': if ( value.startsWith('data:') ) return value return entry+encodeURIComponent( getAbsoluteUrl(value) ) } return value } let console_timing_count = 0 function console_timing() { if ( !( console_timing_count++ % 1000 ) ) { console.log('1000 ticks') } } let parse_inBody = false function parse_json( json, parentStyles ) { console_timing() if ( json.tag ) { let tag switch ( json.tag ) { case 'head': tag = document.head; break; case 'body': tag = document.body; break; //document.createElement('div'); // document.body.appendChild(tag) break; default: tag = document.createElement(json.tag) } if ( json.tag == 'base' ) { if ( json.attrib.href ) base_url = json.attrib.href } if ( json.tag == 'head' ) { let style = document.createElement('style') style.innerHTML = '.w { '+default_styles_css+' }' tag.appendChild(style) } let ourStyle = {} for ( const attrib in json.attrib ) { if ( attrib == 'style' ) { for ( const style in json.attrib.style ) { let value = json.attrib.style[style] let key = wikiwix_styles[style] if ( default_styles[key] != value ) { tag.style[key] = value } ourStyle[style] = value } for ( const style in parentStyles ) { if ( !ourStyle.hasOwnProperty(style) ) { let value = parentStyles[style] let key = wikiwix_styles[style] if ( default_styles[key] != value ) { tag.style[wikiwix_styles[style]] = parentStyles[style] } ourStyle[style] = parentStyles[style] } } if ( ourStyle[style_to_id['position'] ] != 'static' ) { let zIndex = parseInt(ourStyle[style_to_id['z-index']]) if (( zIndex != NaN )&&( zIndex > zIndexMax )) zIndexMax = zIndex } } else { try { tag.setAttribute( attrib, convert_url(attrib,json.attrib[attrib]) ) } catch (err) {} } } if ( json.tag == 'body' ) { tag.style.overflowY='auto' /* tag.style.height='auto' tag.style.inset='0' tag.style.margin='0' tag.style.zIndex='0'*/ } if ( parse_inBody ) tag.setAttribute('class','w') json.children.forEach( (child)=>{ let node = parse_json(child,ourStyle) if (( node instanceof Node )&&( json.tag != 'html' )) tag.appendChild( node ) } ) return tag } else if ( json.text ) { return document.createTextNode( json.text ) } return false } parse_json(wikiwix_dom.head,{}) parse_inBody = true parse_json(wikiwix_dom.body,{}) if ( zIndexMax > 0 ) { $('#wikiwix_container').css('z-index',zIndexMax+1) $('#wikiwix_login_container').css('z-index',zIndexMax+2) $('#wikiwix_minimizer').css('z-index',zIndexMax+3) }